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from the spotted leopard-skin sus-
Necho lost all the conquests of Egypt
and jewellery offered in the
Nectanebo, i. 309.
Neith, i. 296, 298, 328. See Minerva.
-only represented by the Romans,
Nepenthes probably the Hasheesh (or
Netpe, i. 181, 256; ii. 396, 397. See
Netting needles, ii. 91, 95.
Nets of different kinds, i. 214.
enclosing part of the desert, i.214.
of very fine quality, ii. 80.
for fishing. See Fishing-nets.
Nile, valley of the, has more arable
deposit the same throughout its
water, fattening properties of
water red and green at the begin-
water laid up in jars before it is
white and Blue, properly
fertilizing properties of the, ii.
Niloa, festival of the Nile, i. 282.
daily rise according to the, ii.
Nilus, the god, of a blue and red
called "Hapi." See List of Wood-
Nimroud or Nineveh sculptures,i. 152;
weights brought by Mr. Layard
Nineveh (Niniee), tribute from, i.
sculptures, cruelty of the Assy-
marbles not so old as some have
ornaments, i. 152, 153.
ornaments late compared to those
Nisroch, the head of a bird on a vase
Nofre (or Nofr), Atmoo, i. 256, 284,
Nomes of Egypt, furnishing soldiers,
-, thirty-six, afterwards fifty-three,
like the Roman tribulum, ii. 48.
or public scribes punished for
Nû, Nûm, Noub, Nef, Neph, or Kneph
Obelisks, removed to Europe, ii. 311.
to different Gods at various
most common, i. 263.
of flowers, fruits, ointment, i.
of emblems, jewels, i. 260.
for the dead, ii. 362.
Og, King of Bashan, iron bedstead of,
Oils, ii. 23, 24, 27, 29, 30, 32.
offering of, i. 259, 260.
on heads of guests, i. 77, 78.
of various kinds, i. 259; ii. 23,
found in jars in the tombs, i.
pots of different materials for
sagdas, or psagdæ, i. 259; ii. 342.
soldiers carried a twig of, at
Ombos (Ombite nome), i. 242.
offered and eaten, i. 323, 324.
error respecting, i. 168.
of Egypt of excellent flavour, i.
stories respecting, i. 169.
Ornaments worn by women, ii. 336-
Ornan, threshing instruments of, ii.
O'Sioót, or O'sioût, (formerly Lycopo-
Osiris, loss of, Osiris found, i. 287,
Osiris, history of, the great mystery,
the abstract idea of good, or
before 18th dynasty only kings
after that time all good men
souls of good men returned to,
remarkable and peculiar cha-
-, eye of, i. 244, 257; ii. 127, 367,
sceptres of, i. 257, 266; ii. 381.
of, i. 264.
or Bacchus, i. 286. See Bacchus.
rites of, i. 129, 279, 301.
mummies in form of, ii. 383, 385.
wooden figure of, brought to
allegories connected with the
the original Sesostris, i. 307.
Ostrich feathers and eggs, i. 224.
Ottomans, i. 58, 67.
Oxen for sacrifice not necessarily free
clean, belonged to Epaphus, or
Oxyrhinchus, city of, i. 307.
fish, i. 254; ii. 191.
Paamylia, i. 286.
Painted walls and panels, i. 19–21.
Painting, oldest in Egypt and Greece,
on panel in Egypt, ii. 277.
in fresco, not in Egypt, ii. 278.
Palimpsests, ii. 99.
Palanquins, i. 73, 75; ii. 119.
Palm, or date tree, split, and used for
used for various purposes, parts
miscalled "of the desert," i. 55,
requires water to enable it to
a great gift to the people, i. 168.
the Dom, or Theban, i. 56, 57.
formerly said to be sterile in
of the Oasis called Lowbgeh, i. 55.
Panegyries, or assemblies, i. 280.
Pantheism, i. 328.
Pantomime, Italian, i. 101.
of cotton and silk, ii. 101.
in Arabic called "leaf," ii. 100.
when first used in England, ii.
used for making punts, baskets,
or book, i. 274.
eaten, i. 168; ii. 3.
punt a security against croco-
and another water plant, em-
Papyrus not now in Egypt, ii. 97, 100.
prophecy fulfilled respecting the,
its name perpetuated in " pa-
modern paper made from the,
or paper, when found very
mode of making, ii. 96-98.
of fine quality, ii. 96.
Pliny wrong in supposing, not
breadth of sheets of, ii. 98.
continued in use till time of
—, monopoly of, resold, the original
substitutes for, of pottery,
Parchment, invention of, ii. 98, 99.
Parks and covers,
Parlour, i. 11.
Party. See Guests.
Pasht, Bubastis, Diana, i. 296.
Pastry, i. 174, 177.
Pavilion and palace of the King,
the great navigators of old, ii.
doubled the Cape of Good Hope,
traded in tin, ii. 133. See Tin.
went to Britain for tin, ii. 134,
commercial jealousy of the, ii.
trade of the, ii. 133-136. See
Phrah," the sun," changed into
Pharaoh, i. 310. See King.
paste figure of a, offered by poor
's flesh abhorred by the priests,
treatment of, not kept in a sty,
eaten sometimes by the Egypti-
turned into the fields, ii. 18, 19.
Pillows, or head stools, of wood and
Pipe, the Egyptian, very old, i. 127.
double, was among the sacred
double, of modern Egypt, or
Pipes and flutes at first rude, i. 84.
Pitch called "zift" or "sift," i. 397;
Plants of Egypt, i. 57, 167-169; ii.
from Pliny, ii. 23, 24, 27-35.
brought as part of a foreign tri-
number of, in Egypt about 1300,
producing oil. See Oils.
wild and indigenous, of the
tree represented, i. 36.
the Rhodon (rose) that gave its
Pompeii, red panels, and "reeds for
of the world the same now as of
of Alexandria, i. 305.
of many colours, yellow put on
Porches, i. 9.
Porcupine, i. 216, 225, 228, 246.
Potters, ii. 107, 108.
Potter's wheel, ii. 107.
Coptic names for different
of modern Egypt has succeeded
Egyptian, far inferior in taste
to that of Greece, ii. 109.
Poulterers, ii. 184, 185.
used stone mortars, ii. 165, 166.
cut with the diamond, ii. 67.
-, amount of, in old times, ii. 247.
Preserves, or covers, i. 37, 215.
Priest, each, had one wife, i. 5; ii.
Priestesses, i. 316, 317. See Women,
Priesthood kept up their influence
Priests, worldly possessions of the,
the law was in the hands of the,
and military class had the highest
of various grades, i. 316, 319.
dress of the, i. 333, 334.
who wore the leopard-skin dress.
chief, and the prophets called
paid no taxes, but had public
initiated into the mysteries, i.
Priests abstained from pork, fish,
ablutions of the, i. 324.
raised their own class, and de-
were moral, and set a good ex-
did not disregard social ties,
governed the country well, i.
did not assume power over the
system of the, not suited to all
Principles of nature, the vivifying
treatment of, i. 406, 410.
Prizes for gymnastic exercises, cattle,
at the King's coronation, i. 272,
Professions, only two, i. 311; ii. 1.