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lieved to be complete and correct. The Seventh Census of the United States not yet having been printed, it has been found impossible to obtain full or authentic returns of the matters embraced therein. For obvious reasons the most authentic source of information is the official publication, and it is better to give in one of our volumes a complete abstract of the census from the official copy, than to publish portions of it from year to year in separate volumes from unofficial and irresponsible authority. If the census is printed in season, we hope to give full abstracts of its returns in our volume for next year. The Titles and Abstracts of the Public Laws and Joint Resolutions have been carefully prepared, and are sufficiently full, except for professional use. Among those this year of special interest are the acts making land warrants assignable, establishing the Light-House Board, for the further security of passengers on board steam-vessels, relating to the public printing, and concerning the Post-Office establishment. The tabular view of the railroads in the country is continued from the last volume; and the comparative view of the debts, property, and general financial condition of all the States has been corrected with great care from the latest official returns. The information concerning the Individual States is more full than in former years. It is believed that nowhere else can be found such full details respecting the Executive and Judiciary, the finances, schools, charitable institutions, and pauperism and crime, of the several States. Should any one note inaccuracies or deficiencies therein, he is urgently requested to correct them. The European part of the work, revised from the best authority to the latest dates, gives the several States of Europe, with their form of government, the name, title, and date of accession of the reigning sovereigns, the area and population of the several countries. It also gives the Royal Family of England, and the Ministry, Judiciary, the Peers, and the New House of Commons. The newest Ministry of France is added. The Obituary Notices and Chronicle of Events have been prepared with care. A full foreign obituary was prepared but is crowded out. It will be given next year.

The thanks of the Editor are particularly due to the heads of Department at Washington, and to his many contributors and correspondents, to whom the work is indebted for a great part of its value. A continuance of their favors is respectfully solicited. A work embracing such a multitude of facts must necessarily contain some errors; persons who detect any are earnestly requested to communicate them to the Editor. It is particularly desirable that these communications should not be anonymous. It is frequently a source of regret to the Editor that he cannot suitably acknowledge the valuable hints and assistance of anonymous correspondents. It is a matter of some public interest, that a periodical which circulates so widely, both in Europe and America, and which is so universally trusted as a manual for reference, should be rendered as accurate as possible; and this end can be obtained only by the coöperation of many individuals. Communications should be addressed to the Editor of the American Almanac," Boston.

Boston, Mass., Sept. 30, 1852.

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Militia Force of the United States,

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17. State Elections, &c.,

Smithsonian Institution,
Religious Denominations,.......

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EUROPE.

317 House of Lords,

318 House of Commons, .................
319 France.....

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139 Ephemeris of the Sun
352 Eras, &c..........

PAGE
51
3
.................................... 318
345
348
..101

................... ...

66

66

......... 281 European States
332 Events, General, in 1851.
... 315
1852.
239 Executive Government of U. S........
209 Expenditures of U. S. for 62 years...... 171
102 Expenditures of each State
139 Exports of each State for 1850-51
113 Exports, Value of, in 1850-51...... 176-178
119 Exports to Foreign Countries ........... 178
112 Exports for 61 Years....

207
180

169

116 Federal Representative Population,...... 209
102 Festivals of the Church
5

Finances of the States...

.206, 207

59
280

98

Flowering of Fruit-trees in 1852........
.89-98 Foreign Goods imported...
101 Foreign Mail Service

Attorneys of U. S. Courts...
Banks. See the several States.
Barometrical Observations
....... 178
Cabinet, Officers in the ....
187
Calendar: January, &c............................ 10-33 Foreign Ministers, &c., in U. S..... 134
California.
......................................... 312 Foreign Nations, Intercourse with...... 129
California Gold...
211 Foreign Trade, Countries of...
California Land Claims, Commission.... 104 France.
California, Act concerning Branch Mint in, 144 Franking Privilege
Capitals of States....
204 Free Matter
Census of U. States (Seventh) ........
Celestial Phenomena, Signs, &c. ........
Chargés d'Affaires of U. S. in 1852..
Chronicle of Events.

... 178
332
191

Chronological Cycles
Church Festivals
Circuit Courts. .....
Cities, Principal, Population of.........
Clerks of Circuit Courts, U. S........... 352 Illinois.
Clerks of District Courts of U. S........
Clouds and Winds...

127 Imports, Value of, in 1850 and 1851..172-175
89-98 Imports for 61 Years.

.......

169

Coinage of Mint for 59 Years ........... 212 Imports of each State for 1850-51..... 180
Collectors of Customs.
Colleges in United States.

107 Imports paying ad valorem Duties...172-175
198 Imports free of Duty
172
201 Indian Superintendents and Agents...... 111
69-83 Indiana ....
....... 300
172 Inspection of Steam-Vessels, act concerning 150
130 Inspectors of Steam-Vessels
352

Colleges, Annual Expenses in
Comets, Recent Discoveries of.......
Commerce.
Commercial Agents in Foreign Countries
Commercial Marine of the U. S.
Commission on California Land Claims..
Commissioners, U.S., in Foreign Countries 130 Iowa.
Congress, Thirty-Second, 2d Session...
.... 213 Jewish Calendar
Congress, Officers of......
Connecticut

181 Intercourse with Foreign Nations....... 129
104 Interior, Department of the..
104
303
5

Abstracts of Public Laws
Additions and Corrections
Alabama...
American Obituary
American States
Arkansas.

....

................

Apportionment of U. S. Representatives
Appraisers at Large.

Appropriations, U. S., for 1852, 1853.
Army List..

Army Officers, Pay of..
Army Pension Agents..
Arsenals in the United States..........
Assistant Treasurers
Astronomy, Recent Discoveries in, relat-
ing to Comets

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Consuls, Foreign, in U. S.
Consuls in Foreign Countries......
Corrections and Additions...
Countries whence Goods are brought....
Darkness of the Nights....

Debt of the United States...........
Debts of the States

........

..............

......
......

Delaware...
Department of the Interior.
Department of State
Departments, Officers in the .......
Disks of Venus and Mars......
District Courts...
District of Columbia
Eclipses in 1853
Eclipse of Moon, June 20..
Eclipse of Sun, Annular, June 6...
Eclipse of Sun, Total, November 30.
Elections, State.

Engineers, Corps of, &c. ..............................
Engineers in Navy, Pay of....................................
Envoys Extraordinary, &c.

........

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...............

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4 Government, Seats of, in different States. 204
5 Governments, Annual Expenses of State. 207
.126-128 Governors of States, Terms and Salaries.. 205
210 Great Britain.

319
304

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352 Judges of U. S. Circuit and District Courts 126
246 Judiciary, U. S...
124
43
134-139 Jupiter's Satellites, Eclipses of..........
130-133 Kentucky
292
109
196

352 Land-Office, Registers, Receivers, &c.
178 Lands, Public

...

8 Lands, Public, Act granting Right of Way
163 through, in certain cases......143, 146, 148
206 Land Warrants, Act making assignable.. 141
........ 263 Latitude and Longitude of Observatories 45

104 Latitude and Longitude of Places.... 46-50
102 Law Schools
.. 202
102-104 Laws, Titles and Abstracts of Public 139
42 Legislatures, State, Meeting of.......... 204
160
126-128 Letters, by Sea-going Vessels
315 Libraries, College...
199-201
352
159

37 Lighthouse Board..

285

6

204 Mail Service for 1851

183
187

113 Mail Service, Foreign.......................................
121 Maine..

227

129 Marine, Commercial, of the U. S........ 181

.....

.......

.....

.....

162

345

39 Lighthouse Board, Act concerning.
37 Louisiana

39 Mahometan Calendar

....

Marine Corps.
Mars and Venus, Disks of...
Marshals, U. S...
Maryland...
Massachusetts

Massachusetts, Railroads of..
Medical Schools

......220-223
203 Railroads in Construction in New England 222
89-98 Railroads in the U. S.......

Meteorological Information.................
Michigan

220-226
109

298 Receivers of Land-Office.....

67
109
20

Military Geographical Departments...... 115 Recent Discoveries in Astronomy, &c. ... 69
Military Geographical Divisions........ 115 Refractions, Dr. Young's
Military Posts
116 Registers of Land Office..
Militia Force of the U. S. .............. 118 Religious Denominations
Minesota Territory
314 Representatives, Alphabetical List of.... 218
Ministers of U. S. in Foreign Countries.. 129 Representatives, House of..
215
Ministers, Foreign, in U. S..
134 Representatives, State, No. of, and Terms 205
210 Representatives, U. S., Apportionment of 209
Mint, Officers of, Coinage, &c. .... 211, 212 Resolutions, Public, of Congress...
Mississippi.......
284 Revenue and Expenditure..
Missouri..
306 Revenue, U. S., for 62 Years........
109 Rhode Island...

Mint.

162
163-171
170
243

..... 172, 179 Satellites of Jupiter, Eclipses of, in 1853.. 43
103 Saturn's Rings.

44

207
4

129, 134
213
205

................

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.....

.......

............

Obituary, American, in 1851..
1852.

66

66

......

Naval Officers.................
Navigation....
Navy Department..
Navy List
Navy Officers, Pay of.......
Navy, Vessels of War in...............................
Navy Pension Agents......
Navy Yards, Commanders of
New Hampshire

New Jersey.

New Mexico Territory
Newspapers, Postage on..................
New York.

New York, Railroads in....
Nights, Darkness of the, in 1853
North Carolina..

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Oregon Territory

Pamphlets, Postage on.....
Parallax in Altitude of the Sun....
Pennsylvania.

Observatories, Latitude and Longitude
Occultations

Ohio.......

.190-196 Smithsonian Institution....
250 South Carolina...

223 Southern Railroads...

....... 8, 9 Sovereigns of Europe

...

....

Pension Agents, Army and Navy....
Planets, Signs of the.

.......

123 Public Lands, Sales of..

197

42 Public Lands, Surveyors-General of.... 110
127 Public Laws, Titles and Abstracts of..... 139
264 Public Printing, Act concerning ........ 147
237 Public Resolutions of Congress..
220 Railroads in New England

162

.........

120 School Fund of States..

121 Seasons, Beginning and Length of
122 Secretaries of Legation.

113 Senate of the U. S...

57
59
102

204

206, 207
150

352
51
68

126

109

291

Pole Star, Apparent Places of the
Population of the Globe

287

208,

202

....

211
7

Population of the U. S.
Population of Chief Cities in U. S.....
Postage, Act modifying Rates of ..... 149 Tides, Height of Greatest, in 1853........
Postage, Rates of Inland..
189 Titles and Abstracts of Public Laws...... 139
Postage by the N. Y. & Bremen Steamers 194 Tonnage of the U. S..
179-182
Postage, Foreign
..........192 - 196 Tonnage, Comparative View of, for 36Years 181
Postage, Cost and Income from in each Trade, Foreign, Countries of.
178
State.
185 Treasurers, Assistant,..
.......... 102
Postage to Oregon and California, Foreign 192 Treasury Department
Postmasters in Chief Towns and Cities... 104 United States, Seventh Census...
Postmasters, Compensation of.......185-188 Utah Territory.

102
209
314
42
234

Post-Office Department...
104, 182 Venus and Mars, Disks of
Post-Office Distributing Offices......104-107 Vermont
Post-Office Laws, Offences against, &c... 160 Vessels and Tonnage from 1815 to 1851.. 182
Post-Office Rec's and Expend's in 1850, '51 188 Vessels of War in U. S. Navy
Post-Office Statistics since 1790.... 184 Virginia

122

Post-Office Revenue..

66

...184-188

Post-Office, Stamped Envelopes
Presidents of the U. S..

Printed Matter, Sale of uncalled for, by
Postmasters

Printing, Public, Act concerning
Printing, Rates of....
Property of States...
Public Lands..

273 Specific Duties. See Imports.
332 Star, Pole, Apparent Places of
337 Stars, Fixed, Apparent Places of......
of 45 State Department...

40 State Elections, &c...

...147,

120 Senators, State, No. of and Terms
230 Signs of the Planets.......
256 Signs of the Zodiac ..........
314 Slaves in the U. S.

...................

294 State Finances, Debts, &c. .........
314 Steamboat Inspection Law........
190, 196 Steamboat Inspectors

68 Sun, Ephemeris of the
259 Sun's Parallax in Altitude..
112, 113 Supreme Court, U. S.........

3 Surveyors of Land-Office...

57 Tennessee

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316 Texas

209 Theological Schools..
210 Three-Cent Pieces

....

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Abstract of Constitution of
161 War Department
101 Western Railroads

West Indian Governments......
149 Wheeling Bridge, Act concerning
147 Winds and Clouds

148 Wisconsin.

207 Young's Refractions.............................................
196 Zodiac, Signs of the....................

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267
267
103
225, 226

316
.... 159
89-98

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