The British Empire and the Second World War
In 1939 Hitler went to war not just with Great Britain; he also went to war with the whole of the British Empire, the greatest empire that there had ever been. In the years since 1945 that empire has disappeared, and the crucial fact that the British Empire fought together as a whole during the war has been forgotten. All the parts of the empire joined the struggle and were involved in it from the beginning, undergoing huge changes and sometimes suffering great losses as a result. The war in the desert, the defence of Malta and the Malayan campaign, and the contribution of the empire as a whole in terms of supplies, communications and troops, all reflect the strategic importance of Britain's imperial status. Men and women not only from Australia, New Zealand and India but from many parts of Africa and the Middle East all played their part. Winston Churchill saw the war throughout in imperial terms. The British Empire and the Second World War emphasises a central fact about the Second World War that is often forgotten.
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The Seychelles were also a connecting point on the cable lines between Aden,
Ceylon, Mauritius and Zanzibar. There were naval and air bases on the Indian
coast and in the Persian Gulf, and facilities at places like Diego Garcia in the ...
Not only did she hit Shoreham, which put into Aden for repairs, but she damaged
Khartoum so much that she had to be declared a total loss. Eventually the Italian
submarine was captured and a prize crew put aboard to take her to Aden.
Aden was an Indian dependency until 1937, and the Government of India
maintained small forces there, though in the ... and cheapest method of projecting
British power in its Middle Eastern domains.17 Thus Aden, like Iraq and Trans-
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The Approach of War
The Home Front
The Caribbean 177
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