Page images
PDF
EPUB
[ocr errors]

.

ܪ

[ocr errors]

.

[ocr errors]

.

[ocr errors]

.

.

[ocr errors]

Vignette

0. View of the modern town of Manfalóot

Woodcut
**444. Egyptian mode of drawing the human figure in squares on a

wall, showing the proportions during the 18th and 19th

dynasties
445. A scribe writing on a tablet

267
276
481. Exvotos. **482. A boat or baris of the dead

Woodcut

Page

446. Scribe with his inkstand on the table ; one pen is put behind

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]

.

.

.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

.

.

276 277 283 284 285 286 287 303 306 313 314 314 316 318 321 323 325 326 330 331 332 334 335 336 338 340 343 344 345

[ocr errors]

.

.

447. Artists painting on a board, and colouring a statue
448. Section of one of the southern grottoes of Beni Hassan
449. Columns of the northern grottoes of Beni Hassan
450. Five of the Egyptian orders of columns
450a The remaining three of the orders of columns
451. Heads of enemies, once supporting something now removed
452. True and false arches; mode of commencing a quarry
453. Removing a stone from the quarries of El Măsara
454. Levelling and squaring a stone
455. Polishing granite statue
456. Standing figure of a king painted to represent granite
457. Bellows
458. Siphons used as early as 1430 B.C.
459. Men's dresses
460. Dress of the king
461. Head-dresses
462, 463. Wigs
464. Women carrying children
465. Sandals
466. Sandals and shoes
467. Dresses of women
468. Head-dress of a lady
469. Hands of a wooden figure of a woman, with many rings
470. Rings, signets, bracelets, and earrings
471. Various necklaces
472. Combs found at Thebes
473. Boxes, or bottles, for holding the kohl for staining the eyelids
474. Needles, pins, and earrings
475. Metal mirrors. (Metal, and even glass, mirrors were also used

at Rome, but these differed from some of the Roman specula!
used as ornaments for rooms; from which the Venetians

borrowed their mirrors, with figures upon them)
476. Other metal mirrors
477. Walking sticks
478. Priests and other persons of rank walking with sticks
479. A lady in the bath with her attendants
480. Doctors and patients; or perhaps barbers

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

a

.

.

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

347 347 348 349 352 354 355

.

Page

356

357

.

358

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

358

CHAPTER X.
Vignette
P. Tomb of Şaşkára, arched with stone, of the time of Psam-

mitichus II, Woodcut

483. Services performed to the dead
484. Members of the family present when the services were per-

formed
485. A woman embracing, and weeping before, her husband's

mummy 486. C<nveying the mummies on sledges to the closets in which

they were kept 487. Pouring oil over a mummy 488. An altar in the British Museum 489. A table with cakes and ducks 490. Seals found near the tombs 491. Closets containing figures of gods 492. The mur

nummy's head seen at an open panel of the coffin 493. A peculiar attendant at a funeral 494. Certain personages present at funerals; and grease poured

before the sledge 495. A stone scarabæus with silver wings

496. Different forms of mummy-cases Vignette

Q. Interior of a mummy-pit, and a woman seeking for ornaments

[ocr errors]

359 360 361 362 364 366 368 371

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

373 395 398

400

[merged small][merged small][graphic][subsumed]

H. Khonfud, or clod-crushing machine used after the land is ploughed. Heliopolis-Cairo in the

distance.

CHAPTER VI.

THE DIFFERENT CLASSES OF EGYPTIANS THE THIRD CLASS THE

HUSBANDMEN AGRICULTURE PRODUCTIONS OF EGYPT HARVEST FESTIVALS OF THE PEASANTS - GARDENERS, HUNTSMEN, BOATMEN OF THE NILE,

THE high estimation in which the priestly and military professions were held in Egypt placed them far above the rest of the community; but the other classes had also their degrees of consequence, and individuals enjoyed a position and importance in proportion to their respectability, their talents, or their wealth.

According to Herodotus, the whole Egyptian community was divided into seven tribes, one of which was the sacerdotal, another of the soldiers, and the remaining five of the herdsmen, swineherds, shopkeepers, interpreters, and boatmen. Diodorus

VOL. II.

B

« PreviousContinue »