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many time-payments. Other points of law will be treated in later tipsheets. These materials are in handbill form, and will be distributed through neighborhood and area centers, at meetings of neighborhood organizations, through agencies using outreach workers, and by direct handout or door-to-door distribution in target
(Samples of the above-described materials are attached at Appendix X to copies of this report intended for the regional and national offices of OEO Legal Services.)
Radio and television "spots" and programs will be presented during the program year. One of the aspects of our broadcasting program involves the use of taped or television-taped spots based on a series prepared by the Illinois Bar Association. It is planned to broaden our use of television and radio in all ways possible during the program year.
We are also working with other groups in attempting to get courses on rudiments of the law as it affects the urban citizen into the high-school curriculum in Kansas City, Missouri.
III.u. What efforts will be taken to educate social workers and other groups that work with the poor about legal problems of the poor?
Training programs.-An extensive training program for community workers in the welfare areas has been prepared and presented by our Society to trainees in a Welfare Rights-Model Cities program. Topics covered in these sessions include the history of welfare rights, welfare nationally, specific local and state welfare problems, the welfare budget, consumer law, practices of loan companies, public and private housing, health and medical programs and services, educational and vocational programs, and family budgeting. Materials will be compiled from the training sessions for future use in training other community workers.
Speakers' Bureau.--Numerous speeches and training lectures have been given to groups of welfare workers, social workers, representatives of various agencies, etc. These activities will continue and be expanded in the coming program year. A speakers' bureau has been established to coordinate requests for speakers, and community groups have been informed that our organization will provide a lawyer to address any group about our activities, poverty law in general, or specific problem areas.
News letter.-Our News letter was inaugurated during the current program year, and will be continued in the coming program year. This periodical is published quarterly and goes to a mailing list of over 4,500, including all area groups and organizations in fields related to poverty, and to selected public officials who are interested in our work. (It also goes to other legal aid programs throughout the country and to local Bar members.) The News letter contains notes on interesting or significant cases being handled by our lawyers, and will continue to provide persons who work with the poor with information about the kinds of cases we handle and the kinds of results we are sometimes able to achieve for our clients.
III.v. What community education is your present program undertaking with respect to questions t and u above?
Calendar.-Over 8,000 wall calendars have been distributed directly to the poor. These calendars contain hints for avoiding legal problems and self-help information, along with the telephone number of the neighborhood Legal Aid office. A 1971 calendar is planned for distribution in December, 1970.
Manual. The interviewers' manual has been completely developed and is in use; its materials are updated as new developments in the law occur. The manual is used by community workers and law students who interview clients under our law intern program. It contains summaries of the substantive law in various poverty areas and checklists of questions applicable in these areas.
Visual Materials.—The assistance of the graphic arts class at the Kansas City Art Institute was obtained for a full semester (Spring, 1970), which the students devoted to the development of visual materials on legal services for the Society. As a result, we have a large poster display of about 60 mounted photographs with texts, which has already been shown at many gathering-places, including the American Bar Association's 1970 national convention in St. Louis, OEO Legal Services offices in Washington, the 1970 NLADA convention in San Antonio, and numerous community group meeting places in Kansas City and surrounding areas. It is planned to keep this display on constant exhibit throughout the community.
Posters. In the program involving Art Institute students and faculty, a group of colored posters has been developed, which have been printed and are being distributed throughout the poor community.
Brochure. A colored brochure has been developed containing short texts on several poverty-law subjects. These brochures are being distributed to various agencies dealing with problems of the poor, and are available to clients at the various neighborhood offices.
Wallet card and bumper sticker.-A wallet card has been printed and distributed to members of the poor compunity, giving the "Miranda" warnings and telling rights when arrested and amounts charged for bond by local bonding companies, as well as addresses and telephone numbers of neighborhood Legal Aid offices. Two bumper stickers on Legal Aid are also available.
Visual Aids for Legal Aid Story.-The Art Institute project also produced a series of large cards with printed texts and illustrations, to be used in a series by lawyers when they give speeches about Legal Aid. The text to accompany these materials is entitled The Legal Aid Story, and gives a brief historical note about our Society and Legal services in general, explains the need for our program in the community, and tells about some of the types of cases we are handling.
Radio and TV.—A series of radio and TV spots and short programs have been produced and put on the air from time to time on local stations. More work is being done in this area and will continue during the coming program year. Various members of the staff have participated in radio and television discussions, explaining our program and its work.
Training of workers with the poor.-The director of community legal education has conducted many training sessions on legal problems of the poor for social workers and workers from other agencies who have direct contact with the poor. These workers learn to use the manual referred to on the previous page. Extended training sessions have been conducted for community persons under a Model Cities-Welfare Rights Organization grant. These trainees are learning to act as lay representatives of welfare recipients.
Speeches and meetings.-Almost every member of the professional staff devotes considerable time, much of it evenings and week-ends, to making speeches and meeting with interested groups of community persons or groups such as United Campaign, Friends of Welfare Rights, citizens who are concerned about school problems, consumer groups, transportation groups, private lawyers interested in improving the local system of justice, tenants' groups, and so forth. Newsletter.-A newsletter has been instituted, which gives short resumes of interesting or significant cases with which the Society has been working. This publication appears quarterly and has a mailing list of over 4,500, including both local and nationwide distribution. A copy is sent to each member of the local bar associations, and to each legal services program or research project throughout the country as well as to officials and organizations concerned with related work locally.
Other publications.—A series of Legal Aid “tipsheets" in the form of handbills, each touching on one area in which the poor have legal problems, has been prepared and is being distributed throughout the community. An article regarding cases handled by the Society has appeared in the Fall, 1970, issue of the University of Missouri-Kansas City Law Review. An illustrated article on the joint community legal education-Art Institute project described on the previous page appeared in the November, 1970, issue of The Legal Aid Briefcase.
(Some of the materials described above are also discussed at III.t and III.u above.)
[One copy of each of the following is attached as Appendix X to the copies of this report intended for the regional OEO Legal Services office and the national OEO Legal Services office respectively:
IV.a. What are the functions and responsibilities of policy advisory groups set up for the program?
The Board of Trustees is the principal policy advisory group of the program. Its responsibilities include developing and maintaining relationships between the Society and the Bar, the judiciary, the political structure and the community being served; providing assistance in recruiting professional personnel; developing and maintaining relationships with sources of local funding; suggesting new areas and evaluating existing areas of program operation; making major policy decisions concerning the direction in which the program will move; determining standards of eligibility for legal services; and providing guidance and advice on such matters as may be brought before the Board by the Executive Director or any Trustee.
The nine CAA area boards in the Kansas City area select one member each for the Society's Board of Trustees, and one Trustee is selected to represent the poverty community at large. CAA area boards receive reports on our work and make recommendations concerning our activities through their representatives on the Society's Board of Trustees.
IV.b. How are members of policy advisory groups selected?
See Appendix B for a list of the Board of Trustees.
One-third of the Board are representatives of the poor community. Of the thirty Trustees, nine are chosen by the Board from names submitted by the area advisory boards of the local CAA (Human Resources Corporation), and one additional representative is selected from the poverty community at large. A minimum of 16 of the Trustees are lawyers, and other concerned individuals fill the remaining positions on the Board. These remaining new Trustees are selected at the annual meeting by the outgoing Board of Trustees.
Retiring Trustees who have shown considerable interest in our program are asked to serve as Advisory Members, who have all the privileges of Trustees except that of casting a vote.
IV.c. What ideas of the poor and target area residents have been included in the work program?
Comments on our current year's program and suggestions to be considered in drawing up the coming year's work program have been solicited from all Board of Trustee members, all members of the CAA neighborhood boards and council of the elected, and all area planning-board members of the seven Model Cities areas. These comments and suggestions, as well as those provided by staff members, have been carefully considered in drawing up the coming year's program.
As a result of past community suggestions, we have increased the publicity about the existence and location of neighborhood offices and have made available more community education materials. The basic request received for the coming year has been for more lawyers and more offices.
IV.d. How will the poor and target area residents influence the program while it is being carried out?
The representatives of the poor who serve on our Board of Trustees are fully involved in each action taken by the Board. Representatives of the poor do not serve in a merely advisory capacity but share full responsibility with other Board members for directing the policies and making Board decisions for the Society. Some of the most active Board members currently serving are from the poor community, and they will continue to make many valuable suggestions to the Board as a whole, and obtain full Board approval of many ideas which they have brought from the poor community directly to our Board.
There are many other ways in which target-area residents can influence the program. Staff members meet regularly with each of a variety of community groups, including welfare rights, council of tenants' associations, CAP delegate agencies and programs, Model Cities programs, and neighborhood planning groups, where suggestions regarding our program are welcomed. Community residents are interviewed by outside evaluators regarding our program, and the comments received are relayed back to us in the de-briefing and final reports of the evaluators.
It has been in response to community demand that each of our neighborhood offices has been opened, and expanded as community demand increased We will continue to seek comments and suggestions from target-area residents and implement them whenever possible.
IV.e. What assistance will target area groups and neighborhood based organizations have to help them express their needs and interest related to the programs and to administer programs directly?
During the past year Legal Aid attorneys have helped several groups obtain funding, including a welfare rights organization, and have assisted them in preparing to administer their own programs. In the case of the welfare rights program under Model Cities, our attorneys have provided in addition a twoweeks training program for the community trainees who will act as lay representatives of welfare recipients. (See also IV.g. below.) Activities of this sort will continue during the coming program year. An area in which particular emphasis will be placed is in self-help in housing and economic development. As noted in III.v. and IV.d. above, attorneys are attending many meetings of community organizations regularly and serving as counsel for such organizations. These activities will be encouraged in the coming program year, as well as assistance to groups in the form of proposal-writing, obtaining of funding, and liaison work with other organizations, both local and national.
IV.f. Are any changes planned in the board structure or method of selection described in answer to questions a and b?
IV.g. What services are performed for groups of target area representatives, such as providing the legal organization for self-help cooperative ventures, advocating the position of target groups before public bodies, etc?
Legal Aid lawyers have been assisting community-based groups, both nonprofit and business enterprises, in getting incorporated, with an average of ten to twelve incorporations per month. Legal Aid lawyers have represented groups of welfare recipients in many various ways. One example is the work done with the Welfare Rights Organization, for which Legal Aid has provided legal counsel, and has assisted this chapter in developing a proposal for a Model Cities project which has been funded for $60,000. This project is to train and use welfare mothers as lay representatives of welfare recipients in welfare fair-hearings and related problems. After the approval of this program by Model Cities, Legal Aid attorneys prepared and conducted the training course of two weeks' duration for the initial participants in the project (as discussed above at III.u., III.t. and IV.e.). Legal aid will continue to assist in the training of new participants. Other Legal Aid lawyers have been deeply involved with tenants' associations from the various public-housing projects in the Greater Kansas City area, representing these groups before the housing authorities, attending meetings of the organizations, attending hearings on evictions, and drawing up new procedures for eviction hearings. In Independence, Legal Aid lawyers have represented tenants in public-housing cases, and have obtained abolishment of a former 12-months residency requirement for eligibility. Negotiations are being carried on with the housing authorities to obtain guard services, to obtain new playgrounds, and to obtain information for tenants on how incomes are computed and how tenants' eligibility or amount of rent are determined in relation to income. Legal Aid attorneys are closely involved with many consumer protection groups, and have conducted neighborhood surveys to determine what consumer problems are particularly acute in the neighborhood. A new consumer protection code has been drafted for presentation to the city council. Legal Aid lawyers have also represented community groups in attempts to get smoke abatement from polluting factory chimneys, and as a result of these efforts a new air-quality enforcement ordinance has been drafted for presentation to the city council. Our attorneys have represented student and parent groups before the school boards and other school authorities on innumerable occasions, and have succeeded in getting the Kansas City school board to draw up new procedures on student suspensions.
Our Platte County attorney has been working with a self-help housing group which is setting up a cooperative home-building project; work done for this group has included helping locate suitable land, preparing and presenting requests for zoning, helping the group obtain financing with the Farmers' Home Administration, and so forth.
Within the professional staff of the Society there is an economic development unit, whose function is to assist non-profit groups and income-producing enterprises in target areas to get started by providing legal advice and services, and by acting as liaison between such groups and other agencies, organizations, foundations, etc. A project for the coming year is a possible economic development plan
which could involve the entire West side community. The above examples are only a small sample of our staff work in assisting community groups.
IV.h. What expansion or modification of such activities is planned for the requested program?
The Society's continuing activities in group representation and economic development are discussed at IV.e and IV.g above. We plan to add one staff attorney in this area in the coming program year. (Although we have felt that there is a great need for substantial expansion of our activities in this area, we had planned to use Reginald Heber Smith and VISTA lawyers assigned to our program for this work. However, during the current program year we have lost 9 VISTA lawyers who have not been replaced, and have suffered a net loss of three lawyers to the Reginald Heber Smith program. To replace these losses we would need a total of twelve additional lawyers, representing $120,000 annually in salaries.)
V.a. If all or portions of the program account are delegated, why did you decide to delegate?
Not applicable to legal services programs.
V.b. How will you advertise for recruit and select staff?
PROFESSIONAL STAFF: Recruitment of lawyers is conducted through law schools and their placement bureaus, other lawyer-placement bureaus, notices placed in legal services publications and Bar journals, and through the assistance of regional legal services offices. Considerations used in hiring professional staff include familiarity with poverty law and poverty problems, dedication to the goals of the Society and ability to relate to potential clients and client groups, legal experience, and scholastic record. Campus interviewing is increasingly a source of new lawyers; in the past year there has developed a much greater interest on the part of Missouri law students in working in legal services programs upon graduation. For this reason we may 'probably now decrease out of state recruitment efforts.
NON-PROFESSIONAL STAFF: In recruiting non-professional staff, use is made of newspaper advertisements, employment agencies, and publicity through the CAA and Model Cities agencies about job openings in our offices.
An organizational chart, giving the staffing pattern for each administrative and operating office, is attached as Appendix D.
V.c. What functions once performed by professionals will be assigned to nonprofessional employees as a result of reassessment of professional job requirement?
Law students under the supervision of staff attorneys are already being used to conduct some initial interviews with clients and to assist staff attorneys in maintaining contact with clients and in preparing cases for trial or otherwise processing the case. Law students are also being used for research, under the Legal Research Project.
A recent ruling of the Missouri Supreme Court has changed the rules regarding student practice for indigent clients, effective February 1, 1971. Under the new rules, students in their last year at law school will be able to represent indigent clients, under the supervision of a licensed attorney. This change, which Missouri legal services programs and law schools have been attempting to achieve for some time, will undoubtedly allow us to expand greatly our use of law students, both in office work and in the courts. An expanded program for our Legal Aid Clinic, offered to University of Missouri-Kansas City law students for law school credit, is being worked out.
It is planned to divide our Legal Aid Clinic into two courses. In Legal Aid Clinic I, second-year law students will learn through lectures and office experience about the basic principles of poverty law and techniques of interviewing clients. Some client interviewing will be undertaken, under close supervision, but the Legal Aid Clinic I students will not engage in counseling or representing clients. This work will be volunteer, and law school credit will be received.
Third-year law students who have successfully completed the first course will be eligible for Legal Aid Clinic II. for which the student will also receive law school credit and will also be paid by the Society. Legal Aid Clinic II interns will probably work up to 20 hours per week for the Society, and it is planned to assign several of these students to each office.
The Legal Aid Clinic program will continue to be under the supervision of the Director of Community Legal Education and Law Research, whose offices are on the law school campus at UMKC.