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"The best seed is the Egyptian. Called also Napy, Thaspi, and Saurion." Plin.
"In Egypt, the wild endive is called Cichorium ; the garden endive, Seris."
"The Egyptian is the best quality after the Cretan. Plin.
(Helenium (according to Dioscorides), a native of Egypt. This and four other species of Teucrium now grow there.)
"What is called by Diocles, and the Sicilians,
"Grows every where." Plin.
If by "In Ægypto sine odore hæc omnia," Pliny means that all the flowers mentioned in this chapter are Egyptian, many others might be here introduced.
"Fruit Leaf of
Growing in the Nile:"" one of the wild plants,
"Also eaten in Egypt. Few leaves; large root."
All esculent plants.
Solanum Dulcamara, or Solanum nigrum. (Arab. Eneb e' deeb.)
"Leaves like a crocus.'
Dioscorides describes its flower with a white cir-
"Used in Egypt for chaplets: the leaves like ivy:
"Flowers all the winter and spring, till the sum-
"The Egyptians grow the Acinos for making
Plin. Some editions of Pliny
"Grows about the Nile in marshes, and is eaten.
"Eaten by other people, as by the Egyptians." "Grows on walls and tiles of houses." Plin.
"Sieves made of it in Egypt." Plin.
"Gods crowned with it; a custom particularly ob-
Coming from the garden lotos, from whose seed,
Mostly produced in Egypt." Plin.
"About Elephantina." Plin.
"Only in Egypt during the inundation of the Nile." Plin.
"Homer attributes the glory of herbs to Egypt. He mentions many given to Helen by the wife of the Egyptian King, particularly the Nepenthes, which caused oblivion of sorrow." Plin. "The best at Taposiris in Egypt: a bunch of it carried at the fête of Isis.' Plin. "The Egyptians believe that if, on the 27th day of Thiatis (Thoth), which answers nearly to our August, any one anoints himself with its juice before he speaks in the morning, he will be free from weakness of the eyes all that year.' Plin.
Egyptian Clematis, or Daphnoides, or Polygonoides.
Absinthium marinum, or Seriphium.
The trees of ancient Egypt represented on the monuments are the date, dôm, sycamore, pomegranate, persea, tamarisk, and Periploca Secamone: and the fruit, seeds, or leaves of the nebk, vine, fig, olive, Mokhayt (Cordia Myxa), Kharoob or locust-tree, palma Christi or cici, Sont or acanthus, bay, and Egleeg or balanites, have been found in the tombs of Thebes; as well as of the Areca, Tamarind, Myrobalanus, and others, which are the produce either of India, or the interior of Africa. And though these last are not the actual productions of Egypt, they are interesting, as they show the constant intercourse maintained with those distant countries. One instance has been met with of the pine apple, in glazed pottery. The sculptures also represent various flowers, some of which may be recognised; while others are less clearly defined, and might puzzle the most expert botanist.
Figs. 1 to 6, inclusive, from the tomb of Remeses III.
Little attention is paid by the inhabitants of modern Egypt to the cultivation of plants, beyond those used for the purpose of food, or to the growth of trees, excepting the palm, large groves of which are met with in every part of the country; and if the statement of Strabo be true, that, "in all (Lower) Egypt the palm was sterile, or bore an uneatable fruit, though of excellent