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that the Confederate soldiers must have some uniform distinct from the dress of the citizens, or else be treated as spies and guerrillas.

This is a good time for you to go to New Orleans. Please say to General Banks that I regret that I have never met him. He and my brother John are strong friends, and I hope to meet him at some future time. When events are further advanced I might be of good service on Red River, where I have a large and influential acquaintance. Judge Boyce, of Rapides, should be won over to our cause as soon as possible. Give my special regards to Generals Stone and Franklin. We begin division drills immediately after muster, and I will keep my corps well in hand.

W. T. SHERMAN,

Major-General.

SHERMAN'S HEADQUARTERS,

August 30, 1863. General RAWLINS,

Vicksburg : Flag of truce is in. I have Mobile papers to the 28th, but have not read them yet.

W. T. SHERMAN,

Major-General.

SHERMAN'S HEADQUARTERS,

August 30, 1863. General RAWLINS,

Vicksburg : Flag of truce came in late last night. Nothing important. They described things status quo at Chattanooga and Charleston. They say they have received two very heavy Blakely guns, which are now mounted in position against the iron-clads. They assert that the Confederates still hold Fort Sumter,

W. T. SHERMAN,

Major-General.

CONFIDENTIAL.]

SHERMAN'S HEADQUARTERS,

August 30, 1863. General RAWLINS,

Assistant Adjutant-General : Colonel McConnell, Fifth Illinois Cavalry, late major of the Third Illinois Cavalry, has reported for muster in. His regiment is below the minimum, and he is not fairly entitled to muster in, except on the theory that he was actually commissioned prior to the receipt of the order. I don't want any colonels unless they are superextra. Do you know Colonel McConnell? Is he such an officer that we should strain the order to accept him ? Unless he is far superior to other colonels, I prefer to get along with majors and captains to command.

W. T. SHERMAN,

Major-General.

VICKSBURG, Miss.,

August 30, 1863. Maj. Gen. W. T. SHERMAN,

Commanding Fifteenth Army Corps : GENERAL : The colonel is a stranger to me, and at headquarters we have no knowledge of his qualifications. He called here on his way to join liis regiment, and, speaking of his muster, I informed him that I did not think the regiment had the requisite number to entitle it to a colonel under General Orders, Adjutant-General's Office, Nos. 110 and 182, current series. In absence of good evidence that he is a better officer than any of the other field officers of the regiment, my opinion is the orders should be strictly adhered to. If he was known to be a superior man steps might be taken to secure his muster. Colonel Hatch, a good officer, will be here to command the cavalry.

JNO. A. RAWLINS,

Brigadier-General.

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SHERMAN'S HEADQUARTERS,

August 30, 1863. General RAWLINS,

Assistant Adjutant-General : Have received your dispatch and that of General Grant. I will not muster in Colonel McConnell. With a good cavalry leader and some three or four young majors, such as I have in Winslow and Noble, I will break up Lee's forces or make them concentrate. Please notify me when my cavalry comes from Memphis. I need it all the time.

W. T. SHERMAN,

Major-General.

SHERMAN'S HEADQUARTERS,

August 30, 1863. Colonel CORSE,

Oak Ridge: I send this morning for the 2 prisoners taken claiming to belong to Pinson's regiment. I contend the Confederates must uniform their combatants; else the non-combatants must suffer all the legitimate fruits of war. My orders are out for the

merging of your brigade with the Second and Third of the Fourth Division, and as soon after the 1st of September as Buckland can relieve you by a brigade you will take command at Messinger's.

SHERMAN.

HEADQUARTERS CAVALRY DIVISION,

Vernon, August 30, 1863. Maj. Gen. W. T. SHERMAN, U. S. Army,

Commanding, &c., on Big Black: GENERAL : Your communication of August 28 has just reached me here.

In reply I have the honor to state that Maj. Gen. S. D. Lee assumed command of the cavalry in the State of Mississippi on the 18th. He informed me that he had been notified of his exchange by the authorities at Richmond. I will present your letter to him on my return to Canton, and I have no doubt he will reply fully at an early day.

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While at General Cosby's camp yesterday I heard unofficially that some of his scouts had proceeded to Big Black River and fired upon some of your men while bathing. I gave orders that this practice must be discontinued at once; also all similar ones at variance with the usages of civilized warfare.

I regret exceedingly, general, that I have no late papers to send you, being absent from my headquarters at the present time. With high respect, your obedient servant,

W. H. JACKSON,

Brigadier-General.

HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE TENNESSEE,

Vicksburg, August 30, 1863. Maj. Gen. S. A. HURLBUT,

Comdg. Sixteenth Army Corps, Memphis, Tenn. : GENERAL: If Brig. Gen. E. A. Carr has not yet passed Memphis en route for this place, detain him for the command of Corinth until the return of General Dodge. By order of Maj. Gen. U.S. Grant:

JNO. A. RAWLINS, Assistant Adjutant-General.

GERMANTOWN, August 30, 1863. Major-General HURLBUT :

Colonel Wilcox refuses to obey my orders. Will you send him instructions ?

E. HATCH, Colonel, Comdg. Third Brigade, Cavalry Division,

CORINTH, August 30, 1863. Major-General HURLBUT:

Colonel Anthony, commanding at La Grange, informs me that Colonel Richardson, with 1,200 men and four pieces, is moving from Pontotoc toward the Memphis and Charleston Railroad. I informed all the posts to be on their lookout.

AUG. MERSY. Colonel, Commanding.

WAR DEPARTMENT,

Washington City, August 30, 1863. Maj. Gen. W. S. ROSECRANS,

Commanding, &c. : GENERAL: This will introduce to you Charles A. Dana, esq., one of my assistants, who visits your command for the purpose

of conferring with you upon any matters which you desire to have brought to the notice of this Department. Mr. Dana is a gentleman of distinguished character, patriotism, and ability, and possesses the entire confidence of the Department. You will please afford to him the

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courtesy and consideration which he merits, and explain to him fully any matters which you may desire, through him, to bring to the notice of this Department. Yours, truly,

EDWIN M. STANTON.

STEVENSON, ALA.,

August 30, 1863. Col. SAMUEL SIMMONS,

Chief Commissary of Department, Nashville : The general commanding wants to hear from you, where and how are you, and how we stand.

FRANK S. BOND, Major and Aide-de-Camp.

HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE CUMBERLAND,

Stevenson, August 30, 1863. Colonel SIMMONS,

Chief Commissary, Nashville: The general commanding thinks you ought to be here. General Thomas reports his corps short of rations.

J. A. GARFIELD, Brigadier-General and Chief of Staff.

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STEVENSON, August 30, 1863. Lieut. Col. SAMUEL SIMMONS,

Nashville : Supplies need not be accumulated at Huntsville, but you must arrange to send sufficient to Flint River to meet General Morgan's necessities. He will haul them from there until the bridge, which he has been ordered to build, is completed. By order :

C. GODDARD, Assistant Adjutant-General.

HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE CUMBERLAND,

Stevenson, August 30, 1863—7.35 p. m. Lieut. Col. J. B. BROWNLOW,

Nashville: The Secretary of War has consented to the enlistment in our army of prisoners under certain restrictions. Authority must be given by General Rosecrans and Governor Johnson, and care must be taken to have them so distributed as to be under control of Union forces and sentiment. You have, therefore, permission to go to Indianapolis and recruit from Vicksburg prisoners, first obtaining approval of Governor Johnson. Captain Dickson, assistant adjutant-general, will issue necessary orders. You must forward to these headquarters descriptive lists of all enlisted. By order of Major-General Rosecrans :

C. GODDARD, Assistant Adjutant-General.

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GENERAL ORDERS, HDQRS. DEPT. OF THE CUMBERLAND,
No. 213.

Stevenson, Ala., August 30, 1863. The Secretary of War has directed that, except in special cases, no prisoners of war will be enlisted in our army. Whenever, therefore, a prisoner of war desires to enlist in this army, a statement, giving in brief the history of his connection with the rebel army, must be forwarded to these headquarters; and no such enlistments will be made without the special sanction of the department commander or the Secretary of War. By command of Major-General Rosecrans :

C. GODDARD, Assistant Adjutant-General.

BRIDGEPORT, August 30, 1863-1 p. m. Major-General THOMAS :

The general commanding directs you to send a division to Bridgeport immediately to relieve General Sheridan's division.

J. A. GARFIELD Brigadier-General and Chief of Staff.

STEVENSON, ALA., August 30, 1863—10 p. m.

(Received 11.40.) Major-General THOMAS,

Commanding Fourteenth Army Corps: The general commanding directs you to put the regular brigade in readiness and post it as soon as possible, so as to guard the line of railroad and posts from the mountains above Anderson to Bridgeport, until all be relieved by Colonel McCook's brigade, now en route from Athens.

J. A. GARFIELD, Brigadier-General and Chief of Staff.

Journal of operations of the Fourteenth Army Corps.

AUGUST 30, 1863. General Reynolds reports he has seven boats, and can cross 400 men an hour. He will send a strong reconnaissance in the direction of Trenton. General Negley ordered to send a brigade to Stevenson to relieve the brigade of General Sheridan's division, now there. General Reynolds' reconnaissance went in the direction of Chattanooga, instead of Trenton. Instructions given for the Fourteenth Army Corps to move on the 2d September.

HEADQUARTERS FOURTEENTH ARMY CORPS,

Bolivar Springs, August 30, 1863. Brig. Gen. A. BAIRD,

Commanding First Division: The general commanding directs that you detail, temporarily, General King's brigade to relieve all guards on the railroad from

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