Lectures and Essays in Criticism

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University of Michigan Press, 1962 - Literary Criticism - 578 pages
The basis of Arnold's high reputation as literary critic
 

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Contents

Dante and Beatrice
3
Maurice de Guerin
12
The Bishop and the Philosopher
40
Traetatus TheologicoPoliticus
56
Dr Stanleys Leetures on the Jewish Church
65
Eugenie de Guerin
83
Heinrich Heine
107
Marcus Aurelius
133
Pagan and Mediaeval Religious Sentiment
212
The Literary Influence of Aeademies
232
The Function of Criticism at the Present Time
258
Preface to Essays in Criticism
286
Introduction to On the Study of Celtic Literature
387
The Crewian Orations
397
Textual Notes
515
PAGE
547

PAGE
183

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About the author (1962)

Matthew Arnold, a noted poet, critic, and philosopher, was born in England on December 24, 1822 and educated at Oxford University. In 1851, he was appointed inspector of schools, a position he held until 1880. Arnold also served as a professor of poetry at Oxford, during which time he delivered many lectures that ultimately became essays. Arnold is considered a quintessential proponent of Victorian ideals. He argued for higher standards in literature and education and extolled classic virtues of manners, impersonality and unanimity. After writing several works of poetry, Arnold turned to criticism, authoring such works as On Translating Homer, Culture and Anarchy, and Essays in Criticism. In these and other works, he criticized the populace, especially the middle class, whom he branded as "philistines" for their degrading values. He greatly influenced both British and American criticism. In later life, he turned to religion. In works such as Literature and Dogma and God and the Bible, he explains his conservative philosophy and attempts to interpret the Bible as literature. Arnold died from heart failure on April 15, 1888 in Liverpool, England.