The Making of Modern Chinese Medicine, 1850-1960

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UBC Press, Apr 1, 2014 - History - 316 pages
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Medical care in nineteenth-century China was spectacularly pluralistic: herbalists, shamans, bone-setters, midwives, priests, and a few medical missionaries from the West all competed for patients. In the century that followed, pressure to reform traditional medicine in China came not only from this small clutch of Westerners, but from within the country itself, as governments set on modernization aligned themselves against the traditions of the past, and individuals saw in the Western system the potential for new wealth and power. This book examines the dichotomy between "Western" and "Chinese" medicine, showing how it has been greatly exaggerated. As missionaries went to lengths to make their medicine more acceptable to Chinese patients, modernizers of Chinese medicine worked to become more "scientific" by eradicating superstition and creating modern institutions. Andrews challenges the supposed superiority of Western medicine in China while showing how "traditional" Chinese medicine was deliberately created in the image of a modern scientific practice.

 

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Contents

1 Modernities and Medicines
1
2 The Spectrum of Chinese Healing Practices
25
3 Missionary Medicine from the West
51
4 The Significance of Medical Reforms in Japan
69
5 Public Health and StateBuilding
89
6 Medical Lives
112
7 New Medical Institutions
145
8 From New Theories to New Practices
185
Medicine and Modernity
206
Notes
218
Bibliography
252
Index
267
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About the author (2014)

Bridie Andrews is an associate professor of history at Bentley University and teaches history of medicine at the New England School of Acupuncture. She has co-edited two books, Western Medicine as Contested Knowledge (1997) and Medicine and Identity in the Colonies (2003).

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