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-, plants and trees of, i. 57.

famous for medicinal plants and
drugs, i. 50; ii. 351.

history of, i. 307–309.

Menes, the first king of, i. 307.
dynasties of the kings of, i. 307.
once divided into several inde-
pendent kingdoms, i. 307.

Ames (or Amosis) became sole
king of, i. 111, 307.

Shepherds invaded, and were
driven out of, i. 307, 308.
-, lost all its conquests in Asia, i.

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conquered by Cambyses, i. 309.
recovered by native kings, i. 309.
Alexander conquers, i. 309.
rule of the Ptolemies in, i. 309.
rule of the Romans in, i. 310.
of limited extent, i. 304.

-, number of square miles in, i. 304.
towns and villages of ancient,
i. 304.

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population of, i. 305.

- had Ethiopians, Libyans, and
others under its sway, i. 305.

produce of, greater in old times,
but capable of producing more now,
i. 305.

no great encroachments of sand
in, i. 306.

some towns of, placed on the
edge of the desert, i. 306, 307.

glass. See Glass. See Etruscans
has more cultivable land now
than formerly, i. 306.

emblems, and crowns, of Upper
and Lower, i. 257, 269; ii. 323, 325.
productiveness of, ii. 2, 3.
called "the world," ii. 227.
nomes or provinces, and limits
of, ii. 229.

divisions of, at different times,
ii. 229, 230, 231.

foreigners confined to certain
parts of, ii. 231.

became commercial after the fall
of Tyre and building of Alexandria,
ii. 133.

-, long the dominant nation, and
set the fashion in art, &c., ii. 263.


foreign woods imported into, ii.

produced little wood for orna-
mental purposes, ii. 109.

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Greek information respecting,
imperfect, ii. 231, 389.

under the Romans, ii, 233.
"Egyptian," artificial flowers called,
i. 57.

Egyptian. See Embroidery. See

yarn, ii. 84.

architecture, ii. 280-304.
architecture, all painted, ii. 290.
See Architecture.

- painters and scribes, ii. 275, 276,

ink stands and sketches, ii. 276.
art, ii. 262.

paintings on panel, ii. 277.
laws, sanctity of old, ii. 227.
lawgivers, ii. 226.

temples, subjects of the sculpture
in, ii. 295, 296.

colours, ii. 292, 293.

scribes with a pen behind the
ear, ii. 275.

figures drawn in squares, ii. 266,

figures often spirited, but want-
ing in life and reality, ii. 268.
statues, ii. 272.

sculptures in low relief and in-
taglio, ii. 272.

sculptures of a new style of Re-
meses III., ii. 273.

sculpture, revival of, ii. 274.
Egyptians, origin of the, i. 302, 303.
a Caucasian race, i. 302.
went to Egypt as conquerors, i.



placed some towns on the edge of
the desert, i. 306, 307.

eerly government of the, hier-
archical, i. 307.

restless under all foreign rulers,
i. 310.

social habits of the, i. 3, 4, 5, 144.
not guilty of great cruelty. See
Cruelty. See Humanity.


thought to be a gloomy people, i.

character of the, i. 2, 3, 210.

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pomp, i. 267.

sat on chairs, i. 58.

did not recline at meals, i. 58.
victories and power of.


had only one wife, i. 5; ii. 224.
kept to their old customs, 226.
"wisdom of the," i. 325; ii. 202.
gratitude of the, ii. 227.

had some elegant vases, but ge-
nerally deficient in taste, and very
inferior to the Greeks, ii. 109.

had the guilloche, chevron, and
other patterns at a very early time,
ii. 290.

coated walls with stucco, ii. 291.
used gilding, ii. 293.

avoided uniformity and studied
variety in their architecture, ii. 296,
297, 298.

had columns of different styles
in the same hall, ii. 296, 297.

skill of the, in drawing lines, ii.

pencils and brushes of the, ii. 275.
did not bear innovation in sacred
subjects, ii. 264.

did not alter their style of draw-
ing, and were bound by fixed rules,
ii. 264, 266.

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brews, Babylonians, and Romans,
ii. 81.

Embroidery, with gold, ii. 81.
Emeralds, false, in glass, ii. 63, 64.
large statues of, ii. 63.
Enamelling on gold, ii. 70.

Encaustum, the colours burnt in, ii. 70.
Enemies of Egypt, Asiatic, i. 390, 391-

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African, i. 402, 403, 404.

, wounded, i. 373.

heads of, represented on win-
dow-sills, i. 68; ii. 287.

Epact, the five days of the. See Days.
third day of the, Typho's birth-
day, i. 281.

Epaphus, clean oxen belonged to, i.
20. See Apis.

Ethiopia, Jupiter going into, i. 269.
gods taking refuge in, i. 269.

a princess of, coming to an
Egyptian king, i. 384, 385.
Ethiopian kings of Egypt, i. 308.
Ethiopians, tribute of the, i. 404.
Etruscans, Greeks, and Assyrians
had some bottles and vases from
Egypt, ii. 70, 71.

Evil, ii. 372.

Europe had an indigenous population,
i. 303.

Europeans differ from Asiatics, i. 303.
Excesses of men and women in drink-
ing, i. 52, 53.

in eating and drinking, i. 173.
Expenses of the Egyptians trifling, the
necessary, ii. 219. See Food.
Extremities of the world possess the
greatest treasures, ii. 240.
Ex-votos, ii. 354.

Eye of Osiris, i. 257.

signifying "Egypt," i. 244, 257.
on boats, ii. 127. See Boats.
Eyes painted, or blackened with Kohl,
ii. 343.

Falchion, Shopsh, or Khopsh, i. 361.
Fanbearer of the king a high office,
i. 283, 284.

-, investiture to the office of, i. 283.
Father, abstract idea of, i. 327, 332.
murder of a, ii. 209.

's trade followed by a son. See

Fauteuil of the master of the house, i.

some pet animal tied to the leg of
a, i. 145.
Fauteuils, i. 60, 61, 62.

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Figs, i. 54.

-, sycamore, 44, 57, 181, 259. See

and grapes, fond of, i. 181.
and grapes on altars, i. 262.

in a basket, the hieroglyphic sig-
nifying "wife," i. 323.
Figl (or Raphanus), i. 167, 259, 323.
Figure, proportions and Egyptian
mode of drawing the human, ii. 266,

Figure. See Foot, the standard for

Firmán, or royal order; custom of
kissing, ii. 203.

First fruits, offerings of the, i. 274,

Fish not eaten by the priests, i. 322.


sacred, i. 254; ii. 191, 192.
and meat at dinner, i. 167.
how brought to table, i. 173.
of Egypt most prized, ii. 191.
of the Nile of muddy flavour, ii.


great consumption of, ii. 189,

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Flute, length of the Egyptian, i. 127.
,antiquity of the, i. 126, 127.

of reed, bone, wood, or ivory, i.

not allowed in the rites of
Osiris and Anubis, i. 129.

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dog, i. 231.

Fringes on dresses (sometimes sewed
on), ii. 91, 322. See Dresses with

Fruit in wicker baskets, i. 43.

gathering, i. 40, 41, 43, 44.

Fruit trees, i. 36, 55, 57.
Fruits on the altar, i. 259.
Fullers, ii. 106.

Funerals, mourners at, ii. 366.
Funerals of kings, ii. 366.

--, some grand, ii. 366-373.
Furniture of Egyptian rooms,i. 58-72.
Fyoom, or Arsinoïte nome, i. 49, 229,
244, 304.

extremity of the, artificially ir-
rigated, i. 307.

remains of vineyards on the
western borders of, i. 49; ii. 20.

wild boars found in the, i. 244.

Game, preserves for, i. 37.

-, parks and covers for, i. 215.
Game-cart, substitute for the, i. 218.
Games in honour of the gods, i. 282.
most usual, i. 188, 189.

of ball, i. 198-200.

Games, various, i. 192-207.

of single-stick, i. 206, 207.
board of, found by Dr. Abbott,
i. 194, 195. See Mora and Draughts.
Gardens, i. 25, 32, 35-37.

Garlands or chaplets, i. 57, 79-81.
Garments worn at feasts, i. 81.
Gazelle, i. 214-216, 219, 220, 223-225,
227, 247.

Geese, boxes in the form of, i. 161.
fed, i. 215. See Goose.

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Glue, ii. 114, 115.

Goats browsing on vines after the
vintage, i. 45.

God, division of, into various attri-
butes, i. 327.

spirit of, was Nef, Nû, Núm, or
Nûb, i. 327.

or Goddess, with several names,
i. 329.

Gods of Egypt, i. 327, 328, 330, 331.
figures of the, i. 328.
nature, i. 332, 333.
-worshipped throughout Egypt,
i. 331.

of different cities, i. 331, 332.
Goddesses with various names, in dif-
ferent countries, really the same,
i. 333.

Goeffreying machine, ii. 92.

Gold-dust in bags, i. 148, 260, 261; ii.


Gold in Egypt and in Britain, and
quartz veins broken up, ii. 141.
thread, ii. 81.
wire, ii. 82.

workers, ii. 137, 138.

great use of, for ornaments, ii.
138, 140, 141.

hieroglyphic signifying, ii. 149.
(Woodcut, figs. a, b.)
fusing, ii. 139.

washing ore of, ii. 139.
vases of, ii. 140, 141.

mines of Egypt and Ethiopia
in the Bisharee desert, and Mr.
Bonomi's account of them, ii. 141.
-of Australia and California,ii.143.
mines described by Diodorus, ii.
143, 144.

, cruelty to people condemned to
the mines, ii. 144, 145.


at first used very pure, ii. 145.
leaf, at first thick, ii. 145.
on vases, mummies, &c., ii. 146.
beating, improvements in, ii.

used before silver, shown by the
latter being called " Whitegold,"
ii. 147, 241. (Woodcut 408, fig. c.)

used for overlaying humbler
materials, ii. 147.

greater use of, for ornamental
purposes, ii. 147.

rings of, as money, ii. 149.
a quantity in bags already

counted, ii. 149.

darics of Persia, ii. 150.
staters, the oldest coins, ori-
ginally mere dumps, ii. 155.

Gold, fetters of, in Ethiopia, ii. 155.
of Colchis, ii. 240.

of Spain, ii. 240, 242.
and silver, ii. 238–247.

and silver, relative value of, at
different times, ii. 242.

See Precious Metals, Wealth,
and Jewelry, ii. 243, 244.

quantity of in ancient countries,
ii. 243.

teeth stopped with, ii. 350.
statues of, ii. 243.

of David and Solomon, ii. 243.
loss by wear and other causes,
ii. 245.

in Rome, ii. 244, 245.

before and after the discovery
of America, ii. 246.

Golden-calf ground and reduced to
powder, ii. 136.

mode of worshipping with

dances, i. 140.

mosaics. See Mosaics.

ewer and basin, i. 76, 77.
Good, Goodness, i. 327; ii. 358. See

Goose and beef much eaten, i. 66.

See Abyssinians.

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Grace before meals, i. 186.
Grain, pigs and other animals trod in
the, ii. 11, 12, 13.
Grain, abundance of, ii. 3.

of "seven plenteous years" laid
up, shows the abundance of, ii. 3.
exported and belonging to Go-
vernment stores, ii. 3.
Granaries, i. 13, 31, 32; ii. 43, 46.
with vaulted roofs, i. 31, 32.
Granite, difficulty of cutting, ii. 157.
not cut and worked when less
hard, ii. 157.

stunning the crystals of, ii. 157.
early use of squared, ii. 287.
painted, ii. 291.

imitation of, ii. 232.
walls cased with, ii. 292.

Grapes, gathering of, i. 40-43.

watched by boys, i. 43.

Gratitude of the Egyptians, ii. 227.
Grease used in moving large stones,
ii. 309.

Greece, pictures of, ii., 278, 279.

in its infancy, when Egypt had
long been the leading nation, ii.

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