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“ shall suddenly come to his
“ the covenant, whom ye delight “ temple, even the messenger of
“ in: behold, he shall come,'
ably calculated to keep alive in them that ferring to this expected deliverer, and as expectation. Immediately after the fall, importing that he was to be of the seed they had an intimation that “ the seed of of David, who was of the tribe of Judah, " the woman should bruise the serpent's and in many instances when the Jews in “ head;" and this, though indefinite, our Saviour's time meant to express their might raise in them a hope that at some belief that he was the Messiah, they called time or other there would be a deliverer, him “the son of David." There are to give them the opportunity of regaining
passages in the Psalms lookwhat by the fall they had forfeited, the ing forward to this signal personage, and chance of eternal life. God afterwards as the Jews were particularly familiar promised to Abraham, that in " him with the Psalms these passages would be to and his seed should all the families or continually in their minds. It would take " nations of the earth be blessed." up too much space to go through the Gen. xii. 3. xxii, 18. This might in- Prophecies in Isaiah, Jeremiah, and duce a belief that the deliverer would be Ezekiel. Daniel speaks of the Messiah, of bis seed. This promise was renewed,
and the time of his coming, with great in nearly the same words, to Isaac, particularity, “ seventy weeks are deGen. xxvi. 4; and to Jacob, xxviii. 14.
termined upon thy people, and upon Before Jacob died, he called his sons thy holy city, to finish the transgression together, that he might tell them what " and to make an end of sin, and to make should befal them (and their posterity)
“ reconciliation for iniquity, and to in the last days; and unto Judah he said, “ bring in everlasting righteousness, and “ the sceptre shall not depart from Judah, " to seal up the vision and prophecy, and
nor a lawgiver from between his feet, “ to anoint the most holy: Know there“ until Shiloh come; and to him shall • fore, and understand, that from the “ the gathering of the people be.” going forth of the commandment to Gen. xl. 10. This raised the belief that “ restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Deliverer should be of the tribe of “ the Messiah the prince shall be seven Judah, and that that tribe should have weeks, and three score and two weeks: some degree of power until his coming. (in seven weeks) the street shall be By “ Shiloh " is certainly meant the “ built again, and the wall, even * in Messiah; and the intimation, “ that unto
s troublous times. And after three score « him should the gathering of the people " and two weeks,” (or," the three score
be," agrees with the character before “ and two weeks,'') shall Messiah be cut given him, that in him should all the " off, but not for himself: and the people nations of the earth be blessed, and with “ of the prince that shall come shall dethe title by which he is called in a sub- stroy the city and the san&tuary,” &c. sequent prophecy, Hagg. ii. 7.
“ the I have added in seven weeks, because some “ desire of all nations." God after addition seems necessary ; and this corwards assured Moses," I will raise responds with the event. A week, in pro. " them up a prophet from among their phetic language, means seven years, a day “ brethren, like unto thee, and will for a year, as Gen. xxix, 27. Lev. xxv. 8. “ put My words in his mouth, and he Ez. iv. 4, 5. 6. The commandment here “ shall speak unto them all that I shall referred to, “to restore and to build Jeru. “ command him; and it shall come to “salem,” is probably that which is men
pass that whosoever will not hearken tioned, Nehemiah ii. in the 20th year of “ unto My words which he shall speak Artaxerxes Longimanus. There had « in my name, I will require it of him.” been previous orders for building the Deut. xviii. 18, 19. The correspondence Temple, and offering therein. In the in many particulars, between Moses and our Saviour, is ably pointed out by Dr. What is translated, “ even in troublous Jortin. See Newton on the Prophecies.
“ times,” is in the Vulgate “ in angustia temIn David's time the prophecy in Ps. ii. 7.
“ porum,” which may mean in the shorter time,
viz. the seven weeks, or what is rendered after " thou art My Son, this day I have be
three score and two weeks may mean, “ after the * gotten thee," was considered as re
“ three score and two weeks."
2. saith the Lord of Hosts. But
a (e) refiner's fire, and like ful. who may abide the day of his ler's soap : and he shall sit as a coming ? and who shall stand refiner and purifier of silver ; and when he appeareth? for he is like he shall purify the sons of Levi,
first year of Cyrus the Persian, about “ come forth, that was to be ruler in Israel, 537 years before the birth of Christ, and “ whose goings forth had been from of perhaps the same year this prophecy “ old, from everlasting.” In Hagg. i.7. was delivered, one was made for re- whilst the second temple was building building the Temple (Ezra i. 1.); but they had this encouragement from God, that order was countermanded before the “ the desire of all nations shall come, and building was finished. (Ezra iv. 21.) In “ I will fill this house with glory, saith the second year of Darius king of Persia, “ the Lord of Hosts,” and accordingly about 519 years before the birth of our Saviour came whilst that temple was Christ, another order was made for standing ; and lastly, in Zech. ix. 9. the building the Temple, Ezra vi. 1 to 12 ; prophet breaks forth into this rapture, and it was built accordingly, and finished * Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; in the sixth year of the same Darius “ Shout O daughter of Jerusalem : beHystaspes the Persian. In the seventh “ hold thy King cometh unto thee: he year of Artaxerxes, (about 457 years “ is just, and having salvation,” &c. before the birth of Christ), he made a (c) “ A refiner's fire,” &c. This o. decree to let such of the people as implies that the object of his coming was pleased go up to Jerusalem, and for sup- not to raise them to temporal grandeur, plying them with offerings (Ezra vii. il but to cleanse their hearts, to correct to 26); but it was not till the twentieth their dispositions ; and as St. Paul exyear
of Artaxerxes that we have any presses it, Tit. ii. 14. to “ purify to himaccount of an order to restore and to o self a peculiar people, zealous of good build Jerusalem. Nehemiah, who was “ works." The same might be collected cup-bearer to Artaxerxes, appeared from the preaching of his fore-runner, the sad, and assigned as the reason,
messenger here spoken of, John the Bap“ the city, the place of my fathers' tist : « Now also the ax is laid unto the “ sepulchres, lieth waste ;' and he in- - root of the trees : therefore every tree treated that Artaxerxes would send him “ which bringeth not forth good fruit is unto Judah, “ unto the city of my “ hewn down, and cast into the fire: I “ fathers' sepulchres, that I may build • indeed baptize you with water unto “ it;" and Artaxerxes sent him accord- “ repentance, but he that cometh after ingly, and gave him letters for convey. me shall baptize you with the Holy ing him to Judah, and for timber", to “ Ghost, and with fire : whose fan is in “ make beams for the gates of the palace
« his hand, and he will thoroughly purge “ which appertained to the houses, and “ his floor, and gather his wheat into the “ for the wall of the city, and for the garner; but he will burn up the chaff « house ” Nehemiah was to enter into. “ with unquenchable fire.” Matt. iii. 10 The twentieth year of Artaxerxes was to 12. · If it was so much God's object about 444 years before our Saviour's then to produce this inward purity, must birth, and therefore 477 only before his it not equally be his object now; and if crucifixion, not quite 69 weeks of ordi- he visited so heavily then those who fell nary years before our Saviour was cut short of it, and did not cordially embrace off. But the Chaldean year is five days his religion, will he not equally visit the short of ours; and as Daniel had long sinful and despisers of after times? The lived in Chaldea, and his writings are period of sinning cannot, with a God of partly in that language, 69 weeks of perfect justice, make a difference in the Chaldean years might be intended in quantum of punishment. God might the prophecy; and 477 of our years ma
make the punishment more visible in our make rather more than 483 Chaldean Saviour's time, to make his detestation years, viz. 483 years and 225 days; and of sin and unbelief more notorious ; but 483 years make 69 weeks of years. will the punishment for subsequent sia In Mic. v. 2. they were assured, that and unbelief be less certain, from “ Bethlehem Ephratah should he hcary?
and purge them as gold and is said (8) in the law of the Lord, silver, that they may offer unto “ A pair of turtle-doves, or two
the Lord an offering in righte- young pigeons." And, be- 25. 4. ousness.
Then shall the offering hold, there was a man in Jerusaof Judah and Jerusalem be plea- lem, whose name was Simeon ; sant unto the Lord, as in the and the same man was just and
days of old, and as in former devout, waiting for the (b) con5. years.
66 And I will come near solation of Israel: and the Holy “ to you to judgement; and I Ghost was upon him. And it 26. 66 will be a swift witness against was revealed unto him by the “ the sorcerers, and against the Holy Ghost, that he should not " adulterers, and against false see death before he had seen the “ swearers, and against those that Lord's Christ.
And he came by 27. oppress the hireling in his the Spirit into the temple: and wages, the widow,
the widow, and the when the parents brought in the fatherless, and that turn aside child Jesus, to do for him after “ the stranger from his right, and the custom of the law, then took 28. “ fear not me," saith the Lord he him up in his arms, and of Hosts.
blessed God, and (i) said, “Lord, 29.
“ now lettest thou thy servant The Gospel. Luke ii. 22. “ depart in peace, according to And when the days of her puri
“thy word : for mine eyes have 30. fication according to the law of seen thy salvation, which thou 31. Moses were accomplished, they
“ hast prepared before the face brought him to Jerusalem, to
« of all people ; a light to lighter 32. 23. present him to the Lord; (as it 66 the Gentiles, and the glory of
is (f) written in the law of the 6 thy people Israel.” And Joseph 33. Lord, “ Every male that openeth
and his mother marvelled at those “ the womb shall be called holy things which were spoken of “ to the Lord;”) and to offer a
him. And Simeon blessed them, 34. sacrifice according to that which and said unto Mary his mother,
69.23. “Written,” Exod. xiii. 2.
“Lord spake unto Moses, saying, Sanc
tify unto me all the first born, what-
" beast-it is mine.”
to bring a lamb, and a turtle dove or
ing. Levit. xii. 6. 8.
the Messiah, who, on account of Daniel's
" to all them that looked for redemption in “ Jerusalem.” Joseph of Arimathea was one of those “ who waited for the kingos dom of God," that is, the times of the Messiah Luke xxiii. 51. The question, Matt. xi. 3. ante 31,
" Art thou he that “ should come, or do we look for ano" ther?” implies that some important character was expected. In John iv. 25. the woman of Samaria says, “ I know
that Messias cometh ;” and in John vi. 4. when the people saw the miracle of the loaves and fishes, they exclaimed, “ This is of a truth that prophet which " should come into the world.” See
(i) See ante, 8.
“ Behold, this child is set for || keep thy Church and household
many in Israel ; and for a sign that they who do lean only upon " which shall be spoken against ; || the hope of thy heavenly grace, 35. “ (yea, (k) a sword shall pierce may evermore be defended by
through thy own soul also,) thy mighty power, through Jesus
God, holy and beloved, (1) bowels
of mercies (m), kindness, hum37• ginity; and she was a widow of about fourscore and four years,
bleness of mind, meekness, which departed not from the long-suffering; forbearing one 13.
another, and forgiving one anotemple, but served God with fast
ings and prayers night and day. ther, if any man have a quarrel 38. And she coming in that instant, | against any: even as Christ forgave thanks likewise unto the gave you, so also do ye. And 14.
above all these things put on Lord, and spake of him to all
them that looked for redemption charity (n), which is the (6) bond 39. in Jerusalem. And when they of perfectness
. And let the peace 15.
of God (p) rule in your hearts, to
the which also ye are called
thankful. Let the word of Christ 16. 40. own city Nazareth. And the child grew, and waxed strong in
dwell in you richly in all wisdom; spirit, filled with wisdom : and
teaching and admonishing one the
another in psalms and hymns
and spiritual songs, singing with
And whatsoever ye do in word 17.
the Lord Jesus, giving thanks O Lord, we beseech thee to to God and the Father by him.
(K) “ A sword," &c. Epiphanius
says she was put to death.
appearance, but the inward feeling and
it regulates the heart. v.12.
(m) Mercies," &c. The charafler of the Christian virtues recommended here and elsewhere deserves notice : how ad. mirably are they calculated to promote the comfort and happiness of individuals
and of society! 0.14.
(n) “Charity," i.e. not mere alms
giving, but general goodwill to all man-
(0) “ Bond of perfectness," i.e. per. 4.14
(p)“ Peace of God," i. e. godlike eis. peaceableness.
(9) “ In one body," i.e. together, 9.150 to make one fraternity, whose characteristic shall be universal goodwill. See ante, 35. Eph. ü. 19, &c.
The Gospel. Matt. xiii. 24.
" to burn them : but gather the " wheat into
barn." The (r) kingdom of heaven is likened unto a man which sowed
Sixth Sunday after the Epiphany. 25. good seed in his field : but while men slept, his enemy came and
The Collect. sowed tares among the wheat, O God, whose blessed Son was 26. and went his way.
But when manifested that he might destroy the blade was sprung up, and
the works of the devil, and make brought forth fruit, then ap- us the sons of God, and heirs 27. peared the tares also. So the of eternal life ; Grant us, we be?
servants of the householder came seech thee, that having this hope,
“ from whence then hath it tares?” appear again with power and 28. He said unto them, “ An enemy great glory, we may be made like
“ hath done this.” The servants unto him in his eternal and glori-
O Father, and thee, O Holy 29. But he said, “ Nay; lest, while ye
Ghost, he liveth and reigneth, gather up the tares, ye root up
ever one God, world without end. 30. “ also the wheat with them. Let
Amen. “both grow together until the The Epistle. 1 John fi. 1. “ harvest : and in the time of BEHOLD, what (s) manner of “ harvest I will say to the reapers, love the Father hath bestowed “ Gather ye together first the upon us, that we should be called "tares, and bind them in bundles
the (t) sons of God! therefore the
(s)“ The kingdom of heaven," i. e.
God's dispensation under the gospel." In the conclusion of this chapter, our Saviour thus explains this parable to his disciples : « He that soweth the “good seed, is the Son of Man : the “ ħeld is the world: the good seed are “ the children of the kingdom” (i.e. the true believers),
" but the tares " are the children of the wicked one : " the enemy that sowed them is the “ devil : the harvest is the end of the " world; and the reapers are the angels: “ As therefore the tares are gathered, " and burnt in the fire, so shall it be in “ the end of this world: The Son of “ Man shall send forth his angels, and “ they shall gather out of his kingdom “ all things that offend, and them which “ do iniquity : and shall cast them into “a furnace of fire-there shall be wail. “ing and gnashing of teeth. Then “ shall the righteous shine forth as the
sun, in the kingdom of their Father." Matt. xii. 37 to 43. Because God's judgment against an evil work is not executed speedily, it is not to be concluded that it will never come. One object of God's forbearance and long-suffering is to lead men to repentance, Rom. ii. 4; and where men do not repent, indignation and wrath, tribulation and anguish, will sooner or later be rendered to every soul of man that doeth evil. Rom. ii. 6. 8. 9.
(s) “ What manner," &c. i.e. how v.l. great has his love been, to treat us as
(t) “ The sons of God.” So St. Paul v.1. assures the Roman converts, Rom.viii. 15. " Ye have received the spirit of adop“ tion, whereby we cry Abba, Father;" and Gal. iv. 4, 5. he pells the Galatians that “ God sent forth his Son, &c. that
we might receive the adoption of sons.” See ante 46. note on Gal, iv. 6.