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said he to Signor Gualdi. The other made no answer but by a low bow. Yet you look,' he continued, like a man of fifty; and I know this picture to be

hour?" said I to the gondolier. "I cannot guess, Sir; but, if I am not mistaken, it is the lover's hour.""Let us go home," I replied; and he turned the prow

of the hand of Titian, who has been dead one hun- homeward, singing, as he rowed, the twenty-sixth strophe of the sixteenth canto of the Jerusalem Delivered.

dred and thirty years. How is this possible?' 'It is not easy,' said Signor Gualdi gravely, to know all things that are possible; but there is certainly no crime in my being like a picture of Titian's.' The Venetian perceived that he had given offence, and took his leave.

Bianca Capello. It had been shut by a baker's boy,

"In the evening he could not forbear mentioning as he passed by, at day-break; and in her despair she what had passed to some of his friends, who resolved fled with her lover to Florence, where he fell by asto satisfy themselves the next day by seeing the pic-sassination. Her beauty, and her love-adventure as ture. For this purpose they went to the coffee-house here related, her marriage afterwards with the Grand about the time that Signor Gualdi was accustomed Duke, and that fatal banquet at which they were both to come there; and, not meeting with him, inquired poisoned by the Cardinal, his brother, have rendered at his lodgings, where they learned that he had set her history a romance. The Capello Palace is on out an hour before for Vienna. This affair made a the Canalé di Canonico; and the postern-door, la great stir at the time." porta di strada, is still on its hinges. It opens into one of those narrow alleys so numerous at Venice.

Note 47, page 50, col. 1.

All eye, all ear, nowhere and everywhere.

A Frenchman of high rank, who had been robbed at Venice, and had complained in conversation of the This circumstance took place at Venice on the first negligence of the Police, was on his way back to of February, the eve of the feast of the Purification the Terra Firma, when his gondola stopped suddenly of the Virgin, A. D. 944, Pietro Candiano, Doge. in the midst of the waves. He inquired the reason; and his gondoliers pointed to a boat with a red flag, that had just made them a signal. It arrived; and he was called on board. "You are the Prince de "E'l costume era, che tutte le novizzie con tutta la Craon? Were you not robbed on Friday evening?-dote loro venissero alla detta Chiesa, dov'era il ves I was. Of what?-Of five hundred ducats.-And where were they?—In a green purse.-Do you suspect any body?—I do, a servant.-Would you know him again?-Certainly." The Interrogator with his foot turned aside an old cloak that lay there; and the Prince beheld his purse in the hand of a dead man. "Take it; and remember that none set their feet again in a country where they have presumed to doubt the wisdom of the government."

covo con tutta la chieresia."-SANUTO.

Note 48, page 50, col. 2.
-his lay of love.

La Biondina in Gondoletta.

Note 52, page 51, col. 1.

The young Bianca found her father's door.

Note 49, page 50, col. 2.
Those Porches.

In the Piazzetta. "C'était sous les portiques de Saint-Marc que les patriciens se réunissaient tous les jours. Le nom de cette promenade indiquait sa destination; on l'appellait il Broglio."-DARU.

Note 53, page 51, col. 1.
It was St. Mary's Eve.

Note 54, page 51, col. 1.

Such splendor, or such beauty.

Note 55, page 51, col. 1.

Her veil, transparent as the gossamer.

Among the Habiti Antichi, in that admirable book of wood-cuts ascribed to Titian (A. D. 1590), there is one entitled Sposa Venetiana a Castello. It was taken froin an old painting in the Scuola di S. Giovanni Evangelista, and by the Writer is believed to represent one of the Brides here described.

Note 56, page 51, col. 2.

That venerable pile on the sea-brink.

San Pietro di Castello, the Patriarchal church of Venice.

Note 57, page 51, col. 2.

Well are they known, the galliot and the galley. "Una galera e una galeotta."-SANUTO.


Note 58, page 52, col. 1.

Laid at his feet.

They were to be seen in the treasury of St. Mark

Note 50, page 50, col. 2.
Then in close converse.

I am indebted for this thought to some unpublished very lately. travels by the author of Vathek.

Note 59, page 52, col. 1.

And through the city in a stately barge.

Note 51, page 50, col. 2.

-and he sung, As in the time when Venice was herself. Goldoni, describing his excursion with the Passalacqua, has left us a lively picture of this class of


We were no sooner in the middle of that great An English abbreviation. Rialto is the name of lagoon which encircles the City, than our discreet the island from which the bridge is called; and the gondolier drew the curtain behind us, and let us float Venetians say il ponte di Rialto, as we say Westat the will of the waves.-At length night came on, minster-bridge. and we could not tell where we were. What is the In that island is the Exchange; and I have often


"Le quali con trionfo si conducessero sopra una piatta pe 'canali di Venezia con suoni e canti."-SANUTO.

Note 60, page 52, col. 1.

-the Rialto.

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walked there as on classic ground. In the days of
Antonio and Bassanio it was second to none. "I sotto-
portichi," says Sansovino, writing in 1580,
ogni giorno frequentati da i mercatanti Fiorentini,
Genovesi, Milanesi, Spagnuoli, Turchi, e d'altre na-
tioni diverse del mondo, i quali vi concorrono in tanta
copia, che questa piazza è annoverata fra le prime dell'
universo." It was there that the Christian held dis-
course with the Jew; and Shylock refers to it, when
he says,

Signor Antonio, many a time and oft,
In the Rialto you have rated me-

"Andiamo a Rialto"-" L'ora di Rialto"-were on every tongue; and continue so to the present day, as we may conclude from the comedies of Goldoni, and particularly from his Mercanti.

There is a place adjoining, called Rialto Nuovo; and so called, according to Sansovino, "perche fu fabbricato dopo il vecchio."

Note 61, page 52, col. 1.

Twenty are sitting as in judgment there.

The Council of Ten and the Giunta, “nel quale," says Sanuto, "fu messer lo doge." The Giunta at the first examination consisted of ten Patricians, at the last of twenty.

Note 62, page 52, col. 2.

-that maid, at once the fairest, noblest. She was a Contarini; a name coeval with the Republic, and illustrated by eight Doges. On the occasion of their marriage, the Bucentaur came out in its splendor; and a bridge of boats was thrown across the Canal Grandé for the Bridegroom and his retinue of three hundred horse. Sanuto dwells with pleasure on the costliness of the dresses and the magnificence of the processions by land and water. The tournaments in the Place of St. Mark lasted three days, and were attended by thirty thousand people.

Note 63, page 53, col. 1.

I have transgress'd, offended, wilfully.

It was a high crime to solicit the intercession of any Foreign Prince.

Note 64, page 53, col. 2.

-the Invisible Three.

Note 65, page 53, col. 2.

It found him on his knees before the altar.

He was at mass.-SANUTO.

Note 66, page 54, col. 1.
And in his ledger-book.

A remarkable instance, among others in the annals of Venice, that her princes were merchants.

Note 67, page 54, col. 1.

And from that hour have kindred spirits flock'd.
I visited once more, says Alfieri, the tomb of our
master in love, the divine Petrarch; and there, as at
Ravenna, consecrated a day to meditation and verse.

Note 68, page 54, col. 1.

Its vineyards of such great and old renown. The Côte Rotie, the Hermitage, etc.

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Among other instances of her ascendency at the The State-Inquisitors. For an account of their close of the thirteenth century, it is related that authority, see page 52.

Florence saw twelve of her citizens assembled at the Court of Boniface the Eighth, as Ambassadors from different parts of Europe and Asia. Their names are mentioned in Toscana Illustrata.

Affirming itself to be the very bucket which Tassoni in his mock heroics has celebrated as the cause of war between Bologna and Modena five hundred years ago. If true, it is in wonderful preservation.

Note 73, page 54, col. 2.
Done by Zampieri-
Commonly called Domenichino.

Note 74, page 56, col. 2.
And what a glorious lustre did it shed.

Note 75, page 56, col. 2.
In this chapel wrought.

Carmelites. It is adorned with his paintings, and all A chapel of the Holy Virgin in the church of the the great artists of Florence studied there: Lionardo da Vinci, Fra Bartolomeo, Andrea del Sarto, Michael Angelo, Raphael, etc.

He had no stone, no inscription, says one of his biographers, for he was thought little of in his life


Se alcun cercasse il marmo, o il nome mio,
La Chiesa è il marmo, una cappella è il nome.

It was there that Michael Angelo received the blow in his face.-See VASARI and CELLINI.

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Note 82, page 57, col. 1.
On that thrice-hallow'd day.

The day of All Souls. Il di de' Morti.

Note 84, page 57, col. 1.

That Cosmo.

The first Grand Duke.

brother, one by a husband, and a third murdered his wife.

Note 85, page 57, col. 1. Is told, and by an honest Chronicler. The President De Thou. Alfieri has written a ragedy on the subject; if it may be said so, when he as altered so entirely the story and the characters.

But that family was soon to become extinct. It is some consolation to reflect that their Country did not go unrevenged for the calamities which they had brought upon her. How many of them died by the hands of each other!

The Palazzo Vecchio. Cosmo had left it several years before.

Note 86, page 57, col. 1. -the disconsolate Mother.

Of the children that survived her, one fell by a

By Vasari.

Note 87, page 57, col. 2.
The Ancient Palace.

Note 88, page 57, col. 2.
-drawn on the wall.

Note 89, page 57, col. 2.

From the deep silence that his questions drew.

It was given out that they had died of a contagious fever; and funeral orations were publicly pronounced in their honor.

Note 83, page 57, col. 1.

It is somewhere mentioned that Michael Angelo, when he set out from Florence to build the dome of St. Peter's, turned his horse round in the road to contemplate once more that of the cathedral, as it rose in the grey of the morning from among the It must be known-the writing on the wall. pines and cypresses of the city, and that he said after Exoriare aliquis nostris ex ossibus ultor. a pause, Come te non voglio! Meglio di te non Perhaps there is nothing in language more affect-posso!" " He never indeed spoke of it but with ading than his last testament. It is addressed "To God, miration; and if we may believe tradition, his tomb the Deliverer," and was found steeped in his blood.

by his own desire was to be so placed in the Santa Croce as that from it might be seen, when the doors of the church stood open, that noble work of Bruneleschi.

Note 90, page 57, col. 2.


He was the father of modern painting, and the master of Giotto, whose talent he discovered in the way here alluded to.

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"Cimabue stood still, and, having considered the boy and his work, he asked him, if he would go and live with him at Florence? To which the boy answered that, if his father was willing, he would go with all his heart.”—VASARI.

Of Cimabue little now remains at Florence, except his celebrated Madonna, larger than the life, in Santa Maria Novella. It was painted, according to Vasari, in a garden near Porta S. Piero, and, when finished, was carried to the church in solemn procession with trumpets before it. The garden lay without the walls; and such was the rejoicing there on the occasion, that the suburb received the name of Borgo Allegri, a name it still bears, though now a part of the city.

Note 91, page 57, col. 2.
Beautiful Florence.

Note 92, page 57, col. 2.
-that church among the rest.

Santa Maria Novella. For its grace and beauty it was called by Michael Angelo "La Sposa."

Note 93, page 57, col. 2.

Those who assembled there at matin-prayers.
In the year of the Great Plague.

I Like thee I will not build one. Better than thee I cannot

Note 94, page 58, col. 1. Came out into the meadows.

Once, on a bright November morning, I set out and traced them, as I conceived, step by step; beginning and ending in the Church of Santa Maria Novella. It was a walk delightful in itself, and in its associations.

Note 95, page 58, col. 1.

Round the hill they went.

I have here followed Baldelli. It has been said that Boccaccio drew from his imagination. But is it likely, when he and his readers were living within a mile or two of the spot? Truth or fiction, it furnishes a pleasant picture of the manners and amusements of the Florentines in that day.

Note 96, page 58, col. 1.

The morning-banquet by the fountain-side. Three hours after sun-rise.

Note 97, page 58, col. 1.

The Friar pour'd out his catalogue of treasures. See the Decameron, vi. 10.

Note 98, page 58, col. 1.

-his lowly roof and scanty farm.

Now belonging by inheritance to the Rangoni, a Modenese family.

Note 99, page 58, col. 1.

'Tis his own sketch-he drew it from himself. See a very interesting letter from Machiavel to Francesco Vettori, dated the 10th of December, 1513. Note 100, page 58, col. 2. -sung of old

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Note 103, page 58, col. 2.
There, unseen.

Milton went to Italy in 1638. "There it was," says he, "that I found and visited the famous Galileo, grown old, a prisoner to the Inquisition." "Old and blind," he might have said. Galileo, by his own account, became blind in December, 1637. Milton, as we learn from the date of Sir Henry Wotton's letter to him, had not left England on the 18th of April following. See TIRABOSCHI, and WOTTON's Remains.

Note 104, page 58, col. 2. So near the yellow Tiber's They rise within thirteen miles of each other.

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For its green wine

La Verdea. It is celebrated by Rinuccini, Redi, and the Ghibellines. and most of the Tuscan Poets.

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The Amidei washed away the affront with his blood, attacking him, says Villani, at the foot of the Ponte Vecchio; and hence the wars of the Guelphs

O Buondelmonte, quanto mal fuggisti Le nozze sue, per gli altrui conforti!

Note 113, page 59, col. 2.


Note 112, page 59, col. 2. It had been well, hadst thou slept on, Ghiradacci in his history of Bologna. Her lover was The story is Bolognese, and is told by Cherubino of the Guelphic party, her brothers of the Ghibelline; than an enmity, hitherto but half-suppressed, broke and no sooner was this act of violence made known, out into open war. The Great Place was a scene of battle and bloodshed for forty successive days; nor was a reconciliation accomplished till six years afterwards, when the families and their adherents met there once again, and exchanged the kiss of peace before the Cardinal Legate; as the rival families of Florence had already done in the Place of S. Maria Novella. Every house on the occasion was hung with tapestry and garlands of flowers.

-from the wound


Note 114, page 59, col. 2.

Sucking the poison.

practice of poisoning their daggers. The Saracens had introduced among them the

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genius have been produced in times of tumult; when their speed in the morning; and at supper was ga every man was his own master, and all things were beyond measure. When he retired, he sent for he open to all. Homer, Dante, and Milton appeared in into his apartment; and, pressing her tenderly to h such times; and we may add Virgil.' bosom, slipped a cord round her neck.

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There is, or was very lately, in Florence a small wine-house with this inscription over the door, Al buon vino non bisogna frasca. Good wine needs no bush. It was much frequented by Salvator Rosa, who drew a portrait of his hostess.

Note 121, page 60, col. 1.

Of that old den far up among the hills.

Note 127, page 61, col. 2.

Caffaggiòlo, the favorite retreat of Cosmo," the father of his country." Eleonora di Toledo was stabbed A narrow glade unfolded, such as Spring. there on the 11th of July, 1576, by her husband, This upper region, a country of dews and dewy Pietro de' Medici; and on the 16th of the same lights, as described by Virgil and Pliny, and still, I month, Isabella de' Medici was strangled by hers, believe, called La Rosa, is full of beautiful scenery. Paolo Giordano Orsini, at his villa of Cerreto. They Who does not wish to follow the footsteps of Cicero were at Florence, when they were sent for, each in there, to visit the Reatine Tempe and the Seven her turn, Isabella under the pretext of a hunting-Waters? party; and each in her turn went to die.

Isabella was one of the most beautiful and accomplished women of the age. In the Latin, French, and Spanish languages, she spoke not only with fluency, but elegance; and in her own she excelled as an Improvisatrice, accompanying herself on the lute. On her arrival at dusk, Paolo presented her with two beautiful greyhounds, that she might make a trial of

Note 128, page 61, col. 2.
a sumpter-mule.

Many of these circumstances are introduced into a landscape of Annibal Carracci, now in the Louvre.

Note 129, page 62, col. 1.
Filling the land with splendor-

1 The Augustan Age, as it is called, what was it but a dying blaze of the Commonwealth? When Augustus began to reign, Cicero and Lucretius were dead, Catullus had written his sat

Perhaps the most beautiful villa of that day was the Villa Madama. It is now a ruin; but enough remains of the plan and the grotesque-work to justify Vasari's account of it.

ires against Cæsar, and Horace and Virgil were no longer in often represented there; and a theatre, such as is

The Pastor Fido, if not the Aminta, used to be

their first youth. Horace had served under Brutus; and Virgil had been pronounced to be

Magnæ spes altera Roma.

here described, was to be seen in the gardens very lately.

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