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A loss in all familiar things,
In flower that blooms, and bird that sings.
And yet, dear heart! remembering thee,

Am I not richer than of old ?
Safe in thy immortality,

What change can reach the wealth 1 I hold ?

What chance can mar the pearl and gold
Thy love hath left in trust with me?
And while in life's late afternoon,

Where cool and long the shadows grow,
I walk to meet the night that soon

Shall shape and shadow overflow,
I can not feel that thou art far,
Since near at need the angels are;
And when the sunset gates unbar,

Shall I not see thee waiting stand,
And, white against the evening star,

The welcome of thy be koning hand ?


(Whittier wrote this fine poem on the occasion of “receiving an eagle's quill from Lake Superior.” Its general purpose is to celebrate the breadtlı, freedom, and opportunity afforded by the Great West.)

ALL day the darkness and the cold

Upon my heart have lain,

1 the wealth: that is, the wealth 3 when the sunset gates unbar. of his sister's remembered affec- Explain this beautifully tender extion.

pression. 2 life's late afternoon. What 4 All day ... lain. Change this idea underlies this metaphor? couplet to the prose order.

Like shadows on the winter sky,

Like frost upon the pane;

But now my torpid 1 fancy wakes,

And, on thy 2 eagle's plume,
Rides forth like Sindbad on his bird,

Or witch upon her broom!

Below me roar 3 the rocking pines,

Before me spreads the lake Whose long and solemn-sounding waves

Against the sunset break.

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The prairie harvest mown.

I hear the far-off voyager's horn;

I see the Yankee's trail,
His foot on every mountain-pass,

On every stream his sail.

By forest, lake, and waterfall,

I see his peddler show;

1 torpid (Latin torpidus, stiff), be 4 rice-eater, the rice-bird, so numbed.

named from its depredations in 2 thy, in reference to the sender rice-fields; the reed-bird. In New of the quill.

England it is called the bobolink. 3 Below me roar, etc. This and 5 thresh the grain, etc. Exsimilar expressions in the succeed-plain. ing stanzas (as “I hear,” “I see,” 6 scythe of fire, etc. A prairieetc.), are examples of the figure of fire. speech called vision.

7 his sail. What figure?

The mighty mingling with the mean,

The lofty with the low.
He's whittling by St. Mary's Falls,

Upon his loaded wain;
He's measuring o'er the Pictured Rocks,

With eager eyes of gain.

I hear the mattock 3 in the mine,

The ax-stroke in the dell,
The clamor from the Indian lodge,

The Jesuit chapel bell.

I see the swarthy trappers come

From Mississippi's springs; And war-chiefs with their painted brows,

And crests of eagle-wings.

Behind the scared squaw's birch canoe

The steamer smokes and raves ; And city lots are staked 5 for sale

Above old Indian graves.

I hear the tread of pioneers

Of nations yet to be; The first low wash of waves, where soon

Shall roll a human sea.

1 St. Mary's Falls. Where are 4 Jesuit chapel bell, in allusion they?

to the mission stations established 2 the Pictured Rocks. What in early times, in the Far West, by do you know about them?

French Jesuit missionaries, seek8 mattock, a pickaxe with broad ing to Christianize the Indians. ends.

5 staked, marked off.

The rudiments of empire here

Are plastic yet and warm ;
The chaos? of a mighty world

Is rounding into form!

Each rude and jostling fragment soon

Its fitting place shall find, -
The raw material of a state,

Its muscle and its mind.3

And, westering 4 still, the star5 which leads

The New World in its train
Has tipped with fire the icy spears

Of many a mountain-chain.

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Then blessings on thy eagle-quill,

As, wandering far and wide,
I thank thee for this twilight dream

And Fancy's airy ride!

1 rudiments, rough elements. 5 the star. An allusion to Bishop How is the thought expressed in Berkeley's line, “Westward the the first two lines of this stanza course of empire takes its way;” varied in the last two?

generally misquoted, “Westward 2 chaos. Explain.

the star of empire,” etc. 3 Its muscle and its mind. Turn snowy cones of Oregon. In these figurative terms into plain allusion to the snow-clad peaks in words.

the Cascade region, as Mount Hood, 4 westering, moving westward. Mount Jefferson, etc., all of which The word is used by Milton. are extinct volcanoes,


Yet, welcomer than regali plumes

Which Western trappers find,
Thy free and pleasant thoughts, chance sown,

Like feathers on the wind.

Thy symbol be the mountain-bird,

Whose glistening quill I hold;
Thy home the ample air2 of hope,

And memory's sunset gold!
In thee let joy with duty join,

And strength unite with love,
The eagle's pinions folding round

The warm heart of the dove!

So, when in darkness sleeps the vale

Where still the blind bird clings,
The sunshine of the upper sky

Shall glitter on thy wings !


TRITEMIUS of Herbipolis, one day,
While kneeling at the altar's foot to pray,
Alone with God, as was his pious choice,
Heard from without a miserable voice,

1 regal (from Latin rex, regis, a | 1516), a distinguished theologian, king)= royal, from French roi, a was abbot, or head, of the monasking.

tery of Herbipolis, - the Latinized 2 ample air. Compare Milton : name of the modern Wurzburg, in 'an ampler ether, a serener air." Germany. 8 Tritemius, or Trithemius (1462 4 miserable voice. Explain.

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