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set on fire. Soft water is best for boiling vegeDOMESTIC RECEIPTS.
tables; but if only hard water can be obtained, a White Coffee Cream.-This is made by putting will soften it, and improve the appearance of the
very small bit of soda, or carbonate of ammonia, a quart of milk on the fire, with about six ounces of white sugar. In another vessel beat up the
vegetables. Pearlash should never be used, as it yolks of ten eggs, and pour the milk gradually imparts an unpleasant flavour, as will also soda,
if not cautiously used. All vegetables (except upon them. Roast your coffee (three or four
carrots) should be boiled by themselves, and in ounces) till it is of a very light brown colour, and gives out all its flavour; break it in a mortar,
plenty of water. Salt should be used with green
vegetables; and the water should be skimmed slightly, and add it, while hot, to your hot custard. Strain through a jelly-bag, pour the cream
before they are put in. Fast boiling, in an uninto cups, and put them to cool. Everything
covered saucepan, will preserve their colour.
When they sink they are done, and should be depends on the coffee being used whilst hot, so
taken out and drained, else they will lose their as to catch the aroma which goes off as it cools.
colour, crispness, and flavour. Green vegetables, -T. H. M.
generally, will require from twenty minutes to A German Custard-sauce for Plum, or other Sweet half an hour, fast boiling; but their age, freshBoiled Puddings.-Boil very gently together half ness, and the season in which they are grown, a pint of new milk, or of milk and cream
require some variation of time. They should, mixed, a very thin strip or two of fresh lemon- almost invariably, be put on in boiling water. rind, a bit of cinnamon, and an ounce and a half | Vegetables are very nutritious and wholesome, or two ounces of sugar, until the milk is strongly when thoroughly boiled; but are very indigesflavoured ; then strain, and pour it, by slow tible when not sufficiently dressed. The prindegrees, to the well-beaten yolks of three eggs, cipal points in cooking them are, to boil them so smoothly mixed with a knife end-full (about half soft as to be easy of digestion, and sufficiently to a teaspoonful) of flour, a grain or two of salt, and get rid of any rankness, without losing their a tablespoonful of cold milk; and stir these grateful flavour. very quickly round as the milk is added. Put the sauce again into the stew-pan, and whisk or
Seasonings for Soups.-Spices should be put stir it rapidly until it thickens and looks creamy.
whole into soups; allspice is one of the best, It must not be placed upon the fire, but should
though it is not so highly esteemed as it deserves. be held over it, when this is done. Recommended
Seville orange-juice has a finer and milder acid by J. Wilson, Edinburgh.
than lemon-juice; but both should be used, with German Sugar Cakes. - Blend well with the caution. Sweet herbs, for soups or broths, consist fingers six ounces of good butter, with a pound
of knotted marjoram, thyme, and parsley,-a of fine flour, working it quite into crumbs; add sprig of each tied together. The older and drier a few grains of salt, one pound of dry sifted onions are, the stronger their flavour; in dry sugar, a tablespoonful of the best cinnamon in seasons, also, they are very strong: the quantity very fine powder, and a large teaspoonful of should be proportioned accordingly. Although spices: to these the grated rinds of three sound celery may, generally be obtained for soup fresh lemons can be added, or not, at pleasure. throughout the year, it may be useful to know, Make these ingredients into a paste, with the that dried celery-seed is an excellent substitute. yolks of five eggs, and about four tablespoonfuls It is so strongly flavoured, that a drachm of whole of white wine, or with one or two more in addi. seed will enrich half a gallon of soup as much as tion, if required, as this must be regulated by will two heads of celery. Mushrooms are much the size of the eggs: half of very thick cream and used, and when they cannot be obtained fresh, half wine, are sometimes used for them. Roll mushroom catsup will answer the purpose, but it the mixture into balls, flatten them to something should be used very sparingly, as nothing is less than three-quarters of an inch thick, and
more difficult to remove than the over-flavouring bake them in a moderate oven from fifteen to of catsup. A piece of butter, in proportion to twenty minutes. Loosen them from the baking the liquid, mixed with flour, and added to the sheets which should be lightly floured before soup, when boiling, will enrich and thicken it. they are laid on-by passing a knife under them, Arrow-root, or the farina or flour of potato, is turn them over, and, when they are quite cold,
far better for the thickening of soups than stow them in a dry, close-shutting canister. The
wheaten flour. The finer flavouring articles, as Germans make three incisions in the top of each catsup, spices, wines, juice, &c., should not be cake with the point of a knife, and lay spikes of added till the soup is nearly done. A good prosplit almonds in them. Recommended by J.WIL- portion of wine is a gill to three pints of soup; SON, Edinburgh.
this is as much'as can be used without the vinous
flavour predominating, which is never the case To dress Vegetables. — Vegetables should be in well-made soups. Wine should be added late fresh gathered, and washed quite clean; when in the making, as it evaporates very quickly in not recently gathered, they should be put into ! boiling. Be cautious of over-seasoning soups cold spring-water some time before they are with pepper, sait, spices, or herbs ; for it is a dressed. When fresh gathered, they will not fault that can seldom be remedied : any provirequire so much boiling, by a third of the time, sion over-salted is spoiled. A teaspoonful of as when they have been gathered the usual time sugar is a good addition in flavouring cups. those in our markets have. Shake the vegetables Vermicelli is added to soups in the proportion of carefully to get out the insects; and take off the a quarter of a pound for a tureen of soup for gutside leaves. To restore frost-bitten vegetables, eight persons: it should be broken, then blanched lay them in cold water an hour before boiiing, in cold water, and is better if stewed in broth and put a piece of saltpetre in the saucepan when before it is put into the soup.
Have six pieces of wood, bone, or metal, made of the same length as No. 6, in the above figures, and each piece of the same size as No. 7. It is required to construct a cross, with six arms, from these pieces, and in such a manner that it shall not be displaced when thrown upon the floor.
The shaded parts of each figure represent the parts that are cut out of the wood, and each piece marked a is supposed to be facing the reader, while the pieces marked b are the right side of each piece turned over towards the left, so as to face the reader. No. 7. represents the end of each piece of wood, &c., and is given to show the dimension. K.
Sagacious fair! you'll first discover
1. Daughter divine, for thee I lift my pen,
2. Of feeling heart, thou didst, in early year, From sacred haunts, through sorrow, disappear,
3. Alas! for love refined, thy lovely frame
ANSWERS TO FAMILY PASTIME.
4. Francesca, by the side of fair Lochgoil,
Where tiny cliff o'erhangs a native well; 7. Gentle was once thy voice, 'tis gentle yet, When 't is by gentleness of accent met.
PUZZLE-The five-gallon barrel was filled first, and from that the three-gallon barrel, thus leaving two gallons in the five-gallon barrel; the three gallon barrel was then emptied into the eight-gallon barrel, and the two gallons poured from the five-gallon barrel into the empty threegallon barrel; the five-gallon barrel was then filled, and one gallon poured into the three-gallon barrel, therefore leaving four gallons in the fivegallon-barrel, one gallon in the eight-gallon bar
8. When sings Francesca in the rock-girt wood, Thy silver sounds spread through the solitude;
9. 'T would seem in such a scene in certain
That sylphs were charm'd within their rosy rel, and three gallons in the three-gallon barrel, bowers
10. But when Orlando, lunatic from love,
which was then emptied into the eight-gallon
Wherethro', 't would seem, the turret often
12. So meek or mighty are thy veering tones,
Form'd long ago, yet made to-day,
Or any wish to keep.
In my first you do behold
An animal that's sometimes bold;
CONUNDRUMS-1. He has a title. 2. To-day. 3. His head turns round. 4. A planter. 5. She brings repentance. 6. Plague-ague. 7. Because it is re-corded. 8. It makes all men into T-all men. 9. In-an-i-mate. 10. The hatch-way. 11. A difference, between Salop and slop. 12. Spin, snip, nips, pins.
CHARADES-1. But-ton. 2. Vest i-bule (blue transposed.)
RIDDLES 1. A fork. 2. Time.
THE MOTHER'S MISTAKE.
IN pursuing the history of the Clifton family, we have now to imagine them occupying a residence in one of those popular places of resort on the southern coast, where visitors of every description, but chiefly those of delicate or failing health, are to be met with throughout the winter months.
Mr. Clifton was one of these, for his health had now seriously failed. Not that any particular disease had assailed his once vigorous frame, but those affections of the head which have already been described, had become so frequent and so severe, as to render an entire cessation of his accustomed occupations absolutely necessary. Under these circumstances the villa was let to other occupants, and the family, in the meantime, were making experiments, sometimes of inland places, such as Tonbridge-wells and Leaming
VOL. IX.-NO. CIII.
ton, but more frequently of Brighton, and of such situations as afforded the greatest chance of meeting with old friends and acquaintances whose immediate intercourse with London brought with them, as it were, a certain odour of his past life to cheer the drooping spirits of the invalid.
In Mr. Clifton's case, it was really a misfortune that he did not feel himself ill. He had no pain; he could eat and drink, and take almost endless exercise. "It was all nonsense," he often said, "keeping him tied down to idleness, thus wasting the very noontide of his existence;" and many were the attempts he made to escape back again to his office in town, his ledger, and his bales of goods. Indeed, he had so long persisted in struggling, after his own fashion, to ward off the attacks to which he had become subject, that the most alarming consequences were apprehended by his family; and after consulting some of the most eminent physicians, it was decided upon that none
but the most determined measures would be prudent to adopt in so critical a
than want of principle, which robs them of their merit with the world.
Robert Clifton, happily for him, was so constituted and so self-disciplined, that passion had seldom exercised this dominion over his better feelings. His was one of those beautifully, but rarely proportioned characters, in which strong feeling exists under the power of selfcommand. 'It would be depriving him of half his merit, did we say that he never once thought of himself amongst all the noble efforts which he was called upon to make for others; for Robert did think very often and very painfully about himself. There can be no doubt, but, at times, he considered himself very ill-used by Fortune-he might even, in the depths of his soul, say Providence, instead of Fortune, sometimes; for there was stout rebellion there, and many battles had to be fought and fought again, as his position in life became in no respect more agreeable to him. Indeed the separation from his family, added to other circumstances, rendered it much more difficult than at first to endure with equanimity of mind.
It was well for Robert Clifton, and well indeed for his family, that, under these circumstances, he was able to call into exercise all that manly resolution and that high sense of duty, which formed the distinguishing features of his character. Robert was not so sublime in either of these characteristics, but that he could, and did, remember himself amongst other members of his family. Often and often, did the old feeling come over him" Oh, that I was away from these black walls! away, and at liberty to follow out the original tendency of my mind and chaAnd often, it must be confessed, did the illness and incapability of his father, fall upon his heart with double weight, because it bound him down with greater necessity to the mental slavery which he was daily and hourly enduring.
Amongst other things which Robert, with his manly spirit felt severely, was this, he was but a junior in his father's office; and with all the weight of responsibility weighing on his mind, his youth and inexperience still bound him down to
Nor should we think the worse of Robert for this. As that boldness is not real courage which has no consciousness of danger; so that performance of duty is far from being magnanimous which includes no self-denial, no pining of the heart after what it would prefer to obtain possession of, at any cost, except the loss of honour, or the sense of right. It is those who feel strongly, to whom selfsacrifice is indeed a trial; for wherever there exists strong feeling, it will be found in a strong character, and to such self and self-love are words of no light significance. We cannot help fancying, sometimes, that a little too much merit is assigned to the virtue of silent suffering. Unquestionably there are cases in which to break this silence would be as mean-spirited in the sufferer, as it would evince a culpable neglect of the feelings of others. But if all suffering was silent, the selfish, the cruel, and the mean, would then be even worse than they are, revel-escape the opposite extreme of absolute ling without restraint in their ill-gotten and unfair enjoyments. There is a delicate line for the strong and the nobleminded to observe between the two extremes of excessive murmuring, on the one hand, and a paltry and abject endurance on the other. Passion, in the strong, is perpetually overleaping this line, and thus it is passion, far more frequently
inferior and subordinate position. Beyond this, the business, altogether, was less prosperous than formerly. His father had known this, and in order to meet the changing tide, had ventured on some rather desperate speculations, the uncertainty of which had secretly preyed upon his mind, and no doubt greatly increased the malady under which he was suffering. These speculations had not been successful; but still they were not ruinous; and, failing in his object, Mr. Clifton still thought himself fortunate to
Thus it was in all respects rather a heavy yoke to which the young man of business succeeded; and he felt it the more because he had now no pleasant picturesque home to return to; no lovely garden for his Sundays in summer; no library window opening out amongst the flowering shrubs; no sweet sisters to welcome his return,
and beguile him of his heavy thoughts. daughter " she began, but suddenly His domestic life was now confined to stopped. “The piano,” she went on to dark dingy lodgings near the city. Robert say, “is not very near; but you might cared not much where they were, if only hear it sometimes, and some gentlemen cleanliness and quiet could be ensured; have a great objection to a piano." and these two requisites were difficult to “Close at one's ear, and continually find. He wanted no style or show, for strummed without tune or time,” said who had he to share, or to enjoy, either Robert, “I do confess-" with him ? and alone there were few of the But the lady had drawn herself up much embellishments of life which he valued at higher than before, and a second time their cost. Neither had he learned so far forgot herself so far as to commence withto relish the society of other young men, “ My daughter.” A second time, however, as to put himself to much expense or she stopped and changed the subject by trouble on that account. All his leisure saying, “ I was also to ask-or rather it moments were devoted to his favourite is important to me as a lady to know studies. His sitting-room looked often like whether my household would be likely to a workshop ; and since he had no one to be disturbed by late hours, much of the be domestic with, he appeared as if he company of other young gentlemen, or cared not for being personally comfortable. anything of that kind ?”
After making trial of many lodgings, “A very proper question,” said Robert, and failing in the two requisites already and very wisely suggested. I think I can mentioned, Robert was about to give the answer it, however, as satisfactorily as most matter up in despair ; for to him unsettle- young men of my time of life. Indeed, mentwas almost as great an evil as unclean though young in years, I am rather old liness; when he happened, as it seemed and grave in my habits, and shall much to him by a most lucky chance, to look more frequently be found engaged with into the apartments of a widow lady, whose workmen's tools, than giving wine parties.” general appearance was that of the highest “I beg your pardon,” said the lady ; l'espectability, and even nicety in dress “ but if that be the case, I should scarcely and manner; whose house, too, on the think these are the apartments for you.” very first entrance, looked inviting and “ You mean,” said Robert, laughing homeish, as if an agreeable family, as well good-naturedly, “that I am scarcely an as a genteel one, might long have lived occupant suited to your apartments. Don't there.
put yourself in any fright about that, On looking at these apartments, and however. I am not an artizan by trade, enquiring about the terms, and other busi- only I like to do a little work with my ness matters, Robert thought he observed hands now and then; but I have a proin the lady a trembling kind of vaccilla- found respect for all the decencies of life ; tion between a somewhat unnecessary so pray don't reject my application on assumption of personal dignity, and an
that account." anxious fear
lest the accommodation There was something so strange and offered should not prove satisfactory. But unusual in this style of address from a while he and the lady went through these young gentleman inspecting apartments negotiations, not, it must be confessed, in with a view to making them his home, the most business-like manner, a servant
that the lady looked completely puzzled. entered the room, and, walking directly and begged to withdraw for a moment “ to up to the lady, placed a slip of paper in consult”-she had begun to say, but corher hand, and retired without speaking. rected herself and said" to consider the
“Oh!” said the lady, looking at the subject in connection with a friend who paper, and as if suddenly reminded again resided with her.” of an important part of her business ; "I Robert willingly granted this permiswas to ask-or rather I do ask-if you have sion, and the lady retired for a longer time any particular objection to music ?" than he had anticipated. Not being in
"Music! Oh dear no,” said Robert ; | the habit of spending much thought upon "if only it is good.”
such matters as his lodgings, wherever The lady drew herself up. “ My they might be, he grew rather impatient