Page images
PDF
EPUB

of two eggs.

In frying use a slice to lift the articles in and be brown, some thick slices of carrots, and out of the pan, and drain them.

trimmings of any fresh meat-bones you have, To make batter for frying: melt two ounces with a pint and a half of water, or the same of butter in a little warm water, and pour it quantity of stock, according to what the meat upon half-a-pound of four; stir it and add is, and add seasoning. Cover the pan close, and water enough to form a batter, thick enough to set it over a slow stove; it will require two or adhere to whatever is put into it; but it should three hours, as its size and quality may direct. ruu freely : add some salt and the beaten whites Then strain the gravy; keep the meat quite

hot; take the fat off by plunging the basin into A small shallow frying-pan, or sauté pan, as it cold water, which will cause the fat to coaguis called, is very useful fry articles to be and boil it as quickly as you can till it stewed : this method differs from common thickens. If, however, you wish the gravy, to frying, as it only requires butter enough to adhere to the meat, it must be still further keep the article from sticking to the pan and thickened; then with a brush kept for the purburning.

pose do over the meat, and if that has been The fire for frying should be free from smoky Iarded, put it into the oven for a few minutes. coals, sharp, and even. Charcoal makes the This is called “glazing," and is much in use for best frying fire.

made-dishes. The fat should be carefully drained from all fried articles ; indeed, they should be so dry as jelly over the article, and letting it cool; in

Glazing is done by brushing melted glaze or scarcely to soil a cloth. Fish is best drained

some cases it is requisite to cover the articles by wrapping it in soft whited-brown paper, by

with two or three coats of glaze, allowing each which it will so dry as not to soil the napkin

to cool as it is laid on. The glaze should be upon which it is served.

of a clear yellow brown, and as thick as good Stewing. All articles to be stewed should first treacle. be boiled gently, then skimmed and set aside If you have not the glaze ready, sift a little in an even heat: on this account, charcoal makes sugar over the article to be glazed, and finish in the best fire for stewing.

the oven, with a salamander, or red hot shovel. All stews, or meat dressed a second time, should be only simmered, as the meat should

Boning.-In disengaging the flesh from the

bones, work the knife always close to the bone, only be made hot through.

and take care not to pierce the outer skin. A stewpan is the most advantageous vessel in

Minute directions are given in other parts of the which stews, hashes, soups, or gravies, can be made; indeed, for all purposes of boiling, a stew

work for boning fowls, &c. pan is preferable to a deep saucepan, as, in the Blanching makes the article plump and white, former, the articles are exposed to more even and consists in putting it into cold water over heat than when they are placed one upon the fire, allowing it to boil up, and then plunganother in the saucepan, and are likely to be ing it into cold water, where the article should broken in stirring.

remain until cold. The best stewpans are made of copper or iron ;

Danger from Copper Saucepans. -The precise they should be kept covered as much as pos

danger from the use of copper saucepans, or sible, unless you wish to reduce the gravy. Be careful not to fry in a stewpan; or, if so,

stewpans, imperfectly tinned, is far from rightly with great care, and sufficient butter to save thé

understood. It appears that the acid contained tinning from melting.

in stews and other made dishes, as lemon-juice, Most of the directions for making soups and

though it does not dissolve copper by being gravies apply also to this branch of cookery.

merely boiled in it a few minutes, nevertheless,

if allowed to cool and stand in it for some time, Baking.— Baking is the least advantageous will acquire poisonous matter, as verdigris, in mode of cookery: for by it meat loses about one- the form of a green band, or crust, inside the third of its weight.

vessel. It has likewise been proved that weak Iron ovens are ill-adapted for baking meat or solutions of common salt, such as are daily meat-pies ; fruit - pies, pastry, and puddings, made by adding a little salt to boiling vegetables, may, however, be baked in them.

fish, or meat, act powerfully on copper vessels, Larding.--Have ready larding-pins of different although strong solutions, or brine would not

affect them. sizes, according to the article to be done; cut slices of bacon into bits of a proper length, quite atteud' to the nice distinctions by which copper

It is, however, in vain to hope that cooks will smooth, and put on a larding-needle to suit it, with which pierce the skin and a very little

stewpans may be rendered safe; the general of the meat, leaving the bacon in, and the two

advice given by prudent physicians is, therefore, ends of equal length outwards. Lard in rows

against their use at all. the size you think fit.

The kettles in which the soups are made The same effect with regard to flavour, may

should be well tinned, and kept particularly be produced by raising the skin and laying a

clean, by being washed in hot water and rubbed slice of fat bacon beneath it.

dry before they are put away. If they are not Doubing consists in passing bacon through of the soup will be liable to be affected by the

kept well tinned, the taste as well as the colour naeat, while larding is on the surface only.

iron; and if the soup-kettle be made of copper, Braising.–Put the meat you would braise and the tinning not quite perfect, everything into a stewpan, and cover it with thick slices of cooked in it will be more or less poisonous, as fat bacon: then lay round it six or eight onions, everything which is sweet, salt, or sour, extracts a faggot of sweet herbs, some celery, and, if tó / verdigris from copper.

PRACTICAL PUZZLE.—No. 3. Get a bottle full of water, with the cork driven tightly in, and the top of it level with the neck of the bottle. You must remove the cork from the bottle without touching the cork with anything, and without injuring the bottle.

TRANSPOSITION.
I'm a sharp little blade,

With diminutive head,
Most ladies I help to keep warm;

If it were not for me,

You quickly would see
How soon they'd expose every charm.

Reverse me, I pray,

And then, prythee, say, How, with me, you would like, sir, to deal ;

If I came on your arm,

You would think me too warm, For I'm sure I could cause you to feel.

ARITHMETICAL PROBLEM. An old man married a young woman; their united ages amounted to C. The man's age multiplied by 4 and divided by 9, gives the woman's age. What were their respective ages ?

RIDDLES.

ANSWERS TO FAMILY PASTIME.

PAGE 209.

1. If your gown was too small, what letter would give you stuif enough to enlarge it?

2.
If in me my first's my second,
I shall ne'er my whole be reckon'd.

3. When I have wings most people wish me to fly away-when I have none, many take me in their hands. I don't go far to a ball, but have to do with one. I am sometimes near a trap, but never was known to be caught in one. I am a striking person all will allow, yet I am very apt to keep out of sight. I was known to Titania's elves, and have sometimes been taken for a ghost. I do not drink, but I love a good bowl. I am not a grasshopper, but the cricket cannot get on without me.

4.
Let poets who way,

My beauties display,
I'm subject to change 't is well known:

Their fancy may dwell

On those that excel,
But never describe me alone.

Included in lays

That celebrate praise,
When lovers do sonnets compose;

Like rays of the morn

The skies to adorn,
I'm said to resemble the rose.

To mix me with white

They often delight;
The lily, that beautiful flower,

With me they compare,

Or give me a share,
In jessamine twined round the bower.

By all I'm possess'd,

And sometimes caress'd,
Admired in the sprightly fair maid,

It can't be denied,

I'm quite on one side,
Yet to beauty must still lend my aid.

4.
I'rn slain to be saved, with much ado and pain,
Scatter'd, dispersed, and gather'd up again :
Wither'd, though young — sweet, though un-

perfumed, And carefully laid up to be consumed. M.

PRACTICAL PUZZLE.

When the first line of figures is set down, subtract 2 from the last right-hand figure, and place it before the first figure of the line, and that is the quotient for five lines. For example, suppose the figures given are 86,214, the quotient will be 286,212. You may allow any person to put down the two first and the fourth lines, but you must always set down the third and fifth lines, and in doing so always make up 9 with the line above, as in the following example :

Therefore in the annexed dia86,214 gram you see that you have made 42, 680 9 in the third and fifth lines with 57,319 the lines above them. If the per62,854 son desired to put down the 37,145 figure should set down a l or 0 for

the last figure, you must say we Qt. 286,212 will have another figure, and an

other, and so on until he sets down something above ) or 2.

In solving the puzzle with three 67,856 lines, you subtract 1 from the 47,218 last figure, and place it before the 52,781 first figure, and make up the third

line yourself to 9. For example: Qt. 167,855 67,856 is given, and the quotient

will be 167,855, as shown in the above diagram.

ARITHMETICAL PROBLEMS.-1. London. 2. Solomon. 3. Olive-oil. 4. Violin.

ENIGMA.-The two men had been widowers, and married each others daughters.

CONUNDRUMS.—1. Noise. 2. When the hedges are shooting, and when the bull rushes out (bullrush is out). 3. When it becomes a lady. 4. When she is a little pale (pail). 5. When it is a little bare (bear). 6. When it is a little cross. 7. When it is a little reddish (radish).

PUZZLING INSCRIPTION. — By the use of the single vowel E, the following couplet was formed,

PERSEVERE YE PERFECT MEN.
EVER KEEP THESE PRECEPTS TEN.
PUZZLE.
Four merry fiddlers play'd all night,

To many a dancing ninny;
And the uext morning went away,

And each received a guinea.

[graphic]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

scheme was concocting in the gentleman's girl whom he had met at the door, and rooms for some kind of blowing-up, either who he thought he should like very well to distant or near; and though he seemed, meet again; but, except for the sense of a as she said, a kind and a pleasant-spoken quickly-gliding figure being somewhere gentleman, she never saw such things about on the stairs, or in a room above about in all her life ; and she usually con- his own, he had no further evidence that cluded by expressing her wonder when it such a being was an occupant of the same was all to come out,-for that a crisis was house with himself. More than once, too, approaching, Jane was determined to be- Robert wondered why that thin hand lieve.

shook so that the key of the door could Mrs. Maitland, the lady of the house, not be got into its proper place; but he being constitutionally liable to catch the was busy with the building of a town, and infection of alarm, felt often a little dis- he had, consequently, few thoughts to turbed about the lodger, only that she spare for trifles, such as pale faces, and was perpetually re-assured by her daugh- trembling hands. ter, who, having once and once only looked One evening Robert had so far deviated him fully in the face, and heard him from his accustomed habits as to throw speak, as she did when they met at the himself down on a sofa, exclaiming as he door, spoke confidently of the honest, did so, “I wonder what they are all doing grave countenance that he had, the up- at home? Let me see,” he added, “this right, manly bearing, and the general must be about the time when Philip was to appearance there was about him, the young return to town. I wonder he has never lady said, of one of whom a kindness called on me. What a thoughtless fellow might be asked, or a service required. he is !"

This was all very well and very com- Scarcely had these thoughts formed forting, while the young lady was pre- themselves into words, when a thundering sent; but no sooner had the door closed knock was heard at the street-door ; and in upon her departing steps, than her mother another moment Philip Clifton himself began to consult again with her servant, was ushered into the room. and to listen to the reports which came Warm, frank, and cordial, was the first down from the upper rooms of the house, meeting of the two brothers, and much of instruments, Jane said,--and she had by they found to say about home and mutual some lucky chance got hold of the right friends. Philip, however, unlike his forword, though in her vocabulary its mean- mer self, fell not unfrequently into fits of ing would have been found to refer to musing, which his brother observed, and some kind of conjuring.

even rallied him upon, without in the But all was very quiet, and very regu- slightest degree suspecting there was any lar in the department of the house appro- but the most agreeable cause for this priated to the lodger's use, notwithstand-change of manner. Indeed, Robert was ing these strange apprehensions. Nobody) at first favourably impressed with recould say that the gentleman stayed out gard to his brother. He thought he had late at night, or had much company at never seen him so grave, and so reasonhome. Now and then a person like a able before; and though his fine, bold clerk had been seen rather late at night, forehead was occasionally crossed by an and on one occasion early in the morn- anxious frown, this was easily accounted ing; but there had been no suppers called for, by the circumstance of his having so for yet, and nothing, in fact, to which the recently torn himself away from society so inost scrupulous matron could object. delightful as that which Robert had often

Little, indeed, did Robert Clifton ima- had described to him, and expatiated upon, gine that his quiet life, his innocent in his sister Catherine's letters, to cheer amusements, and his monotonous occu- his generous heart, as the writer said, with pations, could be the occasion of even a the idea of their happiness, even while passing comment either to mistress, or shut out from it himself. servant. In fact, he thought little of the Thus Robert Clifton had become tolepeople around him, only once or twice he rably well acquainted with Grace Linden recurred to the pale face of the hurried | and her brother, even while personally a

[ocr errors]

66

r

“ We can

[ocr errors]

stranger. He knew of Philip's admira- Philip started from his chair, walked tion of that lady, too, and rejoiced to know towards the fire-place, and stood leaning it. But of late he had heard little. with his back against the mantelpiece. Catherine's correspondence had almost Robert thought he had never seen a ceased. Her last letter had been written, as finer face and figure ; but he did not think he fancied, in a peevish temper, for it spoke they belonged properly to the church ; of everybody having gone silly; for which and he silently wondered what kind of remark her brother gave her a reprimand; clergyman his brother would make. she had then written no more, and the “I want to talk to you,” said Philip reason why Robert had been thinking of very gravely ;” and he belied his words his family more than usual was, that he by laughing again. had lately heard so little. Thus the plea- 66 What is it ?” said Robert. sure to him of welcoming one of the party, never have a better opportunity. Go on.” and freely and fully talking all family and Philip ran his fingers up through his domestic matters over,

was unusually beautiful hair, set it all standing on end, A great to one shut out as Robert was from turned round and looked at himself in the

such pleasant, social intercourse; and he glass, burst into another laugh, and said, asked of his brother a thousand trifling what a pretty fellow he was to preach. but familiar questions, which, under other “ You don't seem to be in a very preachcircumstances, would scarcely have been ing humour just now, certainly,” said permitted to interfere with the progress of Robert. “I wish you would speak out, the great plan.

and say all that you want to say." Philip Clifton was not quite so commu- Philip took a long breath, and said — nicative as his brother had expected. We “Well, then.”—but at that moment he have said he had fits of abstraction quite knocked off the mantelpiece the small unusual with him, and along with these, figure of an Indian god. It was broken by or rather bursting in upon them, he fell the fall, and he laughed prodigiously at that. into sudden fits of laughter louder than “ This is perfect folly,” said Robert, the occasion called for, and somewhat in- rather vexed about the broken figure. “If appropriately timed.

you have anything to say-speak!" There are few things which spoil con- “Well, then,” said Philip again, “I am versation more than causeless laughter. in a kind of-of fix.” Robert wished his brother would be grave,

Of what kind ?': and quiet,—for what he said was more A money fix, or rather a want of it.” serious and better worth listening to than “You have had your usual remittance ?" usual.

He wanted to hear about the “Yes, and spent it before it came.” Lindens too, and the progress of this new

“I don't know what you mean, nor what attachment: when he touched upon that you want. I have nothing to advance.” the laughter certainly did cease, and a “ That's what the old lady tells me." very becoming degree of reverence over- "Don't, Philip, use that expression. spread the features of the young man as

You might surely say mother. I think it he said “That subject we will leave, if you is the worst taste possible to give one's please, for the present.”

parents those stupid, vulgar names.” So Robert began to suspect, what was “Well, my mother, then. I am sure really the truth, that his brother had some she deserves the name.” painful or unpleasant intelligence to com- “ Indeed she does; and now, more than municate-the difficulty of bringing it ever, we ought to build up her dignity, forward causing a strange embarrassment and show her double honour.” which took the form of laughter, and that “I think so, too. She bears up nobly.” not until he had freely spoken on this “ Well then, since we are agreed on that subject could he begin with any other. point, let me hear more about your own

At length there was a moment's pause. business.” Robert broke the silence by saying, “ And “ The long and the short of it is, Robert, what are you after yourself, Philip ? You my remittances are not enough. I am in seem to be a good deal in London. Don't debt, and can't pay.” you find it expensive ?

“I suppose I ought not to be surprised

“ Fix ?

18

« PreviousContinue »