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lyres. See Lyres.

instruments, name of, i. 126.
flute, name of, i. 126.
mercenaries in Egypt, i. 309.
statues coloured, ii. 279, 280.
artists painted on panel, not on
walls, the best, ii. 278, 280.

pictures in temples and galleries,
ii. 279.

- pictures carried off to Rome, ii.
279.

oldest paintings monochrome,
ii. 279.

statues and bas-reliefs coloured,
ii. 279, 291.

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towns wanted lofty buildings, i.

Ionic, and Corinthian capitals,
ii. 297.

and Egyptian temples of a dif-
ferent character, ii. 298.

architecture and bas-reliefs co-
loured, ii. 291.
Greeks claimed discoveries of others,
ii. 109.

vases of the, far superior to
those of Egyptians in taste, ii. 109.
did not copy natural objects for
ornament, ii. 288.

copied from the "Barbarian"
what was beautiful, and made it
their own, ii. 289.

knew but did not use the arch
in buildings, ii. 302.

considered music a necessary
accomplishment, i. 94.

indebted to Asia for stringed

instruments, i. 111.

long-haired, ii. 327.

Grove or Temenos.

of Frontispiece, List of woodcuts,
vol. i.

See explanation

or Temenos, i. 409.

Guard at the gate of a camp, i. 407.

had no shield, i. 406.

Guards, royal, i. 337.

Guests, reception of, and arrival of,
i. 73.

Guests had flowers and wine brought
them on arriving, i. 81, 141.
anointed on arriving, i. 78.
received bouquets of flowers and
necklaces, i. 78, 79.

--

crowned with flowers, i. 78, 80.
admired the furniture and
knick-knacks, i. 76, 146.

at dinner sat on the ground, or
on chairs, i. 181, 182.

amused with music and danc-
ing, i. 141.

Guilloche ornament, i. 19; ii. 290.
Guitar of 3 strings, i. 84, 86, 123, 124.
knowledge required for the in-
vention of the, i. 84.

Kithára, Chitarra, i. 124, 129.
an instrument found at The bes
not unlike the, i. 125.

Gûsla of Montenegro, with one string,
i. 125.

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Halfeh or Poa grass, i. 57.
Hand-writing to tell a character, i.
211.

Hands cut off, as a return of the
enemy's killed, i. 373.

clapping the, i. 89, 90, 92, 95,
101, 128, 135, 139, 296.
Handles of vases, i. 153, 154.
Hare, i. 227, 228, 246.

Harness. See Chariot.
Harp of the Paris Collection, i. 113,
114.

unknown to the Greeks, i. 111.
head of a, from Thebes, i. 110.
Harps, the oldest, i. 85, 111.

of various sizes, i. 110, 111.
catgut strings of. See Catgut.
with a support, i. 87, 111, 112.
of wood covered with bull's
hide, i. 87, 113.

113.

113.

of tortoiseshell, i. 87, 113.
of coloured leather, i. 88, 89, 90,

shortening the strings of the, i.

had no pedals and no pole, i. 113.
used for religious services, i.
113, 129, 130.

in the hands of Deities, i. 113.
Harpers, i. 108-112.

of the tomb of Remeses III.,
called Bruce's, i. 108-110.

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or reproduction on dissolution,
ii. 382.

Harvest home, i. 282.

Hatchet, or axe, i. 361, 362, 419; ii.
114.

Hatching eggs artificially, ii. 170.

the modern oven for, ii. 170-
172.
Hawking, no instance of, i. 221.
Head of an animal given to a poor
man, i. 171.

cut off first, i. 170, 263.

placed on altars and taken to the
kitchen, i. 172.

said by Herodotus not to have
been eaten, i. 172.

imprecations on the, as on the
scapegoat, probably not extended
to every one, i. 172. See Enemies.
Heads, men and women carried loads
on their, i. 177.

Heads of Egyptians, hard, ii. 328.
Head-stools, or wooden pillows, i. 63,
71, 335, 336.

Hearse of the dead, ii. 368, 373, 375.
Heavy-armed troops, arms of, i. 368.
Hedgehog, i. 227, 229, 245.
Heliopolis, wine not taken into the
temple at, i. 51.

Re, the Sun, was the God of, i.
296, 298, 300, 331; ii. 312.

288.

Mnevis, the sacred bull of, i.

said to have been founded by
Arabs (or a Semitic race), i. 302.
Helmet, quilted, i. 365, 366.

with crest, from Asia, i. 366.
Henneh, ii. 345.

Heracleopolis, i. 243.

Hermæ of Greece not the origin of
statues, ii. 271.

Hermes, books of, i. 274; ii. 251. See
Medicine.

or Mercury, ii. 228. See Thoth.
Hermotybies, soldiers, i. 337.
Heroes, no divine honours paid to, i.
328.

Hieraphori, bearers of standards,
images, &c., i. 273, 284, 285.
Hierogrammat (sacred scribe), Hie-
roscopus, and Stolistes, i. 276.
Hieroglyphics cut to great depth in
granite, ii. 156.

VOL. II.

240.

Hippopotamus hide, use of the, i.
See Corbag and Shields.
blade for spearing the, i. 241.
chase of the, i. 239-241.
emblem of Typho, i. 288.
cakes with, stamped on them, i.
288.

sacred to Mars, i. 246.
History of Egypt, i. 307-309.
Hoe, ii. 11, 14, 16, 17, 18.

used with and without the
plough, ii. 12, 18.

called Tóré, and put for the let-
ter M, ii. 17.

had not a metal blade in early
times, ii. 17.
Holydays, i. 281.

of peasants, ii. 52.

Hoop, game with a, i. 194, 195.
Horizontal courses of masonry, great
antiquity of, ii. 287.

Horizontal line in architecture, i.
20.

Horns for instruments, i. 105.
Hors d'œuvres to excite the appetite,
i. 174.

Horses exported from Egypt, i. 386.
originally from Asia, i. 234, 386.
called Sus as in Hebrew, i. 396.
abundant, i. 231.

of Egypt esteemed, i. 234.
trappings of, i. 381.

Horus, or Orus, i. 242, 275, 288, 300,
312, 330.

the child, or Harpocrates, i. 256,
312, 333; ii. 182, 382.

House in the British Museum, model
of a, i. 13, 14.

Houses, plans of, i. 11, 12.

-, they slept in summer on the
roofs of, i. 7.

,

i. 8.

small, i. 13.

large, 20, 24, 27, 29.
at Karnak, i. 14.
remains of, i. 11.

of crude brick, i. 6.

of priests, luxurious, i. 7, 322.
plans and number of stories of,

irregular in plan, i. 11, 28.
they sought coolness in their, i.

5, 6.

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Ibex, i. 227, 247.

Ibis, two kinds of, sacred, i. 251.

shoulder of an, broken and set,
ii. 172

Ichneumon, i. 227, 229, 246.

destroys serpents and the eggs
of crocodiles, i. 229, 243.
Jerboa, i. 227, 230, 246.
Jerusalem, temple of, pillaged, i. 308,

340.

Jewels of silver and gold, &c., i. 146;
ii. 147, 336-341.

Jewish music, i. 94, 95.

musicians, numerous, i. 96.
instruments and music, i. 94, 96,
98, 105, 120, 129, 130, 140.
trumpets, i. 96, 104, 105.

Jews, features of the, ii. 197.

included among Syrians by the
Egyptians, ii. 197.

anointed the king, i. 275.
brought in the ark, i. 268.
mourning and songs at funerals,

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offered, i. 324.

offered to the dead, ii. 358.
brought from Asia, ii. 397.

India, resemblance of the religions
of Egypt and, i. 329.

329.

arrival of the Hindoos in, i.

-, aborigines of Scythian origin in,
i. 329.

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trade with, ii. 134, 234, 235, 237.
Solomon's trade with, ii. 235.

trade of Tyrians with, ii. 235.
Indian productions went to Egypt, ii.
134, 235, 237.

Indigo used by the Egyptians, ii. 78,

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fabulous, i. 255.

Instruments. See Musical.

with a neck for shortening the
strings, i. 84.

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with three strings, i. 84.
unknown, i. 133.

to which they danced, i. 133.
resembling lyres, i. 118-122.
of sacred music, i. 129.

triangular, i. 118, 119, 126.
names of Greek, i. 126.

of jingling sound, i. 89, 92, 93, 119.
held on the shoulder, i. 121.

found at Thebes not unlike a
guitar, i. 125.

of one string, i. 125.

Interest not allowed to increase be-
yond double the original sum lent,
ii. 217.

Intestines of the dead, how buried,
ii. 388, 330, 391.

Inventions, few represented, ii. 320.
of the Egyptians, ii. 315–319.
Inventions, many older than we' sup-
pose, ii. 57.

Investiture to office, i. 275, 282, 283.
Inundation, water of the, retained by
dykes, ii. 11.

11.

kept out from certain crops, ii.

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Inundation as described by Virgil
(Georg. IV. 289), ii. 5.

makes the villages of the Delta
like Islands, as of old, ii. 7.

height of the, ii. 8, 9.

same height as of old, ii. 8, 9.
artificially improved when low,
ii. 7.

-, plough and hoe used after the,
ii. 11.

now rises high above the base of
old monuments, ii. 9. See Bubastis.
cattle rescued from the, ii. 6, 7.
See Vignette at head of Chap. VIII.
fêtes of peasants during the, ii.

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bench of, ii. 30, 203.

the Arch Judge chief of, ii. 203,

206.
Judging a case, mode of, ii. 206, 207.
Justice given gratuitously, ii. 204.
Justice, goddess of, without a head,
ii. 382.

See Truth.

figure of, i. 272.
Jupiter going into Ethiopia, i. 269.
Jupiters, several, i. 329.

Juvenile offenders, ii. 215.
Jvy, i. 256, 285; ii. 33.

Kanaan (Canaan), i. 403.
Karnak, temple of, i. 397.

and our churches, ii. 302.
Kasr-Kharoon (in the Fyoom), i. 307.
Kebsh, wild sheep, i. 227, 247.
Khem, the God, the abstract idea of
father, i. 273, 327, 332.

or Amun-Khem, or Amun-Re
generator, i. 273.

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or Pan, i. 286.

Khita, or Sheta, i. 399, 401.

403.

,

supposed to be the Hittites, i.

fort of the, called Atesh or
Kadesh, i. 400.

bridges over a river and ditch
of the, i. 399, 400.

Khonfud, or clod-crushing machine,
ii. 1, 14.

Killed, hands of the, i. 373.
King called Phrah, "the Sun"
(Pharaoh), i. 280, 310. (First ob-
served by the D. of Northumber-
land and Colonel Felix.)

feelings towards the, i. 310.
hereditary title of, i. 310.

either of the priestly or of the
military class, i. 311.

duties of the, i. 312.
companions of the, i. 312.
rules for the conduct of the, i.
312-314.

King could do no wrong, and never
died, i. 313.

-, prayer for the, and praise of the,
by the priest, i. 313.

mourning for the death of the,
and funeral of the, i. 315; ii. 366,
378.

people could prevent the, being
buried in his tomb, i. 326; ii. 378.
Coronation of the, i. 272, 273.
anointed, i. 275.

Gods laid their hands on the,
i. 276.

passing through towns on his
return from victory, i. 278.

sacrificed daily in the temple, i.
281, 313.

confidential advisers, or minis-
ters of the, i. 316; ii. 202.
respect for, ii. 226.
was judge, ii. 202.

could commute punishments, ii.
209.

wore his helmet or a wig in
battle, ii. 324.
King's birth-day celebrated, i. 281.
Kisírka, or Nubian lyre, i. 117.
Kissing a royal order, ii. 203.
Kitchen (woodcuts), i. 175, 176.

-, cooks and others in the, i. 177,
178.

Knee, bow the. See Bow, see Abrek.
Kneph, with a ram's head. See Nû.
Knife, semicircular, for cutting
leather, ii. 103.

Knives, stone. See Stone and Metal.
Koofa (Kufa), i. 395, 399.
Korayn, A'maree, dates of, ii. 37.

Labour, division of, ii. 185.
Ladles of bronze gilt, i. 185.
Lake of the dead at every large city,
ii. 377.

Lamps, festival of burning, i. 298;
ii. 71.

Land rented from the kings and
others, ii. 4.

cultivated with little labour, ii.
14. See Sowing and Grain.

overseer of the. See Steward.
alluvial deposit on the, ii. 11.
dries soon after the inundation
subsides, ii. 11.

Land, levels of the, different, ii. 10,

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ii. 103.

cutter, holding strap with his
toes, ii. 104.

-, great use of, ii. 105.
Lemanon, i. 403.

Lentils, much eaten, i. 167, 177, 181.

supposed by Strabo to be im-
bedded in the rock at the Pyramids,
i. 167.

of Pelusium, famous, i. 167.
-, porridge or soup of, i. 177.
Leopard skin dress, i. 291, 319. See
Prophet, see Nebris.

Leopard's spotted skin suspended on
a staff near Osiris, i. 285.
Lepidotus, fish, ii. 192.

Levels of the land. See Land.
Libation, they first began with a, i.
264.

of wine, i. 265.

vases used in, i. 266.

Life given to the king, i. 277.

sign of, taken by the Christians
as a cross, i. 277.

-, or Crux ansata, i. 257.

mode of, account given before
magistrates of, ii. 199-201.

Light armed troops, arms of, i. 368
386.

Limestone used in the oldest Egyptian
buildings, ii. 305.

Linen corslet of Amasis, ii. 80.

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