Page images
PDF
EPUB

his

the company conversing gaily, Ada sur- | qualities surpass your charms.' The rounded as usual by a brilliant throng, sentiment needs no other tablet—it is while Sybil sat unnoticed apart, looking engraven here;” and he placed his hand weary and somewhat sad. A splendid upon his breast as he spoke. vase of fresh flowers occupied a marble After this Count Louis wondered no stand, from which the lively guests were longer at the partial praises of the poor selecting their favourite flower, and re- cottagers; he even began himself to questing some chosen one to write an discover beauty in Sybil's plain features, appropriate sentiment.

and, in short, she became at last to him The game went gaily on amid jests what she had long been to those she and laughter, and the beautiful Ada being benefited - his ministering angel, called upon to choose a flower, exclaimed, mignonette ;- in commemoration of which

“I love variety too well to content happy event, a sprig of the fragrant shrub myself with one flower; see this bouquet was entwined with the armorial bearings is my choice, and to each of you gentle- of his family—a memorial of unobtrusive men I give a blossom, requesting an ap- worth, preferred to capricious beauty. propriate sentiment from every one."

A cloud gathered upon the brow of WOOLLEN CLOTHING.-It is not geneCount Louis as he heard this coquettish rally understood how clothing keeps the speech, and saw the thoughtless girl culling body cool in hot weather, and warm in the flowers from her bouquet, and dis- cold weather. Clothes are, generally, tributing them among the gallants who composed of some light substance, which surrounded her.

do not conduct heat; but woollen subThe gentle Sybil saw his troubled look, stances are worse conductors than those and strove to catch her cousin's glance; which are made of cotton or linen. Thus, but the proud girl was determined to show a flannel shirt more effectually intercepts her power, and approached him carelessly, or keeps out heat than a linen or cotton looking back and talking with the rest, one ; and whether in warm or cold cliwhile she held forth a musk rose.

mates, attains the end of clothing more The Count intercepted Sybil's appealing effectually. The exchange of woollen for glance to her cousin, and the scornful | cotton under-shirts in hot weather, is, certainty of power which her eye expressed therefore, an error. This is further provedl in return, and accepting the flower with by ice being preserved from melting when a slight smile, he wrote upon a slip of it is wrapped in blankets, which retard, paper simply,

for a long time, the approach of heat to * An emblem of yourself - capricious | it. These considerations show the error of and beautiful ;” then folding the paper supposing there is a positive warmth in about the stem, he restored it to Ada, who the materials of clothing. • The thick accepted it with ill - concealed surprise, cloak which guards a Spaniard against the as she had expected the Count to retain cold of winter, is also, in summer, used and treasure it; but resolved to conceal by him as protection against the direct her feelings, turned lightly away,

rays of the sun ; and while in England, A sigh at her cousin's wilful folly | Hannel is our warmest article of dress, yet escaped from the lips of Sybil, and Count we cannot more effectually preserve ice, Louis turned toward her.

than by wrapping the vessel containing it “Have you chosen no flower ?” he in many folds of the softest fannel." asked kindly; and ere she could reply, Black cloths are known to be very warm a sweet familiar fragrance floated toward in the sun ; but they are far from being so him, and his gaze rested on a simple sprig in the shade, especially in cold weather, worn upon her bosom. The truth was

when the temperature of the air is below revealed on the instant; he saw in Sybil that of the surface of the skin. We may the unselfish benefactress — in Ada the thus gather the importance of attention to selfish coquette.

children's clothing. It is an absurd idea “You have indeed selected your flower," that, to render young limbs hardy, the he added, bending towards her with an body should be exposed to the undue inearnest gaze.

· Mignonette your | fluences of our capricious climate.

666

POLYCARP.

“Nay, if you dread not the lions,” said

the Roman, “ I will order you to be conThere have been in all ages some firm sumed by fire, except you repent.” and consistent Christians, who, rather than “ Threatenest thou me," said the graydeny the true faith, have chosen martyr- haired Christian, “with the fire that burns dom. Polycarp, the Bishop of Smyrna, for an hour, and then is extinguished ? in Asia, was one of the earliest of these. And art thou ignorant of the fire of the He had become very old and vene future judgment, and of the everlasting when, during one of the persecutions under punishment reserved for the wicked ? " the Roman Emperors, his life was taken Then the whole multitude, both of Jews away.

No accusation was ever made and Gentiles that inhabited Smyrna, cried against him, except that he was a follower out furiously, “ This is the father of the of Christ.

Christians, who teaches all Asia not to Suddenly there was a great noise in the worship our gods. Let a lion loose upon streets, and multitudes shouted, “Let him, or let him be cast into the flame."; Polycarp be brought.” Not dismayed at They hastened to raise a pile of wood the tumult, he retired to pray, as was his and dry branches. He unclothed himself custom at that hour. Then his enemies at their command, and endeavoured to rushed forcibly into his house, and, fore- stoop down and take off his shoes, which seeing their purpose, he said,

he had long been unable to do, because of “The will of the Lord be done."

his age and infirmity. When all things Calmly he talked with them, and, as were ready, they were going to nail him to some seemed weary and exhausted, he the stake. But he said, “He who gives commanded food to be set before them, me strength to bear this fire, will enable me remembering the words of the forgiving to stand unmoved without being fastened and compassionate Redeemer, “If thine with nails." Then he thus prayed :enemy hunger, feed him ; if he thirst, give “O Father of the beloved and blessed him drink."

Son, Jesus Christ, through whom we have He requested that he might have one obtained the knowledge of Thee, O God hour for his devotions, ere they took him of angels and principalities, of all creation, from his home, to which he felt persuaded and of all the just who live in Thy sight, I that he should return no more. This they bless Thee that Thou hast counted me granted, and when the hour was passed, worthy on this day, and at this hour, to placed him on an ass, to carry him to the receive my portion in the number of city. Two Romans of wealth and power martyrs, in the cup of Christ, for the passing by, took him up into their chariot. resurrection to eternal life, both of soul There they endeavoured to persuade him and body, in the incorruption of the to sacrifice to the heathen gods. He Holy Ghost, among whom may I be replied, “I shall never do what you received before Thee, as an acceptable advise.” Then they threw him out of the sacrifice, which Thou, the faithful and chariot so roughly that he was bruised and true God, hast prepared, promised, and hurt; but rising, he walked on cheerfully, fulfilled accordingly. Wherefore, I praise notwithstanding his great age. When he Thee for all these things, I bless Thee, I was brought before the tribunal, the glorify Thee, by the eternal High Priest, governor urged him to deny the Saviour. , Jesus Christ, Thy well - beloved Son, "Reverence thine age,” said he. “Repent. through whom and with whom, in the Swear by the fortunes of Cæsar. Reproach Holy Spirit, be glory to Thee, both now Christ, and I will set thee at liberty.” and for ever."

But Polycarp replied, “Fourscore and Scarcely had the hoary - headed saint six years have I served him, and he hath uttered his last earnest Amen, ere the never done me an injury. How, then, can impatient officers kindled the pile. Flame I blaspheme my King and Saviour ? and smoke enwrapped the blackening body

"I have wild beasts,” said the furious of the martyr. It was long in consuming, governor. “I will cast you unto them and so they ran it through with a sword. unless you change your mind."

Thus died the faithful and venerable Poly“Call for them," answered Polycarp. carp, in the year 168, aged eighty-six,

[graphic][merged small]

THE WORK-TABLE FRIEND. stitches; take a piece of thick wire,

slip the end- in the last chain-stitch, and THE TULIP.

work over it 3 Sdc, 3 Dc, 26 Tc, 5 Dc, 6 Materials. Light yellow wool, 6 skeins; 2 skeins

Sdc; bend the wire, and round the point of light vert d'Islay; 1 skein of claret; and a reel work 5 Sc; down the side, 6 Sdc, 5 Dc, of two sizes of cannetille.

26 Tc, 3 Dc, 3 Sdc. Work all round The Flower. For a petal make 27 | this leaf in Sc, taking every stitch under Ch; take a quarter of a yard of canne- both sides of the chain, and holding in tille, and work over it, on the chain, 2 Sc, the wire. Make a slip-stitch at the end, 1 Sdc, 2 Dc, 2 Stc, 15 Tc, 2 Tc in each of and fasten off. the next stitches, which will bring you Several leaves should be made in the to the end of the chain ; 3 Tc in the stitch same way, but of various sizes. at the end ; bend the wire round, in the Before making up the tulip, do 4 pieces shape of a hairpin, and work over it, on of chain-stitch, with the claret wool, rather the other side of the chain, 2 Tc in each more than an inch long ; join the ends of the next 3 stitches, 15 Tc, 2 Stc, 1 Dc, together ; take a piece of rather short 1 Sdc, 2 Sc. Slip-stitch at the base, and I wire, long enough to make the stem of a work round the petal as follows, taking | tulip when doubled; bend it in the every stitch under both sides of the chain, middle, in the shape of a hairpin, and 4 Sc, 1 Sdc, 2 Dc, 2 Stc, 19 Tc, 1 Stc in twist round the top a small ball of light the same stitch as the las To

" Dc, 2 Sc green wool, the size of a pea. Arrange in each of the next 3 ; bei ? the wire, and ! round it the 4 claret chains, and 3 of the work on the other side, to the base of petals; twist the green wool round them, the petal, in Sc; make a slip-stitch and and then add the other 3 petals. Confasten off.

tinue to twist the wool round, until you Six of these petals are required for each come to the end of the wire. flower.

Tulips may, of course, be made in any THE LEAF. Make a chain of 43 other colour that is to be found in Nature;

[graphic][merged small]

and they as well as the leaves may be a , It is done entirely in raised button-hole little smaller or larger. The wire that and satin - stitch, with the exception of goes round the outer part of the petals, a scallop of graduated eyelet-holes, beshould be drawn a little, to give the edge tween the outer edge and the muslin. the hollow form proper to the flower. Those parts which are perfectly white are

worked in raised satin-stitch, the black parts of the fruit being merely holes

pierced with a stiletto, and the veinings of MANDARIN SLEEVE, IN EMBROIDERY.

The leaves being done in open-hem. The Materials. Half a yard of French muslin, and W. Evans & Co.'s Moravian cotton, No. 70, and

stems and tendrils are neatly sewed over, No. 50. Boar's-head sewing cotton.

and the Moravian cotton is used exclu

sively for this work. The sewing cotton, We give in the engraving a diminished is for the graduated eyelet-holes in the representation of half the sleeve, which scallops, which by some accident have should be made with a tight under-sleeve to been omitted by the engraver. The Mocorrespond, as already seen in our Point- ravian cotton saves a great deal of time, lace Sleeve, (page 316, Vol. VIII.) This as one stitch has the appearance of sevepattern has the merit of being very effect-ral. A pair of these sleeves, with under, ite, with small outlay of time and trouble. i ditto, and materials, sent for 4s. 6d.

NATURAL HISTORY.

INSTINCT OF ANIMALS.
BY MRS. FOWLER.

THERE is in many respects a great resemblance or analogy between man and other animals. Some animals exhibit marks of skill, sagacity, caution, or judgment; and, in many cases, the power of reasoning almost equal to human beings. Some suppose that every animal possesses all the faculties with which man is endowed, only in a much more limited degree, modified by circumstances, but not guided by reason. Whether this be correct or not, we know that animals show as many of these different talents as it is possible without having the intellect of man. Sometimes they appear to be guided by experience, observation, and even reaHowever this may be, they are endowed with a principle which enables them to seek their food, build their habitations, and take care of their young, which is called INSTINCT. They have also the power to vary their means or course of action, in order to accomplish certain ends, when circumstances vary or require this change.

son.

Instinct is that which prompts an animal to act, without teaching from others; to follow a certain course which is best adapted to his wants and condition.

The reason of man has been called a "bundle of instincts;" yet there is a wide difference between the powers of men and animals. Man improves from one year to another; his knowledge is the result of experience, observation, and reflection.

The dwellings of man differ in different countries and ages, from the hut of the savage to the palace of the king; though man constructed both the hut and the palace.

Beavers build the same kind of houses now that they built many hundred years ago; and so of all other animals, there is no improvement from one generation to another; they always continue the

same.

|

Smellie says there are two kinds of instincts; one kind which the animal can scarcely help obeying, without any in

struction or experience; and a second kind by which they can accommodate themselves to peculiar situations, and can also improve by experience and observation.

I will relate some anecdotes which illustrate these different instincts in some of the different animals; and though it may seem impossible that these are true, yet I shall mention none except those which I know to be true, by having witnessed them myself, or those related to me by friends who have seen them, or those given by different physiologists as facts.

Young birds always open their mouths at every noise they hear, because they think it is their mother's voice, and that she is bringing them food. They do not use their wings till they have gained strength, and have observed in which way mother-birds use theirs. Insects place their eggs in the most favourable situations for their young. All those whose young feed on vegetables place their eggs on plants. Those that always live in the water place their eggs on the surface of the water. The wasp builds her nest, deposits her eggs in it, then brings just enough green worms, which she rolls together so that they cannot move, and then leaves them as nourishment for her young. She does not wish them as food for herself, but knows that they are the best nourishment for the little young wasps. Dr. Darwin relates a fact which he saw himself. A wasp caught a fly almost as large as her own size. She cut off its extremities and tried to fly away with the body, but found that on account of a slight breeze, the fly's wings impeded her own flight. She came to the ground, cut off first one and then another of the fly's wings with her mouth, and then flew away.

Bees exhibit a wonderful sagacity. They choose their queen, and then build their cells, which are very neatly and beautifully constructed. When they increase so much in number that the old hive is not large enough to contain them, they choose their queen, swarm, and seek a new home. If there is not room for all their operations, they increase the depth of their honey cells. Those who wish to find the honey of those bees which have strayed away in the woods, and have built their nests there, catch two

« PreviousContinue »