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INTRODUCTION

This book furnishes, if I am not mistaken, the largest and therefore most valuable collection yet printed, on either side the Atlantic Ocean, of the poetry of the great Elizabethan period in England. This alone should make it a work of much value for use in all those colleges and high schools where the worth of the best literature is habitually appreciated. Were it only for the service of such institutions the very best poetry of every epoch ought to be collected bodily and not merely selected, as if by samples. Few indeed are there among

the teachers of such schools who will not find in this volume, as I have found, many poems of striking value and interest which have escaped all their previous reading

The sonorous epithet of Elizabethan" is commonly applied to the epoch to which this volume is substantially confined. Yet it will always remain doubtful how far the school of poetry here represented ought justly to bear that great queen's name. That she had some knowledge of Latin and Greek we know, and that she spoke several modern languages with some degree of fuency. It has however, been justly

claimed by one of the most accomplished of Englishwomen, Mrs. Anna Jameson, that her Majesty was " much fonder of displaying her own name than of encouraging the learned.Indeed, the same impression of her is rather confirmed than otherwise by the extravagant flattery pronounced on the queen by one who was in some respects the best critic of his day, Puttenham, the author of the Arte of English Poesie." He assures us that the queen's " learned, delicate, and noble muse easily surmounteth all the rest that have written before her time or since, for sense, sweetness and subtilitie even by as much oddes as her own excellent estate and degree exceedeth all the rest of her most humble vassals.The slightest glance at her Majesty's so-called poetry will dispose of all such flattering criticism, while on the other hand the mere names of such writers as Shakespeare, Bacon, Sidney, Raleigh, Hooker, Spenser, Marvell, Herrick, and the rest stand out as memorials of an intellectual group which must have been greatly self-sustaining and by no means the outcome of any mere patronage.

What it is which provides at irregular intervals of human history such rare intellectual groups, we cannot tell; and De Quincey seems hardly extravagant when he likens them to earthquake periods or equinoctial gales, things inscrutable and wondrous. It is hardly necessary to point out that England has had later intellectual periods, equally well defined, if not collectively quite so great; those, for instance, represented by the names of Burns and Byron, of Coleridge and Wordsworth, of Tennyson and Browning. Even America is now old enough to look back on two marked epochs, the one represented by Cooper and Irving -- writers of prose only the other by Emerson and Longfellow. The utmost that can be done for these exceptional combinations is to study them while they still flourish, and do justice to them when they have passed by. Yet all other such groups are unquestionably dwarfed by the wealth and variety of the Elizabethan period; and it is to this theme accordingly that the present volume is devoted.

THOMAS WENTWORTH HIGGINSON.

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PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION

In the second edition of this Anthology the editor has availed himself of suggestions by the professors of English in many of our leading universities which will tend to greatly increase its value, which, with much satisfaction to both the publishers and the editor, has been acknowledged by the sympathetic reception which greeted its publication.

In accordance with these suggestions there has been supplied in place of an index of poems by numbers, an index of titles under authors with short biographies of each. A glossary has also been added. In some instances slight changes have been made in the text. Where these have occurred, it has been due to a question of accuracy in the original versions or to later alterations by editors, with a view to rendering sixteenth-century meaning understandable to the point of view of the present day.

I hereby acknowledge my obligations for these suggestions and for encouraging words of praise to Prof. William Hand Browne, of Johns Hopkins University, Prof. William Lyon Phelps, of Yale University, Adele Lathrop, of Wellesley College, Prof. Felix Schelling, of the University of Pennsylvania, Prof. Brander Matthews and Prof. Curtis Hidden Page, of Columbia University, Prof. Richard Burton, of the University of Minnesota, Prof. W. H. Schofield and Prof. C. T. Copeland, of Harvard University, William Dean Howells, John Russell Hayes, and others.

W. S. B. New Year's Day, 1907.

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