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Comparative Philology, 299—necessity of an historical method of
studying languages, 300-growth of cognate languages, 301-2–
comparison of cognate languages, 303-use of classifying languages,
304-superficial classification of languages, 305-Dr. Latham On
the Varieties of Man,' 306-7, and note-Ethnological results of Com-
parative Philology, 307—Dr. Prichard On the various Methods of
Research,' &c., 307-8—on the spelling of Tartar instead of Tatar,
308, notecommon origin of languages, 309—Arian family of
languages, 310-1-members of the Arian family, 312-3, and note
-the Ossetic languages, 313—Drs. Rosen and Latham, 314,
and note-origin of the name 'Arian,' 314-5—Arian and Sans-
krit, 316-relation of Sanskrit to the other Arian languages, 317
-examples in the declensions of Sanskrit, Greek, Latin, Gothic,
and Old High German, 318-20— Lautverschiebung,' 319—the
Greek 'brother,' 320-1, note-Chevalier Bunsen's theory, 321-
numerals and their accents, 322—the Pronouns, 323,—the con-
jugation of Verbs, 324-5—the word 'awamini, 325-6-historical
results of Comparative Philology, 327-8-vestiges of language,
329—the origin of the word to express the idea of God, 329-30-
languages, both ancient and modern, considered as historical doca-
ments, 330-1, notes—antiquity of modern language, 331- the
original Sclavonic, Indian, Teutonic, Greek, and Latin word for
God,'331-8—Sir George Staunton's 'Inquiry into the proper
' mode of rendering the word 'God' in translating the Scriptures

into the Chinese language,' 337-8, note-Comparative Grammar
addresses itself both to the Philosopher and the Historian, 339.

D
Dennistoun, James, review of his Memoirs of the Dukes of Urbino

illustrating the Arms, Arts, and Literature of Italy from 1440 to
' 1630,'339—general ignorance, on the part of the reading public, of
Urbino's dukes, ib.-satisfactory manner in which Mr. Dennistoun
has handled his subject, 340—his observations on Art, 341-Ra-
phael, Tasso, and Majolica, ib.--Urbino, 342—the lords of Monte-
feltro, 343-4—the Condottiere system, 344-5-extract illustrating
it, 345-6—Duke Oddantonio, 347—Duke Federigo, 348_abroad,
349-50—at home, 351-extracts giving traits of his character and
incidents in his life, 351-3—Duke Guidabaldo the First, 353—Cas-
tiglione and the Cortegiano, 354-6—Castiglione's Court-gentleman
and Court-lady, 357-8—Lucrezia Borgia, 359-remarks on the
Manners of the times under notice, 360—Duke Francesco Maria
the First, 361_Duke Guidabaldo the Second, 362-Duke Fran-
cesco Maria the Second, ib.—his son Federigo, 363—Urbino under
the Dukes, ib.—their claims to be considered patrons of literature

examined, 364-5.
Dixon (W. H.), his Life of Penn, review of, 229-extract from the Au-

thor's Preface, ib.—strictures upon his mode of treating his subject,
230–George Fox, the preacher of the inward light, 231-2-Penn,
the preacher of religious freedom, 233-4—and the Wilberforce of his
age, 235—Penn wanting in 'strong sense,' according to Macaulay,

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235-6, and note-trial of Penn and Mead on the Conventicle Act,
237-8—Mr. Dixon's remarks thereon, 239—Penn's pertinacity,
239-40—the alliance between James II. and Penn, 241-Macau-
lay's views thereof, 242—probable cause thereof, ib.—unpopularity
of Penn on account of being the 'King's Friend,' 243-Mr. Foster's
pamphlet William Penn and T. B. Macaulay,' ib.Penn loses
influence among his own Society, 244—the · Penn Controversy,'
ib. note—the George Penn of the Pinney Cash Book, 245_extract
giving an account of Pennsburg and the style of living there, 246-7
- Penn not a rigid Quaker as to dress, 247—his loss of fortune in
Pennsylvania, 248-9—enormous increase in value of his property
there, 250—Penn's equanimity under misfortune and trouble, ib.
his domestic life, 251—his family, 251-2-remarks on Mr. Dixon's
qualifications as a biographer, 252—Penn's confidence in human
nature, 253.

F
Fatal Accidents, how far preventible; review of Parliamentary re-

turns, 98-registrar-general's reports, 99, and note, 100—expense
of preventive measures, 101-deaths by violence in England
and in France, 102, and note-gambling propensity of human
nature, 103—loss of life at the Dunlop Street Theatre, Glasgow,
104-risks natural and artificial, 105-6—edifices unnecessarily
dangerous, 107-8-steamers: the Orion, 109-railway constructions,
111-2-the Railway Board, and its circulars, 113-4-collision at
Cowlairs and the Sutton Tunnel, 115,-at Woodlesford and the
Blackheath Tunnel, 116_insufficiency of instructions and of staff,
117-8—frequent recklessness of contractors, 119-20-defective
register of accidents in mines, 121-2-reports of Mining Commis-
sioners, 123-4-factories; and factory inspectors, 124-5— falling in
of buildings from fractures of iron beams, 126—science a protection
to the lives and health of the public, 127.

G
Great Exhibition, Official Catalogue of. See Official Catalogue.
Greek Text of the New Testament, review of works upon, 1-2–Mr.

Alford's New Testament, 2-3—his critical revision of the Greek
text, 3—the Elzevir, Complutensian, and Received Text' editions,
4, and notes variations of ancient MSS. from the Received Text,'
5, and notes—Dr. Mill's edition, and his ideas respecting an Italian
version, 5-6, and notes--obstacles to his original design, 7—value of
collating the variations furnished by ancient MSS. and versions, 8—
Bentley's letter to Archbishop Wake, 8-12—Bentley's zeal in carry-
ing out his designs, 12-sends over John Walker to Paris, ib.
Pentley's designs mistaken by the Benedictines, 13—his dispute with
the Fellows of Trinity College, Cambridge, and abandonment of his
proposed edition, 14-new collations since Bentley's time, 15-6-cor-
ruptions early detected, 17, and note-examples of detected corrup-
tions, 18-20-a comparison of the Evangelists a cause of corruption,
21-no corruption of doctrinal importance introduced into versions
VOL. XCIV. NO. CXCII.

RR

of the New Testament, 22-Jerome's principle of a reformed text,
23-his materials principally Alexandrine Greek MSS., ib.—use
of Coptic and Syrian MSS., and also of Latin versions, 24—the
more modern Greek MSS., 25—outline of the course to be pursued
in order to insure critical accuracy, 26-7-Lachmann's Greek and
Latin New Testament, 27-8—his method generally satisfactory, 29
-Tischendorf's Greek New Testament, 29-30—his transcripts of
ancient MSS., 31_alteration of Greek MSS. from Latin ones,
32-3-illustrative examples, 33-4-Alford's Apparatus Criticus of
little use, 35-6—his Prolegomena, 36—a Hebrew original of St.
Matthew examined, 37-8—all accounts reducible to one or two
sources, 39–influence of St. Peter on St. Mark's Gospel, 40, and
notes—final paragraph of St. Mark uncertain, 41-Alford's views
respecting the authorship of the Gospels, 41-3-supplementary
theory of St. John's Gospels, 43—oral tradition, 43-4-Apostolic
Scripture the foundation of faith, 45-6.
Grote's History of Greece, review of, 204—the Peloponnesian War,

205-6—Mr. Grote's style, 207-8—history considered on positive
principles, 209-10—Mr. Grote and Dr. Arnold, 211-2—questions
of history, party questions, 213-4—the rehabilitation of Cleon,
215-20— nature of Droysen's defence of Cleon, 221-2-as regards
Cleon, Thucydides or Grote? 223, and note-the Sophists, 224–
can they be defended ? 225-7—closing remarks, 228.

H
Hartley Coleridge, review of works by, 64—his early sensitiveness of

temperament, 65-poetic greetings from his father, Wordsworth,
and Southey, 66—his metaphysical tendencies, 67—his early friends,
68—his ideal world, 69-70_his day-dreaming, and its injurious
effects upon his poetry, 71-2_his Oxford life, 73-4—his · Worthies
of Yorkshire and Lancashire,' 75—death of his father, 76—his
later life and death, 77-8—his sonnets, 79-81-true-heartedness of
his poetry, 82—its expression of the poet's personal being, 83—his
lines on an • Infant's Hands,' 84-5-selection from his poems, 85-7
-religion a latent element in his poetry, 87-8-moral excellence of
his poetry, 88-9—his descriptive, humorsome, and philosophical
powers, 90-1-his sonnets on · Liberty' and on · Fear,' 92-his
poetry on Scriptural subjects, 93-4-his deficiency of strength and
completeness in conception, 95-general remarks, 96-7.
Hungary, Pulszky's Tales and Traditions of. See Pulszky's Tales,

&c.

J
John Bull, Letters to. See Lytton (Sir E. L. Bulwer).
Johnston (James, F. W.), review of his Notes on North America,

46_British North America, 47- - cause of Mr. Johnston's visit, 48
-New Brunswick, 48-9—decline of its lumber trade, and disastrous
state of the colony, 49—illustrated by extracts and note, 49-52—
evils of Protection experienced at New Brunswick, 52—Great
success of industrious emigrants, 53 and note-statistical details, 54

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-who ought to emigrate, 55, and note-deterioration of second
generation of settlers, 55-6-explanation of success of Irish emi-
grants, 57-8—wheat-exporting power of North America, 59-60—

energy of Canadians, 61-2-cry of annexation,' 63-4.
Juvenile Delinquency, review of works treating of, 403--what is to

be done with our juvenile delinquents? 403-4-statistical state-
ment, 404--vital importance of the subject, 405—probable career
of a juvenile offender, 405-6-necessity of better educating the
young of the lower classes, 407-8-cheap concerts, shows, and
theatres, 409-10---marine store-dealers, 411-comparative amount
of juvenile delinquency in the manufacturing, mining, and agricul-
tural districts, 412_Union Houses, and the Bridgnorth Union
School, 412-3—different systems of penal treatment adopted in
England and France with regard to juvenile delinquents, 414-6
Mr. Osborne, the chaplain of Bath Gaol, 416-7-Mr. Rushton of
Liverpool, 417–Parkhurst Reformatory School, 418_comparative
cost of a reformatory system and one merely of punishment, 419–
necessity of making the nature and objects of schools of correction
and reformation unmistakeable, 420-1-Mr. Adderley's pamphlet,
421-the parents or friends of a juvenile delinquent must contribute
to his support in the reformatory school, 422–Miss Carpenter's
* Reformatory Schools,' 423—MA. De Lurieu and Romand on · Les
• Colonies Agricoles de Mendiants,' &c., 424, note-the correctional
school of Mettray, 425-6_of Rhusyllede near Ghent, 427-8—those
of Switzerland, 428, and notes-of America, 428.9.

L
Lytton (Sir E. L. Bulwer), his ‘Letters to John Bull,' review of, 140

-conversion of the author to the ranks of the Protectionists, 140-1
-M. Guerry's tables, 141-fallacies of Sir E. L. Bulwer Lytton's
positions, 142—who support the surplus rural population ? 143-4
—who support the clergy? 145—the land-tax, 145-6—dear corn
injurious to the labourer, 147-8-English silks: French cotton
and iron, 149—protection to native industry,' 150- true protec-
tion versus false protection, 151--Adam Smith unfairly quoted,
152-3—nature of Adam Smith's misapprehension, 153–Protection
no stimulus to production, 154-low prices a stimulus to it, 155—
the misery or well-being of the masses dependent in great measure
on the scarcity or abundance of food, 156—Rev. Mr. Harris on
Mile End New Town, 156-7-effect of import duties upon home
manufacture, 158-the glove trade specified as an example, 159—
desirableness of doing away with all duties upon foreign manufac-
tures, 159-60—advantages of the English farmer, 160-1-Ireland
under Protection and under Free Trade, 161-2_effect of damaged
grain on the averages, 163—principles which govern rent in farm-
ing, 164---comparative burdens on land in this and other countries,
165—means of raising remunerative crops, 166—the growth of
flax, ib.-disproportion of farms to capital, 167—danger of recur-
ring to Protection, and thereby enhancing prices, 168-effect of
reductions in the Customs and Excise, 169-increase in British

shipping, 170-2_cheapening of British shipbuilding, 173-4-
Criminal returns from 1846 to 1850, 175-6.

M
Metamorphoses of Apuleius, review of Sir George Head's translation

of, 472—the Milesian Tales, 473—sketch of the story, 474—Lucius
and the two travellers, ib.-Milo the money-lender, 475–Pam-
phile and Fotis, 475-6—the trial of Lucius for murder, 477–
Lucius metamorphosed into an ass, ib.-his stay with the robbers,
478--his connexion with a band of mendicant priests, 478-80_is
bought by a baker, 480—his master's slaves and wife, 480-1—is
taken into the service of a market-gardener, 481-2-passes into
the hands of a rich Corinthian, 482-3-assists in the representation
of the 'Judgment of Paris,' at Corinth, 483_escapes thence, and
prays to Isis to restore him to the human form, ib.—the procession
in honour of Isis, 483-4—his transformation reversed, 484—initi.
ated into the mysteries of Isis, 484-5-Apuleius the subject of a
theological discussion from the second to the fourth century, 485-6
- the personal history of Apuleius, 487-8-his' Apology,' 488-9—
his Latinity, 489.
Mirabeau's Correspondence— review of Correspondance entre le

• Comte de Mirabeau et le Comte de la Marck, pendant les années
• 1789, 1790, et 1791,' &c., 430—resemblances in the Revolutions
of 1789 and 1848, ib.-Louis XVI. and Louis Philippe, ib.- Mira-
beau's first appearance in the hall of the States General, 431–his
interview with M. Necker, ib.—his memorable reply to a command
from Louis XVI. for the Three Orders to dissolve, 432—the Con-
stituent Assembly, 432-3—committee to prepare the project of the
Constitution, 433—correspondence with the Comte de la Marck,
433-4—the Comte de la Marck's character of Marie Antoinette, 434
-of La Fayette, ib.—of the Duke of Orleans, 435—his first impres.
sions of Mirabeau, ib.--conversation between him and Mirabeau,
436-7— Mirabeau's principles monarchical, 437—his advice to the
King, 438—his low estimate of La Fayette, 438-9—the King'pays
his debts, and allows him 6000 francs a month, 440—his first inter-
view with the Queen, ib.-his illness and death, 441-his slowness
in written composition, 442-the King brought back to Paris by
the populace, 442—Marie Antoinette's letter to Comte de Mercy,
442 letter from Mirabeau to the Comte de Montmorin, 444–
correspondence between Mirabeau, the Comte de la Marck, and
La Fayette, 445-6—letter from the Marquise de Saillant, Mira-
beau's sister, to his wife the Comtesse de Mirabeau, 446-7-ex-
tracts from his letters, 448—his first and second letters to the
Queen, 449—his interview with the Queen at St. Cloud, 450—he
recommends the King and Queen to leave Paris, 451-various
suggestions offered by him, 451-4-offends the Court, 454-5—re-
iterates his devotion to the cause of order and the monarchy, 455
-Mirabeau by turns very great and very weak, 456—La Fayette's
coarse language to the Queen, ib.—Madame La Motte, 457–Mi-
rabeau's amendment in the National Assembly respecting the

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