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to land, they saw a fire of coals there, I ples durst ask him, Who art thou ! and fish laid thereon, and bread. knowing that it was the Lord.
10 Jesus saith unto them, Bring 13 Jesus then cometh, and tak. of the fish which ye have now eth bread, and giveth them, and fish caught.
likewise. 11 Simon Peter went up, and 14 This is now the third time drew the net to land full of great that Jesus shewed himself to his fishes, an hundred and fifty and disciples, after that he was risen three: and for all there were so from the dead. many, yet was not the net broken. 15 So when they had dineda
12 Jesus saith unto them, Come Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon, and dine. And none of the disci- son of Jonas, lovest thou me more a Ac. 10.41.
b c.20.19,26. poses, by a miracle, or whether it was original, as there is in our translation. à place occupied by other fishermen The word these may be in the neuter where they also might cook the fish gender, and refer to these things — his' which they had caught. As no miracle boat, and fishing utensils, and employ. is mentioned, however, there is no rea- ments -- or it may be in the masculine, son for supposing that any existed in and refer to the apostles. In the forthe case.
mer sense it would mean, 'lovest thou 11. An hundred and fifty and three. me more than thou lovest these objects ? The number is mentioned because it Art thou now willing from love to me seems to have been a very unusual to forsake all these, and go and preach draught, and it was particularly gratify, my gospel to the nations of the earth ?' ing and striking to them after they had In the other sense, which is probably spent the whole night and had caught the true sense, it would mean, lovest nothing. This convinced them that it thou me more than these other apostles was no other than the same Saviour love me?' In this question Jesus refers who had so often worked wonders be- to the professio 1 of superior attachment fore them, that was now with them. to him which Peter had made before his
12. Come and dine. The word in death (Matt. xlvi. 33): though all the original means the meal which is men shall be offended of thee, yet will 1 taken in the morning, or breakfast. never be offended.” Compare John
13. Jesus then cometh, and taketh xii. 37. Jesus here slightly reproves bread, &c. It is not said that Jesus him for that.confident assertion ; rehuimself ate with them, but he gave minds him of his sad and painful denial, them food. The design of this inter- and now puts this direct and pointed view seems to have been to convince question to him to know what was the them that he had truly risen from the present state of his feelings. After all dead. Hence he performed a miracle that Peter had had to humble him, the before they suspected that it was he, Saviour inquired of him what had been that there might be no room to say the effect of all on his mind, and whether that they had ascribed to him the power it had tended to prepare him for the ar. of the miracle through friendship and duous toils in which he was about to collusion with him. The miracle was engage. This question we should all such as to satisfy them of its truth, and put to ourselves. It is a matter of much was in accordance with all his works, importance that we should ourselves not for mere display, but for utility. know what is the effect of the dealings He remained with them, was with them of divine providence on our hearts, ang at their meal, conversed with them, what is our present state of feeling to and thus convinced them that he was wards the Lord Jesus Christ. Thox the same Friend who had died. knowest that I love thee. Peter now
14. The third time. See the ‘har- made no pretensions to love superior to mony of the accounts of the resurrec- his brethren. His sad denial had con. tion of Jesus,' at the end of Matthew. vinced him of the folly of that claim.
15. Lovest thor: mo more than these? But still he could appeal to the Search. There is a slight am yiguity here in the ler of the heart, and say that he kamus
than these? He saith unto him, I love thee. He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I Feed my sheep. ove thee.
He saith unto him, 17 He saith unto him the third Feed )
time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest 16 He saith to him again the thou me ? Peter was grieved o besecond time, Simon, son of Jonas, cause he said unto him the third lovest thou me? He saith unto time, Lovest thou me ? and he said him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that unto him, Lord, thou · knowest all a Matt.26.33,35. b Is.40.11. Je.3.15. Eze. c He.13.20. 1 Pe.2.25. d La.3.33.
ec je 1.2-19. Ac. 20.23. 1 Pe.5.2,4.
hat he loved him, Here is the expres found so effectual as to extend patron sion of a humbled soul, a soul made age to those schools. It is not merely, sensible of its weakness and need of therefore, the privilege, it is the solemn strength, yet with evidence of true at- duty of ministers of the gospel to coun. tachment to the Saviour. It is not the tenance and patronise those schools. most confident pretensions that consti- 16. Feed my sheep. The word here tute the highest proof of love to Christ; rendered feed, as has been remarked, and the happiest and best state of feeling is different from the word in the previous is when we can with humility, yet with verse. It has the sense of governing; confidence, look to the Lord Jesus and and of protecting the kind of faithful say, “Thou knowest that I love thee." vigilance which a shepherd uses | Feed my lambs. The word here ren- guide his flock, and to make provision dered feed means the care afforded by against their wants, and dangers. It furnishing nutriment for the flock. In may be implied here that the care need. the next verse there is a change in the ed for the young in the church is to in. Greek, and the word rendered feed de- struct them; and for those in advanced notes rather the care, guidance, and pro- years both to instruct and govern them. tection which a shepherd extends to his T My sheep. This term commonly de. qock. By the use of both these words, notes the church in general, without re. t is supposed that our Saviour intended spect to age. Ch. x. hat a shepherd was both to offer the 17. The third time. It is probable that proper food for his flock and to govern Jesus proposed this question three times t; or as we express it, to exercise the because Peter had thrice denied him. office of a pastor. The expression is Thus he tenderly admonished him of iaken from the office of a shepherd, with his fault; reminded him of his sin; and which the office of the minister is fre. solemnly charged him to be faithful, quently compared. It means, as a good and vigilant, in the discharge of the du. shepherd provides for the wants of his ties of the pastoral office. The reason Aock, so the pastor in the church is to why the Saviour addressed Peter in this furnish food for the soul, or so to exhibit manner was doubtless because he had truth as that the faith may be strengthen just denied him-had given a most me. ed, and the hope confirmed. TMy lambs. lancholy instance of the instability and The church is often compared to a flock. weakness of his faith, and of his liability See ch. x. 1-16. Here the expression to fall. As he had thus been prominent my lambs, undoubtedly refers to the ten- in forsaking him, he took this occasion der and the young, in the Christian to give to him a special charge, and to church; to those who were young in secure his future obedience. Hence he years and in Christian experience. And so administered the charge as to remind the Lord Jesus saw, what has been con- him of his fault; and he made him so firmed in the experience of the church, prominent as to show the solicitude of taat the success of the gospel among the Saviour that henceforward he might men depended on the care which the not be left to dishonor his high calling: ministry would extend to those in early This same charge, in substance, he had life. It is in obedience to this command on other occasions given to the apostles, that Sunday schools have been estab. (Matt. xvii. 18,) and there is not the lished, and no means of fulfilling the slightest evidence here that Christ in. command of the Saviour have been leveled, as the Papists pretend, to give things; thou knowest tha: I love and carry thee whither thou would thee. Jesus saith unto him, Feed est not. my sheep.
19. This spake he, signifying by 18 Verily, verily, I say unto thee, what death he should glorify God. 'when thou wast young, thou gird. And when he had spoken this, he edyt thyself, and walkedst whither saith unto him, Follow d me. thou wouldest : but when thou shalt 20 Then Peter, turning about, be old, thou shalt strerzh forth thy seeth the disciple whom Jesus loved, ha ids, and another shall gird thee, following, which also leaned on his
d Nu.14.24. 1 Sa.12.20 Matt .13 36. Ac. 12.3,4.
• Ac 21.11.
c 2 Pe.1.14. 19.28. с.12.26.
Peter any peculiar primacy, or emine.uce out his hands on the cross, and was in the Church. The charge to Peter ready to give up his life. Another shall arose manifestly from his prominent, gird thee. Another shall bind thee. and melancholy act in denying him- The limbs of persons crucified were and was the kind, and tender means often bound instead of being nailed, and used by a faithful Saviour to keep him even the body was sometimes girded to from similar acts in the future dangers the cross. See Notes on Matt. xxvii and trials of life. It is worthy of re- 35. & Carry thee, &c. Shall bear thee, mark that the admonition was effectual. or shall compel thee to go to prison and Henceforward, Peter was one of the to death. t'his is not said to intimate most firm, and unwavering of all the that Peter would be unwilling to suffer apostles; and thus fully justified the martyrdom; but it stands opposed to appellation of a rock, which the Saviour the freedom of his early life. Though by anticipation had given him. See willing when compelled to do it, yet he Note, John i. 42.
would not seek it ; and though he would 18. When thou wast young. When not needlessly expose himself to it, yet in early life, thou didst gird thyself, &c. he would not shrink from it, when it The Jews in walking, or running, gird. was the will of God. d their outer garments around them, 19. By what death, &c. In these that they might not be impeded. Thou words two things are implied. Ist. That girdedst. The expression here denotes Peter should die a violent death; and freedom. He did as he pleased-he 2d. That his death should be such as girded himself or not-he went or re- to honor God. The ancients say that mained, as he chose. Perhaps the ex. Peter was crucified at Rome, about pression refers rather to that time than thirty-four years after this, with his to the previous period of Peter's life. head downwards. Clemens says that 'Thou being now young, or in the vigor he was led to the crucifixion with his of life-hast just girded thyself, and wife, and sustained her in her suffer come freely to the shore.' In either ings by exhorting her to remember the case, the Saviour intimates that at the example of her Lord. He also adds end of his life he would not be thus free. that he died, not as the philosophers [ When thou shalt be old. Ancient did, but with a firm hope of heaven, writers say that Peter was put to death and patiently endured the pangs of the about t iirty-four years after this. His cross. Strom. vii. This declaration of precise age at that time is not known. the Saviour was doubtless continuall
Thou shalt stretch forth thy hands. before the mind of Peter; and to the When Peter was put to death, we are hour of his death, he maintained the told that he requested that he might be utmost constancy and fidelity in his crucified with his head downwards cause ;-thus justifying the appellation saying that he who had denied his Lord which the Lord Jesus gave him28 he had done, was not worthy to die rock.
he did. I his expression of Christ 20. Who also leaned, &c. See ch. may intimate the readiness of Peter xüi. 24, 25. inus to die. Though he was not at 21. What shall this man do! This liber.y as when he was young; though question probably means : What death bound bv others, ye: he freely stretched shall he die ?' But it is impossbie te
breast at supper, and said, Lord, ciple should not die: yer Jesus said which is he that beti ayeth thee? not unto him, He shall not die ; but,
21 Peter, seeing him, saith to If I will that he tarry till I come, Jesus, Lord, and what shall this what is that to thee? man do?
24 This is the disciple which 22 J:sus saith unto him, If I will testifieth of these things, and wrote that he tarry till I come, « what is these things: and we know that that to thee? Follow thou me. his testimony is true.
23 Then went this saying abroad 25 "And d' there are also many worg the brethren, that that dis- other things which Jesus did, the « Mait.25.31 Re.1:. 22.20.
c c.19.35. 8 Jno.12. 1 c20.30. know why Peter asked this questio z. impertinent curiosity is exercised. All John was a favorite disciple; and per. such curiosity Jesus here reproves. 3d. kaps Peter suspected that he would That Jes is will take care of all his behave a happier lot, and not be put to loved disciples; and that we should not death in this manner. Peter was grieved be unduly solicitous about them. 4th. at the question of Jesus; he was pro. That we should go forward to what. bably deeply affected with the account ever he calls us—to persecution or death of his own approaching sufferings; and —not envying the lot of any other man with perhaps a mixture of grief, and - and anxious only to do the will of envy, he asked what would be his lot. God. But it is possible that it was from kind- 23. Then went this saying, &c. This ness to John-a deep, solicitude about mistake arose very naturally, 1st. From him, and a wish that he might not die the words of Jesus which might be easily in the same manner as one who had misunderstood to mean that he should denied his Lord. Whatever the mo. not die, and 2d. It was probably con. tive was, it was a curiosity which the firmed when it was seen that John surLord Jesus did not choose to gratify: vived all the other apostles —had es.
22. That he tarry. That he live. The caped all the dangers of persecution, same word is used to express life in Phil. and was leading a peaceful life at Ephei. 24, 25. 1 Cor. xv. 6.4 Till I come. This mistake, John deemed it Some have supposed this to refer to the proper to correct before he died, and destruction of Jerusalem ; others to the has thus left on record what Jesus said, day of judgment; others to signify that and what he meant. he should not die a violent death. But 24. This is the disciple, &c. Thir the plain meaning is 'if I will that he proves that the beloved disciple was should not die at all, it is nothing to John. "We know. That is, it is known; thee.' In this way the apostles evi- it is universally admitted. It was so dently understood it, and hence raised decidedly his character that he always a report that he should not die. It is declared the truth, that it had become remarkable that John was the last of known, and was unquestioned, so that the apostles; that he lived to nearly he himself might appeal to the universal the close of the first century, and then testimony in his behalf
. In this case, died a peaceful death at Ephesus, be therefore, we have the testimony of a ing the only one, as is supposed, of the man whose character for nearly a cenapostles who did not suffer martyrdom. tury, was that of a man of truth The testimony of antiquity is clear on much so, that it had become in a man. this point; and though there have been ner proverbial, and put beyond a ques. ņiany idle conjectures about this pas. tion. It is impossible to believe that sage, about the fate of John-yet no such a man would sit down deliberate. Jolin diéd, and was buried at Ephesus. book which was false. And if not, What is that to thee From this pas- then this book is true -.
- and that is the sage we learn, 1st. That our main bu. same as saying that Christianity is a re. pness is to follow, and imitate the Lord ligion from heaven. Jesus Christ. 2d. That there are many 25. Many other things. Many mira subjocts of religion on which a vain and I cles. Ch. xx. 30. Many discourses de
V., II.- 34
which if they should be written world itself could not contain the every one, I suppose that even the books that should be written. Amen.
a Am.7.10. hvered, &c. 1 I suppose, &e. This is Ch. xx. 30, 31. The figure which Johı evidently the figure of speech called a uses here is not uncommon in the scrip dyperbole. It is a mode of speech where tures. Gen. xi. 4; xv. 5. Num. Xü. 33 the words express more, or less, than is Dan. iv. 20. kterally true. It is common among all This gospel contains, in itself, the writers--and as the sacred writers in re- clearest proof of inspiration. It is the cording a revelation to men used human work of a fisherman of Galilee, with. language, it was proper that they should out any proof that he had any unusual express themselves as men ordinarily advantages. It is a connected, clear, do, if they wished to be understood and satisfactory argument, to establish This figure of speech is commonly the the great truth that Jesus was the Mes. effect of surprise; or having the mind siah. It was written many years after full of some object, and not having the ascension of Jesus. It contains the words to express the ideas. At the record of the Saviour's profoundest dissame time the words convey no false courses; of his most convincing argu. hood. The statement is to be taken as ments with the Jews; and of his decla. it would be understood among the per- rations respecting himself and God. It sons to whom it is addressed ; and as contains the purest and most elevated no one supposes that the author means views of God to be found any where, to be understood literally, so there is no as far exceeding all the speculations of deception in the case, and consequently philosophers, as the sun does the blaze no impeachment of his veracity, or in of a taper. It is in the highest degree spiration. Thus when Longinus said absurd to suppose that an unlettered of a man, that "he was owner of a fisherman could have originated this piece of ground not larger than a Lace. book. Any one may be convinced of dæmonian letter,' no one understood this by comparing it with what would him literally. He means evidently a be the production of a man in that rank very small piece of land, and no one of life now. But if John has preserved would be deceived. So Virgil says of a the record of what has occurred so many
"he was so tall as to reach the years before, then it shows that he was stars," and means only that he was very under the divine guidance, and is him. iall. So when John says that the world self a proof- a full and standing proof would not contain the books thar should of the fulfilment of the promise which be written if all the deeds and sayings he has recorded — that the Holy Spirit of Jesus were recorded, he clearly in would guide them into all truth. John tends nothing more than that a great xiv. 26. Of this book, we may, in con. many books would be required; or that clusion, apply the words spoken by it would be extremely difficult to record John, respecting his vision of the them all -- intimating that his life was future events of the Church. active that his discourses were nume- ed is he that readeth, and they that ro:18-and that he had not pretended to hear the words of this' book," and give them all, but only such as should keep those things which are writter. go to establish the main oint for which therein, for the time is at hand.” Rre he wote -- that he was the Messiah. li. 3.