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Laity and clergy, 218.
Light and grace teaches to fear and love God, 29;
also, duty to all, 30, 35, 37, 46; necessity of
owning, 47; leads to believe in Christ, 67;
Friends' belief in relation thereto, 279, 280,
false pretences to it, 391.
Lightfoot, Susanna; J. Gough's account of, 460.

Marriage, 53, 54, 165, 353.

Mediation of Christ, &c., 67, 78, 85, 413.
Meetings, neglect of, testified against, 28, 48; to
be held in the power of the Lord, 55;
diligence in attending, 58.
Meetings for Discipline, 55, 182; character of
of members, 363.

Ministers, Gospel, their work, 62; qualification,
280, 330; advice to them, 359, 401, 403,
405, 407, 433, 437.
Morality not to be relied on, 360.

Naylor, James, 257.



Oldham, James, remarkably pious man, 419.
Oxley, Joseph, address to his children, 415; life

and travels, 416; convincement, 419; re-
moves to Fakenham, 420; accompanies his
uncle to London, 422; appears as a minister,
424; marriage, 427; travels with Edmund
Peckover, 427; death of his wife, 428; se-
cond marriage, 429; Barbara Everhard, ex-
traordinary instance of the power of divine
grace, 431; advice to ministers, 433; visits
Ireland, 434; great preservation; returns
home, 437; prospect of visiting America,
443; lands at New York, 451; travels
south, 454; returns to Philadelphia; parts
from Samuel Neale and sets out eastward,
462; visits Clement Willis, 463; arrives
again in Philadelphia, and thence visits the
Jerseys, Delaware, &c., 469; embarks for
England, 475.

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Parents, advice to, 53, 290, 355, 358, 377, 395.
Peckover, Edmund, 441.
Persecution, dangers of freedom from it, 62, 63;
threats to burn a meeting-house with
Friends in it; by a priest who fell after-
wards as dead, 204.

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Perrott, John, 264.
Pike, Joseph, his life, 340; advice on marriage,
353; advice to parents, 358; reached by the
ministry of William Edmundson, 358; advice
to ministers, 359; testimony to plainness,
360; invited to become a member of Cork
Monthly Meeting, 363; attends a meeting at
Bristol with Friends and the Separatists, 364;
accompanied William Penn to Holland, 366;
his respect for his elders, 366; exposed to
danger from war, 366; joins in the work of
reformation, 368; remarks on plainness, 369,
372; cleanses his own house of superfluities
before he enters on a family visit, 371; re-
marks on discipline, 372; of the practice of
family visits, 378; epistle to the Half-year's
Dublin Meeting, 385; writes again to the

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Spirit of Truth, false pretences to it, 62; John
Banks' testimony of it, 67.

Steel, John, his testimony against Wilkinson and
Story, 364.

Stirredge, Elizabeth, the life of, 184; testimony to
King Charles, 192; visits justices met to
appraise their distrained goods, 193; trial
from Story and Wilkinson, 194; Miles
Halhead's visit, 196; her testimony to
the mayor of Bristol, 200; extraordinary
service at a grave and examination be-
fore the justice, 202; threatened with
Subordination in the church, 55, 374, 376.
burning, 204; discharge from jail, 208.
Suffering, constancy under it, 58. 60.

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Waln, Nicholas, his first appearance in the min-
istry, 474.

War in Ireland, 130, 366.
Watson, John, memoir of, 477.
Watson, William, memoir of, 478.
Willis, Clement, long confined with disease, 463.
Wilson, Thomas, journal, 310, extraordinary vis-

itation at a Friends' meeting, 319; tra-
vels in the ministry in Ireland, 320; the
motion ceased and he went to harvesting;
returns to England, and at Kendal the word
of the Lord came mightily upon him at a
disturbed meeting, 321; converses with an
informer; remarkable meeting, 322; visits
Ireland; and travelled through parts of Eng-
land, 323; embarks for America; divine in-
terposition, 324; meets with George Keith,
325; signal preservation, 327; conspiracy
of the blacks, 327; tornado, 328; second
visit to America, 329; conversation with a
Baptist, 330; death, 333.
Worships of the world, 51, 217.

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Friendly Reader,


THE labours of the servants of God ought always to be precious in the eyes of his people; and for that reason the very fragments of their services are to be gathered up for edification. It is this which induces us to exhibit the following pages to public view, as well as the hope that it may please God to make them profitable to such as seriously peruse them. We have always found the Lord ready to second the services of his worthies upon the spirits of their readers; not suffering that which is his own to go without a voucher in every conscience; I mean those divine truths which it has pleased him to reveal by his own blessed Spirit; without which no man can rightly perceive the things of God, or be spiritually-minded, which is life and peace. This indeed is the only saving evidence of heavenly truths; which made that excellent apostle say, "We know that we are of God, and that the whole world lieth in wickedness." In that day, true religion and undefiled before God and the Father, consisted in visiting the fatherless and widows in their affliction, and keeping unspotted from the world: not merely a godly tradition, of what others have enjoyed, but the experimental enjoyment and knowledge thereof, by the operation of the Divine power in their own hearts, which makes the inward Jew and accomplished Christian, whose praise is not of men but of God. Such are Christians of Christ's making, who can say with the apostle, "It is not we that live, but Christ that liveth in us;" dying daily to self, and VOL. II.-No. 1.

rising up, through faith in the Son of God, to newness of life. Here formality bows to reality; memory to feeling, letter to spirit, and form to power; which brings to the regeneration, without which no man can inherit the kingdom of God; and by which he is enabled in every state to cry Abba, Father. Thou wilt see a great deal of this in the following author's writings; and that he rightly began with a just distinction between true wisdom and the fame of wisdom; what was of God, and taught of God, and what was of man and taught by man-which last at best is but a sandy foundation for religion to be built upon, or rather the faith and hope of man in reference to religion, and salvation by it. Oh! that none who make profession of the dispensation of the Spirit, may build beside the work of Jesus Christ in their own souls, in reference to his prophetical, priestly, and kingly offices. For God his Father gave him, as a tried stone, elect and precious, to build by and upon; in which great and glorious truth, we do most humbly beseech the Almighty, who is the God of the spirits of all flesh, the Father of lights and spirits, to ground and establish all his visited and convinced ones, that so they may grow up unto a holy house and building to the Lord. So shall purity, peace, and charity abound in the house and sanctuary which he hath pitched, and not man.

As to this worthy man, the author of the following treatises, I may say, his memorial is blessed, having known him above forty-four years. He was a heavenly minister of experi


mental religion, of a sound judgment and pious practice, valiant for truth upon the earth, and ready to serve all in the love and peace of the Gospel. He was among the first in Cumberland who received the glad tidings of it; and then readily gave up, with other brethren, to declare unto others what God had done for their souls.

Thus I first met him, and as I received his testimony through its savour of life, so I was kindly encouraged by him in the belief of the blessed doctrine of the light, spirit, grace, and truth of Christ in the inward parts; reproving, instructing, reforming, and redeeming those souls from the evil of the world, who were obedient thereunto. He was a means of strength to my soul, in the early days of my convincement, together with his dear and faithful brother and fellow-traveller, John

Wilkinson, of Cumberland, formerly a very zealous and able Independent minister.

Before I take my leave of thee, reader, let me advise thee to hold thy religion in the Spirit, whether thou prays, praisest, or ministers to others; go forth in the ability God giveth thee; presume not to awaken thy beloved before his time; be not thy own in thy performances, but the Lord's, and thou shalt not hold the truth in unrighteousness, as too many do, but according to the oracle of God, who will never leave nor forsake them who will take counsel of him; which that all God's people may do, is, and hath long been, the earnest desire and fervent supplication of their and thy faithful friend in the Lord Jesus Christ, WILLIAM PENN.

London, the 23d of the Twelfth month, 1711.




JOHN WHITING'S Testimony concerning JOHN ways loved its messengers for its sake, as I did


SINCE it pleased the Lord, in his infinite love, to cause his day to dawn and his truth to break forth in this nation of England, even in an acceptable time, when many were seeking the Lord, and wandering like sheep without a shepherd upon the barren mountains of lifeless profession, seeking rest but finding none; many messengers have been raised up, and sent forth to publish the glad tidings of the Gospel, and to turn people from darkness to light, that they might find rest to their souls; many of whom, especially of the first rank, are fallen asleep. Among these our dear friend John Banks, the author of the following papers, was early raised and sent forth with the word of life, and was a faithful labourer in his day, who gave up himself for the spreading of truth, spending and being spent in the service of the Gospel, for gathering people to the knowledge of the truth, in which he was made an effectual instrument to many, in this and other nations, particularly Scotland and Ireland.

Since the Lord was pleased to give me the knowledge of his truth, to which my education by religious parents was a good help, I al

the author of the ensuing papers for his sound and savoury testimony, which ministered grace to the hearers. He divided the word aright, according to their several states and conditions, of which he had a good discerning, and could speak a word in season accordingly; like a good scribe instructed unto the kingdom of heaven, who bringeth forth of his treasure things new and old. He was also one that ruled well, not only his own family, but in the church of God.

I knew him above thirty years, from his coming into the county of Somerset, in the year 1677; and could then, though but a young man, set my seal to the truth of his ministry, and witnessed the efficacy of it. It was with demonstration of the spirit and power; he being endued from on high, to preach the everlasting Gospel of life and salvation. I have often been comforted in meetings with him since, especially about the time of his coming to settle in the county of Somerset.

One of the last duties we owe to the memory of such who have laboured among us in word and doctrine, and for their works' sake have been worthy of double honour, is to publish their memoirs, as occasion offers, after their

decease; in which, I confess, I have often been comforted, as commemorating the worthy and noble acts of the Lord done by them, and his goodness, mercies, and providences in preserving them, and carrying them over all opposition of men of perverse minds, and the persecutions and sufferings which have attended them for their testimony, and which have not been few in these latter days. This has always been the lot of truth and its witnesses, and was the lot of the author of this book.

man that cometh into the world." Our dear friend was early called into the work of the ministry, and was faithful to improve his gift; and the Lord made him useful in his hand, and many are the seals of his ministry who yet remain in this county, who are witnesses of the power that was effectually with him, to the convincing of many. He was a faithful minister of the everlasting Gospel, and given up to preach it freely, and labour faithfully in the work thereof; and went through great hardships, and travelled much both by sea and land, in Ireland, Scotland, and in this nation, and most of all in this county, where he laboured night and day for the gathering of people to God, and for the settling of those who were gathered. He was one of good discernment, and was often opened by the Spirit of Truth, to speak to peoples' states, and had an answer from God's witness in their hearts, so that many were convinced by him. He was instrumental to gather several meetings in this county; being an incessant labourer in the Lord's work, both in body and mind; rising up early, and lying down late, and freely given up to spend and be spent ; and we sincerely desire that we who had the benefit of his labour, may be kept in true fear and walk worthy of all the Lord's mercies, to his glory, and our salvation.

The following journal and collection of his writings were sent to me by him in his life-time, with a desire that I, and J. Field, should take the care of publishing them after his decease, which we have carefully done. I have been comforted in reading them, by the sound, solid, serious matter contained in them, which 1 doubt not will have a witness in the consciences of all who read them in the fear of God. In them he being dead yet speaketh, whose memorial still lives and will live among the faithful in a lively remembrance of him. I truly loved him for his sincerity and uprightness, being a faithful man to the testimony of Truth, and concerned for good order in the church of Christ, against disorderly walkers, and to keep things clean in Monthly and Quarterly Meetings, from all that would defile or break the love and unity. When he grew weak in body, that he could not travel as in time past, though he got to several meetings beyond expectation but a little while before his death, yet his care for the church was not lessened, that all things might be kept well; and at last having served his generation ac-ous; and we doubt not but he is entered into cording to the will of God, he fell asleep and died in the faith and full assurance of a blessed immortality and eternal life. He laid down his head in peace with the Lord, in a good old age, and full of days, aged about seventy-four, and is entered into the fruition and reward of his labours, and his works follow him.

London, the 12th of the
Twelfth month, 1711.


A Testimony from Friends of PARDSHAW MONTH-
LY MEETING IN Cumberland, concerning JOHN

He was one upon whom the Lord poured forth of his holy Spirit, and gave a large gift thereof to serve him. The Lord's love is universal to all; he would have none to perish, but that all should come to the knowledge of the truth, and be saved; and for that end he gives gifts to men, to make them instrumental in his hand, to bring the sons of men to have faith in his only Son the Lord Jesus Christ, "who is the true light which lighteth every

His ministry was powerful and piercing, ministering judgment upon the transgressor, yet filled with consolation to the sincere hearted, so that he was both beloved and feared by many. His memory lives amongst the righte

rest. It was not only given him to believe, but to suffer for the testimony of God; in which he was preserved firm and true, to the stripping of his goods by the Conventicle Act, public sale being made of what he had; yet the Lord bore him up over all, that he was as one of the stakes of Sion, that could not be moved. He was afterwards in prison at Carlisle for his testimony; yet retained his integrity, and stood faithful, and the Lord was with him, and gave him courage tithes and the hireling priests, not only in still to stand firm in his testimony against word, but in deed and in truth. In the time of the Conventicle Act, he kept close to meet. ings, so that the informers concluded, whoever were not, he would be there; insomuch that they ventured to inform against him, whether they saw him, or not; and thereby laid a snare for themselves; and swore he was preaching on Pardshaw Crag, when he was gone in the service of the Gospel into Ireland, and was taken prisoner in Wicklow; which was proved against them, and they were forced to fly the country, and both came to miserable ends.

He had great service at that time, for many were convinced of the truth at the meeting in which he was taken prisoner. We might say more on this subject; yet the bent of our minds is not to attribute anything to him, or to any man, but to the Lord's power, which raised him up and made him what he was, to his honour and the peace and benefit of the church; desiring that we who yet remain may keep in true fear and humility, following the Lord Jesus in the way of self-denial, that we may so run as to obtain the crown of immortal glory. "Be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life."

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both by the convincement of some, and the
settlement of others; for great was his labour
in the love of Christ our Lord. And although
he was sharp in his rebukes to the unfaithful
and to backsliders, yet in admonition he was
gentle and courteous; God having given him
the spirit of discerning, and of a sound judg.
ment. I speak these things to the honour of
the hand that raised him up; with fervent and
true desires to the Lord, that he may raise up
and send forth many more faithful labourers
into his harvest; for the harvest is great, and
the true labourers are but few.

Aglionbye, the 25th of the
Ninth month, 1711.

CHRISTOPHER STORY'S Testimony concerning

As the labours, travels, and exercises of our dear friend John Banks were great, both in doing and in suffering for the name of the Lord, I shall here give a relation of some part of them, where I was present with him.

The first time I saw him was at a meeting at John Iveston's, of Jerishtown in Cumberland, in the latter end of the year 1672, or about the beginning of the year 1673, where there were many Friends and other people. It was a good meeting, to the confirming of those who had lately received the truth in the love of it; and convincing others of the right way of the Lord.

The next meeting he had in our parts was at Edward Atkinson's of Masthorne. A great meeting it was, and many received the truth in the love of it, and lived and died in it. Others were so reached, that though they never took the profession of the truth upon them, yet they often manifested their love to truth and Friends, to their dying day.

He was a faithful minister of Christ in this his glorious Gospel day, after that long and dark night of apostacy, which had spread itself over the nations, in which many were made drunk with the cup of fornication. After it had pleased the eternal, wise God to open his understanding, and to let him see his own state and condition, and reveal his Son in him, he was made willing to give up freely to the heavenly and inward appearance of Christ Jesus, the hope of glory. And as he was obedient thereunto, he was intrusted with a large gift of the ministry, in which he grew, and was made powerful in it, to the turning of many unto the right way of the Lord; who were convinced of the evil of So effectually was the love of God manitheir ways, and turned unto Jesus Christ, fested in that meeting, that many tears were their free teacher; and were made to bless the shed by some for joy that the Gospel of glad Lord on his behalf, that it should please the tiding was so preached, and by others, in a Lord to send him amongst them who had sat sense of godly sorrow for their mis-spent time. in darkness, and under the region of the He had several meetings afterward, nearer shadow of death. He was skilful in dividing to the borders of Scotland; and one at Parkof the word aright, having milk for babes, rigg, in which several were convinced by and stronger meat for those of riper age. I him, and others being added, it is now become knew him well, and truly loved and honoured a settled meeting. He was serviceable amongst him, for he was worthy of double honour, as us in word and doctrine, and very exemplary one that ruled well in the church of Christ. in life and conversation, so that I greatly As he was bold in asserting the truth, so he loved him. He had also a share in governwas valiant in suffering for it, both by impri-ment, and the care of the churches was upon sonment, and in spoiling of his goods. When him, that they who professed the truth might at liberty, he travelled much in divers parts walk answerably in their lives and conversaof this nation, also in Ireland and Scotland; tions. and in many places where it was my lot to In the year 1679, our dear friend going to follow him, I found of the fruits of his labours; the Yearly Meeting at London, for the county,

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