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101-Perfumes. S.-Perfumes are not alto- should the regularity and exactness with whicli gether to be forbidden; but they should never the daily work is done, be suffered to pass unbe so strong, or in such quantities, as to excite noticed, whilst the slightest omissior is talked attention.
of and made of great importance. Think how 102-Btiquette of the Dinner-table. C. R.-To you would like to do the saine things, in the press your guests to take more than they have
very same way, every day in the year, and allow inclination for, is antiquated and rude, This for its irksomeness to them. does not, however, prevent your recommenging 108-Musical Tuition. F. B. E.-If your obparticular dishes to their attention. Everything ject is to learn music as a profession, you cannot like compulsion is quite exploded.
do better than make application at the Academy 103-Odours of Flowers Inflammable. M.- of Music in Tenterden-street, Hanover-square. The odorous matter of flowers is inflammable, All branches of music are taught in the and arises from an essential oil. When.growing academy. The particular branch for which the in the dark, their odour is diminished, but students enter is at their choice; should that restored in the light: and it is strongest in choice be harmony, harp, or piano, the male sunny climates. The fraxinella takes fire in hot students will be required to learn, in addition, evenings, by burying a candle near its root. any orchestral instrument the Committee may
104-Breach of Ceremony. S.-The various require; and all the students will receive inceremonies observed in refined society are very struction in harmony. The terms are, for inuseful in settling little points, on which there students, 50 guineas per annum, which includes, might otherwise be much doubt and perplexity ; besides tuition, board and lodging in the acabut they should never be so strenuously insisted demy; entrance 10 guineas. Out students, 30 upon as to make an accidental omission of them guineas per annum; entrance 5 guineas. a ground of resentment, and an apology should 109-Parties. Z.—Your enjoyment of a party always be accepted in their place.
depends far less on what you find there, than on 105–Healthy Apartments. X. Y. Z.-The most what you carry with you. The vain, the amhealthful as well as comfortable sitting apart-bitious, the designing, will be full of anxiety ments are those which enjoy a pure and free circu- when they go, and of disappointment when they lation of air in summer, and the cheerful rays of return. A short triumph will be followed by a the sun in winter; proper size and height are deep mortification, and the selfishness of their also requisite to constitute a wholesome apart- | aims defeats itself. If you go to see, and to ment,-for low rooms are detrimental to health, hear, and to make the best of whatever occurs, particularly when inhabited by large families, or with a disposition to admire all that is beautiful, when the air is carefully excluded by close and to sympathize in the pleasures of others, doors, shutters, curtains, &c.
you can hardly fail to spend the time pleasantly. 106-Cure of the Nails. A. B.--The method The less you think of yourself and your claims of preventing the livid appearance of the nail, to attention, the better. If you are much is to put round it, and the top of the finger, a attended to, receive it modestly, and consider it linen rag done over with an ointment made of as a happy accident; if you are little noticed, manna, oil of olives, and wax, prepared in this
use your leisure in observing others. manner :- Takoan ounce of fine Calabrian 110-Revival of Faded Flowers. G. S.-Roses, manna, the cleanest, whitest, and most trans- and other flowers of delicate colours (if at all parent you can get; melt it in a little pot over faded), regain their hues by exposure for a the fire, with an ounce of white wax, and as moment to the vapour arising from burning much pure oil of olives; keep this ointment in sulphur. At first sight this method may appear a box for the use above mentioned, and apply it a bad one, since the sulphuric acid which is fresh to the finger every third day. This is a formed in this case, has the property of destroysovereign remedy, not only for preventing ing vegetable colours; but a clever French the paleness of the nail, but likewise for writer, M. Duineril, has proved that the red petals curing it.
of plants regain their colours with brilliance and 107-Servants. G. E.-Your question is a permanence when they are touched by this singular one. If you sufficiently consider the
acid. Of course, it is necessary to proceed with trials incident to a life of service, and judge of caution. Another mode of preserving the cothe feelings of others by your own, you will see lours of flowers to which recourse may be had, abundant reason why you should be prompt to is to plunge the flower for some moments into praise and slow to blame. Any extra service, spirits of wine, and when withdrawn it will be any little attention that you receive, should be found to have regained its natural brilliance of courteously and heartily acknowledged; nor colour, which it will not again lose.
111-Process oj* Boiling. R.-In Liebig's Che- and the proportion to be observed of daily, mistry of Human Food, we are told that boiling weekly, monthly, quarterly, and annual expense. flesh slowly effects a chemical change in its com- In such case she ought, however, to commence position; and, according to the length of time all her arrangements on a smaller scale than employed in boiling, and the amount of water those to which she has been accustomed at used, there takes place a more or less perfect home. Perhaps there the family was larger, or separation of the soluble from the insoluble its resources more abundant, or at least more constituents of flesh: the water or soup in settled. Those who would wish to be at & which the flesh has been boiled containing the future period of life as their parents are now, soluble matter, and the bouilli or meat from must begin as they began, and remember that it which the soup was made, consisting chiefly of is much easier to advance in expense than to fibrous, insoluble matter, nearly useless as retreat. An egg less in the pudding, and a bit nourishing food. Thus, it is obvious, that when of butter less in the pie crust, and a dish less on the water in which meat has been boiled slowly the table than the young lady was accustomed is thrown away, by far the greater part of the to at her father's house, will make a pleasing soluble or nutritious matter is wasted.
difference in the weekly and yearly aspect of different mode of cooking should be adopted, her account-book, and be no ways inconsistent when it is wished to eat the meat.
with either health, comfort, or respectability of 112--Canary Birds. W. I.—The following are appearance. the best rules for obtaining and preserving good 114Degeneracy of Bodily Strength. G.–We singers. The most essential is to choose from agree with you that our physical powers are among the young that which promises a fine overcome in the present day by an overfondness tone, and to seclude it from all other birds, that for luxurious living, and a certain lounging, it may learn and remember nothing bad. The listless inactivity, which has a weakening influsame precaution is necessary during the first and ence both on mind and body. When we read in second moulting : for, being likely to re-learn its the chronicles of past ages, the many feats resong, it would introduce into it with equal ease corded of physical power,-of a body that knew fvreign parts. It must be observed whether neither weakness nor fatigue, an iron strength the bird likes to sing alone, or in company with of endurance and action it seems to us like the others, for there are some which appear to have echo of a distant age with which we have no such whims, liking to hear only themselves, and thing to do. We cannot realise the strength of which pout for whole years if they are not the beautiful Cymburga, wife of the stalwart humoured on this point. Others sing faintly, Duke Ernest of Austria, who could crack nuts and display their powers only when they can try with her fingers, and drive a nail into a wall their strength against a rival. It is very im- with her hand, as far as others with a hammer. portant to distribute regularly to singing-birds When we hear of the lofty Brinhilda, who the simple allowance of fresh food which is in- bound her offending lover with her girdle, and tended for the day. By this means they will slung him to a beam of the ceiling, we do not sing every day equally, because they will eat recognise that the myth which represents the uniformly, and not pick the best one day and wild strong life of that distant age, has a lesson be obliged to put up with the refuse the next. for us, and we should ponder the question
113-Housekeeping. J. R. D.-In page 14, whether in our days we have not lost much Appendix, Vol. 3, New Series, our fair corre- stout virtue, with the failure of our bodily spondent will find that her questions have been powers. The breakfast feats of good Queen Bess answered. The subject is so important to and her maids, on rounds of beef and mugs of young housekeepers that we will add the follow- ale, seem incredible in our poor dyspeptic days. ing directions from the experienced pen of What would not our delicato ladies and genMrs. Copley :-“The young housekeeper should tlemen give for that vigorous life, which could commence book-keeping on the very day she spring out of bed at five o'clock, full of energetic quits the house of her father to enter that of activity, digest and enjoy plain substantial fare, her husband. Indeed, it will be greatly to her and pursue every occupation of the day, with advantage, if she has been already initiated into the power of robust health? We could hardly it under the direction of a judicious mother, sit at the breakfast - table of the old Earl not merely to keep her own private accounts, of Northumberland, of whom we read, “ My of personal expenses, but also the housekeeping Lord and Lady have for breakfast, at seven accounts, so as to be familiar with the value of o'clock, a quart of beer, as much wine, two every article of consumption, the quantity re-pieces of salt fish, six red herrings, four white quired in proportion to the size of the family, | ones, and a dish of sprats !"
115--Sa+est Drink. M.--Pure cold water is, no favours to solicit, but the moment you ask beyond question, both at meals and at all other them for aid they will treat you accordingly. times, the safest drink. The water should be 123-Governesses. A. Z.-You had better perfectly pure, fresh, and cold. The colder the stipulate that the mother shall never interfere better,-only take the less.
so as to find fault with any of your arrange116-Street Etiquette. H. P.--In meeting in ments before the children. A sensible mother the street, it is considered etiquette for the lady will not require cither of these points to be first to bow to the gentleman--not the gentle- made a subject of stipulation. She will know man to the lady, unless the acquaintance is both that to find fault in their presence, will be to intimate and of long standing.
risk the respect due to the governess from her 117-Potatoe Flour. M. H.-One method of pupils, though she has most undoubtedly detecting this is by specific gravity. Thus, a every right in private to ask an explanation vessel whicli can contain one pound of wheat- of what may have puzzled or displeased her, flour will contain a pound and a half of potato- i and on such occasions you will owe to her the starch; hence, the amount of adulteration may utmost confidence. be estimated, to a certain extent.
124-Early Care of Children. S. W. E. 118 - Sea-weeds. T.-The frond is a term None of the artificial means of teaching children which, when applied to a sea-weed, signifies to walk can be recommended; the leadingevery part of the plant, excepting the root ; and strings occasion all the weight to be thrown occasionally the stemn, if well developed, and dis- upon the chest, while the go-cart, though less tinct from the other portions of the plant, is not objectionable, forces a child to continue on included under the term.
its feet too long at a time. It is a good plan to 119- Solitary Meals. J. S. C.-You should
encourage walking, by placing the chairs and endeavour to avoid dining alone. Agreeable tables at convenient distances for the child to company and conversation at table helps to pro- support itself by; it then sits down on the floor, mote digestion. A meal taken in solitude, when fatigued, and, in raising itself again, especially if the mind is in an unsocial or acquires power in the right way. Leading by oppressed mood, will not do you half the good one hand ought not to be resorted to until there that it would if taken in a cheerful and social
is enough of strength and firmness to walk manner.
upright, otherwise the child is dragged along, 120-College of Surgeons. H. I.-No person swinging upon one arm, with the weight of the under twenty-two years of age cau be admitted whole body sustained by one side only. Lifting a member of the College of Surgeons. The can- a child by both arms is dangerous, for it strains didate for admission is required to produce to the ligaments, and often occasions injury to the the court of examiners satisfactory evidence of collar bones; besides which, it gives pain. A his anatomical and chirurgical education, accord- child ought to be lifted by placing the hands ing to certain regulations, of which a copy may round the waist. A child of a year old will raise at any time be obtained on application at the itself by its arms, but it never prolongs or forces College of Surgeons, in Lincoln's Inn Fields. the effort to the production of pain: the only
121- Advantage of Rain-water. G. - Not danger arises from a fall against the furniture. only is rain-water the best for making tea, &c., 125-Female Associates. G.-You can always but it is useful in culinary operations. The be- judge better of a person's character by her lief, that it is unwholesome for this purpose, is manner of talking with others, than by what incorrect. The softer water is, the more adapted she addresses directly to you, and by what she it is to all domestic uses, if we except that one says of others, than by what she says to them. which has been so much insisted on of late,-its A conversation like this ought to put you use as an habitual potation; even this is not an on your guard against any intimacy with a girl exception, so much on account of its unwhole capable of it. The vivacity of youthful feelsomeness, as its insipidity.
ings is such, that it often hurries girls into 122-Independence in Business. W. B.-De intimacies, which soon after prove inconpend as much as possible upon your own genial and burdensome. You mistake an acciresources. A small, snug business, done princi- dental agreement for a real sympathy, one pally upon your own means, is better than a agreeable interview for an insight into the large business done upon a hired capital. Make whole character; and thus, by judging too it a prominent point to be independent. It is hastily, you judge wrongly. Far be it from us dangerous to depend much upon the assistance to recommend à suspicious character: of relatives and friends; there are many such would rather see a young heart deceived again who will treat you kindly, as long as you have l and again, than see it nourishing suspicion as a
habit of the mind; but we would have you of character, after hesitating and debating, till make it a rule never to pledge yourself to any the poor trader's patience is almost exhausted, intimacy, until you have taken time to con- will beg him to send the article to her house, sider your first impressions, and to distinguish for her to examine it there; and, after giving between the charm that really belongs to a new him all this trouble, she will refuse to purchase acquaintance, and that which was thrown over it, without any scruple or apology. Some think your first interview by accidental circumstances they have a right to exchange articles at the and associations.
place where they were bought; whereas that 126 - Smoking. J. S. W.-By all means privilege should be asked as a favour, only by 3 divest yourself of this habit, for there can be good customer,-and then but rarely. no question that its effects on health are per- 128 - Earliest Intellectual Education of Chil. nicious. Dr. Prout, in his work on stomach dren. C. S.-In reply to our correspondent, and diseases, says, “Tobacco is confessedly one of to similar inquiries from others, we cannot do the most virulent poisous in nature. Yet such
better than quote the words of Mrs. Barwell, or is the fascinating influence of this noxious this important subject :-“Cultivate, by exerweed, that mankind resort to it in every form cise, the five senses of seeing, hearing, touching they can devise, to ensure its stupifying and smelling, tasting. Teach the child to obserte pernicious agency.
Tobacco disorders the assi- forms, sizes, weights, colours, arrangements and milating functions in general, but particularly, | numbers. Practise all a child's knowing faculas I believe, the assimilation of the saccharine ties on objects, -feathers, shells, ribbons, buiprinciple. I have never, indeed, been able to tons, pictures of animals, &c. Practise distrace the development of oxalic acid to the use tinct articulation. If at four years of age & of tobacco; but that some analogous, and child has any defect, it ought to be systematicequally poisonous principle (probably of an ally taught to pronounce correctly. Let a child acid nature), is generated in certain individuals put its toy to another than the intended use, if by its abuse, is evident from their cachetic it does not destroy it; this exercises invention looks, and from the dark, and often greenish- Encourage construction, and furnish the mateyellow tint of the blood. The severo and pecu- rials, leaving ingenuity to work. Accuston the liar dyspeptic symptoms sometimes produced child to find its own amusement. It is the by inveterate snuff-taking are well known; and most unprofitable slavery to be constantly find. I have more than once seen such cases termi. | ing amusement for it. Remember that children nate fatally with malignant disease of the sto- love stories,—the simpler the better; and delight mach and liver. Great smokers, also, espe
to have them told again and again. Always give cially those who employ short pipes and cigars, them a moral turn and character. Be sparing of are said to be liable to cancerous affections of the marvellous, exclude the terrible and horrible, the lips."
and utterly proscribe all ghost and witch stories. 127-Shopping. E. H. M.-Most willingly Accustom children to reptiles, insects, &c.; and do we offer, at your request, a few comments on prevent the foolish fear of those creatures that terrible word to husbands and brothers, which is often found in adults, and leads to the shopping. Your remarks are perfectly just, that constant and most unnecessary destruction of politeness is very essential to the right transac- them. Induce a child to give attention, by pretion of that great business of woman's life, shop- senting objects, and giving narratives which ping. The variety afforded by the shops of a interest it. Do not repeat that it must give city renders people difficult to please; and the attention. Avoid employing female servants as latitude they take in examining and asking the nurses who possess coarse habits and sentiprice of goods, which they have no thought of ments, or whose mode of speaking is coarse or buying, is so trying to the patience of those indelicato. No difference need at first be made who attend upon them, that nothing but the between the rearing and training of male and most perfect courtesy of demeanour can recon
female infants. Allow female children, as they cile them to it. Some persons behave, in shop- grow up, to amuse themselves with dolls, and in ping, as if no one had any rights, or any feel- a similar manner encourage and regulate the ings, but the purchasers; as if the sellers of goods amusements of boys.” Many of these observawere mere automatons, put behind the counter tions may appear trivial, but in most cases they to do their bidding; they keep then wait- form the basis of character in after life. It is ing, whilst they talk of other things, with a highly important that we set a value on some friend; they call for various goods, ask the price apparent trifles, especially in the rearing of chiland try to cheapen them, without any real in- | dren; for it is by these means their attention is tention of buying. A lady who wants decision ! directed to more serious objects.
129-Stammering. S.-Stammering, with dation of the scale: Reaumur fixing his zero care, may be cured; or rather, when it is first at 32° of Fahrenheit, and dividing the ranges threatened, it may be prevented by practising between that point and the point of boiling the child in letters or articulations where a water into 86°, while Fahrenheit takes a scale peculiar defect appears.
of 212' between his zero and the boiling point. 130_Hortus Siccus. B. G.--Our remarks on 137-Iron-Moulds in Paper. W. C.-When the formation of an Herbarium have called
paper is disfigured with iron-moulds, it may be forth several inquiries as to the best work for restored by applying to the stained part a ascertaining the class and order to which each
solution of sulphurate of potash, and afterspecimen belongs. Hooker's British Flora is wards a weak solution of oxalic acid. The a very valuable assistant to the collector.
sulphurate attracts from the iron part of its 131-Christian Names. T. E.-Christian
oxygen, and renders it soluble in the diluted names are so called from their having originally acids. This is applicable to other substances; been given to converts at baptism, as substi- but care inust be taken to place the oxalic acid tutes for their former pagan appellatives, many in a safe place, and to mark the bottle containof which were borrowed from the names of ing it “poison.” their gods, and therefore rejected as profane. 5 138–Visits of Condolence. F. W.-Nothing
132-Magnolias. B. R.-Near London these but a quick perception of the feelings of others, trees thrive well.
At White Knights and and a ready sympathy with them, can regulate Claremont, and at several places in Kent and the thousand little proprieties that belong to Essex, they nave been planted with great suc- visits of condolence and congratulation. There cess.
The varieties which have stood our cli- is oue hint, however, as regards the former, mate the best, are the Magnolia acuminata, M. which may perhaps be useful, and that is, not cordata, and M. conspicua. They require some to touch upon the cause of affliction, unless the care in the early stages of their growth.
mourner leads the way to it; and if a painful 133–Flour or Starch in Milk. M. C. J.--The effort is made to appear cheerful, and to keep * simplest indication of the existence of flour or aloof from the subject, do not make the slight
starch in milk, is that of small diaphanous est allusion that could increase this feeling. best clots, which may be seen on the sides of the 139- Talking of Others. T.-It is very diffi
vessel containing it, if it be transparent. Milk cult, and requires all “the wisdom of the sercontaining starch burns more readily on the pent and the harmlessness of the dove," to bottom of the vessel in which it is boiled than
talk of people, without violating the laws of pure milk. This is, however, an equivocal test. charity or of truth ; it is therefore best to avoid
134-Gymnastics. T. — As sudden transi- it. By substituting books, and the vast variety tions are always bad, exercise should begin of characters and opinions which they present, gently and should terminate in the same man- you give yourself and your companions ample
The left hand and arm being commonly scope for the expression of your thoughts and weaker than the right, they should be exercised feelings, for the discussion of various questions, until they become as strong. No exertion for sharpening each other's wits by collision of should be carried to excess, as that only ex- sentiment, correcting the judgment by comhausts and enfeebles the body. Therefore, parison and discrimination, and strengthening whenever the gymnast feels tired, or falls the memory by repetition and quotation. behind his usual mark, he should leave off.
140-Newspapers. M. C. I.-It is not com135—Sea-weeds. E. M.-The mode of pre- pulsory to send newspapers by the post, but if serving large sea-weeds which will not adhere
so sent, they must be made up in covers open to paper and require gumming, is thus: After
at the sides, -and, if for foreign parts, must be well cleaning and pressing, brush the coarser posted within seven days of publication, have no kinds of Algæ over with spirits of turpentine, marks or writing (other than the address, which in which two or three small lumps of gum- may be written on the paper, as well as cover) mastic have been dissolved by shaking in a thereon, or anything enclosed, which would subwarm place: two-thirds of a small phial is the ject them to treble-letter postage. British newsproper proportion, and this will make the speci- papers are forwarded from one part of the kingmens retain a fresh appearance.
dom to another free. The paper may be written 136-Thermometers. W. M. C.-Fahrenheit's
on, provided a penny stamp is affixed; if, howthermometer is the one now in general use in ever, such penny stamp be not paid, or the cover this country, while that arranged by M. Reau- written on, then it will be charged at the rate of mur is usually employed in France. The main an unpaid letter, according to weight. These difference between the two, consists in the gra- directions are imperative.