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The Boeotians and Megarians refuse to break with Sparta, or to

ally themselves with Argos-the Corinthians hesitate in actually

joining Argos......................

The Eleians become allies of Argos-their reasons for doing so-

relations with Lepreum-the Corinthians now join Argos also... 24

Refusal of Tegea to separate from Sparta.-The Corinthians are

disheartened their application through the Bœotians to Athens 27

The Lacedæmonians emancipate the Arcadian subjects of Manti-

neia-they plant the Brasidean Helots at Lepreum ........
Treatment of the Spartan captives after their liberation from Athens
and return to Sparta-they are disfranchised for a time and in a
qualified manner

The Athenians recapture Skiônê-put to death all the adult males 31

Political relations in Peloponnesus-change of Ephors at Sparta-

30

the new Ephors are hostile to Athens.......

Congress at Sparta-Athenian, Boeotian, and Corinthian deputies,

present-long debates, but no settlement attained of any one of

the disputed points-intrigues of the anti-Athenian Ephors--

Kleobulus and Xenarês

These Ephors try to bring about underhand an alliance between

Sparta and Argos, through the Baotians-the project fails...... 34

The Lacedæmonians conclude a special alliance with the Boeotians,

thereby violating their alliance with Athens-the Baotians raze

Panaktum to the ground.......

Application from the Argeians to Sparta, to renew the expiring

treaty. Project of renewed treaty agreed upon. Curious sti-

pulation about combat by champions, to keep the question open

about the title to Thyrea

Lacedæmonian envoys go first to Boeotia, next to Athens-they

find Panaktum demolished-they ask for the cession of Pylus

from Athens .....

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less expenditure-lawless demeanour-unprincipled character,
inspiring suspicion and alarm-military service.......

Alkibiadês-Sokratês--the Sophists

Conflicting sentiments entertained towards Alkibiadês—his great

energy and capacity. Admiration, fear, hatred, and jealousy,

which he inspires

Alkibiadês tries to renew the ancient, but interrupted connection

..... 56

of his ancestors with Lacedæmon, as proxeni................................
The Spartans reject his advances—he turns against them, alters his
politics, and becomes their enemy at Athens..............

He tries to bring Athens into alliance with Argos.....

He induces the Argeians to send envoys to Athens-the Argeians

eagerly embrace this opening, and drop their negotiations with

Sparta

......

.... 59

Embassy of the Lacedæmonians to Athens, to press the Athenians

not to throw up the alliance. The envoys are favourably re-

ceived...........

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New policy of Athens, tempted by Alkibiadês
Expedition of Alkibiadês into the interior of Peloponnesus
Attack upon Epidaurus by Argos and Athens

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The Eleians exclude the Spartan sacred legation from this Olympic
festival, in consequence of alleged violation of the Olympic truce 77

Alarm felt at the festival lest the Spartans should come in arms...

Depressed estimation of Sparta throughout Greece-Herakleia

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Siege of Mêlos by the Athenians..................................
Dialogue set forth by Thucydidês, between the Athenian envoys
and the Executive Council of Mêlos..........
Language represented by Thucydidês as having been held by the
Athenian envoys-with the replies of the Melians ....................

Refusal of the Melians to submit....

Siege and capture of Mêlos

Remarks upon the event................

.......

View taken by Thucydidês of this incident

Place which it occupies in the general historical conception of

Thucydidês

160

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The Dorian cities in Sicily attack the Ionian cities in Sicily
The Ionic cities in Sicily solicit aid from Athens-first Athenian

expedition to Sicily under Lachês

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181

Second expedition under Pythodôrus

182

183

Indecisive operations near Messênê and Rhegium...............

Defeat of the Messenians by the Naxians and Sikels, near Naxos. 185

Eurymedon and Sophoklês, with a larger Athenian fleet, arrive in

....... 186

Congress of the Sicilian cities at Gela. Speech of Hermokratês... 187

General peace made between the Sicilian cities. Eurymedon accedes

Sicily

189

to the peace, and withdraws the Athenian fleet..........

Displeasure of the Athenians against Eurymedon and his colleagues 190

Intestine dissension in Leontini-expulsion of the Leontine Demos,

.......

194

by the aid of Syracuse .....

....... 191

Application of the Leontine Demos for help to Athens. The Athe-

nians send

to make observations........

Leontini depopulated-the Demos expelled-Leontine exiles at

Athens

....... 196

War between Selinus and Egesta―the latter applies to Athens for aid ib.

Promises of the Egestæans: motives offered to Athens for inter-

vention in Sicily

....... 197

Alkibiadês warmly espouses their cause, and advises intervention. 198

Inspecting commissioners despatched by the Athenians to Egesta

-frauds practised by the Egestæans to delude them ...... 199

Return of the commissioners to Athens-impression produced by

their report. Resolution taken to send an expedition to Sicily. 201

Embarrassment of Nikias as opposer of the expedition

202

Speech of Nikias at the second assembly held by the Athenians... 203

Reply of Alkibiadês

207

.....

.....

The assembly favourable to the views of Alkibiadês-adheres to

the resolution of sailing to Sicily.................................

211

Second speech of Nikias-exaggerating the difficulties and dangers

of the expedition, and demanding a force on the largest scale... 212

Effect of this speech-increased eagerness of the assembly for the

expedition-ardour and unanimity in reference to the plan...... 213

Excitement in the city among all classes-great increase in the scale
on which the expedition was planned ...

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