Land and Labor in the United States
C. Scribner's Sons, 1883 - Agriculture - 360 pages
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acres amount appear become building bushels capital capitalists cause cent cheap cities classes close clothing comfort companies compelled competition condition consumers consumption continued cost cultivation demand direct distress dollars effect employed employment England equal evils exist fact farm farmer fifty five force foreign four give grants greater greatest half hands hold hundred idleness important improved increase industries interest known labor land least less limited live machine machinery manufactures Massachusetts masses matter means measure ment miles millions mills nature necessary obtain operations paid period persons portion present production profit prosperity railroad reached received reduced reports result roads shown society speculation statement subsistence tenant things thousand tion trade United wages wealth week whilst whole
Page 169 - Consumption is the sole end and purpose of all production; and the interest of the producer ought to be attended to only so far as it may be necessary for promoting that of the consumer.
Page 181 - Money is neither a material to work upon nor a tool to work with ; and, though the wages of the workman are commonly paid to him in money, his real revenue, like that of all other men, consists, not in the money, but. in the money's worth ; not in the metal pieces, but in what can be got for them.
Page 11 - Many who had been bred in the superior classes, not being able to find employment in their own business, would be glad to seek it in the lowest. The lowest class being. not only overstocked with its own workmen, but with the overflowings of all the other classes, the competition for employment would be so great in it, as to reduce the wages of labour to the most miserable and scanty subsistence of the labourer.
Page 186 - THE annual labour of every nation is the fund which originally supplies it with all the necessaries and conveniences of life which it annually consumes, and which consist always either in the immediate produce of that labour, or in what is purchased with that produce from other nations.
Page 11 - No society can surely be flourishing and happy, of which the far greater part of the members are poor and miserable. It is but equity, besides, that they who feed, clothe and lodge the whole body of the people, should have such a share of the produce of their own labour as to be themselves tolerably well fed, clothed and lodged.
Page 11 - It deserves to be remarked, perhaps, that it is in the progressive state, while the society is advancing to the further acquisition, rather than when it has acquired its full complement of riches, that the condition of the labouring poor, of the great body of the people, seems to be the happiest and the most comfortable. It is hard in the stationary, and miserable in the declining state.
Page 11 - But what improves the circumstances of the greater part can never be regarded as an inconveniency to the whole. No society can surely be flourishing and happy, of which the far greater part of the members are poor and miserable.
Page 100 - That any person who is the head of a family, or who has arrived at the age of twenty-one years, and is a citizen of the United States, or who shall have filed his declaration of intention to become such...
Page 278 - Gentleman, that the first requisite is that he shall be a good animal. The requisite is a general one — it extends to the man, to the father, to the citizen. We hear a great deal about " the vile body ; " and many are encouraged by the phrase to transgress the laws of health. But Nature quietly suppresses those who treat thus disrespectfully one of her highest products, and leaves the world to be peopled by the descendants of those who are not so foolish. Beyond these immediate mischiefs there...
Page 83 - Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington Territory, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming 48-123 APPENDIX.