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annexation of Avignon, 458-his connexion with the Comte de
Montmorin, 458-9-his forty-seventh-note to the Court, 460-2-
its expediency and practicability considered, 463-document im-
plicating the Queen and the King's brother, 464-Mirabeau's want
of prudence, 465-his popularity undiminished, ib.-correspondence
between the Comte de la Marck and the Comte Mercy, 466-Mira-
beau appointed President of the Assembly, 467—his plan of getting
the King and Queen safely out of Paris, ib.-his speech against
the project of law affecting the emigrants, 468-his success as a
speaker both in the Assembly and at the Jacobin Club, 468-his
dislike of MM. Talon, Semonville, and Duquesnoy, 468-9-his last
speech, 469-the full influence of his talents and eloquence on the
Revolution never manifested, 470-Memoirs of Mallet du Pan, ib.
-Mirabeau, though immoral and licentious, a consistent and honest
politician? ib.-his false position, 470-1-his secret relations with
the Court, 471-M. Bacourt, ib.

Modern Chemistry; its Progress and Extent, review of works re-
lating to, 254-5-rapid and extensive progress in the study of the
science, 255-7-illustrated both by the numerous modern publica-
tions on, and investigators of, Chemistry, 257-8-Berzelius, 258-
his early life, 259-61-discoveries made by him, 262-3-new
elementary bodies, 263-4-relations of Chemistry to Mineralogy,
265-6-use of the blow-pipe in Chemistry, 267-application of
chemical knowledge by Humphry Davy to explain natural phe-
nomena, 268-9-later chemical geologists, 269-70-progress of
Organic Chemistry, 271-4-compound radicals, 274-6-changing
theories and nomenclatures, 276-7-discovery of organic alkalies,
278-9-chemical compounds, 279-80-chemical physiology, 281-2
-the physiology and school of Liebig, 283-5-objectionable course
pursued at Giessen, 285-Curative Chemistry, 286-Sanatory
Chemistry, 287-8-Forensic Chemistry, 289-90-application of
Chemistry to the arts of life, 290-2-wide domain and usefulness
of Chemistry, 293-6.


Neapolitan Justice, review of works concerning recent occurrences
at Naples, 490-iniquities of the government, 491-how far his
Sicilian Majesty is responsible for the evils of his ministers, ib. and
note-Englishmen hard of belief in cases of foreign oppression and
injustice, 492-Mr. Gladstone at Naples, ib.-his resolution of
publishing some of the unjust and oppressive acts he there wit-
nessed, 493-his Letters to Lord Aberdeen, 494-5-Poerio, Set-
tembrini, and others accused of belonging to a secret Society called
Unità Italiana, 496-extract showing the absurdity of the charge
and the iniquitous mode of trial, 496-7-Angelillo, the State pro-
secutor, 498-extracts showing his unfair mode of conducting a
prosecution, 498-9-persecution suffered by Luigi Settembrini,
500, and note-some account of him in 1848-9, 501-extract from
Mr. Gladstone's First Letter to Lord Aberdeen showing up the
spy system, 501-2-extracts from Settembrini respecting Jervolino

and Angelillo, 502-3-Mr. Gladstone's charge, against the Govern-
ment fully borne out by Settembrini, 505-6—extracts showing the
unfair and cruel mode adopted towards political prisoners, 506-9-
extracts giving an account of Poerio and the pretended letter of
Dragonetti, 510-1-the trial of political offenders a mere mockery
in the Neapolitan Courts, 512-letter from Settembrini to his wife,
when expecting to be condemned to death (extract), 513-4—hor-
rible state of the prisons, 515-6, and note-the defence' put forth
by the Neapolitan Government, 516-7-Mr. Macfarlane, 517-
number of State prisoners, 517-8-O'Raredon and his book, 519—
its numerous blunders, 520-the King of Naples pledged to cle-
mency for the affair of May, 1848, 521-but forfeits his pledge in
1851, 521-2-Mr. Baillie Cochrane, M.P. for Bridport, and his
Young Italy,' 522-has an interview with, and tenders sugges-
tions to, the King of Naples, 522-3-Mr. Cochrane's little regard
to truth in relating facts, 523-his ignorance of French and Italian,
ib.-his false statements respecting Lord Minto, 524-6-remarks
on apologies for the Neapolitan Government in a leading publi-
cation, 526-8, note.


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Official Catalogue of the Great Exhibition, review of, 557-a kind
of encyclopædia, 558-its ambiguity and inaccuracies, ib.-ac-
counted for and explained, 558-9-interesting statistics respecting,
559-number of copies of Official Catalogue in circulation, 560—
and of ten of the largest libraries in the world, ib., note—probable
impetus that the Exhibition will give to literature generally, 560
-liberality and exactitude with which the publishers have fulfilled
their contract, 560-1-dangers of the contract system, 561-Ed-
mund Burke on contracts, ib.-the project of the Great Exhibition
first entertained, 561-2-growing popularity of exhibitions of this
nature, 563-the Paris Exposition in 1849, ib.-M. Buffet's circu-
lar, ib.-early history of the Great Exhibition, 563-5-difficulties
encountered, 566-7-indifference at home: political convulsions
abroad, 567-the late Sir Robert Peel, 568-suggests the substitu-
tion of bronze medals for prizes, ib.-labours of Royal Commis-
sioners and the Executive Committee, 569-70-scantiness of funds
to carry out the undertaking, 570-difficulties attending the selec-
tion of a site, 570-1-designs for the building, 571-2-Mr. Paxton's
plan accepted, 572-Mr. Paxton and M. Horeau, 572-3-Messrs.
Fox and Henderson, 574-Mr. Brassey, ib.-Messrs. Cubit, Kiss, and
Fox, 574-5-extract from a paper written on the eve, and amidst
the bustle and preparation, of the opening, 576-7-superiority both
in chasteness of decoration and economy of construction of the
building in Hyde Park over that in Paris, 578-the Morning
Chronicle, 579-Mr. Babbage on the question of having the
articles priced, 579-80-the question of admitting exhibitors gra-



tuitously, 580-season tickets, ib.-difficulties attending the as-
signing to each country its space, 581-2-and of classifying the
articles exhibited, 582-use made of the political refugees now in
this country, ib.-course adopted by the Executive Committee, 583
-two great State federations formed, 583-4-the list of jurors,
584-not quite infallible, 584-5-appearance of the Great Exhibi-
tion on the day of opening, 585-6-numbers and occupations of its
ordinary local population, 586-7-efforts made to guard against
unforeseen contingencies, 587-table of receipts up to Sept. 25.,
588-table of highest amounts of money taken, ib.-Chevalier
Bunsen's suggestion to facilitate foreigners examining our national
monuments and public buildings, 589-conduct of the Police, ib.-
the two languages, War and Commerce, 589-90-future results of
the Great Exhibition, 591-extract from a New York paper, 592
-extract from Sir John Herschel, 592-3-science pre-eminently a
peacemaker, 593-MM. Schönbein, Clausen, and Mr. Mercer, 594-
amorphous phosphorus, 594-5-Professor Schrötter, Baron Liebig,
and Mr. Young, 595-6-effect of the Exhibition upon trade and
commerce, 596-7-love of order manifested by the people of
England, ib.-general good results of the Exhibition, 597-8.

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Penn, Dixon's Life of. See Dixon (H. W.)
Pulszky's Tales and Traditions of Hungary, review of, 127-8-
Hungary a borderland of mixed races, 129-the Magyars, 130-
Pulszky's Jacobins in Hungary,' 131-his Yanosh the Hero,'
132-5 The Poor Tartar,' 136-races and outlaws, 137-pro-
pensity of the Hungarians to cattle-lifting, 138-the Hungarian
exiles, 139.

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Romans (the) in Britain, review of works relating to, 177-reckless
destruction of Romano-British remains, 178-9-Messrs. Colling-
wood, Bruce, Lee, Newmarch, and Professor Buckman, 180—
publications by Messrs. Roach Smith, Robert Stuart, and Daniel
Wilson, 181-vast amount of grain yielded by Britain to the Ro-
mans, 182-Cæsar's first attempt on Britain, ib.-Britain during
its connexion with the Romans, 182-3-Horsley's Britannia
Romana,' 183-departure of the Roman legions, 184-Roman
inscriptions, 185-6-mixed population of the Roman military sta-
tions, 186-7-mixed religious creeds, except Christianity, 188-90
-gradual rise of the Roman towns, 190-tesselated pavements
and pottery, 191-Bath the centre of the 'fashionable' part of
Britain under the Romans, 192-Roman manufactories, 192-3-
use of mineral coal by the Romans, 194-sites, and costs, of exca-
vations, 195-Hadrian's Wall, 196-Housesteads, Chesters, Rich-
borough, and Reculver, 196-8-excavations at Portus Lemanis or
Lymne, 199-fire a frequent agent of destruction of Roman villas
in Britain, 200-this fact proved by excavations at Maryport, Rib-
chester, and elsewhere, 201-struggles between the Saxons and

Roman legions, 202-London a free-trading corporation after all
the other towns had succumbed, 202-Sir F. Palgrave and Sir J.
Mackintosh, 203-benefits derived from Roman laws and lawyers,
Ruskin, (John), review of his 'Seven Lamps of Architecture,' and
'The Stones of Venice.' See Sources of Expression in Archi-



Sources of Expression in Architecture, review of works relating to,
365-requisites for an architect, and what architecture really is,
366-relation of expression to construction in architecture, 367-8
-expression in architecture not yet appreciated, 369-72-expres-
sion in Egyptian architecture, 372-4 Mr. Ruskin's Virtues of
'Architecture,' 375-8-expression in Greek architecture, 378-80
-Greek decoration, 380-2-architectural colouring as practised by
the Greeks, 382-3-Greek orders, 384-expression in Arabian
architecture, 384-6—Arabian treatment of the arch, 387-expres-
sion in Lombard architecture, 388-90-Northern Pointed style,
391-2-defence of the Northern Gothic architecture, 393-4-
'Aspiration' in Northern Gothic architecture, 395-6—details of
Northern Gothic Architecture, 397-8-Renaissance architecture,
399-401-concluding remarks, 402-3.






2 Vols. Royal 8vo. Price 21s.

A Grammar of Harmony, Counterpoint, and Musical Composition; or the Generation of Euphony reduced to Natural Truth. By the late GENERAL J. J. VIRUES Y SPINOLA. Edited by the late BARON F. T. A. CHALUZ DE VERNEVIL, A.M. Dedicated, by special permission, to II. R. II. PRINCE ALBERT, Longmans: London; 1850.

AMONGST the vast and cheering indications of advancing cultivation, which society, in this age, presents at every aspect, there is none more remarkable, yet perhaps none so little observed, as the rapid diffusion and growing universality of the taste for Musical Art, in its highest order, throughout all classes of the people in every country of civilized Europe. Nor is there to be found in all the exchanges of international courtesy, and the abatements of international jealousy, which foster such ardent and well-grounded hopes for the future peace and happiness of mankind, any more encouraging symptoms of a nascent tendency in the nations to accept what is good in others, to supply from abroad the deficiencies of fatherland, and to regard foreign excellence without distrust, than the present motion of the European schools of music, to an unity of sentiment and an amalgamation of style. Whilst we recognize the evidence of that state of transition to a more perfect condition and a more generous tone of society over the earth, which the illustrious and accomplished patron of the Geneuphonic Theory, the Prince Albert, hails with emphatic and earnest cordiality, we see in the manifest confluence of the musical schools, a proof that we are


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