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L.

National Meeting, 390; letters, 397; extract
Laity and clergy, 218.

from his will, 413.
Light and grace teaches to fear and love God, 29; Pike, Richard, 351.

also, duty to all, 30, 35, 37, 46; necessity of Plainness, 52, 53, 98, 360; departure from it, 369;
owning, 47; leads to believe in Christ, 67;

reasons for, 372, 375, 379; degeneracy,
Friends' belief in relation thereto, 279, 280,

393; anecdote from T. Story's journal, 396.
357; false pretences to it, 391.

Prayer, 178, 188, 329.
Lightfoot, Susanna ; J. Gough's account of, 460.

R.
M.

Quakers, charges against, 75.

R.
Marriage, 53, 54, 165, 353.
Mediation of Christ, &c., 67, 78, 85, 413.

Randall, Francis, account of, 384.
Meetings, neglect of, testified against, 28, 48; to

Ranters, 121.
be held in the power of the Lord, 55; Regeneration, 292, 323.
diligence in attending, 58.

Revelation, immediate, 216, 323.
Meetings for Discipline, 55, 182; character of Roberts, John, 283.
of members, 363.

S.
Ministers, Gospel, their work, 62; qualification, Samm, Mary, granddaughter of W. Dewsbury, 287.

280, 330; advice to them, 359, 401, 403, Separation, 25, 29, 124 ; of Story and Wilkinson,
405, 407, 433, 437.

194; of E. Nightingale, 308; by Keith,
Morality not to be relied on, 360.

325; Wilkinson and Story, 364; set-
N.

ting up separate meetings, 392.

Slaves, 463.
Naylor, James, 257.

Spirit of Truth, false pretences to it, 62; John
0.

Banks' testimony of it, 67.
Oldham, James, remarkably pious man, 419.

Steel, John, his testimony against Wilkinson and
Oxley, Joseph, address to his children, 415; life

Story, 364.
and travels, 416; convincement, 419; re-

Stirredge, Elizabeth, the life of, 184; testimony to
moves to Fakenham, 420; accompanies his

King Charles, 192; visits justices met to
uncle to London, 422; appears as a minister,

appraise their distrained goods, 193; trial
424; marriage, 427 ; travels with Edmund

from Story and Wilkinson, 194; Miles
Peckover, 427; death of his wife, 428; se-

Halhead's visit, 196; her testimony to
cond marriage, 429; Barbara Everhard, ex-

the mayor of Bristol, 200; extraordinary
traordinary instance of the power of divine

service at a grave and examination be-
grace, 431; advice to ministers, 433; visits

fore the justice, 202; threatened with
Ireland, 434; great preservation; returns

burning, 204; discharge from jail, 208.
home, 437; prospect of visiting America, Suffering, constancy under it, 58. 60.

Subordination in the church, 55, 374, 376.
443; lands at New York, 451 ; travels
south, 454; returns to Philadelphia ; parts

T.
from Samuel Neale and sets out eastward, Testimony respecting John nks, 2; of John
462; visits Clement Willis, 463; arrives

Banks' faith in Christ, 66; concerning
again in Philadelphia, and thence visits the

Joseph Pike, 414; respecting Catherine
Jerseys, Delaware, &c., 469; embarks for

Peckover, 421.
England, 475.
P.

Unity, 56, 376.
Parents, advice to, 53, 290, 355, 358, 377, 395.

W.
Peckover, Edmund, 441.

Waln, Nicholas, his first appearance in the min-
Persecution, dangers of freedom from it, 62, 63; istry, 474.

threats to burn a meeting-house with War in Ireland, 130, 366.
Friends in it; by a priest who fell after-Watson, John, memoir of, 477.
wards as dead, 204.

Watson, William, memoir of, 478.
Perrott, John, 264.

Willis, Clement, long confined with disease, 463.
Pike, Joseph, his life, 340; advice on marriage, Wilson, Thomas, journal, 310, extraordinary vis-

353; advice to parents, 358; reached by the itation at a Friends' meeting, 319; tra-
ministry of William Edmundson, 358; advice vels in the ministry in Ireland, 320; the
to ministers, 359 ; testimony to plainness, motion ceased and he went to harvesting;
360; invited to become a member of Cork returns to England, and at Kendal the word
Monthly Meeting, 363; attends a meeting at of the Lord came mightily upon him at a
Bristol with Friends and the Separatists, 364; disturbed meeting, 321 ; converses with an
accompanied William Penn to Holland, 366; informer; remarkable meeting, 322; visits
his respect for his elders, 366; exposed to Ireland; and travelled through parts of Eng-
danger from war, 366; joins in the work of land, 323; embarks for America; divine in-
reformation, 368; remarks on plainness, 369, terposition, 324; meets with George Keith,
372; cleanses his own house of superfluities 325; signal preservation, 327; conspiracy
before he enters on a family visit, 371 ; re- of the blacks, 327; tornado, 328; second
marks on discipline, 372; of the practice of visit to America, 329; conversation with a
family visits, 378; epistle to the Half-year's Baptist, 330; death, 333.
Dublin Meeting, 385; writes again to the Worships of the world, 51, 217.

U.

A JOURNAL

OF THE

LA BOURS, TRAVELS, AND SUFFERINGS

OF THAT FAITHFUL MINISTER OF JESUS CHRIST,

JOHN B A N K S.
born about 1638

Love Chanh

PREFACE.

Friendly Reader,

rising up, through faith in the Son of God, to The labours of the servants of God newness of life. Here formality bows to real. ought always to be precious in the eyes of his ity; memory to feeling, letter to spirit, and people; and for that reason the very fragments form to power; which brings to the regeneraof their services are to be gathered up for ed- tion, without which no man can inherit the ification. It is this which induces us to exhi- kingdom of God; and by which he is enabled bit the following pages to public view, as well in every state to cry Abba, Father. Thou as the hope that it may please God to make wilt see a great deal of this in the following them profitable to such as seriously peruse author's writings; and that he rightly began them. We have always found the Lord ready with a just distinction between true wisdom to second the services of his worthies upon and the same of wisdom; what was of God, the spirits of their readers ; not suffering that and taught of God, and what was of man and which is his own to go without a voucher in taught by man—which last at best is but a every conscience; I mean those divine truths sandy foundation for religion to be built upon, which it has pleased him to reveal by his own or rather the faith and hope of man in referblessed Spirit; without which no man can ence to religion, and salvation by it. Oh! that rightly perceive the things of God, or be spi- none who make profession of the dispensation ritually-minded, which is life and peace. This of the Spirit, may build beside the work of indeed is the only saving evidence of heavenly Jesus Christ in their own souls, in reference truths; which made that excellent apostle say, to his prophetical, priestly, and kingly offices. "We know that we are of God, and that the For God his Father gave him, as a tried stone, whole world lieth in wickedness.” In that elect and precious, to build by and upon; in day, true religion and undefiled before God which great and glorious truth, we do most and the Father, consisted in visiting the father- humbly beseech the Almighty, who is the God less and widows in their affliction, and keeping of the spirits of all flesh, the Father of lights unspotted from the world: not merely a godly and spirits, to ground and establish all his tradition, of what others have enjoyed, but the visited and convinced ones, that so they may experimental enjoyment and knowledge there-grow up unto a holy house and building to the of, by the operation of the Divine power in Lord. So shall purity, peace, and charity their own hearts, which makes the inward Jew abound in the house and sanctuary which he and accomplished Christian, whose praise hath pitched, and not man. is not of men but of God. Such are Chris- As to this worthy man, the author of the tians of Christ's making, who can say with following treatises, I may say, his memorial the apostle, “ It is not we that live, but Christ is blessed, having known him above forty-four that liveth in us;" dying daily to self, and years. He was a heavenly minister of experiVOL. II.—No. 1.

1

mental religion, of a sound judgment and pious Wilkinson, of Cumberland, formerly a very practice, valiant for truth upon the earth, and zealous and able Independent minister. ready to serve all in the love and peace of the Before I take my leave of thee, reader, let Gospel. He was among the first in Cumber-me advise thee to hold thy religion in the land who received the glad tidings of it; and Spirit, whether thou prays, praisest, or minthen readily gave up, with other brethren, to isters to others; go forth in the ability God declare unto others what God had done for giveth thee; presume not to awaken thy betheir souls.

loved before his time; be not thy own in thy Thus I first met him, and as I received his performances, but the Lord's, and thou shalt testimony through its savour of life, so I was not hold the truth in unrighteousness, as too kindly encouraged by him in the belief of the many do, but according to the oracle of God, blessed doctrine of the light, spirit, grace, who will never leave nor forsake them who and truth of Christ in the inward parts; re- will take counsel of him; which that all God's proving, instructing, reforming, and redeem- people may do, is, and hath long been, the earing those souls from the evil of the world, nest desire and fervent supplication of their who were obedient thereunto. He was a means and thy faithful friend in the Lord Jesus Christ, of strength to my soul, in the early days of

WILLIAM PENN. my convincement, together with his dear

London, the 23d of the and faithful brother and fellow-traveller, John Twelfth month, 1711.

TESTIMONIES

CONCERNING

JOHN BANK S.

JOHN Wurting's Testimony concerning JOHN/ ways loved its messengers for its sake, as I did BANKS.

the author of the ensuing papers for his sound SINCE it pleased the Lord, in his infinite and savoury testimony, which ministered grace love, to cause his day to dawn and his truth to the hearers. He divided the word aright, to break forth in this nation of England, even according to their several states and condiin an acceptable time, when many were seek- tions, of which he had a good discerning, and ing the Lord, and wandering like sheep with could speak a word in season accordingly; out a shepherd upon the barren mountains of like a good scribe instructed unto the kingdom liseless profession, seeking rest but finding of heaven, who bringeth forth of his treasure none; many messengers have been raised up, things new and old. He was also one that and sent forth to publish the glad tidings of ruled well, not only his own family, but in the the Gospel, and to turn people from darkness church of God. to light, that they might find rest to their souls; I knew him above thirty years, from his many of whom, especially of the first rank, coming into the county of Somerset, in the are fallen asleep. Among these our dear year 1677; and could then, though but a friend John Banks, the author of the following young man, set my seal to the truth of his papers, was early raised and sent forth with ministry, and witnessed the efficacy of it. It the word of life, and was a faithful labourer was with demonstration of the spirit and power; in his day, who gave up himself for the spread- he being endued from on high, to preach the ing of truth, spending and being spent in the everlasting Gospel of life and salvation. I service of the Gospel, for gathering people to have often been comforted in meetings with the knowledge of the truth, in which he was him since, especially about the time of his made an effectual instrument to many, in this coming to settle in the county of Somerset. and other nations, particularly Scotland and One of the last duties we owe to the memory Ireland.

of such who have laboured among us in word Since the Lord was pleased to give me the and doctrine, and for their works' sake have knowledge of his truth, to which my educa. been worthy of double honour, is to publish tion by religious parents was a good help, I al- their memoirs, as occasion offers, after their

decease; in which, I confess, I have often been man that cometh into the world.” Our dear comforted, as commemorating the worthy and friend was early called into the work of the noble acts of the Lord done by them, and his ministry, and was faithful to improve his gift; goodness, mercies, and providences in pre- and the Lord made him useful in his hand, serving them, and carrying them over all op- and many are the seals of his ministry who position of men of perverse minds, and the yet remain in this county, who are witnesses persecutions and sufferings which have attend of the power that was effectually with him, to ed them for their testimony, and which have the convincing of many. He was a faithful not been few in these latter days. This has minister of the everlasting Gospel, and given always been the lot of truth and its witnesses, up to preach it freely, and labour faithfully in and was the lot of the author of this book. the work thereof; and went through great

The following journal and collection of his hardships, and travelled much both by sea and writings were sent to me by him in his life-time, land, in Ireland, Scotland, and in this na. with a desire that I, and J. Field, should take tion, and most of all in this county, where he the care of publishing them after his decease, laboured night and day for the gathering of which we have carefully done. I have been people to God, and for the settling of those comforted in reading them, by the sound, solid, who were gathered. He was one of good serious matter contained in them, which 1 discernment, and was often opened by the doubt not will have a witness in the con- Spirit of Truth, to speak to peoples' states, and sciences of all who read them in the fear of had an answer from God's witness in their God. In them he being dead yet speaketh, hearts, so that many were convinced by him. whose memorial still lives and will live among He was instrumental to gather several meetthe faithful in a lively remembrance of him. ings in this county ; being an incessant laI truly loved him for his sincerity and up- bourer in the Lord's work, both in body and rightness, being a faithful man to the testi- mind; rising up early, and lying down late, mony of Truth, and concerned for good order and freely given up to spend and be spent; in the church of Christ, against disorderly and we sincerely desire that we who had the walkers, and to keep things clean in Monthly benefit of his labour, may be kept in true fear and Quarterly Meetings, from all that would and walk worthy of all the Lord's mercies, to defile or break the love and unity. When he his glory, and our salvation. grew weak in body, that he could not travel as His ministry was powerful and piercing, in time past, though he got to several meet. ministering judgment upon the transgressor, ings beyond expectation but a little while be- yet filled with consolation to the sincere heart. fore his death, yet his care for the church was ed, so that he was both beloved and feared by not lessened, that all things might be kept well; many. His memory lives amongst the righte. and at last having served his generation acous; and we doubt not but he is entered into cording to the will of God, he fell asleep and rest. It was not only given him to believe, died in the faith and full assurance of a bless. but to suffer for the testimony of God; in ed immortality and eternal life. He laid down which he was preserved firm and true, to the his head in peace with the Lord, in a good old stripping of his goods by the Conventicle Act, age, and full of days, aged about seventy-four, public sale being made of what he had ; yet and is entered into the fruition and reward of the Lord bore him up over all, that he was as his labours, and his works follow him. one of the stakes of Sion, that could not be

JOHN WHITING. moved. He was afterwards in prison at London, the 12th of the

Carlisle for his testimony ; yet retained Twelfth month, 1711.

his integrity, and stood faithful, and the

Lord was with him, and gave him courage A Testimony from Friends of PARDSHAW MONTH- still to stand firm in his testimony against

tithes and the hireling priests, not only in LY MEETING IN CUMBERLAND, concerning JOHN

word, but in deed and in truth. In the time BANKS.

of the Conventicle Act, he kept close to meet. He was one upon whom the Lord poured ings, so that the informers concluded, whoever forth of his holy Spirit, and gave a large gift were not, he would be there; insomuch that thereof to serve him. The Lord's love is uni- they ventured to inform against him, whether versal to all; he would have none to perish, they saw him, or not; and thereby laid a snare but that all should come to the knowledge of for themselves; and swore he was preaching the truth, and be saved; and for that end he on Pardshaw Crag, when he was gone in the gives gifts to men, to make them instrumental service of the Gospel into Ireland, and was in his hand, to bring the sons of men to have taken prisoner in Wicklow; which was proved faith in his only Son the Lord Jesus Christ, against them, and they were forced to fly the “who is the true light which lighteth every country, and both came to miserable ends.

He had great service at that time, for many both by the convincement of some, and the were convinced of the truth at the meeting in settlement of others; for great was his labour which he was taken prisoner. We might say in the love of Christ our Lord. And although more on this subject; yet the bent of our he was sharp in his rebukes to the unfaithful minds is not to attribute anything to him, or to and to backsliders, yet in admonition he was any man, but to the Lord's power, which raised gentle and courteous; God having given him him up and made him what he was, to his ho- the spirit of discerning, and of a sound judg. nour and the peace and benefit of the church; ment. I speak these things to the honour of desiring that we who yet remain may keep the hand that raised him up; with fervent and in true fear and humility, following the Lord true desires to the Lord, that he may raise up Jesus in the way of self-denial, that we may and send forth many more faithful labourers so run as to obtain the crown of immortal into his harvest; for the harvest is great, and glory. “Be thou faithful unto death, and I the true labourers are but few. will give thee a crown of life.”

JOHN BOUSTED. JAMES DICKINSON, PETER Wilson,

Aglionbye, the 25th of the

Ninth month, 1711. PETER FEARON,

THOMAS Tiffin, JOHN BURNYEAT,

CHRISTOPHER FEARON, WILLIAM HARRIS, Jonathan BELL,

CHRISTOPHER Story's Testimony concerning JOHN WILSON,

JOHN NICHOLSON,
JONATHAN BOWMAN,
MATTHEW LOWMAN,

JOHN BANKS.
JOHN RIBTON,
GEORGE WILSON.

As the labours, travels, and exercises of our From Friends of Pardshaw Monthly Meeting, dear friend John Banks were great, both in the 234 of the Eighth month, 1711.

doing and in suffering for the name of the Lord, I shall here give a relation of some part

of hem, where I was present with him. John Bousted's Testimony concerning his de

The first time I saw him was at a meet. ceased friend, JOHN BANKS.

ing at John Iveston's, of Jerishtown in Cum. He was a faithful minister of Christ in this berland, in the latter end of the year 1672, or his glorious Gospel day, after that long and about the beginning of the year 1673, where dark night of apostacy, which had spread itself there were many Friends and other people. over the nations, in which many were made It was a good meeting, to the confirming of drunk with the cup of fornication. After it had those who had lately received the truth in the pleased the eternal, wise God to open his un- love of it; and convincing others of the right derstanding, and to let him see his own state way of the Lord. and condition, and reveal his Son in him, The next meeting he had in our parts was he was made willing to give up freely to the at Edward Atkinson's of Masthorne. A great heavenly and inward appearance of Christ meeting it was, and many received the truth Jesus, the hope of glory. And as he was in the love of it, and lived and died in it. obedient thereunto, he was intrusted with a Others were so reached, that though they large gift of the ministry, in which he never took the profession of the truth upon grew, and was made powerful in it, to the them, yet they often manifested their love to turning of many unto the right way of the truth and Friends, to their dying day. Lord ; who were convinced of the evil of So effectually was the love of God mani. their ways, and turned unto Jesus Christ, fested in that meeting, that many tears were their free teacher; and were made to bless the shed by some for joy that the Gospel of glad Lord on his behalf, that it should please the tiding was so preached, and by others, in a Lord to send him amongst them who had sat sense of godly sorrow for their mis-spent time. in darkness, and under the region of the He had several meetings afterward, nearer shadow of death. He was skilful in dividing to the borders of Scotland ; and one at Parkof the word aright, having milk for babes, rigg, in which several were convinced by and stronger meat for those of riper age. I him, and others being added, it is now become knew him well, and truly loved and honoured a settled meeting. He was serviceable amongst him, for he was worthy of double honour, as us in word and doctrine, and very exemplary one that ruled well in the church of Christ. in life and conversation, so that I greatly As he was bold in asserting the truth, so he loved him. He had also a share in governwas valiant in suffering for it, both by impri- ment, and the care of the churches was upon sonment, and in spoiling of his goods. When him, that they who professed the truth might at liberty, he travelled much in divers parts walk answerably in their lives and conversaof this nation, also in Ireland and Scotland; tions. and in many places where it was my lot to In the year 1679, our dear friend going to follow him, I found of the fruits of his labours; the Yearly Meeting at London, for the county,

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