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AN INTRODUCTION to the Critical Study and Knowledge of the Holy Scriptures, by Tuomas
HARTWELL HORNE, M. A. Published, in four large volumes, by E. LITTELL, 88, Chesnut

Street, Philadelphia-at Twelve Dollars, bound in cloth.
From the Cloristian Advocate, March, 1896.

ing up these synopses the utmost attention has been given in order to pre The first edition of this inost valuable work was printed in England, something more I was practicable, at de clance, a comprebeneive view of the sutjects coule than seven years ago. Since that time it has, in that country, reached a fifth edition. Il book of Seripture. How necessory such a view is to the critical study of

The great and continual demand for a work so extensive, ant of such a mature as that records, it is perhaps unnecessary to remark. before us, is the best evidence of its uncommon Intrinsick excellence. Nor have the o executing this part of his work, the author has endeavoured to sleer be opinions of reviewers and critics, and the recommendations of clergymen and theologi- | extreme prolixity of some analysts of the Bille, and the too great breviso cal professors, been few or feeble in proclaiming its merits. Any such review of it, and he ventures to hope that this portion of his labours will be found pas therefore, as would be proper for a new work, would be manifestly post horam; and useful in studying the doctrinal parts of the Scriptures indeed would scarcely consist with a decorous respect for public opinion. Still we feel “Throughout the work references have been made to such approved while that on the appearance of this first American edition, we ought not to be altogether best illustrated particular subjects: and critical notices of their works have to sileut-We think that we owe it to the enterprising publisber who has stereotyped ducel, partly derived from the author's knowledge of them, partly from the this voluminous publication, to make known that his work has been well executed and opinions of eminent biblical crities, and partly from the best critical journal that we owe it still more to a very numerous and respectable class of our readers, who | sources:--the preference being invariably given to those, which are destin ke kaow liave not been able to get even a sight of an European copy to give them some the acknowledged talent and ability with which they are conducted. The late information in regard to the nature and contents of this work. - More than this, with of the Continent, and the sales by auction of several valuable divinity librar a few closing remarks, we do not propose.

also enabled the author to procure many critical works that would otherwise In regard to the execution of the work, we have to state that we have found, after a inaccessible. pretty careful comparison, that the American copy is, on the whole, superior to the of the works cited in the notes to the following pages, care has been takes British. The type is better, there are fewer typographical errors, the engravings are the particular editions. They are all referred to as authorities, for the statemen rather superior, and the paper, if not entirely equal to the British, is unexceptionably tained in the text; many of them furnish details which the limits of the part pood. The boards of the binding are covered with glazed muslin, handsomely coloured | would not admit; and some few give accounts and representations which the Rtfording nat only a neat appearance, but a degree of durability, nearly equal to a bind. I thought he had reason to reject. All these references, however, are arreda ing in sheep and the price of the American edition (12 dollars) is about one-third les convenience of those readers, who may have inclination and opportunity for than the English. The two editions correspond with each other, page for page. ting more minute inquiries.

The nature and contents of this work (which we dave not read throughout, but have "Such are the plan and object of the work now submitted to the candom of carefully inspected) are, we think, fairly stated by the author, in the folowing extracts lic. The author has prosecuted his labours under a deep sense of the respect from the prelace.

tached to such an undertaking; and though he dares not hope that he can be "The Introduction to the Critical Study and Knowledge of the Holy Scriptures, I have avoided mistake, yet he can with truth declare that he has anxiously code nowotered to the public, is designed as a comprehensive Mamal of Sacred Literature, not to mislead any one selected from the labours of the most eminent Biblical Critics, both British and Foreiga. We recard the Indexes and Appendices of these volumes as greatly enhancing

The four volumes, of which the work now consists, will be found to comprise the value. They enable the reader to tam so readily to any article he may wisate following topics:

that he is not discouraged from seeking what he desires, by any difficulty is endlet * VOLUME I. contains a Critical Inquiry into the Geracines, Authenticity, Un- Those who have been deeply versed in biblical studies and inquiries, will do rerupted Preservation, and Inspiration of the Holy Scriptures including, among I find in these yolumes much with which they are already familiar. Wereler other subjects, a copious investigation of the testimonies from profane authors to the the work would certainly be less valuable than it is; for its avowed design is to leading facts recorded in the Scriptures, particularly a novo branch of evidence for their musicate biblical and theological knowledge of the most useful kind. Erudite 1 credilality, which is furnished by coins, medals, inscription, and ancient structures.- gians, however, will here find not a little, wirich, if not at solutely new in in This is followed by a full view of the arguments afforded by miracles and prophecy, Iis frequently presented under a new suspect; and much in a condensed form, for the inspiration of the Scriptures, and by a discussion of the internal evidence for probably they had gleaned from the laborious perusal of many volumes. The Their inspiration, furnished by the sublimity and excellence of the doctrines, and by the likewise find a reference to recent writers, of the highest authority in certaines purity of the moral precepts, revealed in the Bible;-the harmony subsisting between Biblical criticism, by which their further researches will be facilitated. every part ;--the preservation of the Scriptures to the present time and their

tendency But to the young biblical student, whether layman, clergyman, or candidate to promote the present and eternal happiness of mankind, as evinced by an historical | holy ministry, these volumes will prove an invaluable treasure. If carefully the review of the beneficial effects actually produced in every age and country by a cordial | will furnish him at once with the most useful part of knowledge, on the east reception of the Bible; together with a refutation of the very numerous objections which they relate; they will greatly aid him in the choice of other books for his whiclehave been urged against the Scriptures in recent deistical publications. An Ap-lry; and whenever information is desired, more particular and extensive than pendix to this volume comprises a particular, examination of the miracles supposed to which the volumes impart, they will direct him to the authors which he may have been wrought by the Egyptian magicians, and of the contradictions which are vantageously consult. Supposing a theological student to possess the originale falsely alleged to exist in the Scriptures, whether historical or chronological ;-contra- || Sacred Scriptures with the usual helps for studying them, Cruden's Concordance dictions between prophecies and their accomplishments;- contradictions in morality; one good English commentator, we have no hesitation in giving it as oer ju -apparent contradictions between the sacred writers themselves, and between sacred that the next money which he expends for books, would better be laid out in and profane writers, or seering contradictions to philosophy and the nature of things. chase of these volumes than of any other with which we are acquainted.

This discussion is followed by a table of the chief prophecies relative to the Messiah, Mr. Horne's work abounds, as it ought to do with quotations from writes em both in the Old and New Testament, and by an exainination of the pretensions of the nence. His own style is easy and perspicuous;

his sentiments, so far as we have apocryphal books of the Old and New Testament.

able to collect thein, are pious and evangelical, but not peculiariy Calvinistick. BEN VOLUME 11. in two parts, treats, first, on Sacred Criticism; inclnding an Historia minister in the established church of England, and his attachment to it is appet cal and Critical Account of the Original Languages of Scripture, and of the Cognate or yet he is not bigotted or sectarian. He appears as ready to bestow merited on Kindred Dialects;-an account (with numerous fac-similes) of the principal Manu I writers of other communions, as on those of his own. He states that it was a scripts of the Old and New Testaments, together with a bibliographical and critical i trant of such assistance as, in this work, he las endeavoured to furnish, which itpun xotice of the chief printed editions; and of the divisions and marks of distinction oc- || him (and principally with a view to his own improvement) on making the new curring in manuscripts and printed editions of Scriptures; together with a history of and researches, the result of which he has bere given to the world. We should on the ancient and modern Versions of the Scriptures, and their app cation to the criticism || deemed ourselves fortunate to have met with such a publication in our early yean and interpretation of the sacred volume, illustrated with fac timile specimens of the we therefore feel it to be a duty to recommend it to our younger clerical brethre oriental versions executed at the Serampore press. In this part of the work, the history terms of no equivocal import. of the authorized English version of the Endle is particularly considered, and the literary character of its venerable translators is satisfactorily vindicated against the cavils of

From the Christian Observer. November, 1819. some late writers. The benefit to be derived from Jewish and Rabbinical authors is sert discussed, and the genuineness of the celebrated Jewish historian's account of Jesus

It is saying much-yet as far as our knowledge of Biblical works exten's, Christ is vindicated and established. These discussions are followed by dissertatious, I much to assert of these yolumes, that they constitute the most important the local On the Various Readings occurring in the Scriptures, with a digest of the chief eriti | publication of their kind, which has appeared in this or any other coronity for se

* No well-assorted theological library can be long without it; neve cal canons for weighing and applying them :- On the Quotations from the Old Testa- years. ment in the New, with New holes of the Quotations at length, in Herren, Greek, and those students in divinity, whose pecuniary resources are too limited to admit wa agreement with the Hebrew and with the Septuagint; and secondly, whether they are has contrived to condense and concentrate in these volumes, the real information English, from new types cast expressly for the purposo; showing, first, their relative ton expenditure, would do well, even on the score of economy, to include these comes phecies accommodated; or simple allusions to the Old Testament:-On the Podry of ll many quartos and folioa; and what is of not less importance, he has furnished rutk me the Hebrant; its construction, nature, and genius; different species of Hebrew poetry

merous and minute relerences to his authorities as must be of very extensive serbest with observation for better understanding the productions of the Hebrew poets : - and those who desire to obtain more detailed information.

This outline is very inadequate to give the reader an idea of the copious and On Harmonies of the Scriptures, including remarks on the principles on which they should be constructed.

pected treasures which await him. "The Second Part of the Second Volume is appropriated to the Interpretation of the

From the Eclectic Review. January, 1819. Scriptura comprehending an investigation of the different senses of Scripture, literal, spiritual, and typical, with criteria for ascertaining and determining them the signs

This work we bring forward with confidence to the notice of our readers, as the fication of roards and phrases, with general rules for investigating them; emphatick || best introduction to the critical study of the Holy Seriptures, in the whole comes words, -rules for the investigation of emphases, and particularly of the Greek article; | English literature. It is a comprehensive digest of the labours of the most da - the subsidiary means for ascertaining the sense of Scripture, the analogy of lan- | writers, both foreign and domestic, on subjects of Biblical criticism. It has enraged gulaga, analogy of Scripture, or parand passages, with rules for ascertaining and attention of the anthor for a considerable number of years, and is replete with pe applying them; scholia, and glossaries; the subject matter, context, xcope, historical || bis indstry, nor is this the only qualification for the undertaking which is displayed ciramutances, and Christian Writers, both fathers and commentators.

the execution of the work: it exhibits a sound judgment and considerable ability These discussions are followed by the application of the preceding principles, foris altogether an invaluable work, and cannot fail of procuring for the author the wema ascertaining the sense of Seripture, to the historicol interpretation of the Sacred Wri. I commendation of every liberal scholar. To the Biblical student it may be selengte tings; the interpretation of the figurative language of Scripture, comprehending the commended, as affording him more assistance in the pursuit of his proper ohjeet principles of interpretation of tropes and figures; together with an examination of the knowledge of the Scriptures, than any other publication whatever, and as cautics metonymies, metaphors, allegories, parables, proverbs, and other figurative modes of place in his library, whether it be large or small, among the books which he wall speech occurring in the Bible; the spiritual or mystical interpretation of the Serir regret having purchased. tores; the interpretatim of prophecy, including general rules for ascertaining the

We are greatly pleased with the serious spirit which pervades these volumines seme of the prophetic writings, observations on the accomplishment of prophecy in rit which, we regret to say, has not always distinguished the labours of Biblical ca general, and especially of the predictions relative to the Messiah ;-the interpretation Too many of them have treated the literature of the Scriptures as a subject of specs of types of the doctrinal and mural parts of Scripture, of the promises and threateningition, apart from its real utility in msisting the understanding to apprehend the des therein contained - and the inforential and practical reading of the Sacred Writings, and import of Revelation, for the purpose of applying its truths and influence to A copious Appendix to this volume comprises (among other articles) bibliographical heart. To how great advantage, compared with some other writers, der and critical notices of the principal grammars and lexicons of the Hebrew, Greek, and the present author appear. Cognate Languages, of the most remarkable editions of the Septuagint Greek Vor sion of the Old Testament, of the priucipal writers on the criticisin and interpretation

From the English Westeyan Methodist Magazine. of the Scriptures, and a select list of the chief commentators and expositors of the Bible, «To the library of every lover of the Holy Scriptures, who has the leisure to per

In VOLUME III, will be found a sleek or rummary of biblical geography and it, this elaborate work will form a most valuable addition, but to the Biblical Stradas, antiguities, in four partar

and to young Ministers, it is at once indispensable and invaluable; no single wers "PART I. includes an outline of the Historical and Physical Geography of the Holy || any of the four main branches of Biblical Study whick are here so copiously treated

having, we believe, ever issued from the press, which comprehends so much informa "PART II. treats on the political and military affairs of the Jews, and other nations | tion in itsell, or points out, by references so ample, where that information may be at Thcidentally mentioned in the Seriptures

tained without which the Scriptures can neither be fully understood, nor esplained "PART TIL discusses the sacred antiftitia of the Jews, arranged under the beads | Almost every anthor of note has been consulted by the industry of the Author, ale of Sacred Placu, Sacred Pertana, Sacred Times and Seasons, and the Corruptions of most important contributions of the learning, research, and observation of others wil Religion among the Jews, their idolatry and various sects, together with a description be lere found collected, and arranged with a sober and temperate judgment, an of their moral and religious state in the time of Jesus Christ.

the guidance of the light of evangelical truth. The last is an important circumst "PART IV. discusses the domestic antiquities, or the private life, manners, cus and renders the work saft as well as instructive. tomu, amusements, ac of the Jews, and other nations incidentally mentioned or allud- "In recommending, in the strongest manner, this very important work to the carely oth in the Holy Scriptures

study of young Ministers, we feel ourselves discharging an important duty, oot merely As APPENDLX to this Thint Volume contains (besides chronological and other to the praiseworthy labours of the author himself, but to those on whom the hope bailes, of money, weights, and measured.) a Geographical Indes of the principal place the Church of Christ, as to future years, principally reposes. inentioned in the Bible, especially in the New Testament; including an abstract of pro- The work before us is certainly one of the most valuable ever published to see fano oriental history, from the time of Solomon to the captivity, illustrative of the lisia ruch attainments; and the Christian world owes to its excellent and inste tory of the Betrews as referred to in the prophetic writies, and preventing historical author its best thanke. For ourselves, we think it an indispensable addition to the notices of the Asyrian, Chaldee, Median, and Persian erapire.

brary of every young Minister; and it will be more creditable to him to

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