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With footing worne, and leading inward farr:
Faire harbour that them seems; so in they entred ar.

And foorth they passe, with pleasure forward led,
loying to heare the birdes sweete harmony,
Which, therein shrouded from the tempest dred,
Seemd in their song to scorne the cruell sky.
Much can they praise the trees so straight and hy,
The sayling pine; the cedar proud and' tall;
The vine-propp elme; the poplar never dry;

The builder oake, sole king of forrests all;
The aspine good for staves; the cypresse funerall;


The laurell, meed of mightie conquerours.
And poets sage; the firre that weepeth still;
The willow, worne of forlorne paramours;
The eugh, obedient to the benders will;
The birch for shaftes; the sallow for the mill;
The mirrhe sweete-bleeding in the bitter wound;
The warlike beech; the ash for nothing ill;

The fruitfull olive; and the platane round;
The carver holme; the maple seeldom inward sound.

Led with delight, they thus beguile the way,
Untill the blustering storme is overblowne;
When, weening to returne whence they did stray,
They cannot finde that path, which first was showne,
But wander too and fro in waies unknowne,
Furthest from end then, when they neerest weene,
That makes them doubt their wits be not their owne:
So many pathes, so many turnings seene,
That, which of them to take, in diverse doubt they been.



Nought is there under heaven's wide hollownesse
That moves more deare compassion of mind,
Then beautie brought t' unworthie wretchednesse
Through envies snares, or fortunes freakes unkind.
I, whether lately through her brightnes blynd,
Or through allegeance, and fast fealty,
Which I do owe unto all womankynd,

Feele my hart perst with so great agony,
When such I see, that all for pitty I could dy.


And now it is empassioned 4 so deepe,
For fairest Unaes sake, of whom I sing,

1 Can they praise-Much they praised. This form of expression is frequently used by Spenser Sorde, however, consider 'can' to be put for .gan,' or 'began.

2 Eugh-gew. 8 Nought, &c. In this canto the adventures of Una are resumed, from the ninth stanza of the pre ceding canto

- Empassioned-moved.

That my frayle eies these lines with teares do steepe,
To think how she through guyleful handeling,

Though true as touch, though daughter of a king,
Though faire as ever living wight was fayre,
Though nor in word nor deede ill meriting,

Is from her Knight divorced in despayre,
And her dew loves deryv da to that vyle Witches shayre.


Yet she, most faithfull Ladie, all this while
Forsaken, wofull, solitarie mayd,
Far from all peoples preace,3 as in exile,
In wildernesse and wastfull deserts strayd,
To seeke her Knight; who, subtily betrayd
Through that late vision which th' Enchaunter wroughh
Had her abandond: She, of nought affrayd,

Through woods and wastness wide him daily sought; Yet wished iydinges none of him unto her bronght.


One day, nigh wearie of the yrkesome way,
From her unhastie beast she did aliglit;
And on the grasse her dainty limbs did lay
In secrete shadow, far from all mens siglit;
From her fayre head her fillet she undight,*
And layd her stole aside: Her angels face,
As the great eye of heaven, shyned bright,

And make a sunshine in the shady place;
Did ever mortall eye behold such heavenly grace ?

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It fortuned, out of the thickest wood
A ramping lyons rushed suddeinly,
Hunting full greedy after salvage blood:
Soone as the royall Virgin he did spy,
With gaping mouth at her ran greedily,
To have attonce devourd her tender corse:
But to the pray when as he drew more ny,

His bloody rage aswaged with remorse,
And, with the sight amazd, forgat his furious forse.

Instead thereof he kist her wearie feet,
And lickt her lilly hands with fawning tong;
Aso he her wronged innocence did weet.7
O how can beautie maister the most strong,
And simple truth subdue avenging wrong!
Whose yielded pryde and proud submission,
Still dreading death, when she had marked long,

I True as touch-1. e. true as the touchstone by which other substances are tried.
2 Deryv'd-transferred.
8 Preace-press or throng.

4 Undigbt-took off. 6 A ramping lyon.--Upton conjectures the lion to be the English monarch, the defender of the Cuth. He seems rather to represent a manly and courageous people, like the English, and the homage he pays to Una betokens the respect which would be felt by such a people to beauty and innocence. 6 Asas L

7 Weet-understanu.

Her hart gan melt in great compassion;
And drizling teares did shed for pure affection.


* The lyon, lord of everie beast in field,”
Quoth she, “his princely puissance doth abate,
And mightie proud to humble weake does yield,
Forgetfull of the hungry rage, which late
Him prickt, in pittie of my sad estate -
But he, my lyon, and my noble lord,
How does he find in cruell hart to hate

Her, that him lov'd, and ever most adord
As the god of my life? why hath he me abhord ?"


Redounding' tears did choke th’ end of her plains
Which softly echoed from the neighbour wood;
And, sad to see her sorrowfull constraint,
The kingly beast upon her gazing stood;
With pittie calmd, downe fell his angry mood,
At last, in close hart shutting up her payne,
Arose the Virgin borne of heavenly brood,

And to her snowy palfrey got agayne,
To seek her strayed Champion if she might attayne.


The lyon would not leave her desolate,
But with her went along, as a strong gard
Of her chast person, and a faythfull mate
Of her sad troubles and misfortunes hard:
Still, when she slept, he kept both watch and warıl;
And, when she wakt, he wayted diligent,
With humble service to her will prepard:

From her fayre eyes he took commandément,
And ever by her lookes conceived her intent.

Book I. Canto III.


At last she channced by good hap to meet
A goodly Knight,2 faire marching by the way,
Together with his Sqnyre, arrayed meet:
His glitterand armour shined far away,
Like glauncing light of Phæbus brightest ray;
From top to toe no place appeared bare,
That deadly dint of steele endanger may:

Athwart his brest a bauldrick brave he ware,
That shind, like twinkling stars, with stones most pretious rare:

And, in the midst thereof, one pretious stone

Of wondrous worth, and eke of wondrous mights, 1 Redounding-flowing. * A goodly Knight - This is Prince Arthur, in whose faultless excellence Spenser is supposed to have represented his illustrious friend, Sir Philip Sidney, whose beautiful character and splendid accomplishments kindled a warmth of admiration among his contemporaries, of which we find it duikeast to conceive in our colder and more prosaic age.


Shape like a Ladies head, exceeding shone,
Like Hesperus emongst the lesser lights,
And strove for to amaze the weaker sights:
Thereby his mortall blade full comely hong
In yvory sheath, ycarv'd with curious slights,

Whose hilts were burnisht gold; and handle strong
Of mother perle; and buckled with a golden tong.

His haughtie helmet, horrid all with gold,
Both glorious brightnesse and great terrour bredd:
For all the crest a dragon did enfold
With greedie pawes, and over all did spredd
His golden winges; his dreadfull hideous hedd,
Close couched on the bever, seemd to throw
From flaming mouth bright sparckles fiery redd,

That suddeine horrour to faint hartes did show;
And scaly tayle was stretcht adowne his back full low.

Upon the top of all his loftie crest,
A bounch of heares discolourd diversly,
With sprincled pearle and gold full richly dresh,
Did shake, and seemd to daunce for iollity;
Like to an almond tree ymounted hye
On top of greene Selinis2 all alone,
With blossoms brave bedecked daintily;

Whose tender locks do tremble every one
At everie litue breath, that under heaven is blowne.

Book I. Canto VII.



Eftsoones there stepped foorth
A goodly Ladiet clad in hunters weed,

That seemd to be a woman of great worth,
And by her stately portances borne of heavenly birth.

Her face so faire, as flesh it seemed not,
But hevenly pourtraict of bright angels hew,
Cleare as the skye, withouten blame or blot,
Through goodly mixture of complexions dew;
And in her cheekes the vermeill red did shew
Like roses in a bed of lillies shed,
The which ambrosiall odours from them threw,

1 Slights---devices.

• Greene Selinis.-Selinis is evidently the name of some bill or mountain, which I do not ind in any book of reference within reach. Upton, strangely enough, supposes it to be Selinus, a city in Cilicia, to which he applies an epithet, “Palmosa," applied by Virgil to another city of the same name in Sicily. After this double blunder, he remarks, with amusing simplicity, “The simile of the almondtree is exceeding elegant, and much after the cast of that admired image in Homer," &c. Toud copies the whole without comment-Hillard.

3 En soone-immediately. 4 A goodly Ladie, &c.-In the beautiful and elaborate portrait of Belphæbe, Spenser has drawn a Nattered like Wess of Queen Elizabeth.

6 Portance demeanor.

And gazers sence with donble pleasure fed,
Hable to heale the sicke and to revive the ded.

In her faire eyes two living lamps did flame,
Kindled above at th' Hevenly Makers light,
And darted fyrie beames out of the same,
So passing persant, and so wondrous bright,
That quite bereavd the rash beholders siglit;
In them the blinded god his lustful fyre
To kindle oft assayd, but had no might;

For, with dredd maiestie and awfull yre
She broke his wanton darts, and quenched bace desyre.


Her yvoire forhead, full of bountie brave,
Like a broad table did itselfe dispred,
For Love his loftie triumphes to engrave,
And write the battailes of his great godhed:
All good and honour might therein be red;
For there their dwelling was. And, when she spake,
Sweete wordes, like dropping honny, she did shed;

And twixt the perles and rubins? softly brake
A silver sound, that heavenly musicke scend to make.


Upon her eyelids many Graces sate,
Under the shadow of her even browes,
Working belgardes3 and amorous retrate;
And everie one her with a grace endowes,
And everie one with meekenesse to her bowes:
So glorious mirrhour of celestiall grace,
And soveraine moniment of mortall vowes,

How shall frayle pen descrive her heavenly face, For feare, through want of skill, her beauty to disgrace!


So faire, and thousand thousand times more faire,
She seemd, when she presented was to sight;
And was yclad, for heat of scorching aire,
All in a silken camuss lilly whight,
Purfled 6 upon with many a folded plight,7
Which all above besprinckled was throughout
With golden aygulets, that glistred bright

Like iwinckling starres; and all the skirt about
Was hemd with golden fringe.


Her yellow lockes, crisped like golden wyre,
About her shoulders weren loosely shed,
And, when the winde emongst them did inspyre, 10
They waved like a penon wyde dispred.

1 Persat-plercing. 2 Rubins--rubieg. 3 Belgardes-sweet looks. A Retrate-picture. 5 Camus--thin dress. 6 Purfled-embroidered. 7 Plight-plait. 8 Aygulets--tagged points.

The yellow locks of Queen Elizabeth entcr largely into the descriptions of beauty by the poets of ber reign.

10 Inspyre-breathe.

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