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from the power of sin, through participating in the Spirit of

life, or the nature of Christ, which condemns sin in the flesh,

pp. 358-380.

Rom. viii. 5—25.--Description of the carnal mind and the spir.

itual mind. The spiritually-minded constitute God's family ;

and they accept their punishment, as the first part of their in-

heritance, appointed to prepare them for the second, which

is the glory,...

........... pp. 380—393.

Rom. viii. 26–39.-The Searcher of hearts, searcheth for spiritual

minds, and when He discovers any one becoming spiritual, He

immediately puts it under a new discipline, suited to its new



...pp. 393—414.

Rom. ix. 1–13.—Isaac and Jacob, types of the spiritual mind,

and of its blessing ; Ishmael and Esau, types of the carnal

mind and of its condemnation. The promises belonged ex-

clusively to the spiritual mind; and therefore, carnal Israel,


although set up as the type of the spiritual mind, had no claim

to them,....

............pp. 414-431.

Rom. ix. 14—18.-The righteousness of God in the rejection of

Israel, after a long forbearance, asserted, -and illustrated by

His dealings with Pharaoh,....

...pp. 431-470.

Rom. ix. 19—26.-God had a right to condemn and punish Israel's

sin, although He had used that sin for the accomplishment of

His purposes. The calling of the Gentiles agreeable to pro-


..........pp. 470–492.

ConclusION.- True natural religion,-The connection between the

conscience and true religion,-The duty of trying all things by

conscience,-The separation of doctrines from inward conscious-

ness,-“ Thou knowest not whence it cometh, nor whither it

goeth,”—Edwards on the Freedom of the Will, and his defective

definition of liberty,—The essential conditions of human liberty,

--The liberty wherewith the Son maketh free, ......pp. 492---570.

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I did not intend to put a Preface to this Work; but, now that it is finished, I find so many things in it which stand in need of the reader's indulgence, that I think it well, at the entrance, to warn him of them, and to bespeak his patience.

The first half of the book was written under the disadvantage of frequent interruptions, which I am sensible have very often broken the thread of thought and interest; and with regard to the entire work, it has happened, chiefly I confess from my own fault, that

every sheet was printed as soon as it was written, so that I never saw it, nor could judge of it, as a whole, until the last sheet came from the press.

From these causes have proceeded defects in the arrangement, and frequent repetitions, besides other faults, which are now beyond the reach of correction, and which I feel, must hang a drag on many parts of the book.

Nevertheless, I am not without hope that the reader who is interested in the subject, will find in the book that which will repay him for the trouble of going through it. Not that he will meet with any deep thinking in it, or any striking speculations; for I have throughout kept the place of a commentator or expositor, confining myself entirely within the range of the written word and human consciousness, and scarcely attempting to touch the metaphysical questions relating to Free Will and Necessity ; but I think he will find in it a satisfactory view of what is meant by Election in the Bible, and satisfactory proof that the passages in the Bible on which the commonly received doctrine of that name rests, do indeed teach something very different. He will also find, that, though I have treated the subject simply as a Scriptural one, yet, in doing so, I have never forgotten that the Scriptures were given, not to supersede or stand in place of the rational conscience, but to awaken and enlighten it, and consequently that no conviction as to their meaning ought to be considered as rightly arrived at, unless confirmed and sealed by the consent of the conscience, that is, unless such conviction be of the nature of a perception of truth, and not a mere submission to authority; and that therefore I have always felt it incumbent on me, to explain the views which I bring from Scripture, in the light of the rational conscience, that is, to show the relation which they bear to it.

I have entered largely into the subject of Conscience, and the adaptation of the Scriptures to it, and into the consideration of those general and elementary views of the condition of man, as a moral

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