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Londesborough's, Lord, garden at Parraquets, egg-eating. 92; manage.
Coombe, 197

ment of Australian, 422; sex detect.
Loranthus europæus at Glasnevin, 118

ing, 812
Lowestoft Poultry Show, 107

Parrot, catarrhed, 132; disordered,
Lucerne sowing, 380

884 : feeding, 424; self-plucking, 92
Luggage defined, 110

Passiflora, for greenhouse, 288; prin.
Lycaste Skinneri and Harrisoniæ, 186

ceps, 72
Passion-flower, cutting down, 230; pot-

ting, 308
MALAYS, 151, 172; AT BRISTOL Show, Paul's, Mr. W., Roses, 341
85

Peaches-aphis, 210, 361; blossoms
Maldon Poultry Show. 496

falling, 308; double-blogromed, 308;
Manchester Poultry Show, 19

blossoms, setting. 169; thinning
Mandrake, 269

bloggoms, 211; border concreting,
Manettia bicolor, 73

17; border making, 441; early, 979;
Manley Hall plant sale, 223, 856

house and vinery, 440; leaves blis.
Market gardeners, prizes for, 407

tered. 42): leaves dropping, 399; not
Market gardens' chargeability to tithe, setting, 229, 230; trees apparently
396

diseased, 84, scale on, 105, pruning
Markets, 24, 48, 70, 92, 110, 182, 154, 176,

in cool house. 149; in pots, 270;
196, 216, 286, 254, 274, 292, 312, 330, 348, weevils on, 461; Early Ascot, 99;
866, 384, 404, 424, 440, 462, 480, 498, 522 Princess of Wales. 471
Masdevallias, 858, 416

Peafowl's eggs, hatching, 176
Maxillaria venusta and luteo-alba, 222 Parg-cankered, 189; not setting,
Meadow land overmown, 149

344; shrivelling, 16; pruning py.
Medical botany lectures, 341

ramid, 108; repotting, 17; summer
Medinilla magnifica culture, 150, 285; culture, 380; training, 17; unfruitful,
flowerlegg, 308

84, 861; Duchesse d'Angoulême, 26;
Melons-for second crop, 441; and Cu. Red Doyenné on wall, 880
cumber.

house management, 493; Pens-for August, 269; eaten by slugs
culture, 105; diseased, 460; dying off, and sparrows,361; liquid manure for,
499; flowers, impregnating, 476;

861; range of rows, 519; selection of,
in greenhouse, 210; lining bed, 149; 217; sticking, 418, early, 360; for
treatment on ridges, 149

succession, 475. 492; varieties of,
Merendera Aitchisoni, 99

269; Emerald Gem, 96; Japan, 102;
Mesembryanthemam cordifolium sow. Magnum Bonum, 84
ing, 127

Peat fuel, 262, 270
Messenger's works burned, 7

Pelargoniums-Bicolor and Tricolor
Mice, 314

for bedding, 249 : not flowering, 440;
Microscopic Society at Horticultural

and Geranium distinction, 127; and
Show, 78

Geraniums, 518; June-flowering, 189;
Mignonette, box, 189; culture, 294 ; leaves, diseased, 980, spotted, 476;

failing, 519
Mildness of the season, 28, 38

for market, 476; pruning. 619; select,
Millom and Broughton Poultry Show,

848, show, 519; for September, 419;

for showing and decoration, 426;
46

white-leaved, 440; White Clipper,
" Miniature Fruit Garden," 878

897; Zonal, 519
Mitchell, of Piltdown Nurseries, 454 Pentstemon speciosam and culture,
Moisture, condensed in greenhouses,

451
161

Perennials, hardy, 490; from seed,
Moles, in garden, 475; Belgian trap, 293
890

Perilla nankinensis. dwarfing, 289
Monstera deliciosa and culture, 59

Peristeronic (National) Society's
Mobs on fruit trees, 289, 808

Show, 90, 110, 153
Mulberry propagation, 443

Perry, Mr. C. J., 337
Mushrooms, bed, dung for, 419; in Cu-
cumber house, 106, in greenhouse, Pewits in a garden, 248

Persimmon, 207
127, 169; for pickling 110
Mutisia ilicifolia, 99

Phajus Blumei, var. Bernaysii, 893

Pheasants, with Bantams and Pigeons,
Myosotis dissitiflora, culture, 399; at 176; and Game fowl crosses, 884 ;
Christmas, 420; for forcing, 801; food for young, 444
seeding, 868

Philodendron rubens, 227
Phlox Drummondi, raising, 83; sow.

ing, 231
NAMES, SOME OLD, 99, 142

Phylloxera vastatrix, 81, 207
Nantwich Poultry Show, 154

Picea Nordmanniana unhealthy, 460
Nectarine blossoms falling, 808

Picotees, Mrs. Hornby and Mrs. Ford.
Nepthead Poultry Show, 87

ham, 227; new, 371, select, 126
Newcastle-on-Tyne Pigeon Show, 67, Pigeons-Antwerps, homing, 70, Long-
89, 92

faced, 236. points, 292; Barb's eye.
New South Wales Horticultural Show, cere red, 132: Birmingham Society,
801

284; old books on, 424; breeds to
New Zealand forests, 886

keep, 916: buying, 216; canker in
Nice, flora of, 8

Mottied Tumblers, 830; Carriers,
Nidularium spectabile, 227

236, in Belgium, 108, eyes watering,
Northampton Poultry Show, 129, 281 48, and Short-faced tournament, 193;
North British Columbarian Show, 88

challenge, 291; diseased, 236; brown.
Nostrils, fowl's, disordered, 498

barred Dragoons, 498; at Dublin
Nurserymen's greenhouses, rating, 40 Show, 272, 289, 364, 365: in Egypt,

284; intruding, 310; Jacobing, sex of,

498, swollen, 254 ; Judges, 479; King
OAKS, BRITISH, 144, 283; PRUNING of Oude's flying, 213; Kite Tumbler,
NEWLY-PLANTED, 16

176; marking young, 424; mating
Odontoglossums, 447; tripudians, 323 ; for colour, 312; neglect of high-
vexillarium. 394,471

class, 89; nesting not laying, 404;
Onions, weeding bed, 419; best, 84; Parrot-beaked, 366; point cups, 402;
thick-necked, 880; tree, 211

Pouters, 291, at Bradford and North
Oranges, for dessert, 94; culture, 94;

ampton, 252; Tumblers, highest-
and Lemons imported, 78; tree, 880; flying, 292, Mottled, 216, 234, 252, 272,
tree scale, 489

291; at shows, limiting value of,
Orchard-house, doings, 398; heating. 234, 272, 289, 479, 480 ; sore-footed,

170; management, 418, 489, 475; 498
notes on, 288, 247, 250; plan, 63; Pine Apples-culture, 13, 459; history
routine, 193, 517; trees, painting, and culture in England, 56 ; imports,
834, 353; and vinery, 170

153; prematurely flowering, 83; re-
Orchids, for amateurs, 116, 143, 166, potting, 398 ; suckers, potting, 477;

186, 222, 264, 822, 858, 415, 419, 447, 599; Black Prince, 315; Prince Albert, 162,
at Ferniehurst, 28; house for, 270; 850; Prince Albert or Alfred, 218;
sales, 187, 207, 223, 359, 487; winter Black Prince and King Alfred, 451;
blooming, 82

Green fleshed, 288
Ormskirk Show, 88

Pinks, charcoal for, 280
Otley Poultry Show, 402

Pipes, expansion, running over, 63 ;
Oxalis, crenata, 105; cernua culture, paint for hot-water, 16. 83: hot-water,
198; sweetmeat, 70

211; packing hot-water, 249
Ox-eye Daisy in meadows, 460

Piping for hot water required, 127
Oxygen from rootlets, 392

Pit, forcing, 270
Oyster shells for fowls 128

Planks for gardens, 97
Plant protectors, 515

Planting, 62, 813; ornamental, 405, 483,
PACKING PLANTS FOR EXPORT, 491

464, 499
Pæonies, herbaceous and culture, 133; Platycerium grande from spores, 210
protecting Tree, 106

Plumbago, capensis, dying, 880, stop-
Paint, white, 866

ping, 827; coccinea superba culture,
Painting trees, 822

95
Paisley Ornithological Society's Show, Plums, falling, 441; pruning, 40; scale

on, 461
Palings, varnishing, 248

Poinsettias, after flowering, 230; pul.
Pampas Grass, culture, 289; from cherrima cuttings, 327
seed, 84

Pollen, protecting, 473; effect of
Pancratium maritimum planting, 17 strange on fruit, 510
Pansies, fertilisation, 519; lists of, Polyanthus culture, 202

482; new, 96; soil for, 194 winter- "Pomona," 485
ing, 494

Poplar seeding, 269

Portsmouth Poultry Show, 178; Orni. ST. HELENA SEEDLINGS, 399
thological Show, 193

Salading, winter, 287
Potash in plants, 415

Salt for kitchen garden, 188
Potatoes-disease, pamphlets on, 355 ; Salvia dichroa, 7

diseased, 16, 60, 325, 506,519; another Sand, brown v. white, 105
disease, 318, 831; earthing-up, 460 ; Scarifier, garden, 338
in frames, 512; new foreign, 305; Sciadopitys verticillata, 285
imported, 78, 187; keeping, 16; plant- Scurf on combs, 498
ing, 284, on meadowland, 64; prizo Seacoast, trees for, 40
essays on, 106; for succession, 492; Sea-kale, blanching, 188: decayed, 63 ;
philosophy of culture, 819,931 ; culture, 229; planting, 75
wintered in the soil, 281; Paterson's Sea sand for fowls, 236
Victoria, 99,113

Seaton Burn Poultry Show, 251
Pots, soil shrinking, 288

Sedum dasyphylluin var. glanduli.
Potting soil, grubs in, 518

ferum, 323
Poultry - instructive classes, 400: Seedlings, raising tender, 209

cruelty punished, 251; standard Seed sowing in greenhouse, 169
characteristics, 191; crooked-breast- Seeds, preserving from mice, &c., 407;
ed, 110; exhibiting single birds, 421; retaining vitality, 210, 396; sowing
exhibition, 171; exhibitors at shows, small, 228
362; feeding, 216, 271; in field, 70; Selandria aethiops, 484
fleas in house, 402; food, 43; do Selkirk Poultry Show, 87
they hurt grass, 444; portable house, Sempervivums, soil, 440
40; imports, 365; judges, 172, judges September-flowering plants, 248
and reports, 250; keeping, 154, ex- Sewage, clarified and unclarified, 224
tensively, 403, in small space. 70; Shading, 287
management, 176; package reform, Shallots decaying, 248
461; past and present, 442; in 1872, Shelters for plants, 243
17, 86, 128, 171; plucking, 40, 153; Shepherdia argentea, 278, 834; and
profits, 19), 233; rearing, 274; run, Ruscus, why barren, 873
254, 312; show reforms, 271, 309, 328, Shrubs, large, 16; planting, 49
861, 382, 420; shows and showing. Silkies' characteristics, 154
844

Single birds, exhibiting, 519
Primrose, Abyssinian, 522; German “Six of Spades," 10.54

name, 308; Violet Gem, 899, 399 Sleeping rooms, plants in, 509
Primulas, culture, 441; denticulata Slimy grub or glug-worm, 484

and erosa Fortunei, 269 ; after flower. Slugs, destroying, 170
ing, 230; japonica, 394 ; propagation, Smeirinthus Tilia and Populi, 261
440; seed germination, 304, japo. Smilax in America, 124
nica seedlings, 289; Sieboldi var. Smith's, Lady, centenary, 896
lilacina, 456

Snow, as a protection, 162; bulk of
Propagating cases, 269

water, 896; sheltering, 288
Protecting, 360; pits and frames, Snowdrops failing, 270
188

Soot as a manure, 242
Pruning, 61 ; Plums, &c., 16

Sophronitis grandiflora, 509
Pullets disordered, 164

Southampton Poultry Show, 86
Southernwood, 269

Sowing, 318
RABBIT8-BARKING TREES, 170; doe Spanish, cock's face, 48, dressing, 48;

cannibal, 70; dung-eating, 404; excessive, 110, scabbed, 414, swollen,
French and Flemish, 348; fur com- 866 ; hen losing feathers, 329; partly
ing off, 424; sale of, 479; at North- featherless, 216; pullets with Dork.
ampton, 252; Ostend and Patago. ing cock, 48; and Minorca fowls,

pian, 278 ; South London Show, 158 403
Railway charges, 129

Sphinx Convolvuli, 261
Rain, Distribution of," 473

Spring flowerers, sowing, 494
Rainfall, 31, 33, 35, 79; in 1872, 55, 56, Spruce Fir and its failure, 406
128

Staking trees, 83
Ramie Grass, 119

Stephanotis floribunda fruit, 62
Ranunculus culture, 189

Stocks, culture, 249; in early summer,
Raspberries, autumn, not fruiting, 189; Ten-week, damping-off, 476
249 ; insect in canes, 881; suckers,

Stokeholes, 104; flooded, 440
379; training, 61

Stone hole ornamenting, 288
Rating nurserymen's glazed struo- Stone pathways, cleaning, 148
tures, 183

Stove and greenhonse, 289
Rats, catching, 348; in fowl house, Stoves, Arnott's, 53; heating by, 104;
254 : securing bulbs from, 270

without chimney, 127
Rattling in cock's threat, 329

Stratfieldsaye, 225, 244
Rhamnus Frangula, 149, 179

Strawberry - blighted, 518; culture,
Rhododendrons, after flowering, 827; 288; forcing, 161, 229, plants for, 95,

choice greenhouse, 180, 199, 220; 102, 140; picking, 487; plants in
greenhouse, 419; hardy, list and ar vinery, 230; sticking, 517; storing,
rangement, 93 ; leaves browned, 861; 50; a late wanted, 102; John Powell,
pruning, 491; soil for, 170; Waterer's 143
and Lane's, 468; winter-flowering, Stygmaphyllon ciliatum, 481
77

Sunflowers for fuel, 162
Rhubarb, culture, 229; planting, 75
Rhynchanthera grandiflora, 99
Ribes albidum. 354

TABLE DECORATIONS, 50, 75, 96, 105, 113,
Ring Doves, 196

487
Rock plants from seed, 476

Table glasses, flowers for, 250
Rood Ashton, 513

Tacsonias, 481; Van-Volxemi, 476
Rooks, scaring, 441

Tally, Gorrie ground fast, 140
Roosting, age of, 462

Teachers of culture, 893
Root house, 89

Temperatures, low night in hothouses,
Roses-bark-eaten, 519; box for show- 223

ing, 288; budding on Cabbage Rose, Tenant's claim for improvements, 249
494; buds failing, 440; at Calcot, 427; Tenthredo adumbrata (æthiops), 484
climbing dwart, 518; in cold frame, Terrace forming, 114
460; culture, 425; dark, 16; diseased, Thinning border flowers, 474
?; edges, 63; election, 3, 28, 34, 52, Thorne Poultry Show, 52)
162; forcing, 218; fungi. orange and Thorngrove, 79
black, 269; grafting, 149; insects on, Thorns, propagating on, 880
442; layering, 270 ; raising from Thrips Adonidum, 116
layers, 114; leaves brown-spotted, Thyrgacanthus rutilans and culture,
475: Manetti stocks for, 230; manu.

413
ring, 442; mildewed, 327: sulphate Tithe rentcharge on market gardens,
of iron for, 343; new, 315; at South 315
Kensington, 337, 350; in the north, Todea superba culture, 460
142; old and new, 375; out of doors, Torenia asiatica and culture, 241
899; W. Paul's Show, 371; for pillars. Torrey. Dr., 33
127; planting rosery, 169; pot cul. Tortoise's habits, 48
ture, 405, 476; propagating, 618; Transplanting, 818 ; trees at night,
pruning, 63, sé; pyramid, 230; red 896
climbing, 210; at Royal Horticul. Trees, age of, 486; composition for
tural Society's Show, 300; selection, painting, 63; overshadowing &
112, 202, 442, 482; for September, 419; neighbour's land, 149; plants for
shoots fasciated, 441; soil for, 84; stumps, 64; protecting from horses,
bad soil for, 465; at South Kensing. 349; removing large, 89, 429; shrubs
ton, 376, 390 ; spots on leaves, 170; under, 17; spring flowers under, 861
syringing, 420; Tea, 189; Tea and wind bent, 473
Hybrid Perpetuals competing, 288 ; Trenched ground not fertile, 169
not thriving, 361; for towns, 219, 269; Trichopilia suavis, 509
Bessie Johnson, 387; Celine Fores- Trimming, 291, 810
tier, 74; Charles Lawson, 3; Gloire Tropvolum, tubers shootless, 230;
de Dijon, 26, 53, 73, 74; La France, speciosum, 470
7, 73, 198, 200; Maréchal Niel, 26, Tropical vegetation, 38
608, culture, 315, in greenhouse, 420; Tuberose culture, 270
Mariè Baumann, 165, 183; Mrs. Tulip, sweet-scented, 470
Rivers, 227; Oriflamme, 83

Tumours, in fowls, 175; on heng, 286
Roup, camphor for, 414

Turfing in winter, 126
Roupy fowls, 176

Turkeys, cocks, 403; feeding young,
Rye-grass, sowing, 477

480; laying away, 812

ULVERSTON CANARY Show, 191
Utricularia montana culture, 388
Uvaria Kirkii, 7

493; in pots, 268, in house, 848 ;
leaves, decayed, 289, diseased. 980;
inaching, 16 ; malformed, 270; before
planting, 899 ; pinching laterals, 494 ;
planting, 106; potted not breaking,
170; pruning, 106, 249 ; red-spidered,
84; Royal Vineyard, 507; shoots
dead, 441; starting. 210, 211; Syrian,
380; thinning leaves, 269; training,
83; treatment, 150, of young, 289, 358;
unfruitful, 281; unhealthy, 460; un-
productive, 519; watering. 344, 399;
weevils on, 461. See Grapes.
Viola cornuta culture, 393
Violas, hybrid, for bedding, 96
Violets, culture of Russian, 210; Vic.

toria reging, 212, 265
Vowels, the value of one, 181
Vriesia brachystachys, 99
Vulture hocks, 191

Winter-flowering plants, 72, 110
Wire fencing. 56; training to, 494
Wireworms, 230
Wiring, for walls, galvanised, 75

walls, 53
Wishaw Ornithological Society, 45
Witley Court, 11
Wolverhampton Poultry Show, 180
Woodlice and weeds, 487; in Mush.

room beds, 519
Wood-ripening, 119
Wood, strength of, 896
Wormcasts on lawns, 149
Worms, hair-like, 519

VALVES, THROTTLE, 211
Vanessa Antiopa. 466
Vanessee butterflies. 411
Vegetables, early, 459
Veitch Memorial, 223 ; prizes, 26), 3'3;

fruit prizes, 37
Ventilating, 343
Verbenas, for beds, 288; culture, 222
Vienna Exhibition, 162, 322, 892, 415
Villa garden arrangement, 313
Vinery, constructing, 885; erecting,

106; greenhouse, 889; uses of late,
17; planting back wall, 170; venti:
lating, 460; wiring, 166
Vines-air-roots

on, 249; borders, drainage for manuring, 270. making, 985, 411, 518, and culture, 415; breaking irregularly, 380; buds eaten, 269; for cool conservatory, 230; disease, 72, 165, 889; dressing, 189; fertilising blossoms, 57; with flowers, 289; forcing, 178, 418. in pots after, 16; failing, 170, 861; grafting, 76, 160 ; taking into greenhouse, 209; Hamburgh unfruitful,

Waterers' Rhododendrons, 878
Water for greenhouse plants, 289
Watering pot, French, 446
Watering, contrivances, 429; with

spring water, 270
Watford Poultry Show, 41
Waverley Poultry Show, 173
Weather, 353
Weeds, destroying, 327
Week, work for, 14 38, 60, 82, 113, 124,

147, 167, 187, 208, 228, 246, 267, 286, 306,
326, 342, 359, 378, 397, 417, 438, 458, 474,
491, 516; doings of last, 15, 32, 61, 82,
104, 125, 147, 168, 188, 208, 228, 246, 267,
287, 307, 342, 360, 379, 398, 418, 499, 459,
475, 492,517
Wells, decorating, 457
Wheat, Mummy, 311; poisoned, 38)
Whitby Poultry Show, 21
White flowers, 416
Whitehaven Poultry Show, 196
Whitewashing, greenhouse roof, 270;

tinting, 343
Wildfowi, pinioning, 131
Willow cuitings for Australia, 344
Wimbledon Horticultural Society, 359
Windowg, plants for north, 84
Wines, British, 150
Wing-feathers twisted, 110
Winter Cress, 119

XIPHION HISTRIO, 893

YAMS, 62
Year, the old to the new, 1
Yorkshire Gala, 512; Bird Show, 521
Yuccus, culture, 164; fruiting in

Europe, 179

WAGES, EFFECT OF INCREASED, 415
Walks, concrete and asphalt, 269
Wallflowers, propagating, 460
Walls, for fruit trees, 827; painting to

prevent insects 211
Walsall Poultry Show, 563
Washing, a fowl, 563; plants, &c., 89
Watercress, 14

ZAMIOCULCAS BOIVINIT, 328
Zigzag gas boiler. 169
Zingiber Parishii, 203
Zostcrops lateralis, 121

WOODCUTS.

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PAGE Apiary appliances

497 Apricot sheds

206 Araucaria imbricata at Piltdown

454 Asplenium myriophyllum

435 Aviary, Crook's Octagon .............

41 Barkeria elegans...

159 Skinneri Bath, Victoria Park entrance

472 ground plan of Royal Horticultural Society's show ground, and section of grand tent

............ 388, 389 Bee-hive, new

983 trap

423 Bevel for slopes ...................

114 Blickling Hall

107 Boiler, zigzag conservatory

102 Calochortus venustus

427 Camberwell Beauty ..........

466 Carica aurantiaca

488 Carpocapsa pomopapa

32 Chamærops arborescens..

101 humilis

81 Coccinella septempunctata

319 Conservatory, Lloyd's

455

885 Convolvulus Sphinx

261 Coping, glazed ..

143 Parbam's glass

95 Corynostylis Hybanthus albiflora

507 Cotton, Cuba Vine

10 Curculigo recurvata variegata

87 Dendrobium nobile palliditlorum

264 speciosum

823 Deutzia gracilis

872 Dibble, double

314

311 Potato

814 Dielytra spectabilis

336 Dinner-table flower stand

435 Dracæng australis

103 indivisa

8

PAGE

PAGE Dracwna lineata 8 Oak, Queen Elizabeth's

284 Draining, modes of... 98 Odontoglossum Alexandræ

418 Dragon-fly larva and imago

412
vexillarium

395
Escallonia macrantha
510 Oxalis cernua

198 Gapes and the remedy .. 830 Pentstemon speciosum

452 Gnat's eyes, tongue, and antenne

318 Pine Apple, presentation of first English to 140 emerging 818 Charles II.

59 Gordius aquaticus ............ 519 Plant case, ornamental..

120) Grafting, bottle

77
tally, Gorrie's

140 Grammanthes gentianoides

489 Planting, ornamental Guernsey prong ...

369 Poultry House, Crook's Portable..
Habrothamnus fasciculatus

280
Protector, wall-tree and plant

515 Hawk Moths

260, 261
Rat trap...

948 292 Ribes albidum

354 Hoe, adjustable 808 Rood Ashton

514 crane-necked 868 Scarifier, garden

838 drag 369 Smerinthus Populi

261 draw.

568
Tilie

260, 261 draw-and-thrust.

569 Sphinx Convolvuli
drill ....:

&CI
Currant

518
Guernsey
869 Stratfieldsaye

226 Prussian double-edged

869
Cedarg..

215 scuffle

869
Tenthredo adumbrata

484, 485
Hyacinth support
277 Thorngrove

80 Level, spirit 114 Thrips Adonidum

116 Liebig 394 Thyrsacanthus rutilans

414 Livistona chinensis 36 Torenia asiatica ..

241 Lycaste Skinneri.. 186 Trees, protecting from horses

295 Masdevallia tovarensis

removing large....

891 Veitchiana

359

Trichopilia suavis
Maxillaria venusta

Troprolum speciosum ...

470 Mignonette box... 189 Vanessa Antiopa ...

406 Malines, M. de Cannart d'Hamale's grande Vine excrescence and grub.

105 serre, lake, and Magnolia

374 Vineries, large
Mitchell, Mr.

Violet, Victoria Regina...
Mole-tran, Belgian .........
890 Vulture-hock

191 Nepa cinerea

412 Watering pots and engines

430, 431, 432 New South Wales Horticultural Society's Ex- Wire suspension winder

50 hibition... 802 .. twisted cable fencing

56 Notonecta glauca

412
Witley Court

12
Oak, the Panghanger........
133 Zosterope lateralis.......................

120

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From observations taken near London dnring forty-three years, the average day temperature of the week is 41.7°; and its night temperature 29.09. The greatest heat was 57', on the 3rd, 1860; and the lowest cold 11° below zero on the 4th, 1867. The greatest fall of rain was 0.86 inch.

M

THE OLD YEAR TO THE NEW YEAR. botany. They toiled cheerily, and in this was their

strength; for cheerfulness and diligence are the best Y brother, although thou wilt live a few ingatherers of wisdom and success, and method the most hours less than were allotted me, thou powerful aid to secure them. “Method,” said a good wilt have learned long before thy last day observer," is like packing into a box; a good packer will arrives lessons similar to those I have get in half as much again as a bad packer;" and the learned. Thy first day's existence will have prime rule of method is, “One thing at a time.” Much taught that proverbs wise in the olden time has been done in my days to impress these and other are infallible no longer. It was said at that results of experience upon the readers of THE JOURNAL OF time, “A soft Yule makes a green church- HORTICULTURE, and from one who has never ceased from yard,” yet my Yule was soft, and deaths enriching its pages come these weighty notes :

thou wilt find unusually few; moreover, “ Education has received far more prominent attention in methinks thou wilt bear witness that that other old saw, 1872 than in any time preceding. The how in the matter is “ Under water, famine ; under snow, bread,” is not a not yet thoroughly decided, but the people as a whole have verity. Yet privations will happen in thy days, and thou gone hand in hand with the Government in determining that wilt find that Death's scythe, like that of the gardener, the rising race shall not be reared in ignorance. Reading, will not spare the flowers that are mingled with the grass. writing, and arithmetic shall be taught to all that are capable Mown down were many flowers in my days, but thou of learning. Possessed of these, as with a key, to unlock the . wilt bear witness, as į do, that other flowers clustered storehouses of knowledge, the humblest labourer, if thoroughly round the bereaved spots, and that here, as in all other resolved, may by application and self-denial enjoy all the pleaevents of thy days, there is beneficent compensation.

sures that science and philosophy can bring.

The great point to be impressed on our young friends is Thou wilt have multitudes of complaints from masters just this—that, thanks to day schools for the young, and night against their servitors, and from servitors against their schools and classes for the youth of both sexes, the time is masters, but thou wilt bear record that a gentle word fast coming when such instruction and far greater knowledge and a lapse of a few of thy days were like a soft bandage will cease to be a distinction. Many who pride themselves on on a fresh wound. In my days were grievous complaints such distinction now, and act as if they thought that a little that there were no fruits in the land, and hard thoughts in the head would make amends for a good deal of slackness were towards the gardeners; but in thy days it will be in the hands, will find that they must alter very much if they appreciated that they cannot rule the seasons, though scholar, will soon cease to be urged by first-class labourers,

mean to retain their position. The saddening plea, 'I am no they may shelter from them, and thou mayst be remembered as “the year of more glass.” In days long gone tion, felt themselves compelled to vegetate as it were in their

who, as a consequence of the want of the rudiments of educaa gardener was known to be capable of hieroglyphic book- native village, when otherwise they might have lived in comkeeping only-he made an O for a cheese, and put a dot fort in other places in their own land, and enjoyed much in the centre for a grindstone. Those were the days when greater remuneration still for their labour in other lands. pruning was done only during the moon's decrease, and Hundreds of gardeners have told what a drawback it was, in sowing at her full ; but thou wilt see, as I have seen, the case of many good painstaking labourers, that they could the creations of gardeners literary and scienced, titled not read a tally. It is a cheering prospect that this drawback and among England's magnates — men who know the will soon be remedied. We may well rejoice that in this free reason why of every operation-men who, like one in land of ours all men are equal in the eye of the law. Ere long my days, would not have a weed pulled up without a

the whole of the population will be placed on an equality as Such men have raised England's gardening to to the great educational starting point, and that is all the the superlative; and it was no exaggeration when the education the country ought to secure, leaving to private and man of many travels observed, " England has naturally desired.

individual enterprise to obtain all that otherwise may be the greenest grass, but her exotic fruits and flowers are

“Rejoicing in the equality possessed and in that which will more delicious than in their native homes." Thou wilt

soon be here, yet it is not the equality which is keenly conobserve that the best bookmen are the best toolmen, for tended for by some at the present day-namely, that men books are evening companions that preserve men from engaged in the same labour and the same trade and occupation that most enervating of habits-drinking: Teach the shall be paid equally. Facts and natural laws will be too young of your days to be guarded in acquiring habits, for much for all combinations in this direction; and the effort for truly has a wise man written, “Principles are but another unnatural levelling will only succeed when men and women name for habits. Principles are words, but the habits are

grow up alike in stature, in physical strength, in mental vigour, the things themselves, benefactors or tyrants according and intellectual endowments. Meanwhile let those who now as they are good or evil.” Among those habits, then, pride themselves on their education 'make sure that the prized encourage that of reading, but

let the choice of books laurels do not drop from their brow. They will not long be like that of associates—let the choice be confined to stand alone and distinct in this matter.

“ The second topic worthy of serious consideration is the the best. Labour and study are not only compatible, effort being made to better the condition of labourersby but mutually assistant. Robert Dick toiled as a baker, migration and emigration if other means should fail; and we yet his herbarium was a model ; Linnæus laboured at do rejoice that the subject has hitherto been conducted, with the lapstone, yet he rendered himself the regenerator of a few exceptions, with great good sense, good feeling and No. 614.-VOL. XXIV., NEW SERIES.

No. 1266.-VOL. XLIX., OLD SERIES.

reason.

course.

care.

meanness.

courtesy. One of the most encouraging aspects is, that labour- entered very little into such inquiries, they might be content ers that had received no education themselves are extra anxious with a less scientific gardener for a time. And as for the workthat this blessing should be secured for their offspring. For men, what would be the use of standing out, so long as there ages to come may this land of ours remain great, glorious, and were so many that could dig and mow ready to take their free. A doubt has arisen when it is recorded that the bulk of position ? men and women who have left us for our colonies and other “More is usually effected by frankness and courtesy, forming, lands have been those distinguished for their readiness and as it were, of themselves a board of arbitration to settle all diffiactivity of hand, their persevering industry, and their extra culties, than by menace. In all cases where there are more intelligence. No country could loug maintain its pre-eminence men wanting employment than can find it, strikes will be a if thus yearly deprived of the manliest, the sturdiest, and the mistake; and when the numbers of workmen are reduced in a most intelligent of its population; yet hope revives with the locality so that workmen shall be eagerly sought after, then efforts making for social and mental improvement that there strikes will not be needed, for wages will rise as a matter of will be plenty of men left, hard-handed, keen-headed, and tenderhearted, to support the still growing honours of old England. "Finally. Waving all reference to those who do not require

“ If knowledge will ere long cease to be such a distinction as to labour with their hands, but who may be extra workers with now, let no young man lean too much upon it. It is true that the brain, let all workers with the hand bring all possible heart

in all labour there is profit.' It is also true that for the greatest and intelligence to bear on their work, and have good defi. brain-work there will be the greatest reward—the very highest nite objects in their working if they wish their labour to be a wages—if such work is in demand. For want of that demand source of elevated pleasure. One good object is to work so as some of our greatest scientific men, besides the pleasure de- to have the means of honest living. None but the very poor, rived from their investigations, had little reward, though famed the young, the aged, the extra unfortunate, and the aftlicted when in their graves. There is no discouraging intended to the ought to be dependant on others, and thus be subjects of anxious greatest attainments in knowledge, when the Book of books The most accomplished may have great reverses, but it says, 'Rather let him labour with his hand the thing that is is more manly and dignified, for a time at least, to use a spade, good. Our learned professions, our scientific men, our mer- a barrow, an axe, or a hammer, than to pester acquaintances chants with their myriads of book-keepers and clerks, do great and friends to get some cosy place for them in which their things, but there would be little to act upon but for the produce hands may scarcely be soiled. When a taunt of untidiness was of the hands, as these hands are directed by intelligence. There thrown at an old Scotch woman she pithily replied, 'It is good is a craving for the 'genteel' in these days, and a sort of looking dirt that water can remove. Nothing need be said of dishonesty, down on hard manual labour; yet the gentility must pay for falsehood, and deceit, but let it be remembered a vast of water it, and ere long even more than now. A high authority states would be required to clear out the ingrained stains from cringing that for one man that is wanted in our colonies to act as clerk

Again, work for a comfortable home, bearing in or book-keeper, there are thirty-nine left to starve, unless mind that its comfort will more depend upon its fitness and they throw their genteel notions to the winds, and labour with cosiness than on its extended size or grand appearance, and will their hands. It requires no seer's vision to foretell that more depend more on the union of hearts, and a concentration of the than ever the most comfortable and happy people will be those liberal and the prudent as respects all good aims and aspirations, who can develope and direct activity of the hand with expanded than upon fine furniture and flashy accomplishments. Again, intelligence.

work for the glorious privilege of being independent, using the “Get rid of the baneful idea which has blasted the life pro- and making some provision in the days of youth and health for

last word in its very limited sense, as laying aside something, spects of many a young man, that there is anything vulgar or degrading in even the humblest manual labour. A man may

the changes that must be expected. Otherwise we have no idea well be degraded when he labours merely as a matter of routine, of independence, for in society the highest and the lowliest have without heart, or mind, or thought in his work, becoming what interwoven between them the bonds of mutual dependance.” the late Joseph Knight would have called 'a mere six-o'clock Sach is the testimony of one of the best-informed, most and looking-ever-at-the-clock man.' But the humblest kind of right-hearted of the men who have now passed to live in your labour faithfully and intelligently performed will ever exalt and days--the head gardener of Putteridgebury; and those who ennoble the workman. The greatest and most spotless Who ever adopt him as their model during your time will have ample trod our earth probably worked as a mechanic before entering on His divine mission, and it is certain that the Jews in ancient cause to acknowledge that you were to them

A HAPPY NEW YEAR. times, and still, whatever their wealth and whatever the education they could give to their children, wisely took care that all should be so instructed in some kind of manual labour as to be able under any reverse to earn a living. Bring heart and

POTATO EXPERIENCE. mind to bear on work, and that will make the work a source

A voice from Staffordshire on the merits of “Suttons' Redof happiness and enjoyment to the worker. Providence diffuses skinned Flourball may not be uninteresting to some readers of happiness more equally than is generally imagined, and the greatest share falls not to the man who has inherited wealth

the Journal. I plant many different kinds, but the Flourball and does not need to labour much with the hands, but happiness has, last year especially (1872), proved itself far the best both comes almost unasked to the man who works faithfully with in quality and quantity. The yield was very good, the tubers mind, and heart, and hands. How differently our poor crossing large throughout, and the crop almost entirely free from disease, sweepers do their work! One sweeper will be all activity when which, considering the extraordinarily wet and unfavourable he sees a promising crosser coming towards his muddy path- season, must speak volumes in its farour. In the boiling they

Another prides himself in having his crossing clean, have proved themselves well worthy of the name they bear, crosser or no crosser. Doing the humblest work thoroughly is and they are also of excellent flavour. When reading the rethe best preparation, and security too, for getting better work to marks of “ W. B.," I could not help wishing I had been the do. The young gardener who throws in mind and heart in attend lucky recipient of his two bushels. They were grown in a ing to furnaces, so as to secure just the heat wanted and when field of light land with a gravelly subsoil.—IV. G. W. wanted, and with the least waste of fuel, will most likely occupy a different position afterwards, when compared with the man who does such work as a mere work of routine, and feels that I HAVE been a Potato-grower for twenty years, and for many he is a sort of do-drudgery in attending to such things.

years, say eight or ten, have adopted the plan, not of cutting “So far about work and working; but what about the re-off, but drawing out (roots and all) the tops of Potatoes as soon turns ? Everything is dearer than in former years, and there as the haulm manifested unmistakeable symptoms of being has been little or no increase of wages. Ought not gardeners diseased. Last

year (1872) my Ashtops and Lapstones treated and under gardeners, and garden labourers to combine to obtain in this way have scarcely had a bad Potato among them, while better terms ? Don't,' is the wisest reply. Men have the right my neighbours have lost nearly every tuber. I did not take so to combine, but it would be folly until the men that are able mine up till October-slightly too late, for the Brussels Sprouts, to dig, to mow, and sweep are greatly diminished in numbers. which I planted when the tops were removed, had become inThey, no doubt, looked on themselves as skilled workmen, and conveniently large, and were in the way. as such thought they had the ball at their feet, but fresh stokers

Of course Potatoes treated in this way should be planted as were obtained in a very short time. It is true it is easier to early as possible, and previously sprouted, go as to be as nearly find fifty men that can dig than one man who, from his acquaint- as possible mature when the disease comes, otherwise the proance with vegetable physiology, and his knowledge of geo- duce, though good, is small.-Geo. F. WADE, St. Lawrence graphy and climatal relations, knows how best to nurture every Vicarage, York. esteemed foreign plant, and also the right treatment in all diversified circumstances for flowers and fruits. Such a man with employers who valued such attainments might easily make I HAVE grown Suttons' Red-skinned Flourball on light ground an alteration in terms if the wish were courteously expressed, with a chalky subsoil, and I had an excellent crop, far above But even to such employers, and especially to those who l that of any other kind, and very few tubers were diseased.

way.

33. Pitord

4. Alfred Colomb

41. Madame Vidot

11. La France

With us they are when cooked good in flavour, white, and E. Copland being in the chair. There were present Dr. King, mealy.-R. S.

Professor of Botany, University of Calcutta, and Superintendent

of the Royal Botanic Garden there; Professor Tattle, InstrucTHE ROYAL HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY'S

tor in Microscopy, and late Professor of Marine Zoology, MEETINGS.

Harvard University ; Judge Scudder, of the Superior Court, A Few notes at South Kensington, Not the least interesting having successfully introduced various exotic plants and shrubs

Boston, U.S.A. ; Baron 0. Prost, well known at Nice, and as of the meetings held in the Council-room of the Royal Horti- from forelyn countries; and several other floral friends. cultural Society in 1872 was that on December 4th. It was the last of the season, and the large attendance of visitors ceeding during the present season, and it was agreed that

Numerous suggestions were made as to the best mode of proshowed how these useful gatherings are appreciated. We can regular meetings should be held the coming spring for the not set aside the large exhibitions with their scores of van. loads of plants and hundreds of dishes of tempting fruits; purpose of investigating the flora of Nice, and naming and bit to those on the out-look for new plants, flowers, and fruits by those who may wish to know more of them.

giving information respecting such plants as may be brought -to the enthusiastic gardener, botanist, and pomologist-these

The Chairman produced a large collection of dried specisocial gatherings are a great boon. To the Fellows residing in the neighbourhood they must be a source of never-failing beautiful coloured drawings of many of the wild flowers of the

mens arranged according to their families, and also some enjoyment.

neighbourhood, by a lady. A very interesting discussion As the meeting in question was the last of a series of most followed as to the Ferns, wild flowers, and cultivated plants of successful ones, it is worth while to notice some its most the country; and a rare specimen of Saxifraga florulenta, found salient features. Two or three small prizes were offered for only on the mountains of Nice, and which has excited much cut blooms of Chrysanthemums, which brought out quite a

interest in the botanical world, was produced for inspection. host of exhibitors. The best flowers were over, but a few noble Dr. King handsomely offered to send to Baron Prost choice blooms of the large-flowered section were still to be had. These, seeds and plants from India for introduction into Nice. Impormixed with the quaint forms of the Japanese section, made a

tant results may therefore, perhaps, follow from these meetings. fine display, and with some handsome bushes of the different varieties of the common Holly told of coming Christmas. The first heralds of the new year were also to be seen in the shape of

ELECTION OF ROSES.-No. 3. some fine pans of the early Roman Hyacinths, the snow-white

Mr. J. Parsons, Frome. delicate trusses of which have a charming effect. Winter

1. Maréchal Niel flowering Carnations were represented by healthy plants in

2. Devoniensis

34. Prince Camille de Rohan pots. These are truly valuable for winter work; the flowers are 3. Marquise de Castellane

35. Coupe d'Hébé sweet and of many different shades of colour, and from not a

36. Mons. Woolfield 5. Madame Rothschild

37. Paul Ricaut very large number of plants flowers may be cut every week in

6. Malle. Marie Rady

88. Charles Lawson the year. I noted the following: Lee's Purity, pure white, a 7. Emilie Hausburg

39. Madame Creyton very fine fringed flower, full and free; Prince of Orange, the 8. Madame Victor Verdier

40. Madame Bosanquet

9. Edouard Morren best yellow ; Le Grenadier is a very fine scarlet flower. Of

10. Marie Baumann

42. Madame Clémence Joigneaux rose shades King of the Belgians and Minerva are first-class;

43. Madame Fillion Miss Jolliffe is a delicately perfumed flesh-coloured flower. 12. Charles Lefebvre

44. America

45. Solfaterre Compueror, maroon, almost black, is by far the best of this

13. Gloire de Dijon

46. Lord Macaulay colour. Gloire de Lyon is a very good red flake, and flowers

14. Lamarque

47. Gloire de litry profusely.

15. Coline Forestier

48. Rev. H. II. Dombrain Then, who could fail to be in raptures with the lovely 16. Miss Ingram

49. Laneii Moss) 17. Madame Hector Jacquin

50. Madame Zoutman! Orchids, welcome at all seasons, but doubly so in dull December? The thanks of all lovers of beautiful flowers are due

19. Abel Grand to those who risk the injury of their precious gems at such a 20. Pierre Notting

1. Maréchal Niel The rare and beautiful garden hybrid, Cattleya ex

21. John Hopper

2. Gloire de Dijon 22. Comtesse de Chabrillant

8. Souvenir d'un Ami oniensis, was there to be admired by all but possessed by few, 23. Comtesse d'Oxford

4. Niphetos its price placing it beyond the reach of all save those of ample 24. Louis Van Houtte

5. Celine Forestier fortunes. Not so the handsome Lycaste Skinneri; it can be 25. Beauty of Waltham

6. Triomphe de Rennos 26. Princess Mary of Cambridge

7. Souvenir d'Lliso purchased for a mere trifle, and is one of the easiest grown of

27. Souvenir d'un Ami

8. Devoniensis Orchids. It will thrive in a hot or a cool house, and flower 28. Souvenir de la Malmaison

9. Adam abundantly in either. Its richly-coloured flowers continue a long 29. Senatenr Vaisse

10. Madame Margottin 30. François Lacharme

11. Bougero time in perfection, and are peculiarly attractive. It flowers

31. Mille. Eugénie Verdier

12. Marie Sisley during the winter and spring months. The Pleiones, or Indian 32. Malle. M1. Dombrain Crocuses, were represented by P. Reichenbachiana, a very distinct species, producing two flowers on a spike; the sepals and

Mr. P. GREB, Warminster. 1. Devoniensis

33. Dr. Andry, petals are mottled with rosy lilac, the lip white spotted with

2. Hippolyte Flandrin violet purple. These beautiful Orchids lose their leaves after

3. Alfred Colomb

35. Vicomte Vigier finishing their growth, and the flowers are produced just be- 4. Charles Lefebvre

36. Jean Cherpin fore the new leaves appear, but they have a charming effect

5. John Hopper

37. Malame Charles Verdier 6. Gloire de Dijon

38. Thyra Hammerick when grouped with Maidenhair or other Ferns. Barkeria

39. Souvenir de la Malmaison Skinneri is another useful plant for winter; its graceful spikes 8. Maréchal Vaillant

40. Leopold I. of rosy purple flowers have a charming effect.-J. D.

9. Marie Baumann

41. Princess Mary of Cambridge 10. Maurice Bernardin

42. Boule do Neige 11. Madame Rothschild

43. Duchess of Sutherland 12. Duke of Edinburgh

44. Pierre Notting CHARLES LAWSON ROSE.

45. Madame Fillion 13. Abel Grand

46. Dupuy-Jamain I Am surprised that in the lists of Roses mentioned of late

14. Baron Prévost

47. Exposition de Brie as superior kinds, the very beautiful summer Rose Charles

15. Beauty of Waltham

48. Victor Verdier Lawson has no place. There is nothing to equal this when in 16. Comtesse d'Oxford

49. Marquise de Mortemart

50. Louise Peyronny a good situation; and none here, though there is a great 17. Camille Bernardin choice, can be compared with it or is more admired. A plant 19. Centifolia Rosea was turned out of a pot a few years since, placed against a 20. Dr. Lindley

1. Maréchal Niel

2. Devoniensis south-east wall, and now covers a space of more than 18 feet 21. Ferdinand de Lesseps

3. Madame Margottin wide and 12 feet high. No matter what the weather may be,

4. Madame Willermoz this Rose tree is a perfect picture—one mass of flowers in dif- 24. Souvenir d'un Ami

5. Niphetos ferent stages of bloom, and very fragrant.-M. D.

25. Madame Willermoz
26. Madame Clémence Joigneaux 7. Souvenir d'Elise
27. Fisher Holmes

8. Gloire de Dijon
28. Louise Van Houtte

9. Celine Forestier THE FERNS AND WILD FLOWERS OF NICE. 29. Madame Boutin

10. Triomphe de Rennes

11. Madame Bravy A PRELIMINARY meeting of ladies and gentlemen interested 31. Marquise de Castellane

12. Madame Levet in this subject was lately held at the Hotel Royal, Nice, Mr. ' 32. Caroline de Sansal

18. Anna de Diesbach

TEAS AND NOISETTES.

season.

84. Elie Morel

7. Maréchal Niel

TEAS AND NOISETTES.

22. Felix Gonero
23. La France

6. Souvenir d'un Ami

80. Madame Victor Verdier

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