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γλώσσα είκοβολεί περί των αφανών, ούδεν γνώμης μετέχουσα. * Ut ait Euripides, Qui hæc videns Deum mente non cogitat, de sublimibus autem rebus disputationis procul tortuosas jacit fallacias, quas indomita temere jaculatur lingua de iis quæ non videntur, nullius certe particeps sententiæ.' ..

The Latin version is somewhat incomprehensible, and jargonic. Let us pass it by, and consider the Greek, which may be put thus in better order, with very small alterations;

Κατά τον Ευριπίδης,

"Ος τάδε λεύσσων, θεον ουχί νοεί,

Μετεωρολόγων εκας έρριψεν
Σκολιας απάτας, ώνπερ ατειρης
Γλώσσ' είκοβολεί περί των αφανών,

Ουδέν γνώμης μετέχουσα. "
The meaning of the fragment is perhaps this:

. Qui hæc videns, Deum (auctorem.) non sentit,
· Is sophistarum temere effutit

Perversos errores, quorum garrula
Lingua male judicat de rebus non visibilibus,

Omni sapientia destituta.'
In the third line you may read ών ατηρά, which is the
Editor's conjecture,

Ib. p. 817. ως γαρ που το απο του ηλίου φως δι' υελού σκεύους πλήρους ύδατος μεθοδεύει η τέχνη εις πυρ- nam ut ars viam excogitat, qua 'lux quæ a sole procedit, per vas vitreum aqua plenum ignescat.'

This was the burning-glass of the antients, See Pliny . xxxvii, 2, and Aristophanes Nub. 764.

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The second line is no verse. Perhaps, :

Χαίρεις ορωσα, και νεκρών ερείπια" which also makes better sense. "Tibi voluptati est videre spolia sanguinea, et cæsorum cadavera.'

VIII.

The Epistle of the church of Sinyrna says of the martyrs και το πυρ ήν αυτοις ψυχρoν τo των απηνών βασανιστων . frigidus ipsis videbatur immanium carnificum ignis.'

This passage, which hath been misunderstood, relates to the torments inflicted on the martyrs before they were put to death. They were treated like slaves and criminals, and tortured; and in such tortures fire was usually one instrument.

Q. Curtius says of Philotas: ' Ac primo quamquam hinc ignis, illinc verbera, jam non ad quæstionem, sed ad pænam ingerebantur,'-vi. 11.

Cicero in Verr. v. 63. Huccine tandem omnia recide. runt, ut civis Romanus-deligatus in foro virgis cæderetur? Quid, cum ignes ardentesque laminæ, ceterique cruciatus admovebantur?' .

Seneca says of the emperor Caius: ‘Ceciderat flagelis senatores ; ipse effecit ut dici possit, Solet fieri : torserat per omnia, quæ in rerum natura tristissima sunt, fidiculis, tabularibus, eculeo, igne, vultu suo. Et hoc loco respondebitur, magnam rem! si tres senatores, quasi nequam man. cipia, inter verbera et flammas divisit. De Ira iii. 19. Saxa, ferrum, ignem, Caium excepturi.' De Brev. Vit. 18.

[Domitianus] plerosque partis adversæ-novo quæstionis genere distorsit : immisso per obscena igne.' Suetonius Domit. x.

Cicero Topic. 20. Facit etiam necessitas fidem, quæ cum a corporibus, tum ab animis nascitur. Nam et verberibus, tormentis, igni fatigati, quæ dicunt, ea videtur veritas ipsa dicere.'

Propertius i. 1. 27.

"Fortiter et ferrum, sævos patiemur et ignes :

Sit modo libertas, quæ volet ira, loqui.' iv. vii. 43.

Lygdamus uratur, candescat lamina verna.' Tibullus i. X. 21.

"Ure meum potius flamma caput, et pete ferro

Corpus, et intorto verbere terga seca.' Horace Epist. i. xv. 36.

Scilicet ut ventres lamna candente nepotum

Diceret urendus.'. Juvenal xiv.

“Tum felix, quoties aliquis, tortore vocato,

Uritur ardenti propter duo lintea ferro.' Ovid. Met. iï. 696.

et dum crudelia jussæ Instrumenta necis ferrumque ignisque parantur.' Seneca Edip. 862.

“ Huc aliquis ignem: flamma jam excutiet fidem.' Petronius :' ' In verba Eumolpi sacramentum juravimus, uri, vinciri, verberari, ferroque necari ; et quicquid aliud Eumolpus jussisset, tanquam legitimi gladiatores domino, corpora animosque religiosissime addicimus.

Seneca Epist. xxxvii. • Eadem honestissimi hujus, et illius turpissimi auctoramenti verba sunt, uri, vinciri, ferroque necari. Ab illis qui manus arenæ locant, et edunt ac bibunt quæ per sanguinem reddant, cavetur ut ista vel inviti patiantur : a te, ut volens libensque.'

Epist. vii. Occide, ure, verbera. Quare tam timide incurrit in ferrum?'

Quinctilian. Declam. ix. Fremebant ubique omnia apparatu mortis. Hic ferrum acuebat, ille accendebat ignibus, laminas: hinc virgæ, inde flagella adferebantur.'

Tertullian Apol. 15. Risimus et inter ludicras meridi. anorum crudelitates, Mercurium mortuos cauterio exami: mantem.'

Ignatius Epist. ad Rom. 5. Πυρ, και σταυρος, θηρίων τε συστάσεις, ανατομαι, διαιρέσεις, σκορπισμοί οστέων, συγκοπαι μελών, αλεσμoί όλου του σώματος, και κόλασις του Διαβόλου επ' εμέ έρχέσθω, μόνον ένα Ιησού Χριστού επιτύχω • Ignis, crux, ferarum concursus, sectiones, lanienæ, assium discerptiones, membrorum concisiones, totius corporis contritiones, et Diaboli tormenta in me veniant, tantum modo ut Jesum nanciscar.'

Justin M. Dial. Κεφαλοτομούμενοι γαρ και σταυρούμενοι, και θηρίοις παραβαλλόμενοι, και δεσμοίς, και πυρί, και πάσαις ταις άλλαις βασάνοις, ότι ουκ αφιστάμεθα της ομολογίας, δηλόν εστιν. Quod namque dum gladio percutimur, et in crucem agimur, et bestüis objicimur, et vinculis, et igne, et tormentis aliis omnibus plectimur et excruciamur, a professione nostra non discedamus, satis constat,' &c. &c. &c.

THE END OF THE FIRST VOLUME,

Printed by R. Taylor and Ce. Black Horse Court, Flcet Street

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