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Bear with me, then, if I refer, by way during the sounding of the seventh of example, to a few things which trumpet. appear to me to be objectionable in! In lecture IX. (p. 153), you say, this respect.
“ The jailor of Philippi was baptized In lecture VII. (p. 110), you say, FROM a basin or a bucket in the prison,” “ The expression duimoniu always &c. By what new book of Acts this was intends not fallen angels or devils, discovered, you have not told us ; for but spirits of dead men, separated most assuredly Luke said nothing of from the body, and supposed to be in the sort. A man that wishes and heaven,” &c. That the word may, professes to speak the truth, should in some applications of it, refer to not thus affirm at random. And departed spirits, we do not question. mark how foreign is the mode of But can we suppose that Christ used expression : He was baptized FROM!! it in reference to the spirits of good We read that Jesus, our great exammen, “then in hraven," when he ple, was baptized in Jordan ; and if speaks of Beelzebub being the prince we had true “ literal translation,” we of such daimonioun (daeinons.) should read that Johın baptized in
In lecture IX. (p. 148), referring water ; but who ever read in the to Rev. x. 6–7, the meaning of it is Christian records about being bapbest expressed by another and juster tized FROM ? The very mode of translation :-" And he sware that speech “bewrayeth” the falsehood. the time should not be yet.” On The jailer surely was at liberty, and this, which you call a “literal trans- the earthquake had surely set the lation,” you proceed to found an Apostle free ; and there is no eviimportant interpretation of the pas- dence the baptism took place in the sage. Now, it is certainly desirable prison at all, or that either - bucket that some authority for this rendering or basin” was used. On what miseof ouk eti should be adduced. The rable grounds will an enlightened phrase occurs in several other places man sometimes cling to the traditions of this book, but in none of them will of the Fathers, even when, in words it bear the meaning you give it. How he repudiates them! What pity absurd to say concerning the blessed ought we to feel for, the unenlightsaints, “ They shall not hunger YET ; | ened ! neither thirst YET :" i. e, they may at You have explained, and perhaps some future period be in want! Rev. very truly, the meaning of the two vii. 16. How preposterous to trans- witnesses ; only you have been conlate Rev. xxi. 1-4, according to your strained to bring into your line of “ literal translation !” “There is no succession the despised and calumpisea YET.” “ There shall not be death, ated Baptists ; for even Dr. Wall neither sorrow nor crying Yet, neither confesses Peter Bruis and Henry of any pain YET :" i. p. at some other | Thoulouse to have been such, though time there may again be death, sor- he does not give them so good a charow, crying, and pain. If you can racter as you have given them. But find a full proof of the correctness of that matters not to our present quesyour translation, by all means do so; tion. These witnesses (that is, a sucfor I fear, if you fall into the hands cession of faithful men) prophesied in of the Oxford Grecians, they will sackcloth, 1260 years, according to show you no mercy, but scatter your your interpretation, and were slain translations to the winds. No doubt A.D. 1513 (page 190.) Luther, acthe intention of the angel's oath cording to Merle D’Aubigné, became is, that there should be no more a licentiate in theology about the delay, but the purposes of God same date, the end of 1512, and was should be rapidly hastened onward | preparing to “cry as a lion roareth,"
| which he did a few years afterwards. the world, and what are termed
Of course, the sackcloth prophecy of respectable people, it is too glaring the witnesses ended in 1513, for they not to be observed if they have any (lid not prophecy in sackcloth after discernment of the spirits. , Open their resurrection. Isaac Taylor has communion, organs, or any thing to | unanswerably proved, in his Ancient attract and display, or set off in style, Christianity, that about A.D. 300, and thereby draw away the minds of
some of the grossest corruptions of the people from the simplicity of the || Antichrist were in full vigour. Now, gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ. Paul
I ask you, Dr. Cumming, candidly did not, with all his learning, act and fearlessly to follow out your own thus ; but when he came to the I promises. Go back from A.D. 1513, Corinthians, he says he came to them through 1260 years, and YOU ARRIVE not with excellency of speech or of AT A.D. 253, AND IN THAT VERY wisdom, declaring unto them the tesYEAR YOU FIND CYPRIAN AND TIE timony of God; his speech and his COUNCIL OF 66 BISHOPS SANCTIONING | preaching were not with enticing AND CONFIRMING---WIIAT ? INFANT words of man's wisdom, but in demonBAPTISM! Then the wilnusses begunstration of the Spirit and of powerth rear sackcloth.
that your faith should not stand in But a word to the wise is, or ourht the wisdom of man, but in the power to be, sufficient. Wishing you the of God. Mr. Campbell is the first best blessings and much success in champion of this age for laying open every study and pursuit whereby God this fashionable religion ; indeed, the is glorified,
late Mr. Jones acknowledged this. I I remain,
was in America the summer of 1832, Very respectfully yours, but I was never near to Bethany. In JOSEPII HARBOTTLE. New York I worshipped with Dr.
| Luke Barker, in Laurence-street, and To the Editor of the “ British
assisted him sometimes in the service.
He is a good, noble, and active ser* Millenniul Ilarbinger."
vant of the Lord Jesus Christ. I am DEAR SIR-Above you have some well acquainted with Mr. Munroe : remarks upon a work publishing by he is a clerk in the Custom-house, and a Dr. Cumming, Presbyterian minister was a deacon with Mr. McClay, in in London, upon the Revelation of St. Mulberry-street ; but before I left he John, by our worthy Mr. Harbottle. was about leaving and joining with Mr. II. has sent them to Dr. Cum - Dr. Barker and friends in Laurenceming. It will also appear in the street. After my return I took the | Baptist Magazine, the Primitive Millennial Harbinger of Mr. CampChurch Magazine, and the Baptist bell, till Mr. Jones began to publish Reporter, and I am anxious that it his, which I took for the two volumes, should appear in your valuable Har- and I have continued taking yours binger also, which I have taken and from its commencement. I have corread from its commencement. Mr.' responded a great deal with Dr. BarHarbottle has kindly permitted that ker since my return. I left a quanit should appear. He is no open tity of goods in his possession and communion man, but a staunch, strict care when I left, and he had them Baptist, willing to keep the ordinances sold for me, behaving in all respects as they were delivered ; but, alas ! as an honest Christian, in whom is no there are many in our day drawn guile. I have got from him since my aside. We should have wished better return, Mr. Campbell's Debate with things; but, from the fondness in many the Roman Catholic Bishop at CinBaptist congregations to accommodate cinnati, and his New Testament. I remain, dear sir, your esteemed friend | Apostles were greatly at fault. The in the cause of Christ,
Lord is the author of eternal salvaC. LANCASTER. I tion to them that OBEY him.-ED. [We should be happy to hear again from J. Harbottle. We feel persuaded that both he and his friends
STRICTURES ON A BAPTIST could do much to promote the interest
PAMPHLET, No. II. and circulation of the British Millen
(For the British Millennial Harbinger.) nial Harbinger. Reform must go DEAR SIR—The lady who kindly forward ; then why not hasten it with handed me “ Strictures on the Chrisgreater and more rapid strides ? This tian System,” informs me the writers would show, at least, that there is are Messrs. D— and W two sincerity in the prayers we offer up, young men of good reputation and that the will of God may be done on talents, members of the Scotch Bapearth as it is done in heaven. Whattist Church, Liverpool. I should the Particular Baptists are gaining have guessed otherwise, because wriby the introduction of“ open commu- | ters of that connection are usually nion,” and of organs, into their com more cautious and accurate. I am munities, would be difficult to say ; now told their “Strictures” are conunless it be to add what is termed sidered a fair exhibition of Scotch respectability to their body. This, Baptist views, so that we are to regard however, is obtained at great sacrifice, these gentlemen as speaking for that seeing that divisions and separations | body. are taking place among them. The It would be easy to lengthen the question is not-does this, or does list of errors, but perhaps a sufficient that accord with the New Testament, number have been pointed out to show and the simplicity of primitive purity how little dependence can be placed and worship ?-but how shall we ob- on the work. I therefore proceed tain a rich and respectable congrega- with the misapplications and pervertion ? One thing is most remark- sions, taking them together as found able in this “open communion scheme” | in the Strictures.
—the poor are immersed, while the Misapplication 1. To show that in rich, for the most part, are excused, assemblies of saints elders and brethbeing satisfied, it would seem, that ren were to exercise their gifts in sprinkling and pouring are equally common, these young men say (page from the Lord ! To be consistent, 6) “ In a word, all might speak, one ought not these Baptist congregations by one, that ' all might learn, and all to invite to their communion Episco- might be comforted.” This quotapalians, Presbyterians, Methodists, tion of 1 Cor. 14, 31, neither gives Quakers ; in fact, all who feel them- the words nor the sense of the Aposselves to be Christians, simply be- tle. It misapplies to brethren genecause they were born in this Christian rally, what the Apostle spoke to procountry, and can talk piously respect- phets in particular. To those proing heart-felt religion, or of being re- phets, direct revelations from heaven generated and baptized by the Holy were then given, and they spoke the Spirit ? The Apostles preached the things so revealed in easily understood obedience of faith among all nations. language to the congregation. But in these days it is supposed that Mis. 2. Mr. Campbell having stated happy feelings are all that is required that all are corrupt, depraved, fallen, -or, in other words, that “ faith and sinful, these writers find themalone,” without the obedience of faith, selves aggrieved—not with what he brings pardon and peace to the guilty. says, but with what he does not say. If this be true, both Jesus and his It seems offence enough in him not
to come quite down to their mark of and that he rose again the third day “ total-depravity- therefore-total-ina- / -what could “the form of doctrine" bility." In support of this ground-be which these Corinthians obeyed, work of their theories, they adduce if not a burial with Christ in baptism, Jer. 10, 32 : “ The way of man is and a rising therein with him to newnot in himself; it is not in man that ness of life? walketh to direct his steps.” Now Mis. 5. 1 Cor. iv. 7, “ Who maassuredly this text may as fairly be keth thee to differ? and what hast taken to prove holiness as depravity. thou that thou hast not received ? It merely says, man should be directed and why dost thou glory as if thou by God. The holy angels are direct- hadst not received it ?" This is an ed in doing his will, for they “hearken instance of gross misapplication. These to the voice of his word.” God guided writers call it a “ challenge to any Israel by the cloud : for forty years man.” It is, in fact, a question to it led the way, and the peculiar peo- one man. That person differed not ple followed. So the “ Brightness of from his brethren at Corinth in faith, the Father's glory” now says, “Follow repentance, or obedience, as these me;" and his obedient believers “ fol- writers suppose : in these things all low whithersoever he goeth.”
were alike. He was only " distinMis. 3. “ The Psalmist, knowing guished” by miraculous gifts, (probahis own weakness, says, 'Hold thou bly received by imposition of Paul's me up, and I shall be safe.'” Is it so, hands) and his fault was, that he too then, that weakness is to be deemed vainly prided himself on those gifts. depravity as well as wickedness? Is Mr. Campbell instanced the Bethis the Scotch Baptist theology? Are reans as having, even in unbelief, these writers sure it is not“ Christ in been “ more noble” than the ThessaDavid” who speaks these words, as lonians. This being a knot these He does in Psalm xxii. 19-21 ? And writers could not untie, they (regardwould they regard the latter as proof | less of their motto) set themselves to of the total depravity and inability of cut it with a blade of their own make, the Son of God ?
viz. “ They must have had a special U Perversion 4. These young men exercise of the divine power.” Little
show that, naturally, sin reigns as need have they for the sword of the king, and men obey as subjects. Sin Spirit, who can thus manufacture for a master-men his slaves : to which themselves. we cheerfully subscribe. But having The other quotations under this done this, they (to make these truths head, truly declare man's great sinspeak total-inability doctrine) some- fulness and continually evil propensiwhat triumphantly ask, “ When did ties. They offer, however, no proof the subject overcome his king, or the that he is either totally depraved, or slave his master ?" One always feels unable to receive Christ. The wridesirous to enlighten darkness. Gen- ters have failed to produce a single tlemen, the Americans did the former scriptural authority for these favorite
the Haytians the latter ; and yonr fancies. own text (Rom. vi. 17) states the Perversion 6. Mr. Campbell havfact, that the very slaves of sin at ing, in the “ Christian System,” set Rome did actually obey, and that forth the great things God has, in from the heart, the form of doctrine Christ, done for us ; and stated that which was delivered to them. And our enjoyment of these things is, on here allow me to suggest, that if the our part, conditional upon our faith, doctrine (the Gospel) itself, is, that repentance, and obedience—the wriChrist died for our sins according to ters, indignantly taking opposite the Scriptures, that he was buried, 'ground, say, “Salvation, in all its
parts, is the result of the divine pur manner, such Old Testament saints pose. The Apostle, Eph. iii. 2, to the knowledge and love of his dear clearly teaches this, where he shows Son. Take a case :-Cornelius, being that the adoption of the church is ac- thus fore-acknowledged, was therefore cording to the good pleasure of the predestined by God to be conformed divine will, that she is accepted in to Christ. Accordingly, he, Ist, was Christ, and predestinated according called by Peter's gospel (believed as to the purpose of him who worketh spoken) ; 2nd, was justified freely by all things after the counsel of his own the favour of God through Christ ; will.” Thus write Scotch Baptists ! | 3rd, was glorified by a divine gift of and this might be deemed a decent “ tongues :" nor, in the tidings by burst of Calvinism were there truth which he and his house were to “be in it. Dear Sir, turn to the place, saved,” was “ planting in likeness of and, with your own eyes, see that Jesus' death” omitted. In all respects Eph. iii. 2, says nothing of adoption, Cornelius conformed to the divine acceptance, or the predestination of pattern, and so became a brother of the church ! Eph. i. 2, speaks of the the first-born. This, therefore, in predestination of apostles, but this is Cornelius' case, and doubtless in foreign to the subject. Did these others, was the chain of salvation to gentlemen expect their assertions to the foreknown. No link in it appears be taken without examination ? arbitrary or partial ; all is in sweet
Perv. 7. “The apostle gives the harmony with the Father's kindness chain of salvation in this most em- to his faithful ones in every age. phatic language :-Moreover, whom Mis. 8. John xv. 16, “Ye have he did predestinate, them he also not chosen me, but I have chosen called ; and whom he called, them you, and ordained you that ye should he also justified; and whom he go and bring forth fruit.” It is sad justified, them he also glorified.'” If perversion to apply to “the Church” this is a “chain of salvation,” these at large, as these writers do, words writers have done themselves injury which the Lord, on the night of his by attempting to pass off a piece of betrayal, addessed to his beloved and it for the whole, as though designedly loving eleven, “I have chosen you shortening it to Calvinistic length. (my apostles), and ordained you." Had they given the whole, the mean- Mis. 9. John x. 27, “My sheep ing might have been apparent. The hear my voice, and I know them, and severed piece is " Whom he fore- they follow me ; and I give unto them knew, he did predestinate to be con- eternal life.” This text is adduced formed to the image of his Son, that to disprove what these writers conhe might be the first-born among trive to make the “Christian system". many brethren.” We are enabled to say, “The salvation of the Church observe, that the Father foreknew depends upon the contingency of old Simeon ; for He had acknow- man's agency.” This effigy they hold ledged him as one of his saints before up and shake by way of bugbear to Christ's coming. He also foreknew scare timid minds. That the text is Cornelius, having recognised him misapplied is, however, tolerably evibefore the gospel of Christ was dent from this fact, that in it the Lord preached to him. The change to recognizes human agency; for the be accomplished in these accepted characteristics of his sheep are, they, worshippers (Jew and Gentile) was, “hear” (obey, W. Jones) his, voice, from looking for the Messiah to come, and they “ follow" him. A sufficient to know he was come. It would proof, that those who RECEIVE his have been unlike the Heavenly Father words and to his will are reckoned had he neglected to call, in an especial' among His flock.