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HINTS TO YOUNG MEN. Be not a stranger to yourself. Rigo- and leave a clear water-furrow, and rously and without mercy, scan your you may expect a crop if the soil is own motives before God ; that is, good. One hour is one season for under a consciousness that his eye is preaching. It may be, in some cases, upon you, examine all your ways. that the season may be longer, when Be not in a hurry to get away from the land is rooty, and there are many the searchings of conscience. If a brambles to be burnt. But take care man flinches here, he is guilty. Labor that you waste not time in fighting to acquire the habit of speaking care fire, which rapidly paceth among fully on all subjects. Never be over broom straw. Of this labor cometh positive. The wisest of men have perspiration, and a smutty face. been mistaken. Speak of things as Do not go through the labor and they are. Never say any thing to trouble of a new introduction of every excite wonder, or to astonish, or to new paragraph, saying, “My friends," surprise a company ; because these “ My dear hearers,” or “ My attenreact upon you, and may cause you tive audience,” &c. &c. Because, to go beyond the truth to feed the sometimes you may have some hearers flame yourself has kindled.
who would object to being considered Be not in a hurry to give your your friends ;” others might be I judgment on men and books. Say asleep, and would not, therefore, be || not of a book that it is good, unless your “hearers ;” and others might
you have read it. Do your own be scratching the name of a friend on understanding justice, by always the back of a pew, and therefore giving your own judgment of things. could not be called very “ attentive.” It is cousin to a falsehood to say I In preaching, never aim to say any think, and then give the thoughts of thing, nor to do anything, but to another, without due acknowledg- impress the truth upon the people. ment. It leadeth to vexation in the Whenever you aim to do any thing hearer, if, after hearing you, and else, you miss it ; for nature is true thinking you profound, he findeth to nature, heart to heart, feeling to out that lo ! it was Blair or Bentham! feeling. You might as well say to Mortification cometh of the dead an audience, “I am now going to be speaking through the living, or he pathetic,” or “I now want to make that is far off, through him that is you weep,” &c. &c. near ! Uninspired thoughts, uttered If ever you should feel at a loss by uninspired men, though beautifully on a subject, think of Calvary. It clothed in sweet sentences, make poor matters not what your subject may food for hungry men ; they want the be, where you started from, nor where bread of life. No sentiment has been you were when you got lost, whether so expressed by sage or logician, but you were in the coasts of Egypt, in the Seers of Israel have said it better Chaldea, on the mountains, or in the than he. Therefore, brethren, do valleys, near the school of the proyour digging in this mine. He that phets, or near to the walls of Zion, digs for silver here may get gold, but think of Christ on the Cross, and the he will not be disappointed with tin. glory that has followed, and all will
In preaching, you must “rightly soon be right. divide the Word of Truth,” and “give Be not in too great a hurry in your to every man his portion in his season.” speaking. Many seem to think that One meeting is a season ; therefore unless they speak fast, and run the do not scatter all sorts of seed on the risk of breaking the limbs of articuground at one season, or there will be lation, that the people will think they confusion in the crop. Plough the have nothing to say ; whereas they ground, sow the seed, harrow it in, 'have to say a great deal in most cases,
before their hearers are convinced of much. Shrewsbury is beautifully this. Take your time is the word. located on the banks of the Severn, By this it is not meant that you should and is an ancient walled town, of drole out your sentences as if you much celebrity. Its present populafelt no interest in what you were tion is about 30,000. Along the saying. This is the other extreme. banks of the Severn is decidedly the The safe course is equi-distant from most beautiful walk I have yet seen extremes.
in England Indeed, travellers hesiReligion is a grave and solemn tate not to say that the most stately subject, and does not admit of light- rows of elms in Great Britain are ness or levity. Care must be taken those that overshadow the walks on that no ludicrous comparisons be the margin of this delightful stream. made, which always provoke to They stand in different rows, about laughter and light feeling. Nothing 365 in number, averaging some sixty low nor mean should be used by way feet in height, and encompass a fine of proof or illustration of any religious park in the midst of them. Beginning subject.
at Col. Leighton's, and descending to Above all, let the sects alone! the river, and thence to the bridge, We have had too many 6 wind-mill” if any one can relish shade, or seeks battles at the sects. It is rather for morning and evening meditations, unhandsome to argue a cause against / if he cannot find them here, I know a person in his absence. The sects not where to send him. are never present. The man who From this walk I visited Samuel wars against the sects makes recruits Chaid's church, and surveyed the font to that war rather than disciples to at which Bishop Heber was baptized. Christ; and this is seen in the fact A lad of 7 or 10 years might, indeed, that these soldiers stand up during be immersed in it. But as it was the war, but when peace is declared, removed here from a church in the they droop and die. A man is rarely country, and as I saw no basin in it, ever won by a preacher who fights or near to it, I cannot say whether the the sect in which he has been brought great Heber was sprinkled out of it or up; but should the preacher brow immersed in it. In this church are beat a sect he has been brought up many splendid paintings—Simeon to despise, he is apt to be ensnared blessing the Babe in the Temple—the by his prejudices. The Sadducees Saviour taken down from the Cross ; were pleased when the Saviour ex- and, very apropos, the Saviour posed the Pharisees, and vice versa. paying tribute to Cesar ! I could not It was not because they loved the find time to visit the St. Mary's, St. Saviour, or the doctrine which he Julian's, St. Michael's, St. Giles, or taught, but because they hated each St. Alkmund's, nor even the Abbey other !
Church. Indeed, I was peculiarly unwell during my visit to Shrewsbury.
In tracing its history I could find LETTERS FROM EUROPE. little assurance either as to its name Nr. VII.
or its origin. The Saxons called it
Scrobbesby rig, because when first LONDON, July 1, 1847. made a camp it was filled with alder, MY DEAR CLARINDA-I have not
and was often called Salop. To this got up to my present dates. My
the following ancient doggerel bears visit to Shrewsbury you have yet but
witness in part. I promised you some notices
• Built on a bill, fair Salop greets the eye, of this very ancient city and its en
While Severn like an eеl curves gently by,
en Two bridges cross the bark-conveying stream, virons. Of it I cannot, indeed, say 'And British alder gave the town a naine.”
But the city occupies much space in house in which Ireland, the brotherEnglish history. The following sum- in-law of Cromwell, lived. It is still mary will suggest much to the student in good keeping, as are many other of English history :-Edward I. re- | houses of the same architecture and sided here in 1277. David, the last material. of the princes of ancient Britons, was In all these old towns the streets imprisoned here in 1282. Richard are generally narrow; many of them II. held his Parliament here in 1397-8. are so narrow that two horses can This was called the " Great Parlia- scarcely pass in any kind of vehicle. ment.” Shakespere makes memorable Indeed, I saw in London the other the great battle between the Earl of day, one street but seven fiet wide. Northumberland and Henry IV. Many are not more than twenty, and which occurred here July 22, 1403. frequentlybalconies and porticos above The Cambrian chieftain, Glendower, project so far over, that those on one not arriving with his 12,000 men, in side of the street can shake hands proper time to sustain the Earl, with those on the other, withont much 40,000 persons only engaged in it. inconvenience. We are pleased to His Hotspur was killed here amongst see a very great improvement in all 2000 nobles and 6000 privates. This the new streets of London, and indeed famous battle was fought a short dis- | in all other towns. tance from Shrewsbury.
I learned the other day, that the Here were born the second and mother of the Rothschilds, the three third sons of Edward IV.- Richard greatest bankers in the world, yet and George Plantagenet. Henry lives in one of this class of streets, VII. held a great feast here in St. and in a very humble dwelling, in Chaid's Church, in 1490, and revisit- Frankfort-on-the-Maine. There was ed it in 1495. This was the favorite a portion of that city allotted the Jews retreat of Charles I. Here he ex- in the times of their greatest political | hibited a mint and kept his courts. disabilities and oppression, out of Here also he kept an army in 1642. which they were not allowed to live. The town was taken by storm in Of course it was not a very eligible 1644-5. James II, held a court here part that was thus allotted a people in 1687, “ when the conduits flowed so despised as they then were, and with wine." From these political facts still are. This good old Jewess, the the town of Shrewsbury derives a mother of these three richest men in portion of its fame.
the world, still resides in the old house In ecclesiastic anpals, too, it is in which her husband died, and conspicuous. Rev. John Bryan and esteems it her greatest honor to wear Rev. Francis Tallents were ejected this badge of her faith and of her from their livings here by the Act of persecution for Moses' sake. Her Uniformity, in 1662. Job Ortin was sons, time after time, have offered to preacher here, and the Baptists found- | build her a palace in England, France, ed a church in Cromwell's times in or Germany—any where—and of any this city. But all the Presbyterian style that she pleases ; but they canchurches here, as every where else in not induce her to leave a house made England, have become Unitarians. dear to her by the sufferings of her This, too, is the county of Richard own oppressed and down-trodden Baxter.
people. How few Christians, under Several old wooden houses, of a such circumstances, and with such very singular architecture, yet stand | temptations, could or would so pertiin this city. They are curious for naciously adhere to a badge of their their architecture, and venerable for persecution for Christ's sake! The their antiquity. I was shown the Jews are always a great and a firm
people-great in their origin-once with the number of travellers, and great in their palmy days in all na- with the distances daily passed over. tional greatnessm-great in their ta- But two accidents have occurred since lents, great in their piety, great in my arrival on the roads along which their faith ; now great in their unbe- we have travelled. One of these was lief, as they are great in their ruin, occasioned by the breaking down of dispersion, and long endurance of an iron bridge over the river Dee, misfortune. Will they not yet be near Chester, a few days before my great in their restoration, and great arrival there. The other at Wolverin their admiration of their long re- ton, on the way here, some 45 miles
jected Messiah, and in their labors of from London, by the collision of cars. I love and toils for his name's sake! Some six or seven persons only were
May the Lord soon have mercy upon | killed at each of these points. them, and make their recovery as England is the Old Country-most life from the dead !
emphatically the Old Country. She Before dismissing these old towns is overbuilded, or builded all over, of Chester and Shrewsbury, as I do with cities, towns, villages, and hamnot intend hereafter to write much of lets. She complains of the continual this sort of history, but to use these loss of her territory by the thousands as illustrations of other places and of acres appropriated to railroads. scenes of the olden times, I must ob- The ground for them is often bought serve that I did not see, so far as I at immense rates per acre. She remember, one brick laid, or about to complains of the loss of territory by be laid, in the towns of Chester and the growth of the beautiful green Shrewsbury. I did, indeed, see one hawthorn hedges ; I think she will brick-kiln in progress in the environs yet cut many of them down to enlarge of Chester, but no other preparation her ploughlands. She complains that for house-building or for house-re- the new houses builded in some few pairing in brick or stone. These of her cities and towns, are also cities are as perfect and complete as reducing her plough and pasture the demands of the country require. grounds. She complains that she is Liverpool and London, these greatest too fruitful in sons and daughters, and of emporiums in this empire. are, in- yet she only increases one thousand deed, growing and increasing much, per day. especially London ; but it is the influx | When I see and hear all these of foreigners, of the nobility and things and especially when I see a gentry of the country, and because great multitude as good as begging the sons of affluence can live better for bread and so much wretchedness and enjoy more in London than in the amidst so much wealth and grandeur, country.
|I am more and more thankful that Railroad travelling is all the passion my family is in a large and roomy here, and this, too, is making London country ; that my children and their and Liverpool still greater, as these posterity, for years to come, are heirs great thoroughfares impart a sort of in common of a vast patrimonial ubiquity to the people of this island. inheritance, of which new states and They can live here and carry on busi- | territories are yet to be cleared out ness in the interior with considerable and made the large and fruitful home saving in many branches of labour of unborn millions of our race. The and trade. We move along in rail- people here, I mean the multitude, cars, on the great routes of travel, have very inadequate conceptions of only at the easy motion of forty miles our country-of its extent, its mineral an hour. True, aceidents sometimes wealth, its vast resources. We appear happen—seldom, however, compared as talking in romance when we speak
of states and territories, of lakes, Bother Davies being on some business mountains, and rivers of such dimen- / at Parliament, we enjoyed his comsions and of such amplitude as those pany for several days after our arrival. which now compose the American I have delivered five discourses in Union. When we talk of Virginia London since my arrival, of which, as being larger than all England, and and other matters here, I have not of her yet unsettled and uncultivated room to go into details. millions of acres-herself, too, one of Parliament is yet in session. I the oldest states in our Union-they have been much gratified in several know not how to realize it. One particulars. I have been very courtbing, however, is very evident—that, teously received by our American if myriads here had a few more sove- Minister, Mr. Bancroft, through Mr. reigns in their purses, they would Clay's letter. I got, through liim, an soon try the realities of the New introduction to the House of Lords. || World, and leave the land of their I had also the pleasure of spending fathers the legacy of their room. an evening with our Envoy, and
I am not yet up to London in my several American gentlemen, at his notes, although now a week in this residence. You know my respect for | city. My visit to Leicester is yet the talents and learning of Lord | wanting to complete my notes and Brougham. I had the good fortune memorabilia to this place. We have of hearing a formal speech from him commenced house-keeping in the on my first introduction to the House metropolis ; have very comfortable of Lords. It was just such a rational, rooms in Surrey-street, near the argumentative, and substantial speech Strand, and are quite central in our as I expected, delivered in a plain, position as respects the whole city. I but animated style, commanding, have not yet felt the heart of a stranger indeed, the marked attention of the in England. I was conducted from House. I am again to attend the Chester to Shrewsbury by my very | House of Lords this evening. I have cordial friend, Mr. Samuel Davies, also an introduction to the House of brother of John Davies, at Mollington. | Commons, but cannot yet find time From Shrewsbury I had to Notting- to visit it. My love to all the family. ham the company of a young brother Affectionately your father, Whalley, a relative of the Davies
A. CAMPBELL. family. From Nottingham to Leicester I had the company of sister
DISCIPLINE.—No. I. Henrietta Bakewell; and from Leicester to London, some hundred However lightly it may by some miles, is the only journey I have be regarded, the excommunication of taken wholly by myself from Balti- a member of the church of Christ is, more here. Brother Wallis, of Not- in reality, one of the most solemn and tingham, had come down here before affecting events we can well be called || me to make arrangements for our to consider. Men attach disgrace to preaching-brother Henshall supply- the member of a social club, who, in ing his place at Nottingham. I was his misconduct, is expelled from the met at the railroad depôt, on my enjoyment of its privileges ; and the arrival here, by brother Wallis, by convict, who, unworthy of the land brother John Davies, who met me at which gave him birth, is doomed to Liverpool on landing, and a relative be exported to some remote and wild of his, sister Whalley, of London, region of the universe, where his mistress of the Duke of Norfolk's baseness may be matched by a worse household, who has most kindly taken barbarism, receives at once the pity us under her special providence.' and contempt of the virtuous and the