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TREATMENT OF SUSPECTED AND DISLOYAL PER

SONS NORTH AND SOUTH.

SUMMARY OF PRINCIPAL EVENTS. Apr. 27, 1861.-President Lincoln authorizes Lieut. Gen. Winfield Scott, U. S.

Army, to suspend the writ of habeas corpus in his discretion

on any military line between Washington and Philadelphia. June 28, 1861.-Capture of the steam-boat Saint Nicholas in Chesapeake Bay by

a party of disguised laboring men under command of Richard

Thomas Zarvona. July 8, 1861.- Arrest of Richard Thomas Zarvina, a Virginia officer, for piracy

in Chesapeake Bay. 12, 1861.—The House of Representatives asks the Attorney-General to lay

before it a copy of his opinion on the suspension of the writ of habeas corpus and copies of executive orders authorizing its

suspension by military commanders. 13, 1861.–The Secretary of State transmits to the House copies of said

executive orders.

The Attorney-General transmits to the House a copy of his opinion. 21, 1861.-Congressman Kly, of New York, captured ou the Bull Run battle

field by the Confederates. 23, 1861.-Hon. Arnold Harris, of Kentucky, arrested at Fairfax Court

House, Va., and sent to Richmond. Aug. 8, 1861.-An act of the Confederate Congress defining alien enemies

approved by the President. 12, 1861.- Arrest of Hon. Charles J. Faulkner, the American minister to

France. He is sent to Fort Lafayette.
14, 1861.- President Davis issues a proclamation warning alien enemies to

leave the Confederate States.
19, 1861.--Arrest of M. Louis de Bebian, a French citizen.

Arrest of William Henry Hurlbert at Atlanta, Ga., and confine

ment in a Richmond prison. 25, 1861.–Arrest of Hon. James G. Berret, mayor of Washington. 27,1861.—Lieutenant-General Scott, U. S. Army, dirocts Lieut. Col. M.

Burke, U. S. Army, commander of Forts Hamilton and Lafayette, to allow no writs to be served on him for prisoners under

his charge. Sept. 12–14, 1861.- Arrest of the brothers Charles H. and William H. Winder.

11, 1861.- Arrest of Hon. James W. Wall, of New Jersey. 12–14, 1861.- Arrest of W. W. Glenn, F. Key Howard, Thomas W. Hall and

S. S. Mills, Baltimore newspaper editors. 13, 1861.–Arrest of Hon. Henry May, a member of Congress from Maryland. 24, 1861.—Brig. Gen. Robert Anderson, U. S. Army, makes important polit

ical arrests in Kentucky. Other arrests follow by Brig. Gen.

William Nelson, U. S. Army. · Oct. 6, 1861.-Lo Lyons, the British minister, writes the Secretary of Stato

rotesting against the alleged cruel treatment of British seamen captured on blockade-runners.

(1) 1 R R-SERIES II, VOL II

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Oct.

11, 1861.—The Secretary of State, Hon. William H. Seward, roplies to

Lord Lyons, transmitting a letter of explanation from the

Secretary of the Navy.
Arrest of J. R. and F. D. Flanders, editors at Malone, N. Y., for

disloyal utterances.
14, 1861.–The President authorizes the suspension of the writ of habeas

corpus on any military line between Washington and Ban

gor, Me.

Nov.

Feb.

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26, 1861.—The General-in-Chief directs the transfer of the political pris

oners in New York Harbor to Fort Warren, Boston Harbor. 8, 1861.—The Confederate Commissioners, James M. Mason and John

Slidell, arrested by Capt. Charles Wilkes, U. S. Navy. 15, 1861.—Brig. Gen. E. V. Sumner, U. S. Army, arrests William M. Gwin,

Calhoun Benham and J. L. Brent, of California. 14, 1862.—President Lincoln issues Executive Order, No. 1, transferring

the power to make extraordinary arrests from the State to the

War Department. 27, 1862.-Secretary Stanton appoints Maj. Gen. John A. Dix, U. S. Army,

and Hon. Edwards Pierrepont a special commission to examine

state prisoners. President Davis suspends the writ of habeas corpus in Norfolk

and vicinity. 13, 1862.-President Davis suspends the writ of habeas corpus in New

Orleans and other parts of Lonisiana at the request of Gov

ernor Moore and others. 8, 1862.-President Davis suspends all civil jurisdiction and the writ of

habeas corpus in the Department of East Tennessee. 9, 1862.-A court of inquiry ordered in the case of Hon. John Minor Botts,

of Virginia, arrested as a suspect by the Confederate authorities. 3, 1862.-President Davis suspends the writ of habeas corpus in portions of

Western Virginia.

Mar.

Apr.

May

Miscellaneous Union Correspondence, etc., Relating to Political Arrests

During the First Year of the War.

DEPARTMENT OF STATE, Washington, May 16, 1861. G. HEINEKEN, Esq., Agent of the New York and Virginia Steamship Company,

Washington, D. C. SIR: I have received your letter* of yesterday's date asking me to give you in writing my reasons for considering an acceptance on your part of Governor Letcher's proposal to purchase the steam-ships Yorktown and Jamestown, recently seized by his orders and now in his possession, an act of treason. With this request I readily comply.

An insurrection has broken out in several of the States of this Union including Virginia designed to overthrow the Government of the United States. The executive authorities of the State are parties in that insurrection and so are public enemies. Their action in seizing or buy. ing vessels to be employed in executing that design is not merely with. out authority of law but is treason. It is treason for any person to give aid and comfort to public enemies. To sell vessels to them which it is their purpose to use as ships of war is to give them aid and comfort. To receive money from them in payment for vessels which they

*Not found.

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