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dress, he was called "Sem," i. 270,
275, 284, 319, 320, 324.
Prophet, duty of the, i. 319.
Proportion understood by the Egyp-
tians, but particularly by the
Greeks, and now by the Italians,
ii. 293.

Prostration before great people, i.
58; ii. 203.

Psagdæ, ointment, i. 259; ii. 342.
Psalms of David, some written after
the captivity, ii. 251.
Psammitichus, Psammaticus, or Psa-
matik, court for Apis of, i. 290.
"Pshent," double crown called, i. 269;
ii. 323. See Crown.

Pthah, the creative power, i. 327.

Memphis the city of, i. 331.
" accompanied by the figure of
Truth, i. 327.

Pthah-Sokari-Osiris, i. 204.

boat of, i. 284, 285.

Ptolemies, titles of some of the, in a
deed, ii. 220.

-, tyranny of the, ii. 229.
corruptions under the later, ii.

232.
Pullies known in Egypt, but may not
have been used in boats, ii. 130,

131.

Pump, ii. 318.

Punishment of the offending member,
ii. 214, 217.

See Prevention of crime.
for adultery, ii. 210. See Murder.
Punishments. See Bastinado.

military, i. 418; ii. 210.

with the corbag whip and the
bastinado, i. 240, 418.

commutation of, ii. 209.

of great men now in Egypt, ii.
212.

of public weighers, notaries,
shopkeepers, forgers, and others,
for fraud, ii. 214, 217.
Pyramid, granite casing of the Third,

ii. 292.

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Pyramids, arches of crude brick, ii.
301-303.

of Gebel Berkel in Ethiopia, ii.
301, 304.

the oldest monuments, ii. 237.

Quails, numerous, i. 234.

Quarry, mode of beginning a, ii. 303,
306.

Quarries of Syene, ii. 309, 311.
Quartz veins broken up for gold, ii.
141.

Queens, sceptre of, i. 276.

held priestly offices, i. 317.
Quiver, mode of carrying the, i. 314.

Rahab, an instrument of one string,
i. 125.

Rain, very little, in Egypt, i. 7; ii.
250.

falls occasionally, and signs of
heavy rain at the tombs of the
Kings, at Thebes, ii. 250.
Raphanus, or figl, i. 167; ii. 23, 30.
among the offerings, i. 259.
gives an oil, ii. 23, 30.
Rebo, an Asiatic people, i. 393-395.
chosen as the type of Asia, i.

394.

Reclining, not an Egyptian custom,
i. 58.

Red paint on walls, censured by Vi-
truvius, i. 19.

Sea, ports on the, ii. 235-237.
Religion of Egypt, system of the, i.
326, 327.

-, changes in the, i. 329, 330, 332.
doctrines of the, i. 327.

abuses crept into the, i. 326.
a Pantheism rather than a Poly-
theism, i. 328.

had no mixture of Sabæism, i.
328.

subjects connected with, i. 257-
301, 313-334. See Sacred.
Remeses II., or the Great, i. 308, 392,
396, 401, 403, 418.

name of Sesostris transferred
from an older king to, i. 307.
Remeses III., pavilion of, i. 73 (Vig-
nette C, 401).

-, treasury of, i. 155.

probably the same as the
Rhampsinitus of Herodotus, i. 155.
change in the sculptures, in the
reign of, ii. 273.

conquests of, i. 308, 394, 398, 401,

over stone, ii. 304.

418.

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Romans, state of Egypt under the, ii.
233.

Roof of houses of palm branches and
mud, i. 7; ii. 280, 281.

-, they slept in summer on the,
i. 7.

and floors of palm-tree beams,
i. 18.
Roofs vaulted, i. 18; ii. 301, 302, 303.
Ropes of flax and date fibres, and of

twisted leather, ii. 93.

Rose, or rhodon. See Pomegranate.
Rot-n-n, a people of Asia, i. 153,
395-397.

women of the, i. 397, 398, 416.
tribute of the, i. 397.
mentioned with Nahrayn, or
Mesopotamia, i. 397. See Gloves.
vases of the, i. 153.

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Sacred, subjects in painting had pre-
scribed rules, ii. 264, 266.
Sacrifice, i. 264. See Offerings.

daily in the temple, attended by
the king, i. 281.

after victory, i. 279, 416.
Sacrifices, human, not in Egypt, i. 411.
Sagdas. See Psagdæ.

Sails of some boats, of the papyrus,
resembling those of the Chinese, i.
413, 414.

furled in ships of war, i. 412.
Sailors of Egypt, i. 411.

See Boatmen.

of the fleet, or "king's ships,"
ranked with the soldiers, i. 411; ii.

55.

Sails of modern lighters and Ethio-
pian boats, ii. 126. See Boats.
Saïs, city of, i. 296, 298, 299.

lake of, i. 298.

nome of, i. 337.

monolith, ii. 55, 309, 310.
Saïte Dynasty, Kings, i. 309.
Salt sometimes excluded from the
tables of the priests, i. 324.
Sandals of the priests, i. 335.

of women and others, ii. 331–333.
Sands, error respecting the great en-
croachment of the, i. 306.
Sandstone generally used after the
12th dynasty, ii. 306.

Sapt, "the chosen part," i. 264.
Saracenic architecture, progress of,
ii. 305.

gave us the pointed arch, ii. 305.
Sarapeum of Memphis discovered, i.

292.

Sarapis, temple of, i. 292.
Sarcophagi, ii. 397, 398.
Sarcophagus, ii. 368, 374.
Satan, the Manichæan, i. 330.
Saviour, portrait of the, ii. 198.
Saw, ii. 113, 114, 118.

Sawing, mode of, ii. 114, 118.

Saxon, Norman, and Lombard styles,
ii. 305.

Scales for weighing, ii. 136.

gold, ii. 151, 152.
Scarabæi, ii. 341, 305, 397.
Scarabæus, or beetle, i. 255.
Sceptre hereditary, i. 310.

of Queens, i. 276.

Sceptres of Osiris, i. 257, 266; ii. 381.
Science in Egypt advanced by the
effects of the Nile, ii. 248–250.

already advanced in time of
Menes, ii. 251, 287.

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Sharetana, an Asiatic people, i. 390-
392.

had a helmet with horns, i. 390.
Shart, a people of northern Arabia,
i. 396.

name of the Red Sea, i. 396.

Shaved their beards, priests, ii. 327.
their whole body, ii. 327.
heads of children, ii. 328.

Sheaves bound up, ii. 47.
Shekel, meaning weight, ii. 148.
Sheep, fear of diminishing the stock
of, i. 166.

large flocks of, i. 166; ii. 172.
valuable for their wool, i. 166.

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a large kind of, i. 349.

Shields of the Egyptians used by the
Greeks for firewood, i. 345.

made of hide of hippopotamus
and crocodile, i. 240.

Shinar (Shingar, Sinjar), tribute from,
i. 397.

Ships of war, i. 411-413; ii. 130.

rigging of, i. 412, 414; ii. 130.
of Sesostris in the Arabian Gulf,
i. 411; ii. 133.

of great size, ii. 131, 132.
originally mere rafts, ii. 132.
Shishak pillaged temple of Jerusalem,
i. 308, 340. See Sheshonk.
Shoemakers and curriers, ii. 103.
Shops, ii. 103, 184.

name and occupation of the
owner put up over, ii. 105.
"Shrine of King Ptolemy," i. 268.
Shrines, or arks, or sacred boats, i.
267-272, 284, 285.

procession of, i. 267–270.
golden, i. 268.

Sieges of fortified towns, i. 387-390.
Sieves of string, the oldest of rushes,
ii. 95.

Sift. See Zift.

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Sincere," eλikpīns, ii. 80.

Singing and music after dinner, i. 188.
See Music and Songs.

at work, ii. 308.

a solo, i. 92.

Single-stick, i. 206, 207.

Siphons, i. 174, 175; ii. 317, 318.
Sistrum, i. 131-133.

held by women, i. 133.

has been found, i. 132, 133.
Sitting on their heels, i. 58.
Sketches made on pieces of stone,
board, &c., ii. 99, 276.

Skins imported into Egypt and part
of tribute, ii. 105, 106.

tanning and curing, ii. 102, 106.
Skins. See Leopard skins; see Water
skins; see Prizes.

Slave, a black woman, holding a plate
in the way the African women now
do, i. 141.

murder of a, capital offence, ii.

208.
Slaves, black and white, i. 416, 417;
ii. 225.

traffic in, customary in those
days, i. 417.

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the Jews also had, i. 417.

Caucasian, like the modern Cir-
cassian, i. 418.

treatment of, i. 417.
children by, ii. 225.
Slaughtering for the table, i. 169.
Sling, i. 357, 419.

looked upon with contempt by
some of the Greeks, i. 357.

used by some of the Greeks. i.
358.

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of Maneros or Linus, i. 97.
of the thrashers, ii. 43.
Songs, or dirges, on the death of in-
dividuals, i. 97; ii. 370, 372.

Sont, Mimosa, or Acacia, Nilotica, ii.
28, 37, 38, 106, 110, 129.

106.

pods of the, used for tanning, ii.

-, groves of, ii. 28, 37, 110.
Sooez (Suez), ii. 236, 237.
Sothic period, ii. 255.

and solar year, ii. 253-255.
Sothis, rising of, in reign of Thothmes
III., ii. 254, 255.

Soul, transmigration of the, ii. 379.
- immortal, first taught by the
Egyptians, ii. 379.

Sowing the land, ii. 11, 12.

broadcast, ii. 39.

Spear, or pike, with metal head, i. 355.
had nothing at the lower end to
fix it in the ground, i. 355.

and javelin heads, i. 355, 356.
Sphinx, i. 226, 248.
Sphinxes, ii. 290, 315, 324.

Spiked stand for offering birds, i.
263.

- instrument.
Spindles, ii. 84-88.

See Doora.

Spinning, employment of women, ii.
84, 85.

Spoil of the enemy, i. 406.
Spoonbill, i. 251.

Spoons, i. 183, 184.

Stables, i. 30.

Stag, i. 227, 247.
Stamps. See Seals.

Standards of the Egyptians, i. 342,
343.

Stands for flowers, i. 79.

Staters, the oldest coins, ii. 150.
Statue on a column, not good taste, an
instance of inadaptability, i. 21.

on a sledge at El Bersheh, ii.
307, 308.

Statues of the Greeks, some as large
as those of Egypt, ii. 300.
painted, ii. 279, 280.

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large, ii. 309, 310, 314, 315.
at Thebes, ii. 309, 310.

of great size, not good taste, i.

early, ii. 270, 271.

See Greek Statues; see Hermæ.

-, polishing and painting granite,
ii. 314, 315. See Granite.

Steel.

See Iron.

Steelyard of Roman time, ii. 152.
Steersman a high office, ii. 55.

Steward, or overseer of lands, i. 32;

ii. 4.
Stick.

See Throw-stick; see Walk-
ing-stick.
Sticks, fights with, i. 206-209, 298.
Stimulants for drinking, i. 53.
Stone, large blocks of, used in other
countries as well as in Egypt, ii.
299.

knives of early time, and long
retained, ii. 163, 164.

on a sledge, taken from a quarry,
ii. 306.

mode of squaring, ii. 313, 315.
Stones of very great size taken by
land, ii. 307, 309.

Stones on sledges, ii. 306.

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transport of large, ii. 307-312.

mode of squaring, ii. 313, 315.
dragged for Temple of Isis, ii.

307.

men condemned to hew, ii. 307.
Stools, i. 58, 61-65, 67.

VOL. II.

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limited to three, shows an im-
provement in music, i. 84.
Styx, the dead who remained on the
wrong side of the, ii. 377.
Suez. See Sooez.

Sun, worship of the, i. 328, 329, 339.
distinct from Sabæism, i. 328.
festivals in honour of the, i.
296, 298, 300, 301.

worship introduced by the
Stranger kings, i. 308.

worshipped at Heliopolis, i. 331.
See Helipolis. See Phrah.

the bull Mnevis said to be sa-
cred to the, i. 289.

Superintendents of cattle, a high post,
ii. 176, 178.

Surveying, land, or mensuration, ii.
248.

Swineherds in Egypt and India
despised, ii. 2.

most ignoble, ii. 169.

Swine. See Pig.

Swords and daggers, i. 358, 419.
Sycamore, i. 44, 57, 259; ii. 27, 37,
110.

figs heavenly fruit, i. 181.

figs if eaten supposed to ensure
a return to Egypt, ii. 110.

tree sacred to Netpe, i. 256; ii.

383.

Symmetry avoided, ii. 296. See Va-
riety.

Symphony, the triple, i. 86.
Syringe, ii. 318.

Table for dinner, i. 167, 179, 128.
not covered with linen, i. 179.
mode of sitting at, i. 179.

Tables, i. 69, 70, 167, 179, 182, 190.
brought in and removed with the
dishes, i. 180, 181.

Tables, offerings in the tombs on
small, ii. 362.

2 F

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