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feebled races, comprising one tenth | already “cast their shadows before part of the population of the globe. them.”
F. And even Africa, the land of Ham, so long guarded against the approaches
LETTERS FROM EUROPE. of civilized man, by the hostile
No. IX. jealousy of its numerous petty and barbarous tribes, and still more
Paris, July 15, 1847. effectually by its burning deserts, and MY DEAR CLARINDA—From Leithe fatal effects of its pestilential cester to London, a hundred miles by climate, is receiving Christian com- railroad, June 25th, I had a pleasant munities of its own sons upon its ride, at not more than forty miles an western coasts, from which the light hour. I was met at the depôt in of Christianity and civilization must London by brethren Wallis, of Notultimately be shed upon its darkened tingham, Davies, of Mollington, and interior.
sister Whalley, of London, who carTo this summary of favorable ried me forth with in a cab to 33, circumstances, may be added the Surrey-street, in the Strand, to a facilities for rapid and extensive in- very comfortable suite of rooms pretercourse, afforded by the introduction pared for us by sister Whalley. I of steam, especially by its application had the company of brother Wallis to ocean navigation, and the facilities for two or three days till brother for the diffusion of knowledge, fur- Henshall arrived. On Lord's day, nished by the invention of printing. the 27th, I met with the brethren at
What do all these circumstances their house in Elstrec-street, and and events foreshadow? What does delivered to them an address in the the present state of the world indicate, forenoon, on the first day of the week in reference to the future ? Is it not and its institutions. In the evening, the universal diffusion of the know- I addressed quite a considerable ledge of Christianity among the na- auditory in the Alvetian Rooms, tions of the earth? Who that has near the University of London. On studied the book of Providence with Monday, Tuesday, and Thursday any care, can fail to perceive in these evenings, I addressed very attentive omens, the glorious promise of a congregations in the Mechanics' Inbrighter day? With the analogies of stitute. Each of these discourses was God's past providences, and the in- followed up with interrogatories by timations of prophecy before us, we the audience. Numerous questions are irresistibly led to this conclusion. were propounded, and the spirit of
The present, then, is a period, the investigation and discussion seemed most interesting in the history of the to be fully awaked and intent on world, since the establishment of eliciting truth. Some six or seven Christianity. We live in an age in public confessions of faith were made which are brewing the elements of at the close of a single speech ; but mighty revolutions. To the men of the parties seemed to know no comthis age a sublime and momentous munity with which to unite. Our task is assigned, and solemn responsi- brethren in London being only some bilities rest upon them. Let every seventy persons, do not occupy a man feel that he is an actor in a very large meeting-house, as you crisis fraught with potent influences know. They are, though generally upon the destiny of his race—let him | poor, and occupying humble stations rise to a just sense of the dignity and of life, a very much devoted and eximportance of his position, and act cellent little community, but scarcely his part, with an enlightened refer- known amongst the hundreds of ence to the grand events, which thousands of London. Indeed, what
are they, or could they be, among brother in his views and efforts. He more than two millions of people is said to be an interesting, and, living in one city! Only think of indeed, “ a brilliant and sparkling all Virginia living in one city, and preacher,” and of great power with then imagine how little known, and the community. Himself and his of how little influence, must any one truly Christian and amiable consort congregation be! Having heard you called on me the other day, and speak of the worth, the spirituality, informed me that his brethren, at and devotion of this little community, some recent conference, had appointed I need not expatiate on their excel- himself and another brother to visit lencies. Still I felt in London as one their brethren in America. rie will seeking to build a house without any start in a few days. I gave him foundation laid, and so did my audi- some information as to his interrogatories. Indeed, I was publicly asked tories concerning his route and way did I not intend to build a house in of travelling in the United States. London, or was there one existing to He will likely pass through Wheeling which those who were confessing to the West, or rather on his way their faith could be united. It was from Washington City to the Lakes, alleged that many believed what I and thence to New England. I inpreached ; and although disgusted | vited him to call and see you at with all the forms of sectarianism Bethany, and hope he may do so. existing in London, they could not He will pass that way in August or be baptized into a community, nor September, before I can return home. unite with any one until they knew On Thursday evening, I delivered a and approved it. I could not but as discourse in the pulpit of Dr. Cox, of publicly approve their prudence and London. He is what they call a consistency, and recommend to them Regular or Particular Baptist, and the forming an acquaintance with the is at the head of the denomination in infant community now existing, of London, if not in England. He and which I promised them a more par- Dr. Hoby made a tour through the ticular account at another time. | United States, and published a volume
On the next Lord's day I delivered on the occasion of it, in which he three discourses-one to our brethren, somewhat misrepresented us. But and two to the public assembled in to make amends for it, he gave me a the Alvetian Rooms. On the Monday very kind invitation to preach for and Tuesday evenings following, I him, which, of course, I did. I had occupied the Unitarian meeting-house, a very attentive hearing on the part which was generously tendered by of his congregation and the public ; the proprietors. Here we were again and after addressing them on the interrogated on sundry matters, and mystery of godliness, especially on speeches were made by a Unitarian the justification of the Messiah by and a Roman Catholic, taking excep the Holy Spirit, I had a very kind tions to my discourses, of which I expression of thanks from him for my cannot now speak particularly. We discourse, as well as from others had, indeed, the concurrence of the present. This, by the way, is quite great majority present in this part of a common occurrence in this city. the city. On Wednesday evening I Many persons have been pleased, at addressed another portion of the city my different meetings, to address me in the house of the General Baptists. as though discharging a duty before There meets, under the care of Elder we parted, in such words as these : Burns, a large congregation in the “Sir, I may never see you again, and west of London. I found Elder on bidding you farewell, I must thank Burns a very intelligent and catholic you for the edification I have received
on the present occasion ;” or, “from Britain, are obliged to intercommuniyour labors in this city.” And some- cate with our brethren. The metatimes it is added, “I would wish to physics that have alienated them from join a church that would carry out each other and from us, are of the your principles ; for, sir, I am weary doubtful gender at best ; and all must of sectarianism.”
confess they are too ethereal for aliDr. Cox was disabused of the un- ment to those who - dwell in houses favourable impressions made on his of clay, and whose foundation is in mind by some of our warm Baptist the dust.” A human being will as friends in his tour through Virginia, soon become ruddy, and of a plethoric Kentucky, and Cincinnati. Our in- countenance by star-gazing, standing terview, indeed, was every way on the peak of Teneriffe, or on the pleasant and agreeable, and we sepa- apex of mount Chimborazo, as by rated with mutual affection and sipping at the purest fount of metaesteem.
physical theology ever opened in In this city, as in other places, I North or South Britain on this side have had a very favorable hearing or on that of the Trent or of the from the Scotch Baptists. The pre- Tweed. Christianity has its milk judices occasioned by the unpropitious and its honey, its water and its wire, course of our late friend, Elder Wm. its marrow and its fatness; but it Jones, have very much died away deals neither in gaseous nor ethereal amongst his friends. Indeed, his entities or abstractions. But of the church in London gently died away prospects of things amongst all the under his too dogmatic and rather communities of this island, I will acrimonious administration. He had, speak at a more convenient season. like other men eminent in their day, On Friday evening, the 9th, I adhis virtues and his frailties. He dressed the Sceptics, or Socialists, in always, in private, expressed kind their Hall of Debate, on the great feelings towards me, and became question, Has God erer spoken to more reconciled than he had once man ? Having understood the chabeen. A note handed me from one racter of this community by the repof his most intimate friends, which I resentations of all parties in London, enclosed in a letter to your mother, I stipulated on their invitation to adstill farther explains the causes of his dress them, that, should they propound rather eccentric course towards me. any question to me when I had finishI hope it will arrive safely and be ed, they should be such as would published. Of Elder Jones, as re- grow out of my discourse ; and that spects his labors, I can only say they to such only I would respond. We were eminently great, and I believe had, indeed, a crowded house. Withvery useful. He was a second edition out any understanding from me, they of Archibald M‘Lean, neither enlarged had announced in hand-bills a public nor improved. Of his frailties and discussion after my sermon. I finishhis virtues I will only say, in the ed a little before ten o'clock at night. inimitable language of Gray
I gave an opportunity to propose any
question growing out of the premises. Or draw his frailties from their dread abode ; There they alike, in trembling hope repose,
; I sat down under the most deafening The bosom of his father and his God.”
peals of clapping, as if in Drury Lane The Scotch Baptists must certainly | or Covent Garden Theatre. unite with our brethren in England One gentleman arose and observed and Scotland. They can show no that, for his part, he did not believe good reason for their position, and there was any God, and that I ought they are reasonable men. They, to have taken that for my subject beand indeed all the Baptists of Great 'fore discussing the question, “ Has
“ No farther seek his merits to disclose.
God ever spoken to man ?” He did legitimately before me; I wished, not believe in miracles, nor that mi however, to know whether I was exracles could prove there was a God. pected to respond to every one that It must be proved from reason-aye, chose to occupy the attention of the from REASON! In a few minutes he assembly. exploded. Another more violent Immediately on sitting down, anospirit, simultaneously with myself, ther orator arosc, and, with great vioarose as soon as he sat down, contend- lence of manner, assailed, not what I ing that he, too, must be heard, and had said, but what I had not said ; that before I responded to the gentle- and, after the manner of a tangent, man who had preceded him. Some flew off into a low, vulgar, scurrilous gentleman sceptic had, by the So tirade against “ the atrocious characcialists, been appointed to the chair. I ter of the Bible, and the God of the During much boisterous and uproar Bible.” I sat patiently enduring the ious behaviour on the part of the as- most shocking blasphemy against the sembly, very like that of Ephesus Book of God's grace and mercy, until about the goddess Diana, I succeeded about eleven o'clock, while amidst in holding to my erect position ; and the plaudits and the hisses of the audibeing limited in time, I only observed tory, the orator still likely to become that I did not before know that this more and more grossly turgid in scoffs literary school had not yet decided and derisions against the book of whether there was a God; and that, man's redemption, I took my hat and having formed a better opinion of with a few friends departed. them, I had chosen a theme more ho- ! On the next day I learned that near norable to them than that which the about minnight, after this ebullition gentleman proposed. Again, I ob- ceased, a vote of thanks for my address served, that it would be impossible to was unanimously tendered to me by prove to him that there was a God, the members of the Literary Hall as he had insinuated it could not be and so the matter ended. proved a priori, and had also plainly On Lord's day the 11th, the church declared that miracles could not prove met in the Alvetian Rooms, in the it to him. His case, then, was hope- presence of a larger assembly than less. When any one assumes that it was accustomed to address, to which the universe gives no proof of its meeting the public had been invited origin, that if it had an Author or a to witness the order of the house in Creator, he must be demonstrated their meetings for worship. After without his works ; that design can- Elder Black had received two of those not evince a designer, nor the uni- I had immersed during the week into verse design-such a one is clearly the church, I proceeded to address beyond the pale of reason, and not to the brethren on portions of the fourth be reasoned with. To originate the and fifth chapters of the 2nd Epistle idea of a Creator, is one thing ; but to the Corinthians. Again, in the the idea being communicated to us, to afternoon, Brother Henshall heard sustain and demonstrate it from the and answered questions on various things seen around us, is, by all sound subjects in the same house : and in reasoners, regarded as fairly within the evening I delivered there my last the compass of human reason. But discourse in London, to a very attenthat not being the subject of our dis- tive audience, on a part of the 11th course, and the objections being, there- chapter of the 1st Epistle to the Cofore, wholly irrelevant, my address rinthians. Some baptized persons of not being at all assailed, I observed other denominations present, on partthat I should not occupy the attention ing with me said, that they would enof the audience till something came 'deavour to form an acquaintance with
our brethren in London ; and that if | ADDRESS BY A. CAMPBELL, they liked them as well as what they PRESIDENT OF BETHANY COLLEGE. heard from me, they would unite with them, and give the cause their entire Is Moral Philosophy an Inductive support.
Science ?- The desire of knowledge, I have yet much to say of London and the power to acquire it, are, by and of England, and something of a benevolent provision of the Great Paris and France, under the various Author of Nature, jointly vouchsafed aspects which they exhibit to me; to man. The centripetal principle but I must reserve my remarks to of self-preservation which pervades another opportunity. Meantime, hav- every atom of the universe, the great ing returned to England in time for globe itself, with every thing that the last July steamer for Boston, I lives and moves upon it, is not more mail these communications from this universal than the desire to know, in city. Having visited Cambridge, I every being that has the power to leave for Oxford to-day. Brother know. This is the soul of the soul Henshall is well, and labors some- / of man--the active energizing princi- | times with me, and sometimes in other ple, which stimulates into action his fields by himself. He sends his love whole sensitive, perceptive, and reto all who know him at Bethany. I flective powers ; and were it our duty derive much pleasure from his com- to collect and classify the criteria by pany. He never fails to interest his which to appreciate the intellectual auditories, and is much esteemed by capacity of an individual, we would all who form his acquaintance. give to his desire of knowledge an
The brethren held a tea-party in eminent rank among the evidences of the church yesterday evening in an- his ability to acquire it. ticipation of our leaving to-day, I To direct into proper channels, and did not enjoy much at the meeting. to control within rational limits, the In the morning, when setting sail desire for knowledge, have always from Boulogne in France, to Folke- been paramount objects in every gostone in England, the distance being vernment, human and divine, which only 29 miles across the English has legislated on the subject of educhannel, and the day being very beau- cation, or sought the rational happitiful and warm, I expected to be in ness of man. Indeed, the Divine London, some 100 miles distant, by Father of our race, in the first constithree o'clock ; but owing to the very tution given to man, suspended his great inequality of temperature in the destiny on the proper direction and air and water, immediately a very government of this desire. He was dense fog and withal a good breeze pleased to test the loyality of his arose, and we sailed in the dark as to children by imposing a restraint, not our course, and consequently failed so much upon their animal appetites to meet the train from Dover to Lon- as upon their desire to know. The don at the appointed time. I did not God of reason hereby intimates to all find the brethren till nine o'clock at intelligences, that the power to control night. We had, indeed, a short but this master passion is the infallible a very pleasant interview; and com- index of man's power of self-governmending each other to the Lord, we ment in every thing else. How wisely took the parting hand, never again and how kindly, then, did he denoexpecting to meet on this side the minate the forbidden tree, “ the tree Jordan. May the Lord preserve us of knowledge of good and evil !” all to his eternal kingdom !
And perhaps it is just at this point, Affectionately your father, | and from this view of the subject,
A. CAMPBELL. I that we acquire our best conceptions