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EMINENT FEMALE WRITERS.

Mrs. Williarns. I was charmed with his behaviour to her, which was like that of a fond father to his daughter. She seemed much pleased with her visit; showed very good sense, with a great deal of modesty and humility; and so much patience and cheerfulness under her misfortune, that it doubled my concern for her. Mr. Johnson was very communicative and entertaining, and did me the honour to address most of his discourse to me. I had the assurance to dispute with him on the subject of human malignity, and wondered to hear a man who by his actions shows so much benevolence, maintain that the human heart is naturally malevolent, and that all the benevolence we see in the few who are good is acquired by reason and religion. You may believe I entirely disagreed with him, being, as you know, fully persuaded that benevolence, or the love of our fellow-creatures, is as much a part of our nature as self-love; and that it cannot be suppressed, or extinguished, without great violence from the force of other passions. I told him I suspected him of these bad notions from some of his Ramblers, and had accused him to you; but that you persuaded me I had mistaken his sense. To which he answered, that, if he had betrayed such sentiments in the Ramblers, it was not with design; for that he believed the doctrine of human malevolence, though a true one, is not an useful one, and ought not to be published to the world. Is there any truth that would not be useful, or that should not be known?"

In 1753, Miss Mulso sent the story of Fidelia " to the "Adventurer," which forms Nos. 77, 78, and 79 of that work; and on the publication of Mrs. Carter's "Epictetus," in 1758, an ode by Miss Mulso was prefixed. These, together with an ode to Peace, were among her earliest productions which she thought worthy of the press. Towards the close of the year 1760, she was united to the man of her choice, with every prospect of long-continued happiness; but, alas, this union was of short duration ! Within ten months, Mr. Chapone was seized with a violent fever, which terminated fatally in September 1761. The severity of this blow was so keenly felt by her, that her life was for some time in danger; but at

HESTER CHAPONE.

MRS. CHAPONE was descended from the ancient family of Mulso, of Twywell, in Northamptonshire. Hester, the subject of this memoir, was the daughter of Thomas Mulso, and was born October 27, 1727. She lost her mother when quite young, and her early education was somewhat neglected; for which, however, she afterwards made amends by her own exertions. Though not handsome, she was full of sensibility and energy; of quick apprehension and attractive manners. After the death of her mother, she not only undertook the management of her father's house, but devoted a great portion of her time to self-improvement; made herself mistress of the French and Italian languages, and acquired some knowledge of the classic tongues. She discovered, also, strong powers of discrimination and judgment; and while her fancy and warm feelings made her delight in poetry, her sound sense gave her a love of philosophy.

Her enthusiastic love of genius made her a warm admirer of Richardson, the novelist, to whom, however, she could not surrender her opinions. With him she entered into an able correspondence on the subject of filial obedience; and her letters, though written at the age of twenty-two, display much ability and strength and clearness of mind. It was at his house that she met Mr. Cha pone, a young practitioner of law. A mutual attachment was the result, though from his limited means many years elapsed" before they were united in marriage. In the meantime, she lived either with her father or with her friends and relations, while her society was widely sought and her accomplishments were generally acknowledged. At the house of her aunt, Mrs. Donne, of Canterbury, she became acquainted with the celebrated Mrs. Elizabeth Carter, and at Mr. Richardson's she met Dr. Johnson. In one of her letters to Mrs. Carter, dated July 10, 1752, she thus records a meeting with him, and the result of an argument maintained by her against him:

"We had a visit, whilst at Northend, from your friend Mr. Johnson and poor

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length the assiduity of her friends and the consolations of religion had their due weight, and she gradually recovered her spirits and her peace of mind.

In 1773, Mrs. Chapone published her "Letters on the Improvement of the Mind," addressed to her favourite niece, the eldest daughter of the Rev. John Mulso. The work was most favourably received, and soon became extensively circulated. It is, indeed, "one of the best books that can be put into the hands of female youth; the style is easy and pure, the advice practical and sound, and the whole uniformly tends to promote the purest principles of morality and religion." In 1775, she published her "Miscellanies in Prose and Verse," in one volume. Of the poems of this volume, which were, for the most part, the productions of her early life, the best is the "Ode to Solitude," which we append. This was the last work she published. From this time she was called almost every year to mourn the loss of some near and dear friend.

Towards the close of the century her faculties began to decay, and she died at Hadley, on the 25th of December, 1801.

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GOOD OUT OF EVIL.- We confess that until the other day we had always looked upon quarrelling, in all its shades and phases, as an unmitigated evil; but a country contemporary, who from "seeming evil still educes good," insists that altercation has its benefits and its uses; and on taking a sober second thought, we feel inclined to think he is half right. So long as there is fair weather between people, they rarely tell each other of their faults. Their intercourse is a series of mutual flatteries. Your indulgent friend throws over your misdoings the mantle of charity. He would not say anything to hurt your feelings for the world. He is

"To your faults a little blind, And to your virtues very kind."

But give him cause of quarrel, and then you shall see what you shall see. He will swell and chafe for some time, perhaps in indignant silence under your petulance; but when the cork that restrained his bottled-up wrath is fairly forced out, look out for strong and wholesome truths in the torrent of invective that will follow it. Then, too, he will receive from you, as well as you from him, a good deal of very excellent counsel, which will be none the less salutary for being bitter and good. In short, each will show the other the dark side of his character.

Eliza Carter.

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BRODERIE SCALLOPING FOR FLOUNCES, ETC., BY MRS. PULLAN.

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CORAL-BORDERED HANDKERCHIEF.

Materials.-A square of French cambric, 2 skeins of Evans's Royal Embroidery cotton, No. 30, and six skeins of scarlet ditto. 1 piece of toile ciré.

THIS handkerchief is extremely easy to work, and is, at the same time, remarkably pretty. In the section we give, every part is the full size, and the design may therefore be traced from it, and repeated as often as may be required for the handkerchief. The scallop, and the centre part of the letters, is done in raised work, the former being overcast, and the latter in satin-stitch. Our friends have already learned from our instructions in embroidery in previous numbers, that this raised work is produced by running with soft cotton, backwards and forwards in the parts to be raised, until there is a sufficient thickness, which is then to be covered with close open stitches, either overcast, or simply sewed across the space. The work is always raised most in the widest parts. As this tracing is not at all seen, and it uses a considerable quantity of cotton, it is advisable to do it with the white, which is very much cheaper than the scarlet. All the work that is seen is to be done in scarlet. The

coral branches are done in simple chainstitch, as are the outlines of the initials. It is very rapidly done, and extremely

effective.

BENEFITS OF RETIREMENT.-He must

know little of the world, and still less of
his own heart, who is not aware how diffi-
cult it is, amid the corrupting examples
with which it abounds, to maintain the
spirit of devotion unimpaired, or to
serve, in their due force and delicacy,
those vivid moral impressions, that quick
perception of good, and instinctive abhor-
rence of evil, which form the chief charac-
teristie of a pure and elevated mind.
These, like the morning dew, are easily
brushed off in the collisions of worldly
interest, or exhaled by the meridian sun.
Hence the necessity of frequent intervals
of retirement, when the mind may recover
its scattered powers, and renew its strength
by a devout application to the Fountain of
all grace.

THE TOILETTE FRIEND,*

3. THE HAIR AS AN ORNAMENT.

FROM the earliest period in man's history, the hair has been somewhat considered, in its character, as an ornament; and we now propose to trace the various changes that the mode of wearing it has undergone.

The subject naturally suggests its division into two parts, viz., 1st, that of the hair of the scalp or head; and 2nd, that of the face, or the whiskers, beard, and moustache.

I. THE HAIR OF THE HEAD.

This

61. In the 5th verse of the 6th chapter of Numbers, we find permission given to man for the hair to grow long, in the following words, " and shall let the locks of the hair of his head grow." alludes to a custom among the Nazarites and Persians, to allow the hair to grow until the completion of a vow; and then, when the term of the vow expired, they shaved the head, or, as it afterwards men

tions in the 18th verse of the same

chapter, they took "the hair of the head

and put it in the fire, which is under

the sacrifice."

"It was a very ancient custom among the heathen nations to consecrate to the gods the hair when cut off, as well as when growing on the head. The hair was sometimes consumed on the altar, sometimes deposited in the temples, and often suspended upon trees. A famous instance of the consecration of hair is that of Bere

nice, the consort of Ptolemy Euergetes. When the king went on his expedition to Syria, she was anxious for his safety, and made a vow to consecrate her hair, which was much admired for its fineness and pre-beauty, to Venus, if he returned safe. He did return safe; and she offered her hair in the temple at Cyprus. This consecrated hair, being afterwards missing, was fabled to have become a constellation in the heavens, which constellation is called Coma Berenices (the hair of Berenice), to this day. Another remarkable instance is that of Nero, who, according to Suetonius, cut off his first beard, put it in a casket of gold set with jewels, and consecrated it to Jupiter Capitolinus. In fact,

* See pages 198, 318, Vol. II., New Series.

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