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MORAL SOCIETIES,

gelists vouchsafed as its adaptation

to the work, and as a guarantee of HAVING RELIGIOUS RITES AND SECRETS, “sons OF TEMPERANCE," “ ODDFELLOWS," AND

ND its success. It is, therefore, the only “ FREEMASONS!--NO. I.

rational, moral, and religious society, PHILOSOPHERS, religionists, and under the broad heavens, that can at moralists have always had, and still all hope to ameliorate, sanctify, and have, their sects and parties. Dissent bless the world. Men will as soon in theory, alienation in affection, and create a new solar system as achieve opposition in practice, have unfortu- that which Christianity contemplates nately, in all ages, characterized fallen by the Church of the living God. humanity. When angels fell from When Christ's gospel, in the hands love, they became schismatics. Till of Christ's Church, fails to reclaim, then, neither jar nor discord found a reform, refine, and elevate man from place in earth or heaven. Harmony, degradation, vice, and ruin, no human universal harmony, reigned supreme. | institution can rationally, morally, or Angels fell from love. Exiled from religiously hope to accomplish it. If heaven, strife, and schism, and war, any theory of morals, of piety, or have since marked their path through reformation, is better than the gospel, every age and every realm. Man, then is man wiser than its author ; if overcome by the sophistry of the great any association, club, party, or fraheresiarch, has ever since his apostacy ternity, can accomplish more than been alienated from God, his brother, Christ's Church, then is not Christ's and himself. Hence, earth is every Church God's wisdom, benevolence, where thickly sown with the seeds of I and moral power. Then is the glory discord, strife, and schism.

of men above the glory of God; and “In the fulness of time," a great wisdom and benevolence exalted Pacificator is born. « The Prince above the Divine. of Peace” appeared on earth, and On opening our Christian Baptist, proposed to mankind to unite with and on reading our first article, now him to form one great party, and to five and twenty years old, in which repossess their forfeited heaven. He reference is made to a tract published lays the foundation of universal sal- by myself seven years before, I am vation by the sacrifice of himself. glad to find that these conceptions His mission, his life, his death, were and views of Christ's Church, its designed to reconcile and heal the proper foundation, its design, and its breach between God and man, and adequacy to the present condition of between man and man. He preached human society, to all the aberrations, peace " to them afar off, and to them follies, depravity, and wickedness of that were nigh.” His institution, man, are clearly indicated and forcibly called “ the Church," or society of the expressed. And this, too, with respect Lord, the family of Christ, the to all the new foundations, bonds of || house of God, the lodge of heaven, is union, corporations, new societies, the only institution which Divine philosophical, moral, or religious, philanthropy could prompt, Divine which the prolific and overheated wisdom devise, and Divine power imagination of man have given birth execute and sustain for the reconcili- | to under the names of benevolent, ation, the reformation, and salvation moral, or philanthropic institutions, of man. It has the oracles of God, having special charters, symbols, rites, the presidency of the Messiah, the ceremonies, &c. &c. for the moral guidance and inspiration of the Holy improvement and reformation of man. Spirit, the ministry of angels, the I must give one or two passages from arguments, the motives, the eloquence | it, respecting institutions formed withof Apostles, Prophets, and Evan- ' in the Church for Church duties.

The societies called churches, con- as the house of the living God. They stituted and set in order by those considered, if they did all they could ministers of the New Testament, in this capacity, they had nothing were of such as received and acknow- left for any other object of a religious ledged Jesus as Lord Messiah, the nature. In this capacity, wide as its Saviour of the World, and had put sphere extended, they exhibited the themselves under his guidance. The truth in word and deed. Their good only bond of union among them was works, which accompanied salvation, faith in him and submission to his were the labors of love, in adminiswill.

tering to the necessities of the saints, Their fraternity was a fraternity of to the poor of the brotherhood. They love, peace, gratitude, cheerfulness, did good to all men, but especially to joy, charity, and universal benevo- the household of faith. They praclence. Their religion did not mani- tised that pure and undefiled religion fest itself in public feasts nor carnivals. which, in overt acts, consists in Their meeting on the first day of the “ taking care of orphans and widows week was at all times alike solemn, I in their affliction, and in keeping joyful, and interesting. Their reli-one's self unspotted by (the vices of) gion was not of that elastic and porous the world.” kind, which at one time is compressed! In their church capacity, they atinto some cold formalities, and attended upon every thing that was of another expanded into prodigious a social character, that did not belong zeal and warmth. No; their piety to the closet or fireside. In the did not at one time rise to paroxysms, church, in all their meetings, they and their zeal to effervescence, and, offered up their joint petitions for all by and by, languish into frigid cere- things lawful, commanded, or promony and lifeless form. It was the mised. They left nothing for a mispure, clear, and swelling current of sionary prayer meeting, for seasons of love to God, of love to man, expressed unusual solemnity or interest. They in all the variety of doing good. did not at one time abate their zeal,

They knew nothing of the hobbies their devotion, their gratitude, or of modern times. In their church their liberality, that they might have capacity alone they moved. They an opportunity of showing forth to neither transformed themselves into advantage, or of doing something of any other kind of association, nor did great consequence at another.--Christ. they fracture and sever themselves Baptist, 1st ed. pp. 14–15. into divers societies. They viewed: If these views are just and scripthe Church of Jesus Christ as the tural as respects widows and orphans, scheme of heaven to ameliorate the the poor and wretched outcasts of world; as members of it, they con- society, contributions, prayers, and sidered themselves bound to do all efforts for their relief, and new assothey could for the glory of God and ciations specially for these as their the good of men. They dare not exclusive objects, how much more transfer to a missionary society, or apposite to the institutions, named at bible society, or education society, a the head of this article, as appendages cent or a prayer, lest in so doing they to the Christian Church! And now should rob the church of the glory, I desire to state, very distinctly and and exalt the inventions of men above emphatically, that so far as we advert the wisdom of God. In their church | to, or expatiate upon, the three insticapacity alone they moved. The tutions named, it will be only as they church they considered “the pillar are regarded by the members, or by and ground of the truth ;" they viewed professors of Christianity, as a succeit as the temple of the Holy Spirit- danium or substitute for the Christian Church, in the particular duties which examine with candor before we decide they assume to perform for one ano- any matter of even apparent good ther, or for mankind.

| report among men. Christians should As respects their wisdom, benevo- neither approbate nor disapprobate lence, or character, as mere worldly any institution professing humanity, institutions, operating on those with- much less become a member of it, or out the church, I have little or nothing reprobate those who are members, to say at present. Amongst Jews, without such a knowledge and conTurks, Infidels, or Atheists, they may sideration of its nature and character be occasionally as useful as they are as is perfectly and completely satisbenevolent; but as to their being factory. In all questions of morality composed of Christians, in whole or and virtue, we have, indeed, but one in part, or as to its being either standard to which we can appeal. necessary or expedient for them to Nothing that is not either by the become members of such institutions, letter or by the spirit of that standard we have some doubts, and some rea- commended to our adoption, can either sons for such doubts, which I desire be honorable or useful to the Christo submit to my readers with all tian. We shall, then, with all candor, respect and benevolence for those in our next, examine the constitution who may differ from me in their of that new association called the opinions.

Sons of Temperance. This is a subject to which my

A. C. thoughts have often been called, but to which I have, as yet, paid little or LETTERS FROM EUROPE. no attention, because of more pressing

NO. XIII. engagements and obligations. But the great number of these societies, GLASGOW, August 31, 1847. recently springing into existence, and MY DEAR CLARINDA-I am far besoliciting from State governments hind my travels in this interesting acts of incorporation, and also soli- island. I have been almost to latitude citing the patronage of the Christian 58 N. in Scotland, and am now in the Church, it seems to be in season now county of Lanark, in the midst of its to pay some attention to their claims, almost half million of inhabitants, and if not upon the State, at least upon have seated myself hard by Lord Nelthe Church, for its smiles and bene- son's monument on the banks of the dictions. Of these, the youngest Clyde, where I spent many a pleasant seems to have stronger claims upon hour, almost forty years ago, to note our attention, because, it is presumed, down some things of London and Enfrom its assumed title, to be a pro- gland; yet far in the distance of my posed reformation upon its two elder undeciphered symbols. Were it not brothers—the Freemasons and Odd- | that London has in it so many of the fellows-because it is likely to become wonders of art, and so many of the a substitute for temperance associa- wonders of the world, I would now tions, whether called Washingtonian, tell you some things of my present Republican, or Christian ; and, espe- localities and of my very singularly cially, because our brethren, from unexpected reception in Edinburgh their letters to me, are soliciting some and Glasgow—the Athens and the light upon the propriety of members Corinth of Scotland, if not of Great of churches becoming Sons of Tem- Britain ; but I must leave these for perance.

other letters, and endeavor to get out To all especially concerned in such of the environs of London, Cambridge, an examination, it might be expedient and Oxford, with all their interesting to say, that we ought to hear and associations.

Having been to Westminster Abbey tons—its grand entrances—its superband the Tower of London, I cannot ly rich portico, consisting of 12 lofty pass by St. Paul's and the Colosseum Corinthian pillars below, and 8 Comwithout a respectful notice. These posite columns above, supporting a are two of the most magnificent tri- triangular pediment, the entablature umphs of art in the esteem of the mil- 64 feet long and 17 high, representing lions that have seen them. You have the conversion of Paul, sculptured in surveyed their rich and numerous low relief; on whose apex stand colostreasures, their grandeur, and magni- sal figures of Paul, Peter, and James, ficence, and need not be informed of who have grown, since their death, their well earned claims upon the ad- eleven feet high in the esteem of those miration of all the amateurs of the fine who worship here. arts of sculpture, statuary, and archi- ! But, alas for England and the world! tecture.

this splendid edifice is but a proof of The old St. Paul's so injured by the folly and emptiness of modern and the fire of London in 1666, was very fashionable religion. The interior of fortunately removed to make way for this great pile is but a receptacle for the display of the unequalled genius of the dead for the dust of military Sir Christopher Wren, who may be heroes; and is really a house sacred regarded as both the builder of the pre- to Mars, the god of War, rather than sent London and of the present St. to the Prince of Peace, and his humble Paul's. Having lived to complete friend, the true and veritable Saint his ninetieth year, he was able to spend Paul. five and thirty years in the erection Many, indeed, are the gems of of the present St. Paul's, and to ex- sculpture, the triumphs of the chisel, pend upon it one million and a half and the proud achievements of genius, sterling, or the handsome little sum of treasured up within these walls. But more than seven millions of dollars. the subjects of these trophies are not Of course it is no mean, no humble saints, but heroes. Their glories are synagogue, in which to bow the knee not those of martyrdom, but of vioof prelatic grandeur or aristocratic lence and blood. Here repose in pride. Its length from east to west, state the shades of Generals Gore, within the walls, is but 500 feet; from Dundas, Mackenzie, Bowers, Ross, north to south, 286. The circuit of Pakenham, Gibbs, Gillespie, Brock, the building is 2292 feet; the diameter &c. &c.; also those of Admirals of the ball 6 feet; height of the cross, Duncan, Nelson, Howe, with many 30 feet; total height from the ground, chiefs, such as Sir John Moore, the 404 feet. To the Whispering Gallery Marquis of Cornwallis, Captains Cook, you have only to ascend 260 steps ; | Duff, Faulkner, &c. &c. " who fought and to the ball, but 616. Of course, gloriously, fell gloriously,and are being somewhat enfeebled after deli- gloriously embalmed in the memory vering 15 lectures in the city, I did not of Britons, and sculptured within the think it quite expedient to place my walls of St. Paul's Cathedral. foot upon the 616th step. The weight A walk through the immense area of the ball at its apex 5600 lbs; and of St. Paul's, which has ten times of the cross, 3360. No easy task, no more space for dead heroes than of light burthen, to carry the cross of St. seats for living worshippers, is incomPaul's Church! The whole building parably better adapted to make heroes covers only two acres and sixteen per- than saints, warriors than Christians, ches of English ground. I cannot con- sons of thunder rather than sons of descend to detail its immense balus- peace. It is, indeed, a grand pageant trade of cast iron-its seven beauti- —a sublime delusion-a monstrous ful gates, weighing some two hundred 'insult to the person whose fame it

falsely celebrates. True, indeed, a door resounds as a peal of thunder, amongst some forty thunderbolts of or the heaviest discharge of distant war, stand the monuments of Dr. | artillery. The floor below, laid with Johnson, John Howard, and Bishop black and white marble, forming a Heber; and also one marble slab mariner's compass with its thirty-two commemorating in Latin its illustrious points, looks superbly grand and architect, viz. :

beautiful when viewed from this gal“ Beneath_lies Sir CHRISTOPHER Wren, the lery. The whole Cathedral would Builder of this Church and City;

require a month's inspection and who lived upwards of ninety years—not for himself, but for the Public Good. Reader, seekest study, and a volume, rather than a

thou his monument ?
Look around !

| few pages, to give an adequate deDied Feb, 25th, 1723, aged 91."

scription of it. How imperfect and His ashes lie in the south aisle of the inadequate, then, the gleanings of a Crypt, on the side next the dome, in few hours, and the notice of a few of front of the gallery containing an its more impressive and peculiar oborgan which cost 10,000 dollars, jects of attraction and general admihaving 2123 pipes. The great paint- ration. But in noticing the Colosseum ers, Reynolds, Barry, Opie, West, we shall carry with us the reminisand Lawrence, are interred side by cences of St. Paul's. side.

In Regent's Park stands the ColosChoral service, that is organ wor- seum, a colossal building truly, conship, is a performedtwice every day sisting of a vast polygou of sixteen —at a quarter before ten in the morn- sides, severally 24 feet in length. Being, and after three in the evening. fore it stands a Doric portico of six Sermons are also preached by the columns having an entablature unique, Dean and Canons resident every supported by pilasters at its angles. Sunday and holiday, and, during It is covered with Roman cement, Lent, every Wednesday and Friday. | painted to resemble stone. You

Brother Henshall and myself heard visited it at either its morning or one of these very splendid choral ser- evening exhibition, I know not which. vices—an exquisitely splendid affair We enjoyed a morning visit. Its -in the most august, ancient, and museum of sculpture, its classic ruins, venerable cathedral in the city of and its splendid promenade, with its York-second only to Westminster models of the temples of Theseus and Abbey, in the kingdom, as we were Vesta, much interested us. We suron our way from Huddersfield to veyed Titus' Arch, the Mer de Glace, Sunderland. There were two par- and the Alpine Torrent, with all its sons, ten boys, and six men, in linen interesting curiosities. Its conservavestments, engaged some hour and a tories are beautifully decorated and half in performing this service. The furnished with indigenous and exotic boys were selected of an age favorable plants, with a splendid Gothic aviary to a peculiar voice, that the worship and stalactite caverns; but its Panomight be musically perfect. The rama of London, as seen from the top organ was elegant, the singing super- of St. Paul's, covering 46,000 square excellent, the reading rhetorical, the feet, including the Thames and the tones of the organ most pious, the surrounding country, almost down to worship exquisitely carnal, and the the sea, is, without exaggeration, the whole affair a superbly grand farce. · grandest display of the painter's art

I cannot describe the Whispering that I have ever seen. I am told it Gallery of St. Paul's Church. The is regarded by all who visit it as least whisper on the opposite side superior to any thing of the sort in appears as just at your ear, although the world. 130 feet distant; and the shutting of In walking round a dome of a few

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