Political Legitimacy in Southeast Asia: The Quest for Moral Authority
The countries of Southeast Asia, most of which won their independence after World War II, have had varying degrees of success in establishing governments and political systems that in the eyes of their citizens have achieved political legitimacy - that is, are seen to have the right to rule. Because these countries have much in common and at the same time differ in important ways - with their political arrangements varying from Leninist state to monarchy, personal dictatorship to quasi-democracy - they offer what might be considered a naturally occurring political science experiment. The right to rule affects all political activities and is crucial to an understanding of the politics of any country. This book studies political legitimacy in seven Southeast Asian countries-Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines, Burma, Thailand, Indonesia, and Vietnam. Among the questions is addresses are: What is the meaning and nature of legitimacy? What are its constituent elements? Who is seeking to legitimate what? Who or which groups are crucial for legitimation? On what basis is authority claimed, acknowledged, resisted? Why do legitimation projects succeed or fail? Why is legitimacy contested? Can any overall patterns be observed?
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AFPFL argues army Asian audiences Aungsan authoritarian Bama basis belief bureaucratic Burma Burmese challenge charismatic authority Chinese claim colonial communist conflict constitution contested countries coup crisis critical culture democracy democratic deployed doi moi economic elections elements elite ernment ethnic example factions forces goals government's groups Ibid ideology independence Indonesian institutions Islam Javanese leaders Lee Kuan Yew litical macy Malay Malay dominance Malaysia Marcos Maung ment military Minh moral nation-state Ne Win Nguyen nomic non-Bama non-Malay norms organization Pancasila party's peasants performance personal authority Philippines political leadership political legitimacy political legitimation political parties political system politicians popular sovereignty power holders prime minister principle procedures reform regime revolution role rulers rural Sarit Singapore SLORC social socialist society Soeharto Southeast Asia structure Sukarno Tatmadaw Thai Thailand tion tional traditional UMNO UMNO's unity values Viet Viet Minh Vietnam Vietnamese Yawnghwe