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Inundation as described by Virgil
(Georg. IV. 289), ii. 5.

makes the villages of the Delta
like Islands, as of old, ii. 7.

height of the, ii. 8, 9.

same height as of old, ii. 8, 9.
artificially improved when low,
ii. 7.

-, plough and hoe used after the,
ii. 11.

now rises high above the base of
old monuments, ii. 9. See Bubastis.
cattle rescued from the, ii. 6, 7.
See Vignette at head of Chap. VIII.
fêtes of peasants during the, ii.

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bench of, ii. 30, 203.

the Arch Judge chief of, ii. 203,

Judging a case, mode of, ii. 206, 207.
Justice given gratuitously, ii. 204.
Justice, goddess of, without a head,
ii. 382.

See Truth.

figure of, i. 272.
Jupiter going into Ethiopia, i. 269.
Jupiters, several, i. 329.

Juvenile offenders, ii. 215.
Jvy, i. 256, 285; ii. 33.

Kanaan (Canaan), i. 403.
Karnak, temple of, i. 397.

and our churches, ii. 302.
Kasr-Kharoon (in the Fyoom), i. 307.
Kebsh, wild sheep, i. 227, 247.
Khem, the God, the abstract idea of
father, i. 273, 327, 332.

or Amun-Khem, or Amun-Re
generator, i. 273.

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or Pan, i. 286.

Khita, or Sheta, i. 399, 401.



supposed to be the Hittites, i.

fort of the, called Atesh or
Kadesh, i. 400.

bridges over a river and ditch
of the, i. 399, 400.

Khonfud, or clod-crushing machine,
ii. 1, 14.

Killed, hands of the, i. 373.
King called Phrah, "the Sun"
(Pharaoh), i. 280, 310. (First ob-
served by the D. of Northumber-
land and Colonel Felix.)

feelings towards the, i. 310.
hereditary title of, i. 310.

either of the priestly or of the
military class, i. 311.

duties of the, i. 312.
companions of the, i. 312.
rules for the conduct of the, i.

King could do no wrong, and never
died, i. 313.

-, prayer for the, and praise of the,
by the priest, i. 313.

mourning for the death of the,
and funeral of the, i. 315; ii. 366,

people could prevent the, being
buried in his tomb, i. 326; ii. 378.
Coronation of the, i. 272, 273.
anointed, i. 275.

Gods laid their hands on the,
i. 276.

passing through towns on his
return from victory, i. 278.

sacrificed daily in the temple, i.
281, 313.

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confidential advisers, or minis-
ters of the, i. 316; ii. 202.

respect for, ii. 226.

was judge, ii. 202.

could commute punishments, ii.


wore his helmet or a wig in
battle, ii. 324.
King's birth-day celebrated, i. 281.
Kisírka, or Nubian lyre, i. 117.
Kissing a royal order, ii. 203.
Kitchen (woodcuts), i. 175, 176.

cooks and others in the, i. 177,

Knee, bow the. See Bow, see Abrek.
Kneph, with a ram's head. See Nû.
Knife, semicircular, for cutting
leather, ii. 103.

Knives, stone. See Stone and Metal.
Koofa (Kufa), i. 395, 399.
Korayn, A'maree, dates of, ii. 37.

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ii. 103.

cutter, holding strap with his
toes, ii. 104.

-, great use of, ii. 105.
Lemanon, i. 403.

Lentils, much eaten, i. 167, 177, 181.

supposed by Strabo to be im-
bedded in the rock at the Pyramids,
i. 167.

of Pelusium, famous, i. 167.
-, porridge or soup of, i. 177.
Leopard skin dress, i. 291, 319. See
Prophet, see Nebris.

Leopard's spotted skin suspended on
a staff near Osiris, i. 285.
Lepidotus, fish, ii. 192.
Levels of the land. See Land.
Libation, they first began with a, i.

of wine, i. 265.

vases used in, i. 266.

Life given to the king, i. 277.

sign of, taken by the Christians
as a cross, i. 277.

-, or Crux ansata, i. 257.

mode of, account given before
magistrates of, ii. 199-201.

Light armed troops, arms of, i. 368

Limestone used in the oldest Egyptian
buildings, ii. 305.

Linen corslet of Amasis, ii. 80.

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experiments respecting, ii. 73.

peculiarity in the manufacture
of, in the number of threads of the
warp and woof, ii. 76, 77, 80.

threads double, ii. 76.

threads coloured before worked
in, ii. 79.

cloths fringed, ii. 77, 91, 320,
321. See Calasiris.

beauty of texture of, ii. 75, 76.
-, singularly fine piece of, ii. 75,

selvages of, dyed with Indigo, as
of modern Nubians, ii. 77-79.

dresses worn by votaries of Isis
in Italy, ii. 74.

the word expɩns, “sincere,"
taken from fine, ii. 80.

different qualities of, ii. 80. See

Linus, song of, i. 97.
Lion, i. 224, 229, 246.

formerly in Syria and Greece, i.


hunting, i. 224; ii. 341.

Lions trained for the chase, i. 221.

killed by Amunoph III., i. 224.

Liturgies. See Services.

Lively character of the Egyptians, i.

Locust in the sculptures, i. 234.
Looms, horizontal and upright, ii. 85,
86, 87.

rude, but the work fine, ii. 75.

Lots, casting of, i. 196.

Lotus, i. 34, 36, 57; ii. 29. See Nufar.

eaten, i. 168; ii. 3.

a symbol, i. 257.

presented to guests, i. 79.

a favourite flower, i. 57.

or nelumbium, not represented
except by the Romans, i. 57.

or Lotos, of Cyrene (a thorny
tree, an acacia), ii. 121.
Lowbgeh, or palm wine, i. 55.
Lupins, ii. 21. See Doqáq.

Luxury increasing, led to debt, ii. 219.
Lyre, fabulous invention of the,i. 114,

ornamented with heads of ani-
mals, i. 114.

number of strings of the, i. 115.
used in sacred music, i. 129.
of the Greeks, i. 115-117.

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construction of the, i. 115-117.
of the Berlin and Leyden Mu-

seums, i. 116, 117.


or Kisírka, of Nubia, i. 117.

mode of tuning the, i. 117.

other instruments resembling
the, i. 118, 119.

-, standing, i. 119, 120.

of three strings really a guitar,
i. 86, 123.

of 18 strings, i. 115.

with many strings might be in-
vented at an early time, i. 84.

Maabdeh, crocodile mummies at,
i. 242.

Maces, weapons with metal head, i.

Machine for crushing clods. See

Magic, by a boy, &c., ii. 352, 353.
Magnetism, animal, effect on nerves,
ii. 353.

Mándara, or reception-room, i. 10.
Maneros, song of, i. 97.

Manufactures of Egypt, ii. 247, 255.
Marathon and other places, flint
arrow-heads found at, i. 354.
March of the army, i. 342, 404.

of the army home after war,
i. 415.
Mareotic wine, i. 49.

Mareotis belonged to Egypt, ii. 229.
Marriage ceremony and contracts not
found, ii. 223.

with sisters, ii. 224.

Marriages of the Egyptian royal

family with foreigners, i. 308.
Mars. See Papremis.

Masara, quarries of El, ii. 306.
Mashoash, an Asiatic people, i. 398.

Mast of the old ships of Egypt was
double, i. 413.

Master and mistress of the house sat
on one chair, i. 145.
Mat-making, ii. 86.
Mats, i. 68.

Maut, the abstract idea of mother, i.
333. See Mother.

"proceeded from herself," or her
own mother, i. 327.

Measure of land, of length (stadium),
ii. 256. See Cubit, Weights.
Measures of capacity, ii. 260.

of liquids, ii. 261.

- for grain, made of wood, ii. 167.

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Men and women sat together at a
party, i. 144.

Menes first king of Egypt, i. 307.
introduced luxury, i. 173.

changed the course of the Nile,
ii. 249, 251, 287.

science before the time of, ii.
251, 287.

Amun of Ptolemaic time would
have been recognized by, ii. 264.
Menophres, the Egyptian name of,
uncertain, ii. 255.
Mercenaries. See Soldiers.

Mercury, the inventor of the lyre and
of music, i. 84, 118, 123.
Mesopotamia, i. 308, 397, 403.

Egyptian conquests in, i. 308.
tribute from, i. 397.

Mesoré, offering in the month of, i.


Metal implements of Egypt and
Europe of a different character, ii.

stones used for arms and tools
before, ii. 163.
Metals, skill in the compounding of,
i. 148; ii. 159.

, inlaying of. See Damaskening.

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Metallurgy, skill in, ii. 133, 136, 156,
158, 159.

carried to perfection in Egypt
and at Sidon, ii. 133.
Military class, i. 336.

punishments, i. 418.
music, i. 104-106.

bands of music, i. 104.
Milk offered to the gods, i. 266.
Mimosa. See Acacia.

Mina, men, or mna, weight, ii. 259, 260.
Minerva, fête of, at Saïs, i. 296, 298.
reputed inventress of the trum-
pet, i. 104.

See Neith.
Minervas, several, i. 329.

Ministers and confidential advisers of
the king, i. 316; ii. 202.

Minos, acus, and Rhadamanthos,
Egyptian names, ii. 381.

Mirrors of metal, ii. 346, 347.
Mnevis, the black bull, i. 289.

the sacred bull of Heliopolis, i.

Moris, king, i. 307.

revenues from the fish of the
lake, ii. 193.

Money, sheep and oxen valued as, ii.



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formerly taken by weight, ii.

in rings, ii. 149.

Persian, the first coined, in
Egypt, ii. 150.

oldest coined, ii. 150. See Gold..
See Silver.

Monkey, or other pet, tied to the leg of
a chair, i. 145.

Monkies assisting to gather fruit, i.

in Abyssinia held torches, i. 44.
Monochordium of one string, i. 125.
Monolith of Saïs, and of Buto, ii. 310.
See Saïs.

Months originally lunar, i. 299; ii. 252.
and seasons of the year, ii. 252,
Moon, fêtes at the new and full, i.
287, 299.

erroneously supposed to be re-
lated to Osiris, i. 289.

was the god Thoth, i. 328. See

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of the child found in Asia,
Egypt, India, Italy, Mexico, the
nature goddess, i. 333.
Mourners, hired, ii. 366.

chief, or type of mourning, ii.
371, 373.

Mud, after the inundation, bushes
dragged over the, ii. 11.

of the Nile. See Nile and Allu-
vial deposit.

Mulkuf on houses, i. 6.

Mummies, making coffins and ban-
daging, ii. 117-119.

embalming of, ii. 383, 387.
classification of, ii. 391, 394.
offering and services to, ii. 358-
360, 362.

of poor people, ii. 365.

strewed over the ground by
Christian excavators, ii. 364.

different qualities of, ii. 391-396.
Mummy cases, old, resold, ii. 363.

cloths, of linen, some coarse, ii.
75-78. See Linen.

Mummy pit. See Vignette, ii. 400.
pits, ii. 363, 364.

Mummy's head seen in the coffin at
an open panel, ii. 368.
Murder of a child by a parent, ii.

of a parent by a son, ii. 209.
of a slave, punished by death, ii.
208, 209.
Murrhine vases, doubtful of what
stone, ii. 71.

false, probably a glass-porce-
lain, ii. 71.

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hired, i. 96.

great number of Jewish, i. 96.
Mutton not eaten at Thebes, i. 166.
not eaten by the priests, i. 324.
Mycerinus, fête in honour of the
daughter of king, i. 299.
Mylitta, or Alitta, i. 333.

Myos Hormos, port on the Red Sea,
ii. 235-237.

Mysteries, greater and less, i. 321.
of Osiris, i. 298, 331.

Nabl, or viol, of the Jews, i. 121,

Nahrayn, i. 397. See Mesopotamia.
Napkin brought for wiping the mouth

after drinking, i. 144.

Nations gifted with certain qualities,
i. 3.

Natron lakes, nome of Nitriotis, i.
166; ii. 229.

Natural productions for decorative
purposes, a mistake to copy, ii. 288.

objects, the Greeks preferred
taking the sentiment of, ii. 288.
objects not always imitated by
the Egyptians, ii. 290.
Nature gods, i. 332, 333.
Goddess, i. 333.

the vivifying and producing
principles of, i. 332, 333.
Navigation, origin of, ii. 132.

indebted to the Phoenicians, ii.


Navy included in the army, i. 311.
Neboot, or long pole, game with the,
i. 207-209.

Nebris, or fawn of Bacchus, taken

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