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and it being my lot to be his companion at Hall, separated from the rest of Friends, who that time, we met at Strickland in Westmore were prisoners, and put into a dark place, land; and visited some meetings in Yorkshire, called the citadel, among the felons, something Nottinghamshire, Leicestershire, Northamp: like a dungeon, where they could not see to tonshire, and so to London. He had good work in a dark day, without candle-light; and service in most places, and much comfort and for no other cause, but for preaching and satisfaction I had in his company, he, whom I praying in the time of Friends' meeting to esteemed above many others, being a loving wait upon the Lord, in the place where they and a nursing father to me.
His persecutors hoped by After we had staid the time of the Yearly their being absent, the meetings of Friends Meeting, and he was clear of the meetings of would be silent, and give less occasion of disthe city, we went to a meeting at Windsor, turbance to priests and others, who took occaand so to High Wycombe, Reading, Newbury, sion against his preaching. The first meeting Marlborough, Caine, Chippenham, and most we had amongst the Friends in prison, Andrew of the meetings in those parts. It was a time Graham and I, appearing in public, the jailer of deep exercise to many faithful brethren was much disturbed, and took us away from who kept their habitations in the truth ; for in the rest of Friends; and being afraid of the most meetings of this part of the nation, there priests and others, was at a stand what to do; was a rending, dividing spirit crept into the for there was no room for any more beds church, and many were made to say, “ Alas, among the felons. The bed whereon our dear we know not which way to turn, or what will friend lay, was next to the sink, where the be the end,” &c. I am a witness, with many filth was discharged, which made it the more, some of whom are yet alive, of the deep more noisome; but the Lord's power carried exercise of spirit he went under, from meeting them over all, and in a few days I obtained to meeting, for the Seed's sake, that the inno- liberty of the jailer, to go with the turnkey, cent might be preserved from hurt, and the and found the Friends, through the Lord's spirit of separation which would divide in goodness, easy and well. The turnkey reJacob and scatter in Israel, might be fully turning, I staid to bear them company till manifested. Though his exercises were such evening. When the turnkey came again, he night and day that his meat and sleep were told John Banks he and his companion might almost taken from him, yet the Lord so go to the rest of Friends, if they pleased, for strengthened him in his inward man, that he it would avail nothing to keep them there, as was borne up in his spirit, to confirm and there were now other preachers. John Banks build up the righteous in that most holy faith replied, the jailer brought them thither withwhich works by love, and to proclaim wo and out any just cause, and he should fetch them judgment upon the spirit that had led into sepa- back again, and cause what they had to be ration. And though in several places, they carried along with them; which he did before who were most in the separation, followed him he slept. Being now together in one place, from meeting to meeting, and bent their bows we kept our meetings, first-day, and week against him, waiting for an advantage, yet the days; and the place of our confinement being Lord was pleased, for the honour of his own near the upper end of Castle street, and not name, to preserve him by his power, that he far from the great cathedral, so called, it often came away to the churches' comfort and edifi- happened that at the time when people came cation, and to his own peace.
from their worship, on the first-days, John After this, we came to Bristol, and found was preaching, and his voice would reach to faithful Friends under great exercise of spirit, the door of the great house; and people freby reason of a contentious spirit that some quently would either go softly, or stand a litthere were gone into. We visited meetings tle; for at that time no meeting of Friends thereabouts, and when our friend was clear, was kept in the city. And at this the priests and his service over, we came pretty direct were much disturbed, and threatened the jailer for Cumberland.
so much, that he left this place at the year's As the labours and travels of this our dear end, and hired another house. friend were great for the truth's sake, which Our friend John Banks, being a good exhe was called to bear witness to, so he was ample in all things, laboured diligently with also valiant in suffering for it, as appeared in his hands, being a glover and fellmonger by his imprisonment in Carlisle. It was my lot, trade; and with much sitting during that cold with others of our meeting, to be committed winter, in which the great frost continued so to prison at that time, for our peaceable meet. long, he thereby grew infirm. We were sixing together to wait upon the Lord, and to teen in one room, and had the privilege of but worship him in spirit and in truth. We found one little fire; and mostly four or five ancient our dear friends, John Banks and Thomas people had the benefit of it; but at last we all
obtained our liberty; mostly by King James's living ministry that will still be acceptable to proclamation, and came forth free and clear the church, and serviceable to its members. men, for which the Lord shall have the praise. It is an excellent virtue in ministers, a seal
I could say more; but knowing there are and confirmation of their ministry, to be found many faithful brethren and sisters, who had a in the practice of that which they preach to perfect knowledge of him and of his integrity, others ; such can in boldness say with the from the time of his convincement to the day apostle, ye followers of us, as we follow of his death, and of his many labours and ex- Christ.” ercises both at home and abroad, I am the Secondly, If thou art not gifted in the min. more easy to conclude, being an eye and ear istry, but a living witness of the virtue of witness of what I have here written.
truth, and partaker with us of the like precious CHRISTOPHER STORY. faith, we entreat thee mind thy place in the
church, that thou mayest be found in obedience A Testimony from the QUARTERLY MEETING in to the Gospel : thus mayest thou come under
the County of SOMERSET, concerning John a spiritual qualification for the oversight of Banks, of Street, in the same County, deceased; others; which must be by taking heed to thywho departed this life the 6th day of the Eighth self, according to Acts xx. 28 : “ Take heed month, 1710.
therefore unto yourselves, and” then “to the
flock,” &c., but first take heed to thyself. He was very zealous to the last to spread Why so much to myself? I know the truth, the Gospel; and in all his exercises and afflic. and am sensible of my duty, some may say: tions he had the honour of God and good of But give us leave to add, that many are sensihis people in his eye. He devoutly laboured ble of the good they ought to do, but neglect in his gift, and being an able minister of Christ, was instrumental both to gather and obedience keeps pace with thy knowledge,
it; therefore, look well to thyself, that thy confirm many souls in the truth. We have
that so thou mayest not only be a hearer, but many witnesses, who, with us, have partaken of the comfort of his labour. He was a good that with clearness and boldness thou mayest
a doer also. This will give thee authority, example, and his conversation was pleasant advise them that are unfaithful, and neglect and profitable; sharp against the obstinate op- what they ought to do; for he that hears and poser, but meek and gentle towards them, who, doth not, his building is not aright, and cannot in a sense of their shortness, were ready and stand in the time of trial. Whatsoever thou willing to acknowledge the same.
Such was his concern for the Gospel, that mayest be, it matters not; for he that adviseth he did not spare himself to promote the truth: meet but with a cold reception. Therefore,
others, being faulty himself, must expect to he was zealous against a luke-warm spirit, look well to thyself, neglect not the gist that is warning Friends, both by doctrine and exam in thee, neither measure thy duty by another's ple, to beware thereof; often reminding the neglect. It is too much a practice in this age, young people of that fervent love which was to be influenced more by the worst than by the amongst the brethren in the beginning. He best of examples. But, follow thou the footwas not insensible that a libertine spirit too
steps of the flock of Christ's companions, who much prevailed in many places, neither was he wanting to bear a testimony against it.
are gone before; so wilt thou come up in the Friendly reader, whoever thou art, or what. place of some of the many worthy ancients ever thy state in the church may be, although whom, this, our friend, may be accounted
who are gone to rest ; amongst the number of the design of this is to demonstrate our love worthy to be reckoned; as one who both bore to the deceased, yet we also intend hereby thy the búrthen and heat of the day. Let it be edification. And in order thereunto, we would thy concern to follow his example in faithful. briefly say; first, if thou art a minister, attend on thy ministry, and wait to know God's time, Lord's honour; so wilt thou be fitted to enter
ness; not for imitation's sake, but for the that when thou speakest it may be in his time; into that blessed inheritance which God has and keep to thy opening, that what thou speak-in store for the faithful. That this may be est may be from the Spirit, and with under
thy portion, so wish, and so pray thy fervent standing. Thus wilt thou learn, both when
and Christian friends. to speak, what to speak, and when to be silent; a principal thing for Gospel ministers to have Signed by order, and on the behalf of the Meetthe true knowledge of. And also thou wilt be
ing aforesaid, from Glaston, the 22d and 23d
of the First month, 1710–11, by preserved from a lifeless unedifying ministry,
Elias OSBORNE, WILLIAM HORWOOD, which is a hurt, but never helps true believers.
WILLIAM JENKINS, JOHN THOMAS, It is a living ministry which begets a living
John HIPSLEY, SAMUEL BowNAS, people; and by a living ministry, at first, we ABRAHAM THOMAS, WILLIAM ALLOWAY. were reached and turned to the truth. It is a JOSEPH PINKER,
A Testimony concerning our dear and worthy
more such labourers; “For the harvest indeed friend John BANKS;
is great, but the true and faithful labourers
are but few." Whou the Lord was pleased to place in this
Signed on behalf of our meeting, at Glastonpart of the country, as he himself hath signi
bury and Street, the 13th of the Third month, fied; and he was very serviceable amongst us 1711, by in the work of the ministry, and also in set
JAMES CLOTHIER, Sen. JOSEPH MOORE, tling a godly discipline in many places; en- ARTHUR GUNDRY,
JOHN BLACKMORE, couraging the young men, as well as the old JAMES CLOTHIER, Jun. Tho. FREEMAN, and middle-aged, to come to our meetings for Tho. Marnard,
WM. BLACKMORE. that service, that they might be serviceable in
ROGER JEWELL, their places. He was very tender and loving This was viewed and approved of by the to the well inclined, and a reprover of evil Monthly Meeting. doers, gainsayers, and backsliders, placing judgment upon the head of the transgressor. Hannah Banks’ account and Testimony conHe was very desirous that things might be kept savoury, and in good order amongst us,
cerning her dear and tender husband, JOHN often giving good advice and counsel to Friends
Banks, deceased. out of meetings, as well as in meetings, for it I was married to him the 28th of the eighth was his great delight to see them grow in the month, 1696, being a widow, and was contruth. He gave way to strangers when we vinced of God's truth in the time of my widowwere visited, although he was an able minister hood; we were married at Glastonbury, and of the word of life, which dwelt plentifully in went to live at Mear, until the year 1708, him, and his bow abode in strength, and he and then came to Street, where we continwould often hit the mark. He was a great ued until he died. He was afflicted with much encourager of Friends to bear a faithful weakness in his latter lime; but a little before testimony against tithes, and steeple-house his death was raised to go to some meetrates, &c., and where he saw anything to the ings. On the 5th of the sixth month he went contrary, he would show his dislike. He was from home to Somerton, and the next day to a faithful labourer in the work of the Lord, their Monthly Meeting of worship, which was visiting Friends' meetings abroad, as long as very large, and he had a good meeting, to the he had strength of body; but was attended satisfaction of Friends. Afterward he had an with weakness several years, in which time evening meeting in the town, and went next day he wrote several papers to Friends. Some to Long Sutton, to visit Friends; and to some time before he died, he removed his habitation other places; and was at the Monthly Meeting to Street, near the meeting-house; and our at Puddimoor, and had a large testimony to meetings both for worship and business, were Friends; and also at Yeovil, and was well many times held at his house, which was a accepted ; after which he returned home. great comfort to him, for he was very glad of Most Friends thought he would not have the company of honest Friends; and some been able to undertake such a journey, being times when they asked him how he did, he between twenty and thirty miles, by reason of would say, “Weak in body, but strong in the his weakness; but he could not be satisfied Lord—all is well." He was borne up in his without it. On the 2nd of the seventh month, spirit beyond what could be expected, to bear as he was walking in the yard, he was taken a living testimony in our meetings, being at. with a pain in his back, which, by degrees, tended with that Divine power which made his went downward into his feet, and proved to be soul sing praises to the Lord, to the comfort. the gout. It was very painful for several ing of the faithful in Christ. He was a great days before his death; yet he would often say, help to us in our Monthly Meetings, in man- until the last, that notwithstanding all his pain, aging the affairs of the church; being favoured his soul did praise and magnify the Lord, for with the continuance of his understanding and his goodness towards him, though he thought memory. We greatly miss him, and although his pain sometimes sharper than death ; and it is our loss, yet we believe it is his everlast- said, how well it would be if the Lord would ing gain, and that he is gone to rest with the be pleased to remove him hence. Many faithful in Christ. And now, since it hath Friends and others coming to visit him, he pleased the only wise God, in his infinite wis- had a large testimony to them, by way of exdom, to take unto himself this our dear friend, hortation; and a few hours before his death, his faithful servant, and minister of the ever- said how well it was to have nothing to do lasting Gospel, it is the desire and supplication but to die. At another time he said, he was of our hearts, unto the great Lord of the har- assured it would be well with him and that he vest, that it may please him to raise many should end in the truth, as he began. He was
very sensible to the last; and, after all his gether ; five of which he was under great pains, had an easy passage, on the 6th of the weakness, which he bore patiently to the end. eighth month, 1710, and is gone to rest; aged I cannot but lament my loss of so near a seventy-three years and two months. friend, for he was a great strength to me in
He was a man that feared God, wrought my weakness, who am poor and feeble of myrighteousness, loved truth above all, and his self, and do desire the prayers of the faithful, friends with all his heart, and served them for my preservation, that I may hold out to faithfully to the end. I am satisfied he hath the end; who am his mournful widow, laid down his head in peace, and rested from
HANNAH Banks. all his labours. He was a true help-meet to
Street, in Somersetshire, the place of my abode, me, and we lived almost fourteen years to- this 4th of the Third month, 1711.
JOURNAL OF JOHN BANKS;
SHOWING the manner of my education and con- which time I learned both English and Latin,
vincement, how I came to receive the know- and could write well. When I was fourteen ledge of God, and of his blessed truth; the travail years of age, my father put me to teach school of my soul under judgment; how I came through one year at Dissington ; and after that at the same, to obtain mercy at the Lord's hand, Mosser Chapel near Pardshaw, where I read for sin and transgression: and how in his time, the Scriptures to people who came there on the I was called forth into the ministry; of my first-day of the week, and the homily, as it is travels and exercises in that work and service; called, and also sung psalms and prayed. I together with my imprisonments and sufferings: with other people, persuaded me to it.
had no liking to the practice; but my father, also an abstract of letters to my wife, children,
For this service my wages from the people and servants, and my wife's to me.
was to be twelve pence a year from every
house, of those who came there to hear me, OF MY EDUCATION.
and a fleece of wool, and my table free, beI CAME of honest parents—my father's sides twelve pence a quarter for every scholar name was William, and my mother's name I had, being twenty-four. This chapel is called Emme. I was their only child, born in a chapel of ease, the parish steeple-house being Sunderland, in the parish of Issell
, in the some miles off. Amongst the rest of the peocounty of Cumberland ; and my father having ple who were indifferent where they went for no real estate of his own, took land to farm; worship, came one John Fletcher, a great and by trade was a fellmonger and glover. scholar, but a drunken man; and he called
In some years after, he removed within the me aside one day, and said, “I read very well compass of Pardshaw meeting, where both my for a youth ; but I did not pray in form, as parents received the truth some time after me, others used to do,” and that he would teach and lived and died in it, according to their me how to pray; and send it me in a letter, measures. To this meeting I belonged above which he did. forty years.
When it came, I went out of the chapel and Though my parents had not much of this read it; and when I had done, I was convinced world's riches, yet according to their ability of the evil thereof, by the light of the Lord and the manner of the country, they brought Jesus, which immediately opened to me the me up well, and in good order; and were care- words of the apostle Paul concerning the ful to restrain me from such evils as children Gospel he had to preach, that he had it and youth are apt to run into; and especially not from man, neither was he taught it, but my dear mother, she being a zealous woman. by the revelation of Jesus Christ. Their care therein for my good, had a good swer to which it rose in me: “But thou hast effect on me; and so will it have, we may hope, this prayer from man, and art taught it by on all who perform their duty as they ought man, and he one of the worst of many.” So to their children ; if not, they will, it is feared, the dread of the Lord fell upon me, with which be found guilty in the day of account. I was struck to my very heart, and I said in
I was put to school when I was seven years myself, I shall never pray on this wise. It of age and kept there until I was fourteen; in opened in me, Go to the meeting of the people
in scorn called Quakers, for they are the peo- lies in, and that I was partaker thereof; but by ple of God: and so I did the next first-day taking heed thereto, through watchfulness and after, which was at Pardshaw.
fear, I came to be sensible of the work thereof This being before the end of the year, when in my heart, in order to subdue and bring down I was to receive wages of the people for such the wild nature in me, and to wash and cleanse service as I did, I could take none of them, me from sin and corruption, that I might be being convinced of the evil thereof; nor did I changed and converted. But before I came ever read any more at the chapel.
to witness this work effected, oh the days and When about sixteen years of age, in the nights of godly sorrow and spiritual pain I tenth month, 1654, it pleased the Lord to travelled through for some years! The exer. reach to my heart and conscience, by his pure cise I was under bore so hard, both upon my living Spirit, in the blessed appearance thereof body and mind, that I left off the practice of in and through Jesus Christ ; whereby I re- teaching school, which, although good and ceived the knowledge of God, and the way of lawful, yet was not agreeable to me in my his blessed truth, by myself alone in the field, condition then. I put myself to learn my before I ever heard any one called a Quaker father's trade, with something of husbandry, preach ; and before I was at any of their which I followed with diligence; and lived meetings. But the first-day that I went to with my parents, who some time after, came one, which was at Pardshaw, as aforesaid, the to receive the truth, which was great reLord's power so seized upon me in the meeting, joicing to my soul. As I travelled under that I was made to cry out in the bitterness of the ministration of condemnation and judg. my soul, in a true sight and sense of my sins, ment for sin and transgression, great was the which appeared exceeding sinful: and the same warfare I had with the enemy of my soul, day, as I was going to an evening meeting of who, through his subtlety, sought to betray me God's people, scornfully called Quakers, by from the simplicity of the truth, and to per. the way, I was smitten to the ground with the suade me to despair, as though there was no weight of God's judgment for sin and iniquity mercy for me; yet in some small measure, which fell heavy upon me, and I was taken I knew the Lord had showed mercy to me, up by two Friends. Oh! the godly sorrow which he mixed with judgment, for my sins that took hold of me that night in the meet- past. But the experience I had gained in the ing; so that I thought in myself every one's travail of my soul, and the faith begotten of condition was better than mine. A Friend, who God in my heart, strengthened me to with. was touched with a sense of my condition and stand the enemy and his subtle reasonings. greatly pitied me, was made willing to read a I overcame the wicked one, through a dili. paper in the meeting, which was so suitable to gent waiting in the light, and keeping close to my condition, that it helped me a little, and the power of God, waiting upon him in silence
gave some ease to my spirit. I was now very among his people, in which exercise my soul I much bowed down and perplexed, my sins delighted.
being set in order before me; and the time I Oh! the comfort, and divine consolation had spent in wildness and wantonness, out of we were made partakers of in those days; the fear of God, in vanity, sport, and pastime, and in the inward sense, and feeling of the came into my view and remembrance. The Lord's power and presence with us, we enbook of my conscience was opened, for I was joyed one another, and were near and dear by nature wild and wanton; and though there one unto another But it was through various were good desires stirring in me many times, trials and deep exercises, with fear and trem. and something that judged me and reproved bling, that thus we were made partakers. Blesme, and often strove with me to restrain me sed and happy are they who know what the from evil, yet not being sensible what it was, truth has cost them, and hold it in righteous. I had got over it.
I was like those who make merry over the Waiting diligently in the light, and keeping witness of God, even the witness and testi- close to the power of God, which is therein mony of his Holy Spirit, in and through Jesus received, I came to experience the work Christ his Son, made known in God's great thereof in my heart, in order to effect my love to the sons and daughters of men. This freedom from bondage, which by degrees was that, whereby the Lord many times strove went on and prospered in me, and so I gainwith me, until at last he prevailed upon me. ed ground more and more against the eneSo that I may say, as a true witness for God, my of my soul, through faith in the pow. and the sufficiency of his power and quickening er of God; without which no victory is obspirit, I did not only come to be convinced by tained. the living appearance of the Lord Jesus, of the My prosperity in the truth I always found vanity, sin, and wickedness which the world was by being faithful to the Lord, in what he VOL. II.-No. 1.