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With chains concealed in chaplets. O! not yet
4. – HYMN TO THE NORTH STAR.
The sad and solemn night
The glorious host of light
I chaplets. See Webster for the 4 constellation (from Latin stella, interesting derivation of this word. a star), a cluster or group of fixed 2 corselet. See Glossary.
stars, situated near each other in 3 solitudes invite, etc. By a the heavens. skillful return the poet brings us 5 The sad ... go. Express in back again to the opening scene your own words the meaning of of the poem.
Day, too, hath many a star To grace his gorgeous reign, as bright as they ;
Through the blue fields afar, Unseen, they follow in his flaming way:1 Many a bright lingerer, as the eve grows dim, Tells what a radiant troop arose and set with him.
And thou dost see them rise,
Alone, in thy cold skies,
There, at morn's rosy birth,
And eve, that round the earth
Alike, beneath thine eye,
High towards the starlit sky
1 in his flaming way. Whose ? 2 bright lingerer. Explain.
8 Nor join'st the dances, etc. Explain the metaphor.
4 shapes of polar flame, the aurora borealis. 5 blots the sun.
Change this poetical into a prose expression.
The night-storm on a thousand hills is loud,
On thy unaltering blaze
Fixes his steady gaze,
And therefore bards 2 of old,
Did in thy beams behold
5. – FOREST HYMN.
[The Forest Hymn was written in that early period of Bryant's career, when he was for the most part devoted to the study of nature, and the depicting of its scenes and moods. It overflows with what Wordsworth calls the “religion of the woods,” and is pervaded by a sweet solemnity that must touch every impressible soul.]
1 On thy ... right. Express in Sages (from suge, wise), phiyour own language the meaning of losophers. this stanza.
4 hermits of the solemn wood: 2 bards. “Bard "(meaning poet) that is, the British Druids. is one of the small number of 5 beacon, signal-fire: connected Celtic words incorporated into with beckon. English from the language of the voyager of time. Explain the original Britons.
were God's first temples.
Ere man learned To hew the shaft, and lay the architrave, And spread the roof above them ; ere he framed The lofty vault,» to gather and roll back The sound of anthems,- in the darkling 4 wood, Amid the cool and silence, he knelt down And offered to the Mightiest solemn thanks And supplication. For his simples heart Might not resist 6 the sacred influences, Which, from the stilly twilight of the place, And from the gray old trunks that high in heaven Mingled their mossy boughs, and from the sound Of the invisible breath that swayed at once All their green tops, stole over him, and bowed His spirit with the thought of boundless power And inaccessible? majesty. Ah! why Should we, in the world's riper years, neglect God's ancient sanctuaries, and adore Only among the crowd, and under roofs That our frail hands have raised ? Let me, at least, Here, in the shadow of this agéd wood,
1 shaft, the cylindrical column in his Elegy speaks of the “longbetween the capital (top) and the drawn aisle and fretted vault.” base of a column.
darkling. See Webster for ety2 architrave. That part of an mology. order of architecture which is cver 5 simple. See Webster for the a column is called the entablature ; interesting derivation of this woril. and the "architrave" is that part 6 resist, withstand. of an entablature which rests im 7 inaccessible. Define. mediately on the column.
8 sanctuaries (from Latin sanc3 vault, an arched ceiling. Gray Itus, holy), literally, holy places.
Offerl one hymn — thrice happy, if it find
Father, tlıy hand
down Upon the naked earth, and forthwith rose All these fair ranks of trees. They, in thy sun, Budded, and shook their green leaves in thy breeze, And shot towards heaven. The century-living crow, Whose birth was in their tops, grew old and died Among their branches; till at last they stood, As now they stand, massy, and tall, and dark, Fit shrine for humble worshiper to hold Communion with his Maker. These dim vaults, These winding aisles, of human pomp or pride Report not. No fantastic carvings show The boast of our vain race, to change the form Of thy fair works. But thou art here. Thou fill'st The solitude.10 Thou art in the soft winds, That run along the summit of these trees In music. Thou art in the cooler breath,
1 Offer. Give a synonym.
massy. Of what word is this 2 Acceptance. See Webster. a poetic form? 3 venerable columns. Explain 7 of human pomp.
not. Transthe expression.
pose into the prose order. 4 verdant roof. Explain the ex 8 fantastic carvings: that is, as pression, and give a synonym of in the cathedrals of man's building. “ verdant."
9 thou. Who? 5 century-living, epithet 10 solitude (from Latin solus, based on a tradition that the crow alone), hence, literally, the state lives to a very great age.
of being alone.