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always wanting the principal thing, and
THE RAINBOW. this was?
The rainbow has, from the earliest Julia. The reindeer itself.
times, been an object of interest with FATHER. Yet they at least had the 'those who bestowed attention on optical advantage of being able to speak and hope : appearances, but it is much too complicated about it, that they would, in time, come a phenomenon to be easily explained. In into the possession of some such useful general, however, it was understood to beasts. They had still one hope further, arise from light reflected by the drops of and this is worth much for an unfortunate rain falling from a cloud opposite the sun. person. He then becomes more cheerful, i The difficulty seems to be how to account and goes with more lively industry to his for the colour, which is never produced in work.
| white light, such as that of the sun, by Our friends were now at the end of the mere reflection. cavern, where it showed no further way Maurolycus advanced a considerable out of it; but Gregory observed a cleft, step, when he supposed that the light which run dark and obscure into the rock. enters the drop, and acquires colon by Small stones lay at the entrance, and it refraction ; but in tracing the course of seemed as if this hollow had never been the ray he was quite bewildered. Others entered, for the słones lay so wildly on ! supposed the refraction and the colour to each other, that they could only mount be the effect of one drop, and the refracthem with trouble. “We must know tion of another; so that two refractions what there is here!” said Gregory, while, and one reflection were employed, but in he clambered up the stones, and both of such a manner as to be still very remote the others followed him. The cellar went from the truth. down steep, into which our friends were Antonio de Dominis, Archbishop of obliged to descend as into a mountain; Spalatro, had the good fortune to fall some rolling stones became loose at every upon the true explanation. Having step, carrying away with them a quantity of placed a bottle of water opposite to the smaller stones, and with a dreadful noise sun, and a little above his eye, he saw a rolled into the depth, making caution doubly beam of light issue from the underside of necessary, especially as they did not know the bottle, which acquired different how deep the bottom, which run on at one colours, in the same order and with the side, might be. The prudent pilot recom- same brilliancy as in the rainbow, when mnended the greatest care. But they had the bottle was a little raised or depressed. only advanced a few steps, when all at From comparing all these circumstances, once a new hollow showed itself; with the he perceived that the rays had entered the greatest caution they wound themselves botile; and that, after two refractions from under the overhanging parts of the rock, the convex part, and a reflection from the when suddenly Gregory going ahead made concave, they were returned to the eye a false step, and Ivan, in his desire to save tinged with different colours, according to his friend, got on a stone lying loose, the angle at which the ray had entered. went down with it and pulled after him The rays that gave the same colour the pilot, to whom he reached out his made the same angle with the surface, hand, in order by his aid to gain a firm and hence all the drops that gave the same footing. At this moment there arose a colour must be arranged in a circle, the dreadful crash. That loosened stone was centre of which was the point in the cloud the foundation of a large piece of rock; opposite the sun.-Leslie. it tumbled after them, shut up the entrance of the hollow, and covered up our THE PHYSICIAN'S LAST LESSON. friends.
The last thing a physician learns in the
course of his experience is, to know when THINKING AND SPEAKING.-We must to do nothing, but quietly to wait, and not always speak all that we know—that allow nature and time to have fair play were mere folly; but what a man says in checking the progress of disease, and should be what he thinks, otherwise it is gradually restoring the strength and health knavery.
of the patient.
DEATH AND THE CHRISTIAN.
RHYMED FROM KRUMMACHER.
'Twas Death came toward the Christian, who
haild him drawing righ; “Welcome," he cried, “O angel of immortality!" “Child of sin," said the angel, "hast thou no
fear of me?" “Who of himself is fearless, he hath no fear of
“But can disease and sickness no terror to thee
bring Nor the last sweat, so icy, that trickles from my
wing?" “None!” said the good man, calmly; "and
wouldst thou question why? 'Tis the last sweat and illness that tell me thou
art nigh." And then Death breathed upon him, and so my
dream pass'a o'er; I saw no dying mortal, nor silent angel more. A grave had oped beneath me, and therein some
thing lay; I hid my face in silence, and wept and turn'd
White is the silver down that lines
The wild grape's tendrillid spray,
And by her white-rose cheek,
And softly, softly speak;
But bid the wild tears stay,
V. “She doth but sleep!” The soft hair lies
Unstirr'd upon her brow;
They are the dreamers now;
The wan and lifeless clay,
To welcome Fairy May.
BY ROBERT WILSON.
That moment holy voices bade me lift up mine
eyes; And lo! I saw the Christian, up in the far, pure
skies, With the same sweetness smiling as when he
Death defied; Saints shouted out his welcome, and Christ was
at his side, Then to the grave I turn'd me, to see what
therein lay; 'T was the garment of the Christian, worn out and
This golden autumn morn?
They bind the rustling corn.
Was ever first to stray; Well loveth she the changing leaves :
Why lingers Fairy May ?
Now winter winds fu' cauld and chill, Come whisslin' loud owre Craigie-hill,
An' bring the blindin' snaw;
Wi' wicked fury blaw!
When far we look aroun',
Is a'the mournfu' scene,
To us return again.
Like onie little sea !
An' bursts upon the lee!
Delightfu' to the view;
Out owre a rocky lin,
They mak' a fearfu' din !
Wi' headlong, tummlin' roar, An' hurries wi' resistless sweep, Till, in the all-o'erwhelmin' deep,
'Tis lost for evermore ! Sae fare the sons o' pomp an' pride,
Ilk stream adds to their strength,
An' great maun shortly be,
An' rivers reach the sea !
Why lieth Fairy May so still
Upon her little bed ?
Gleam berries, black and red;
Make wood and meadow gay, And children tread the pathway sod:
Where lingers Fairy May?
She lies upon her couch at rest,
Though noontide shades are deep, Her pale hands folded on her breast,
As though she pray'd in sleep;
THE WORK-TABLE FRIEND. The rose is represented as done, almost
entirely, in Brussels lace; bre if the rows
are alternately worked in "enetian, it will Material.--French white cotton braid, No. 9, be an improvement. It is done with No. and the Point-lace cottons of Messrs. W. Evans 90, Boar's - head, and the English lace and Co., of Derby.
with No. 120, of the same. Tuis lace, designed for the upper part Rather more than one perfect pattern of the same sleeve as the piece in No. 24, of this lace being given, the full size, nothing of this work, is done to correspond with can be easier than to draw any length from it. The whole outlines are inade in the it. The set of Point Lace-cottons, 14 difbraid ; the leaves are then filled in entirely ferent kinds, are sent, post-free, for 3s. 6d. with Brussels lace, done in Boar's-head, No. 90, the veinings being worked over it, in radiating Venetian bars, with Meck
Materials.-} oz. of scarlet crystal wool; oz. lenburgh, No. 100. The edge is done stone ditto; } oz. of black wool; 3 skeins of white with No. 80, and the ground with No. 120, ditto; 6 yards of rather fine cotton cord. Mecklenburgh thread : the Mechlin With the black wool, cover the end of wheels and the rosettes also are done in the cord, and form it into the smallest the latter.
round you can.
Do two more rounds
with the black, increasing sufficiently to scarlet over scarlet and white. + 10 keep the round flat.
times. 3rd Round.-Scarlet and black. + 1 13th Round.- + 6 black over 6, 2 scarscarlet, 3 black, + 10 times in the round, let over 2, 7 black over 6 scarlet, 2 scarthe last black coming over the last but one let, + 10 times. of the previous round, and one scarlet over Cover one round completely with black, the last.
increasing sufficiently to cover the cord, 4th Round.-+ 1 black over scarlet, 1 and keep the work flat. Then do two scarlet over the same, 3 black, 1 scarlet rounds of scarlet and stone, by working all 4 over 3 black, + 10 times.
each alternately over one pattern, or a 10th 5th. Round.+ 2 black over 1 black, 1 part of the round. In the second round, scarlet over scarlet, 3 black over 3 black, searlet comes over scarlet, and stone over 1 scarlet over scarlet, + 10 times.
stone, the number of stitches being in6th Round.-+ 3 black over 2, 5 scar- creased enough to cover the cord, which let over 2 scarlet and the 3 black between, you now cut off. + 10 times.
Now with the white wool and a very 7th Round.—Join on the white. + 3 fine hook, do a round of open square black over 3 black, 1 scarlet, 1 white, 2 crochet. A 2nd and 3rd must be done, scarlet, over 1 scarlet, 1 white, 1 scarlet, increasing enough in the round to keep + 10 times.
it flat, by making 3 chain instead of 2 8th Rouud.-+ 3 black over 3 black, 7 about 12 times in the 2nd round, and 24 scarlet over the scarlet and white, + 10 times in the 3rd. times.
Four rounds of fringe must now be 9th Round.-+ 3 black over 3 black, 3 worked, in scarlet and stone, each coming scarlet, 2 white over 1 scarlet, 3 scarlet, over the same colour in the last round + 10 times.
over the cord. The way of working this 10th Round. + 4 black over 3 black, fringe being quite new, we must try to 9 scarlet over scarlet and white, + 10 describe it. Take a rather large darning times.
needle, and thread it with scarlet. Also 11th Round.-+ 5 black over 4 black, 3 take a mesh two-thirds of an inch wide. scarlet, 4 white over 3 scarlet, 3 scarlet, Hold the mat with the edge on which you + 10 times,
are about to work over the finger. Make 12th Round.-+ 6 black over 5, 10 a knot in the end of the wool, and slip the
needle upwards, through the last stitch of
SCIENTIFIC RECREATIONS FOR a stone stripe, then down through the 1st
CHRISTMAS TIME. scarlet.
Pass the wool round the mesh, then 1. THE MAGIC LANTERN AND DISSOLVING slip the needle up the next scarlet-stitch, and pass it under the thread of wool from The Magic-Lantern, which was invented the stone to the scarlet-stitch. Slip the by Athanasius Kircher, is an optical inneedle down in the same stitch, let the strument, by means of which objects wool go over the mesh, and up the next painted in varnish, or transparent colours scarlet, then under the threads of the upon glass slides, are represented upon last stitch, down through the same and so an enlarged scale, upon a white screen, or on, until you have fringed all the scarlet a smooth whitewashed wall, in a darkened stripe ; when you get opposite the stonecolour, use a needleful of stone-wool; and The exhibition of the magic-lantern repeat these colours 5 times in the round. has usually been regarded as a childish
The 2nd, 3rd, and 4th rounds of fringe are amusement, and the instrument itself to be worked on the 3 rounds of white wool. generally considered as a toy. This has
Our friends who work crochet will probably arisen from the objects exhibited please to refer to our INSTRUCTIONS, frequently partaking more of the ludicrous No. 67, vol. vi., Old Series, and No. 6, vol. i. than the instructive; however, of late years New Series, for all the terms we use. this little instrument has been the means
From not noticing these terms, many of of instructing the young, and even the maour friends have done their patterns wrong. ture in years, upon many scientific subThey will observe that whenever two or jects. Lecturers upon Astronomy, Geomore colours are worked together, over a logy, Natural History, &c., have been cord or otherwise, the stitch is Sc; but enabled to display the wonders of science they may obtain any practical instruction and art to their audiences; and even at our Salon de Travail every Wednesday, scenes in our own and foreign countries, from eleven to three. Point-lace, only, historical events, and portraits of great being a business, and affording a liveli- people, have been truthfully exhibited to hood to those who learn it, is not taught thousands who could not otherwise have without a fee.
been thus favoured. Materials for this mat sent post-free The principle of its construction is very for 3s. 6d.
simple. It consists of a tin box, with a TacT AND TALENT.-Talent is some- bent funnel at the top, which serves for thing, but tact is everything. Talent is the double purpose of allowing the smoke serious, sober, grave, and respectable ; and heat to escape, and preventing the tact is all that and more too. It is not a light dispersing in the room, and thus insixth sense, but it is the life of all the terfering with the reflected image. It has five. It is the open eye, the quick ear, a door at the side, a polished tin concave the judging taste, the keen smell, and the reflector at the back of the inside, and a lively touch ; it is the interpreter of all powerful light placed in the focus of the riddles—the surmounter of all difficulties reflector; the light being supplied by an —the remover of all obstacles. It is use- Argand, oil, or gas lamp, or by the comful in all places, and at all times; it is bustion of oxygen and hydrogen gases useful in solitude, for it shows a man thrown upon lime. For private exhibi. his way into the world; it is useful in tions, the oil Argand-lamp is generally society for it shows him his way through and more easily employed. Opposite to the world. Talent is power--tact is skill; the light and focus of the reflector, is a talent is weight-tact is momentum; talent movable or telescopic tube, containing a knows what to do — tact knows how to hemispherical illuminating lens near to do it; talent makes a man respectable-the reflector, and a convex lens at the extact will make him respected ; talent is tremity of the tube; and between the two wealth-tact is ready money.
For all the lenses is a slit for the introduction of the practical purposes of life, tact carries it | painted glass slides. The general form of against talent-ten to one.
the magic-lantern is shown in figure 7,