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CHRISTIAN UNION. but for those whom thou hast given

me, because they are thine ; and all THE PRAYER OF THE MESSIAH.

mine are thine, and thine are mine, FATHER, the hour is come ; glorify and I am glorified in them. I conthy Son, that thy Son also may glorify | tinue no longer in the world ; but thee. As thou hast given him power these continue in the world, and I over all men, that he may bestow come to thee. Holy Father, preserve eternal life on all those whom thou them in thy name, whom thou hast hast given him. Now this is the life given me, that they may be one, as eternal, to know thee the only true we are. While I was in the world, God, and Jesus the Messiah, thy | I kept them in thy name; those whom Apostle. I have glorified thee on the thou hast given me I have preserved. earth, I have finished the work which None of them is lost except the son of thou gavest me to do. And now, perdition, as the scriptures foretold. Father, glorify thou me in thy own But now that I am coming to thee, I presence, with that glory which I en- speak these things in the world, that joyed with thee before the world was. | their joy in me may be complete. I

I have made known thy name to have delivered thy word to them, and the men whom thou hast given me the world hates them, because they out of the world. They were thine, are not of the world, even as I am and thou hast given them to me; and not of the world. I do not pray thee they have kept thy word. Whatever to remove them out of the world, but thou hast given to me, they now know to preserve them from evil. Of the to have come from thee, and that thou world they are not, as I am not of hast imparted to me the doctrines the world. Consecrate them by thy which I have imparted to them. They truth—thy word is the truth. As have received it, knowing for certainty thou hast made me thy apostle to that I came forth from thee, and am the world, I have made them my commissioned by thee. It is for them apostles to the world. And I conthat I pray : I pray not for the world, secrate myself for them, that they

may be consecrated through the of the guilty on that day :-thus comtruth.

mencing the work for which he had Nor do I pray for these alone, but died and been raised again from the for those who shall believe on me dead. through their teaching ; that all may 2nd. Jesus prayed for the apostles be one : that as thou, Father, art in - that they might be kept from the me, and I in thee, they also may be evil of the world, and consecrated one in us, that the world may believe to execute the commission with which that thou hast sent me, and that thou they had been entrusted, and to fill up gave me the glory which I have given the remainder of the afflictions of them : that they may be one as we Christ in the flesh, for his body's are one : I in them, and thou in me, sake the church. (Col. i. 24.) that their union may be perfected, 3rd. He prayed for the chnrch, and that the world may know that comprising, as he knew it would, perthou hast sent me, and that thou sons of all nations and ages. He lovest them as thou hast loved me. prayed that they might be united in Father, I would that where I shall one body, as intimately and indissobe, those whom thou hast given may lubly as he and his father were be with me; that they may behold united—“ that they all may be one, my glory, which thou gavest me, be- as thou Father art in me, and I in cause thou lovedst me before the for- thee ; that they may be one in us.” mation of the world. ( righteous 4th. He prayed for the unconvertFather, though the world knoweth ed :—that by discerning the union of not thee, I know thee ; and these sinners with the apostles, and the know that I have thy commission. blissful truths which they impartedAnd to them I have communicated, the union of the apostles with Christ and will communicate thy name : that —and the union of Christ with God I being in them, they may share in and an immortal state they might the love with which thou lovest me. know, they might believe, that God -Pocket Testament.

had so loved the world, that he gave Such was the heavenly and com- his only begotten son, that whosoever prehensive prayer of Messiah, poured believeth on him might not perish, from his omniscient and benevolent but have everlasting life. This was mind, just before he suffered as a sa- a holy evangelical alliance of Father, crifice for sin. His heart was fixed Son, and Holy Spirit—the apostles, upon the reunion of a lost and perish- the truth, and the institutions of ing world with himself and his Father. Christianity: a system, divine in its For this purpose he came into the nature-eternal in its durationworld, suffered, bled, and died. It every way worthy of its origin--and must be obvious to all, that the great fully adequate to the salvation and matter for which the Saviour peti- union of the body of Christ on earth, tioned was the conversion of the and its glorification and immortality world, and the glorification of his in the presence of God and the Lamb people. Hence he prayed

for ever. Ist. For himself: that the Father Has this heavenly and sublime would glorify him—that he also prayer ever been answered in its full might glorify the Father. This was design and import? Or is it now in accomplished by his death, burial, a state of progressive fulfilment ? resurrection, and elevation to univer- These are important inquiries, and sal supremacy at the right hand of demand serious investigation. The the Father-his pouring out of the Saviour accomplished his work—the Holy Spirit on the day of pentecost- Apostles fulfilled their mission—the and by his pardoning three thousand' Holy Spirit is now the Advocate :


“ all things necessary for life and spirit of man, in the “red-leaved godliness have been imparted to us ” tablets of the heart,” by the sword of —yet still the church is divided and the Spirit, the word of divine truth, scattered into fragments. This dis which slays and makes alive. Its union cannot be ascribed to the Fa-warriors—the noblest, the purestther, Son, Holy Spirit, or Apostles. are summoned by the voice of God ; “ God is a rock, and his work is per- and its effects may be traced through fect.” O man, what hast thou done? ages, by man approaching nearer to Marred the beauty, symmetry, and his original purity, and assuming a glory of the body of Christ. Can greater likeness to God his Father. this heavenly beauty be restored, so In this class may be placed the introthat the congregation of the Lord duction of Christianity, and the Proshall again shine forth in her primi-testant Reformation of the sixteenth tive glory, fair as the moon, clear as century. the sun, and terrible as an army with But there are other kinds of revobanners ? To say this cannot be ac lutions, whose features are not so complished, is one thing—and to say lovely, though their results are unithat it will not is another. To be formly the same. These are political dogmatical here would be presump- revolutions, produced by the tyranny tuous ; we shall, therefore, leave the of kings and rulers, the baleful insubject for future consideration. fluence of priestcraft, or all the other

evils which affect a nation, and which THE QUESTIONS OF THE are commonly endured until the cup PRESENT AGE,

of oppression is full to overflowingCONSIDERED IN THEIR RELATION TO till the nation, awaking like a giant

from his sleep, rises up in awful maNO. I.

jesty, and demands that its liberties THERE have been, and still con- shall be restored, its rights no longer tinue to be, periods in the world's withheld, and that oppression shall history, when the principles and sys- cease. tems which have formerly been But, in common with everything esteemed fixed and certain, are rudely contrary to the laws of God, tyranny assailed—when nations question the carries with it the germ of its own fitness and utility of the institutions punishment. When the lust of power they have most venerated : a sure has once obtained dominion over the sign of increased knowledge and mo- heart of man, it will never depart, ral expansion, or of increased de- and man will retain that power or pravity. These periods are called die. Thus no moral standard of aprevolutions. They are of two kinds, peal being accepted, the question is moral and political. The moral revo- decided by the sword, and the strife lution, arising from an increase of continues, till tyranny and oppression spiritual life in man, is uniformly are swept away like chaff before the peaceful in its operations and effects. whirlwind. Its principles are not written by the | Happy would it be for mankind, if sword of the warrior in letters of the elements of evil were here stifled ! blood—its path is not traced by deso- but since the contest has been decided lation and misery—its warriors are not by the highest, but by the lowest not summoned to battle by the sound qualities of our nature-since the triof the trumpet—and the voices of no umphant resignation and endurance widows and orphans ascend to the of the martyr have given place to the throne of the Most High, entreating fierce energies and stubborn courage him to pity and to plead their cause ; | of the warrior, the passions thus but its principles are written in the aroused, having acquired strength by

continuous exercise, will not lie down opportunity for all the disciples of the in sleep when their services are no living God to present the Christian longer needed, but rule despotically system to the gaze and admiration of and strive among themselves : society mankind. In our own country we becomes a chaos-law, government, behold almost all the old systems disand peace depart, and evil reigns su- solving, and resolving themselves into preme. But when no human arm can new combinations. Methodism, under save, then He who rides on the wings the combined influence of wealth and of the whirlwind, whose love to man- priestcraft, has lost all its pristine kind has ever been shown in the hour energy, and is no longer a progressive of need, asserts his power-says to system : the Baptists are now awathe sea of crime, which threatens to kening from a long slumber, and masweep away every landmark, “ Thus nifesting a desire to return to more far shalt thou go, and no farther, and primitive and Christian principles ; here shall thy proud waves be stayed" and the State Church presents the -and, guiding all things by the ex curious spectacle of the purest, the ertion of his loving-power, makes all most learned and energetic of its things work together for good : ex members, not only declining to protracting from the crimes and follies of gress with the age, but retrograding humanity, the balm which will not in principles a space of three centuonly cure the plagues of the moral ries, thereby throwing away their inånd political universe, but assists fluence at a time when it is most mankind in attaining a more spiritual needed to preserve themselves from life, and by this double manifestation overthrow. The evangelical churchof character, declares that God is men, since the death of the great and power, and that God is love.

lamented Arnold, with a few brilIt needs but little consideration of liant exceptions, are contemptible the signs of the times, to convince both in numbers and influence. Asthe man of reflection, that we are now suredly in this dissolution of elements, on the eve of a great and portentous Christians have an opportunity of struggle, and it is necessary that we constructing a temple of living stones, should be prepared to meet it. in honor of him who gave himself as

Fourteen years ago, silence reigned an atonement for sin. over the moral and political heavens But it is needful to regard all the -great changes had been effected, developments of the present age. To social progress had received consider | oppose us we find the Arminian, the able impetus, and the nation, after a Socinian, the Romanist, the Atheist, long and arduous struggle, was dis | and the Socialist, besides the Jesuit, posed to rest from its labours, and re- who is once more adapting himself to cruit its exhausted energies ; but the the spirit of the age. In addition to wish was vain : the small cloud, no these we find great numbers of our larger than a man's hand, arose on youth who have been misled by the the verge of the moral horizon, in- mystic jargon of Goethe, Emerson, creasing in size, growing darker and and others. On the continent cirmore lowering, till now it is bursting cumstances are encouraging: even over our heads, and declares to us, in in France genius is no longer atheis tones thrilling as the trumpet of the tical ; and to oppose Catholicism we archangel, and solemn as the voice find D’Aubigné, Vinet, Quinet, Micheof God, that the time is come for the let, and many other eminent men, most glorious and fearful struggle that who are well qualified to uphold the the world has ever seen-a struggle great principles of Protestantism. in which all the powers of evil will Germany, so long encircled in the be engaged, but which will afford an | dark clouds of rationalism, has still its Ronge, its Tholuck, and others reaction attending emancipation, will well worthy of the nation that heard turn its liberty in to lawless license : in former ages the teachings of it therefore requires laws, stern and Luther.

crushing, but adapted to its present Such is the present state of civi- state of feeling and thought, and its lized Europe, presenting the largest future elevation. From the influence arena for the conflict of giant souls of the solemn and splendid mysteries and Christian principles. Yet, at the of the Egyptian hiearchy, into which present time, in England there are every Israelite was doubtless initiated, but three great questions agitated-1 we perceive the reason for the awful the rest are seen but indistinctly, and miracles of Mount Sinai ; and in the at times, like dark and shadowy forms. debasing influence of the idolatry of These questions are Slavery, the con- Egypt is the reason for God displaynection between Church and State, ing himself rather as an inexorable and State Education. It is of the judge, than as a kind and loving fafirst we propose to treat. The Bri- ther. In like manner, for a nation tish nation has abolished the system, I just redeemed from slavery, we find and nobly atoned for its participation instituted a system of slavery deprived in it; but the battle has still to be of its most odious features, reminding fought in other lands.

the nation to whom it was given of

their former misery. We shall proSLAVERY.

ceed to examine the laws of this inRecognizing slavery as an existing stitution, classifying them for more system, the mind naturally reveris to convenient examination. its origin, and on inquiring, when did First—the laws relating to manit commence ? we find from the sa- stealing. cred and historic records, that it 1. “ And he that stealeth a man, originated ages before God gave any and selleth him, or if he be found in system of laws to the world. We his hand, he shall surely be put to cannot, therefore, say that God origi- death.nated it. The inquiry then is, who 2. “ If a man be found stealing did originate it ?

| any of his brethren of the children of If we ask profane history, and the Israel, and maketh merchandise of monuments of antiquity, we shall hear him, or selleth him, then that thief a response. They declare to us that shall die, and thou shalt put evil from slavery resulted from the lust of among you.” power : it was the result of war, and Second—the laws whereby man it has proved a worthy offspring of so might have property in man, and the vile a parent. Glancing farther down duration of that right of property :the stream of time, we behold a whole " And if thy brother that dwelleth nation deprived of its liberty, not by by thee be waxen poor, and be sold God, but by a cruel king, a powerful unto thee, thou shalt not compel him priesthood, and a haughty military to serve as a bond-servant, but as an caste. During 400 years this oppres- hired servant, and as a sojourner, he sion continues, till all their nobler shall be with thee, and shall serve feelings, being well-nigh extinguished, thee unto the year of jubilee, and then God in mercy to them, and in vindi- shall he depart from thee, both he cation of one of his own attributes, in- and his children with him, and shall flicts awful punishment on their op- return unto his family, and unto the pressors, and breaks the yoke under possession of his fathers shall he rewhich they had groaned.

turn, for they are my servants, which I A nation of slaves, from the very brought forth out of the land of Egypt, constitution of human nature, in the 'they shall not be sold as bondmen.”

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