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I was greatly annoyed on my way to hopes more radiant, and a fruition through France by the absurd cere- still more glorious ! It is thus that mony of obtaining, showing, and car- the unknown may for ever continue to rying passports. The French ought gratify our love of knowledge, and not to be visited by Americans until the untold mysteries of the universe they learn their better manners. augment that blissful experience which England is the only country in Eu- serves but to enlarge the capacity for rope through which an American or enjoyment. foreigner can travel where he pleases How strangely attractive indeed, without carrying in his pocket a to us, are the mysteries by which we certificate or license, to be demanded are encompassed! How wisely and shown at every point where the arranged is our progress, that new curiosity or insolence of some petty scenes continually open to our view, officer, armed with a little brief au- and lead us onward to a better future ! thority, may demand it. The United How appropriate here the reflections States have already risen one hundred of Chateaubriand -- that “ all the per cent. in my esteem above any beauty, sweetness, and grandeur of country I have seen since I left them. life reside in its mysteries ; and that May they never sell for a mess of no condition can be more deplorable pottage their birthrights !!
than that of a man who can learn no Your affectionate Father, more? What delight continually A. CAMPBELL. fills the heart of youth which knows
as yet so little ! What satiety deCOMMUNINGS IN THE presses the feelings of age to which
SANCTUARY—No. II. life's changes have been all revealed ! “I was glad when they said unto me, Let us go into
How fortunate for the latter, when the house of the Lord.”—Psalm cxxii. I. the secrets of life are ending, those of It is indeed in the assembly of the eternity commence ! saints that gladness and rejoicing “ The feelings of love and modesty should fill the heart. It is here that —of friendship and gratitude, are inwe are, in an especial manner, per- volved in obscurity ; yet how strongly mitted to draw near to Him who is do they move the human heart ! The the source of every pure and blissful angelic virtue of charity loves to emotion. In his presence there can withdraw itself from all regards, as be no sorrow, for there all tears are though to conceal its celestial origin. wiped away, and there are“ pleasures The pleasures of thought also are in for evermore.” In the contemplation those sciences which always leave of his glory, which also he permits us something to be discovered, and fix to enjoy-in the ever-opening myste- our regards upon a perspective which ries of redeeming love-in the radi- is never to terminate. ance of that divine illumination which “ If, in the bustling city, we survey penetrates the moral and intellectual a modern monument, whose origin or powers, and reveals the past, the pre-purpose is unknown, it excites no atsent, and the future, what unfailing tention ; but if we meet upon a desert sources of happiness are found ! shore a broken column or mutilated
And how delightful the reflection statue, worn by the lapse of ages, its that this happiness can never end ! | pedestal covered with unknown chaThat Infinity itself is our treasury of racters, how interesting a subject of joy, in which are stored “the un- meditation it presents to the mind ! searchable riches of Christ”-that Every thing is concealed, every thing new discoveries await us, which is hidden in the universe. Man himfancy's bright imaginings but dimly self is the greatest mystery of the sketch, and that these shall give place whole. Whence comes the spark
which we call existence, and in what the solemnity of public worship, to obscurity is it to be extinguished ? exclude at least the glaring brilliancy Our birth and death are placed by of day from the house of prayer : for, the Eternal, like two veiled phan- | however well suited may be the daztoms, at the two extremities of our ling beams of day to the town-hall or career. The one produces the incon- the market, where inen transact the ceivable gift of life— mysterious business of this world ; the painful amidst its light; the other quenches glare transmitted by uncurtained winthat brilliant spark in the obscurity dows, revealing the naked walls, the of its own impenetrable darkness.” rude benches, the rough table, and
It is not surprising that men should the clumsy rostrum usually met with have availed themselves of the influ- in our houses of worship, seem ill to ence of mystery upon the human comport with the circumstances of mind, to impose upon it the chains of the place and the solemnities of relisuperstition. An affected sanctity_ gion. Though we may indeed disa claim of angelic visions, or of mi- pense with the “ long-drawn aisle raculous power to heal, secure at and fretted vault,” the clustered pilonce the wonder and submission of lars, the gorgeous tapestry, the carving
the throng. The strange accents of and the gilding which merely gratify | the unknown language of the mass— a love of worldly splendour, surely a the awful mystery of transubstantia- decent respect for the service of the tion—the solemn ceremonies of a house of God, should induce a careful worship imperfectly comprehended, attention to every means calculated and rendered still more imposing by to favour devotional feeling, and sancsymbolic images, and mysterious tify those rites whose mysterious imscrolls dimly perceived in the empur- port claims the undivided attention pled light of stained and Gothic win- of the soul ! dows, or through the smoke of fra | How often may we justly impute grant incense these all are calcu- | to the absence of such aids, that want lated to take hold of the imagination of reverence which is so conspicuous ! and enchain the soul.
How often are those wandering Surely, however, it is not incon- thoughts, those restless glances, those gruous with the real mysteries of re- distracted feelings, which are so realigion, to throw around them those dily marked, occasioned by those unpleasing shades and grateful harmo- | propitious arrangements by which the nies which so well display their na- things and thoughts of the world are ture and extend their power. The continually pressed upon the attenancient tabernacle was shrouded in tion ! In vain would Heaven assist curtains; and while the gorgeous our faith by the sacred symbols of temple shone in all the elegance of divine love, and allure the heart to architecture, it had its deep recesses, dwell upon spiritual joys, when the its secret chambers, and its veiled glare and bustle of every day life are mysterious sanctuary. Even the pre- permitted to intrude themselves into sence of the Deity was indicated by the house of the worshipping assembly. the cloud that filled these sacred. It is here that every thing should abodes. For He who conceals him- promote that solemn stillness and that self in “ light that no man can ap- reverential awe, which prepare the proach,” “makes darkness also his heart for communion with God, and secret place-his pavilion round about a better appreciation of the deep him dark waters and thick clouds of mysteries of his grace. It is in the the skies.” And it is but a just con- contemplation of these that the soul formity to the fitness of things, and an reaches forward into an unseen eterefficient aid to devotional feeling and ' nity, and anticipates the day, when,
freed from the trammels of mortality, against Scotch Baptist theology of it shall be free to explore those won- | the Liverpool school! ders now so imperfectly perceived and I am at a loss to know how 1 Cor. understood. It is in making new xiv. 31 has been misapplied in the discoveries in the depths of divine pamphlet. The passage was quoted wisdom, and in gaining clearer insight to prove there were no clerical disinto his unsearchable judgments, that tinctions in the primitive churches. the Christian realises the blissful | Does your correspondent say that privileges he enjoys. Here, then, there were ? And are we to infer may the boldest fancy tempt its most that the gift or privilege of speaking adventurous flight, and the mind ex- in the church was confined to orpand its noblest powers, and the pious dained men, in the shape of prophets? heart experience its purest and holiest | The apostle evidently forbids none to emotions. There are no boundaries prophecy or speak who possessed the to the ocean of divine love! There gift, except women. are no limits to the riches of divine With regard to Jeremiah x. 23, wisdom ! There are no fears that what bearing can the reference to man shall ever find an end, or weep holy angels and obedient believers that he can know, and wonder, and following Christ have on the passage ? enjoy no more. « Praise thou the Certainly not this, that man having Lord, O my soul !” “ Sing unto the the divine will discovered to him, will Lord a new song, and his praise in obey ; for if this capability exists in the congregation of saints.” Praise man, he can direct his own steps in God in his sanctuary—praise him in opposition to the language of the the firmament of his power-praise prophet; whereas holy angels, on the him for his mighty acts—praise him one hand, delight in God agreeably according to his excellent greatness. with their nature ; and believers, on Let every thing that hath breath the other hand, are the subjects of a praise the Lord !
R. R. new or divine nature, and upheld and
supported by God. Want of strength REPLY TO J. D.'s STRICTURES. to do good must imply, at least, a No. II.
deprivation of holiness, and this is
the idea given in Rom. v. 6, “ When MR. EDITOR-Your correspondent, we were yet without strength,” &c. the writer of the Strictures on the That Psalm cxix. 117, refers to this Baptist Pamphlet, after pointing out sinfulness in man, is plain from the a sufficient quantity of “errors,” pro- Psalmist connecting with strength ceeds in his subsequent communica- from God, respect for his precepts. tions to notice “misapplications" and With regard to the question, “Is the “perversions” of scripture. As these writer quite sure that this is not the remarks bear more particularly on language of Christ ?” I would only the scriptural proofs adduced in sup- ask him in reply—Is he quite sure port of the doctrines advocated in that it is ? As well might we say the pamphlet, I trust you will excuse this of the 5th, 6th, and 126th verses. my nccupying a few more of your If the quotation, “ When did the pages by a reply thereto, which I will subject overcome his king,” &c. had make as brief as possible. I cannot been made in its connection, we but however notice thợ somewhat should not have been gravely realtered tone of his last communica- minded of the historical fact that the tions, so plentifully interlarded as Americans and Haytians achieved they are with the designations “Sir” their independence. Rom. vi. 17, as and “Gentlemen,” mingled, it is true, I have shown in my last, teaches, with occasional bursts of indignation | however, a somewhat different doc
trine to that of man emancipating ledge of God in their quotation from himself from the thraldom of sin, Rom. viii. 30. This, most assuredly, seeing their freedom is ascribed to was not an intentional omission, and God, and their obedience to the hea- the link, when supplied, only makes venly mould of doctrine into which the argument still stronger ; for the they were delivered. This, we are Divine Being sees the end from the told, is Baptism. As the apostle, beginning, and therefore whatever he however, does not mention the sign, foreknows must be in accordance with but the reality-namely, the doctrine his purpose : and this the Apostle deitself-it appears evident that he clares. “Foreknowledge,” however, meant his words to be understood J. D. converts into “ a knowledge," in their obvious sense.
and with the help of this alteration, Again, 1 Cor. iv. 7, we are told, and the idea of glorification by a diwas addressed to “one man.” It vine gift of tongues, he jumps at once would have “ enlightened darkness” to the conclusion that the passage reif your correspondent had stated who fers to the “faithful ones” who were this individual was. As the apostle looking for the Messiah's coming. is silent on the subject, his language The fact, however, that it was admust be understood as referring to dressed to those who were “ in Christ any man who should boast of any Jesus,” believers at Rome, for their difference between himself and ano- consolation, is sufficient to set aside ther, either in gifts or grace, as if this idea. he had not received all from God. In reference to John 15, 16, there Applying this to the case of the cannot be a doubt that it was origiBereans, the same language is strictly nally addressed to the Apostles of our applicable. Who made the difference Lord. Christ, however, does not say between them and the Thessalonian | he had chosen them to be apostles, unbelievers? They were more noble, but to “ bring forth fruit ;” and the and why? Not, it is replied, because truth addressed to them was the same they had any “special exercise of as that of which the Thessalonian divine power.” Why should their brethren were reminded. case, however, be different to that of That human agency is recognized Lydia's, “whose heart the Lord open- in the recovery of Christ's sheep, was ed” before she believed ?
never denied by the writers of the Perversions 6, 7, 8, and 9, may be pamphlet. It will, however, I appredisposed of in a few words. The hend, be admitted, that there is a first arises from an error in quoting very important distinction between the passage similar to the one dis- admitting the instrumentality of the coverable in J. D.'s correction of it. word in conversion, and affirming From the words however quoted, the that the word itself, without divine reader might easily see the reference power superadded, is sufficient to was to Eph. 1st chapter. This, we convert the sinner. Does your corare told, down to the 12th verse, re- respondent advocate the latter ? As lates to the Apostles of Christ ; but it is tolerably clear he does, then the it would be difficult to show that doctrine which the writers of the there was any reference to Apostles pamphlet have exposed, is something throughout the chapter, except the more than an “effigy.” At all events, Apostle's allusion to himself in 1 and if such, it is made ready to hand by 15 verses.
| A. Campbell and the advocates of his The writers of the pamphlet are system. True, the characteristics of charged with attempting to pass off a Christ's sheep are that they hear his part of the chain of salvation for the voice ; but this does not prove that whole, having omitted the foreknow-) their hearing his voice constitutes
them sheep, John x. 27-29; for if, as which he speaks having long since in the context, our Lord declares to arrived, the hardening process must the Jews that they believed not be- have been removed : instead of this cause they were not of his sheep : the Jews continue to this day an imthen it cannot be that those who were penitent people ; whereas, according his sheep believed in order to become to the Apostle's language, when the so ; for if not his sheep before be- fulness of the Gentiles had come in lieving, they never would believe, the blindness should be removed, and since that was the very reason assign- | all Israel saved. ed by Christ why the Jews did not! I now come to perversions 10 and believe.
11, and misapplication 12. In refeYour correspondent's remarks on rence to the 1st, on 1 Cor. ii. 14, we John vi. 37, do not lack ingenuity, are told the allusion is entirely to the and would, if true, have proved indeed Apostles of our Lord, as being superthat he had discovered a secret of naturally made acquainted with diwhich the writers of the pamphlet vine mysteries. The Apostle, howwere very ignorant. There are, however, shows that the same Spirit ever, very serious objections to the equally instructed all believers, since view which he gives of this and simi- the natural man could not understand lar passages. 1st-Because, accord- the things of the Spirit of God. Are ing to his own showing, the welcomers not all without God natural men ? of Jesus had diligently and faithfully And if in the case of the Jews and searched, heard, and learned of the Greeks the gospel was folly and a Father. Their coming to Christ, stumbling-block, is it not plain that then, it is plain, was the result of a spiritual change is necessary to untheir own diligence, not because it derstand spiritual things ? was given to them of the Father. Matthew 16-17, is disposed of Their election, therefore, on this much in the same fashion. However ground, was not of the Father, but of it is easy to detect such mystifications themselves. They were prepared to of truth from the fact that multitudes recognize Christ as the Messiah, and saw Christ's miracles, heard his diswere accordingly elected. “ The courses, and yet remained in ignoelection," therefore, must have ob-rance. Superior discernment, theretained the blessing, not on account of fore, must be admitted as belonging being elected agreeably with Romans to Peter, on J. D.'s supposition ; and xi. 7, but because of their diligence vet the Saviour affirms that flesh and faithfulness : what, therefore, and blood had not revealed this to him. election or non-election could have to It is impossible to reconcile the above do with the matter, appears difficult statements. Our Lord's language, to say, since the equity of the divine however, is in perfect accordance with character alone, according to his own his declaration, that to them “it was supposition, would have dictated this given to know the mysteries of the procedure. 2nd—If from the Old kingdom of God.” Testament Scriptures, these “ wel. In reference to John vi. 44, that it comers of Jesus” were prepared to relates simply to Jews drawn to Christ recognize him as the Messiah, they by the Father, it is only necessary to must have been previously acquainted observe, that the drawing of men to with Christ, and consequently could Christ is entirely of God. The Father, not fail to receive him when he ap- J. D. says, drew Jews to Christ peared as in the case of Simeon. 3rd. now the Son draws all to him. What -The facts of the case are completely does this teach obviously, but that in opposition to your correspondent's when men believe they are drawn of theory, the “ golden opportunity” of | God.