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them. If any dispute arises, they apply themselves to him for the decision; if they do not acquiesce in his judgment, which I think never happened above once or twice at most, they appeal to me. At his first settling? with me, I made him a present of all the good sermons which have been printed in English, and only begged of him that every Sunday he would pronounce one of them in the pulpit. Accordingly he has digested them into such a series that they follow one another naturally, and make a continued system of practical divinity.”
As Sir Roger was going on with his story, the gentleman we were talking of came up and
the knight's asking him who preached to-morrow (for it was Saturday night), told us the Bishop of St. Asaph 4 in the morning, and Dr. South 5 in the afternoon. He then showed us his list of preachers for the whole year, where I saw with a great deal of pleasure Archbishop Tillotson, Bishop Saunderson, Dr. Barrow,8 Dr. Calamy, with several living authors who have published discourses of practical divinity. I no sooner saw this
1 if any
to me. Complex or tells us that he was forced by his compound sentence?
mother to read Tillotson's sermons, 2 at his first settling=when he but that they did him no good. first settled.
7 Bishop Saunderson; i.e., Dr. 8 digested, arranged.
Robert Saunderson, who was born 4 Bishop of St. Asaph, believed to 1587, and died 1662. be Dr. Beveridge, a volume of whose 8 Dr. Barrow. Dr. Isaac Barrow sermons was published in 1708. (1630–1677) was famous for his very
5 Dr. South, an English divine long sermons. (born 1633), famous for his wit and 9 Dr. Calamy. Dr. Calamy was eloquence.
a celebrated Presbyterian minister 6 Archbishop Tillotson. Byron under the Commonwealth.
venerable man in the pulpit but I very much approved of my friend's insisting upon the qualifications of a good aspect and a clear voice; for I was so charmed with the gracefulness of his figure and delivery, as well as with the discourses he pronounced, that I think I never passed any time more to my satisfaction. A sermon repeated after this manner is like the composition of a poet in the mouth of a graceful actor.
I could heartily wish that more of our country clergy would follow this example, and, instead of wasting their spirits in laborious compositions of their own, would endeavor after a handsomel elocution and all those other talents that are proper to enforce what has been formed by greater masters. This would not only be more easy to themselves, but more edifying? to the people.
2.- SIR ROGER ON THE BENCH.
My worthy friend Sir Roger is one of those who is 3 not only at peace within himself, but beloved and esteemed by all about him. He receives a suitable tribute for his universal benevolence to mankind, in the returns of affection and good-will which are paid him by every one that lives within his neighborhood.
1 handsome. Explain.
lar construction was usual in old 2 edifying. See Glossary. English, but is now deemed an one of those who is.
" Is " error. ought to be are on the strict prin 4 He receives ... neighborhood. ciple that the antecedent to "who" Change this loose sentence into a is "those," not “one.” The singu-l period. (See Defs. 15, 16.)
I lately met with two or three odd instances of that general respect which is shown to the good old knight. He would needs carry Will Wimble 1 and myself with him to the county assizes. As we were upon the road, Will Wimble joined a couple of plain men who rode before us, and conversed with them for some time; during which my friend Sir Roger acquainted me with their characters.
“The first of them,” says he, “that has a spaniel by his side, is a yeoman of about an hundred pounds a year, an honest man: he is just within the game-act, and qualified to kill an hare* or a pheasant; he knocks down a dinner with his gun twice or thrice a week: and by that means lives much cheaper than those who have not so good an estate as himself. He would be a good neighbor 5 if he did not destroy so many par
1 Will Wimble, an imaginary | or possession of such malefactor, character, representative of the and to his own use for ever keep, younger sons of country gentle such guns, bows, cross-bows, buck
stalls, engine-hays, nets, ferrets, 2 assizes (literally, sessions), a and coney dogs, etc.” This amiacourt of justice in England, held ble enactment, which permitted a twice a year in every county. one-hundred-pound freeholder to.
8 within the game-act. This become in his single person accuser, was a law passed during the reign witness, judge, jury, and execuof James I., which provided that, tioner, and which made an equally if any person not having real prop- respectable but poorer man who erty producing forty pounds per shot a hare a malefactor," was annum, or two hundred pounds' | the law of the land even as late as worth of goods and chattels, pre- 1827. sumed to shoot game, “then any an hare. The use of an before person having lands, tenements, or a sounded h, under the accent, ochereditaments of the clear yearly curs everywhere in Addison: as an value of one hundred pounds a hen, an hundred, etc. year may take from the person 5 reighbor. See Glossary.
tridges: in short, he is a very sensible man; shoots flying;1 and has been several times foreman of the petty jury.
“The other that rides along with him is Tom Touchy, a fellow famous for taking the law of everybody. There is not one in the town where he lives that he has not sued at a quarter-sessions. The rogue had once the impudence to go to law with the widow.3 His head is full of costs, damages, and ejectments ; plagued a couple of honest gentlemen so long for a trespass in breaking one of his hedges, till 5 he was forced to sell the ground it inclosed to defray the charges of the prosecution. His father left him fourscore pounds a year; but he has cast and been cast 6 so often, that he is not now worth thirty.”
As Sir Roger was giving me this account of Tom Touchy, Will Wimble and his two companions stopped short until we came up to them. After having paid their respects to Sir Roger, Will told him that Mr. Touchy and he must appeal to him upon a dispute that arose between them. Will, it seems, had been giving his fellow-traveler an account of his angling one day in such a' hole; when Tom Touchy, instead of hearing out his story, told him, that Mr. such an one, if he
1 shoots flying. The expression of the next county to him.” (Specis condensed; give it in full. tator, No. 2.) 2 quarter-sessions.
The same 4 ejectments. See Webster. assizes."
5 so long ... till looks like a 3 the widow. “It is said, he mixed construction : change it. [Sir Roger] keeps himself a bach- 6 cast, won his case: been cast, elor, by reason he was crossed in lost his case. Jove by a perverse beautiful widow 7 such a=a certain.
pleased, might take the law of him for fishing in that part of the river.
My friend Sir Roger heard them both upon a round trot; and after having paused some time, told them, with the air of a man who would not give his judgment rashly, that much might be said on both sides. They were neither of thena dissatisfied with the knight's determination, because neither of them found himself in the wrong by it; upon which we made the best of our way to the assizes.
The court was set 2 before Sir Roger came; but notwithstanding all the justices had taken their places upon the bench, they made room for the old knight at the head of them; who, for his reputation in the country, took occasion to whisper in the judge's ear, that he vas glad his lordship had met with so much good weather in his circuit. I was listening to the proceedings of the court with much attention, and infinitely pleased with that great appearance and solemnity which so properly accompanies 4 such a public administration of our laws; when, after about an hour's sitting," I observed to my great surprise, in the midst of a trial, that my friend Sir Roger was getting up to speak. I was in some pain for him till I found he had acquitted himself of two or three sentences with a look of much business and great intrepidity.
i determination, decision.
5 after about an hour's sitting. was set. Explain.
A very common phrase-form in Ad3 circuit, the journey of judges | dison, neatly taking the place of a from place to place to try causes. clause, “after the court had sut about
4 accompanies. Should this verb an hour.'' be plural? What is its subject ? 6 intrepidity. Give synonym.