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- experiments respecting, ii. 73.

peculiarity in the manufacture
of, in the number of threads of the
warp and woof, ii. 76, 77, 80.
threads double, ii. 76.

threads coloured before worked
in, ii. 79.

cloths fringed, ii. 77, 91, 320,
321. See Calasiris.

beauty of texture of, ii. 75, 76.
, singularly fine piece of, ii. 75,

selvages of, dyed with Indigo, as
of modern Nubians, ii. 77-79.

dresses worn by votaries of Isis
in Italy, ii. 74.

the word ειλικρινής, "sincere,"
taken from fine, ii. 80.

different qualities of, ii. 80. See

Linus, song of, i. 97.
Lion, i. 224, 229, 246.

formerly in Syria and Greece, i.


hunting, i. 224; ii. 341.

Lions trained for the chase, i. 221.

killed by Amunoph III., i. 224.
Liturgies. See Services.

Lively character of the Egyptians, i.

Locust in the sculptures, i. 234.
Looms, horizontal and upright, ii. 85,
86, 87.

rude, but the work fine, ii. 75.

Lots, casting of, i. 196.

Lotus, i. 34, 36, 57; ii. 29. See Nufar.

eaten, i. 168; ii. 3.

a symbol, i. 257.

- presented to guests, i. 79.


a favourite flower, i. 57.

or nelumbium, not represented

except by the Romans, i. 57.

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or Lotos, of Cyrene (a thorny

tree, an acacia), ii. 121.

Lowbgeh, or palm wine, i. 55.
Lupins, ii. 21. See Doqáq.

Luxury increasing, led to debt, ii. 219.
Lyre, fabulous invention of the, i. 114,

ornamented with heads of ani-
mals, i. 114.

, number of strings of the, i. 115.
used in sacred music, i. 129.
of the Greeks, i. 115-117.

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Mándara, or reception-room, i. 10.
Maneros, song of, i. 97.

Manufactures of Egypt, ii. 247, 255.
Marathon and other places, flint
arrow-heads found at, i. 354.
March of the army, i. 342, 404.

of the army home after war,
i. 415.
Mareotic wine, i. 49.

Mareotis belonged to Egypt, ii. 229.
Marriage ceremony and contracts not
found, ii. 223.

with sisters, ii. 224.

Marriages of the Egyptian royal
family with foreigners, i. 308.
Mars. See Papremis.

Masara, quarries of El, ii. 306.
Mashoash, an Asiatic people, i. 398.

Mast of the old ships of Egypt was
double, i. 413.

Master and mistress of the house sat

on one chair, i. 145.
Mat-making, ii. 86.
Mats, i. 68.

Maut, the abstract idea of mother, i.
333. See Mother.

"proceeded from herself," or her
own mother, i. 327.

Measure of land, of length (stadium),
ii. 256. See Cubit, Weights.
Measures of capacity, ii. 260.

of liquids, ii. 261.

for grain, made of wood, ii. 167.

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Metallurgy, skill in, ii. 133, 136, 156,
158, 159.

carried to perfection in Egypt
and at Sidon, ii. 133.
Military class, i. 336.

punishments, i. 418.
music, i. 104-106.

bands of music, i. 104.
Milk offered to the gods, i. 266.
Mimosa. See Acacia.

Mina, men, or mna, weight, ii. 259, 260.
Minerva, fête of, at Saïs, i. 296, 298.
reputed inventress of the trum-
pet, i. 104.

See Neith.

Minervas, several, i. 329.

Ministers and confidential advisers of
the king, i. 316; ii. 202.
Minos, acus, and Rhadamanthos,
Egyptian names, ii. 381.

Mirrors of metal, ii. 346, 347.
Mnevis, the black bull, i. 289.

the sacred bull of Heliopolis, i.

Moris, king, i. 307.

revenues from the fish of the
lake, ii. 193.

Money, sheep and oxen valued as, ii.


formerly taken by weight, ii.

in rings, ii. 149.

Persian, the first coined, in
Egypt, ii. 150.

oldest coined, ii. 150. See Gold..
See Silver.

Monkey, or other pet, tied to the leg of
a chair, i. 145.

Monkies assisting to gather fruit, i.

in Abyssinia held torches, i. 44.
Monochordium of one string, i. 125.
Monolith of Saïs, and of Buto, ii. 310.
See Saïs.

Months originally lunar, i. 299; ii. 252.
and seasons of the year, ii. 252,
Moon, fêtes at the new and full, i.
287, 299.

erroneously supposed to be re-
lated to Osiris, i. 289.

was the god Thoth, i. 328. See

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of the child found in Asia,
Egypt, India, Italy, Mexico, the
nature goddess, i. 333.
Mourners, hired, ii. 366.

chief, or type of mourning, ii.
371, 373.

Mud, after the inundation, bushes
dragged over the, ii. 11.

of the Nile. See Nile and Allu-
vial deposit.

Mulkuf on houses, i. 6.

Mummies, making coffins and ban-
daging, ii. 117-119.

embalming of, ii. 383, 387.
classification of, ii. 391, 394.
offering and services to, ii. 358-
360, 362.

of poor people, ii. 365.

strewed over the ground by
Christian excavators, ii. 364.

different qualities of, ii. 391-396.
Mummy cases, old, resold, ii. 363.

cloths, of linen, some coarse, ii.
75-78. See Linen.

Mummy pit. See Vignette, ii. 400.
pits, ii. 363, 364.

Mummy's head seen in the coffin at
an open panel, ii. 368.
Murder of a child by a parent, ii.

of a parent by a son, ii. 209.
of a slave, punished by death, ii.
208, 209.
Murrhine vases, doubtful of what
stone, ii. 71.

false, probably a glass-porce-
lain, ii. 71.

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hired, i. 96.

great number of Jewish, i. 96.
Mutton not eaten at Thebes, i. 166.
not eaten by the priests, i. 324.
Mycerinus, fête in honour of the
daughter of king, i. 299.
Mylitta, or Alitta, i. 333.

Myos Hormos, port on the Red Sea,
ii. 235-237.

Mysteries, greater and less, i. 321.
of Osiris, i. 298, 331.

Nabl, or viol, of the Jews, i. 121,

Nahrayn, i. 397. See Mesopotamia.
Napkin brought for wiping the mouth

after drinking, i. 144.

Nations gifted with certain qualities,
i. 3.

Natron lakes, nome of Nitriotis, i.
166; ii. 229.

Natural productions for decorative
purposes, a mistake to copy, ii. 288.

objects, the Greeks preferred
taking the sentiment of, ii. 288.
objects not always imitated by
the Egyptians, ii. 290.
Nature gods, i. 332, 333.
Goddess, i. 333.

the vivifying and producing
principles of, i. 332, 333.
Navigation, origin of, ii. 132.

indebted to the Phoenicians, ii.


Navy included in the army, i. 311.
Neboot, or long pole, game with the,
i. 207-209.

Nebris, or fawn of Bacchus, taken

from the spotted leopard-skin sus-
pended near Osiris, i. 235.
Nebris and the leopard-skin dress of
priests in Egypt, i. 291.
Nebuchadnezzar deprived Egypt of
its influence in Syria, i. 30).
Nechesia and the Leucos Portus, ii.
235, 237.

Necho lost all the conquests of Egypt
in Asia, i. 309.
Necklaces, ii. 339–340, 341.

and jewellery offered in the
temple, i. 260.

Nectanebo, i. 309.
Needles, ii. 344, 345.
Nef, or Nûm. See Nû.

Neith, i. 296, 298, 328. See Minerva.
Nelumbium not represented growing
in Egypt, i. 57.

-only represented by the Romans,
i. 57.

Nepenthes probably the Hasheesh (or
opium ?), ii. 35.

Netpe, i. 181, 256; ii. 396, 397. See

Netting needles, ii. 91, 95.

Nets of different kinds, i. 214.

enclosing part of the desert, i.214.
of flax string, ii. 95.

of very fine quality, ii. 80.
for birds, ii. 180-185.

for fishing. See Fishing-nets.
"Newest" things recommended in-
stead of the "best," ii. 289.
Nightshade used in Egypt for chap-
lets, ii. 33.

Nile, valley of the, has more arable
land than formerly, i. 306.

deposit the sanie throughout its
course from Abyssinia, ii. 19. See

water, fattening properties of
the, i. 293, 295, 322.

water red and green at the begin-
ning of the inundation, ii. 5.

water laid up in jars before it is
green, and error of Aristides, ii. 5.
Osiris the beneficent property
of the, i, 298.

white and Blue, properly
"Black," ii. 19, 20.

fertilizing properties of the, ii.

Niloa, festival of the Nile, i. 282.
Nilometer of Elephantine, ii. 257.
Nilometers made, ii. 249.

daily rise according to the, ii.
52, 249.

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sculptures, cruelty of the Assy-
rians shown by the, i. 3, 410.

mables not so old as some have
supposed, ii. 263.

ornaments, i. 152, 153.

ornaments late compared to those
of Egypt, ii. 290.

Nisroch, the head of a bird on a vase
like that of the god, i. 152.
Nitriotis. See Natron Lakes.
Nitrous top-dressing, on the land, ii.

Nofre (or Nofr), Atmoo, i. 256, 284,
285. See Nutar.
Nomarchs, ii. 230, 231.

Nomes of Egypt, furnishing soldiers,
i. 337.

-, thirty-six, afterwards fifty-three,
ii. 229.
Noreg, probably used of old, answer-
ing to the Hebrew moreg, ii. 47.

like the Roman tribulum, ii. 48.
Notaries, public, ii. 165.

or public scribes punished for
fraud, ii. 214, 217.

Nû, Nûm, Noub, Nef, Neph, or Kneph
(Chnuphis), the god, i. 271, 327,

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offering of, i. 259, 260.

on heads of guests, i. 77, 78.
to anoint the statue of a God, i.

of various kinds, i. 259; ii. 23,
24, 27, 32.


found in jars in the tombs, i.

, pots of different materials for
holding, i. 155, 157.

sagdas, or psagdæ, i. 259; ii. 342.
Olive, i. 57; ii. 24, 28.

soldiers carried a twig of, at
the sacrifice of thanks for victory,
i. 279.

Ombos (Ombite nome), i. 242.
Onions, i. 168, 169.

offered and eaten, i. 323, 324.
a particular mode of presenting,

i. 324; ii. 357.

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Osiris, history of, the great mystery,
i. 298.

the abstract idea of good, or
goodness, i. 330; ii. 356.

before 18th dynasty only kings
called after death, ii. 323.

after that time all good men
called, ii. 357, 367, 380.

souls of good men returned to,
ii. 329, 357.

remarkable and peculiar cha-
racter of, i. 331.

eye of, i. 244, 257; ii. 127, 367,
386, 391.

-, sceptres of, i. 257, 266; ii. 381.
chamber of, at Philæ, i. 257.
they beat themselves in honour

of, i. 264.

or Bacchus, i. 286. See Bacchus.
and Anubis, rites of, i. 129. See

rites of, i. 129, 279, 301.
and the Nile, i. 298. See Nile.
invented the pipe, i. 127.
the Great, Deity of the future
state, i. 331.

mummies in form of, ii. 383, 385.
small figures of the dead, in the
form of, ii. 367, 400.

wooden figure of, brought to
table, i. 186, 187.

-, allegories connected with the
land of Egypt, and, i. 300; ii. 53.
Osirtasen I., i. 204, 307.

the original Sesostris, i. 307.
Osirtasens, fashionable dogs in the
reigns of the, i. 231.

Ostrich feathers and eggs, i. 224.

caught for its eggs and plumes,
ii. 54.
Ottomans, i. 58, 67.

Oxen for sacrifice not necessarily free
from black spots, i. 290.

clean, belonged to Epaphus, or
Apis, i. 290.

Oxyrhinchus, city of, i. 307.

fish, i. 254; ii. 191.

Paamylia, i. 286.

Painted walls and panels, i. 19-21.
houses and temples, ii. 2.0, 291,


Painters, and carvers in stone, dis-
tinct from sculptors, ii. 56.
Painting before sculpture, ii. 281.
and sculpture, origin of, ii. 270,

See Greek.

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