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Such at least would have been the author's feeling with respect to it, and he can safely pledge himself that it would have run its course exempt from the present investigation.

But the glaring facts that no less a sum than 135,000l. has been disbursed by this Society within the sixteen years of its existence, and that it has progressively forced on its resources and expenditure till they have amounted to near 12,500l. per annum, whilst at the same time there are spiritual necessities amongst ourselves of vital importance to us, pining for assistance, which they supplicate in vain-these facts, I say, staring us in the face, irresistibly provoke inquiry into the validity of its pretensions, with a special reference to its claim upon Churchmen to the support which it derives from them. For, whilst within our own Communion the means of public worship and of religious instruction are so deplorably defective, what Churchmen contribute to it is the children's BREAD, and therefore, to warrant the alienation, not only must the emergency be great, but the parties to be benefited, urgent for relief, and disposed to hearty co-operation; as also must the dispensers be very circumspect in the means and instruments which they employ; in the husbandry of its resources; and in certifying themselves that the amelioration produced bears due proportion to those privations which, had priority of claim regulated the application, might have been very extensively relieved.

To these points the ensuing inquiry is direct

ed; and, for their complete elucidation, commences at the origination of the LONDON SoCIETY, and accompanies it, through its five metamorphoses, to the present period; considering each of them as an era in its history, and assigning a separate chapter to each.

The survey to be taken therefore falls naturally under the following heads.

I. The embryo state of the Society, whilst it was in process of formation.

II. Its incunabular state, whilst its efforts were feeble, being only provided with the dissenting part of its establishment.

III. Its state of maturity, when all its energies were brought into action by the union of an Episcopal Chapel to the Conventicle.

IV. Its regenerated state, when the Dissenters retired, and the Church members undertook single-handed the work of its redintigration.

V. Its consummation, when the British Jews were discarded, and Foreign dispersions of that people throughout the universe adopted as the grand object of its exertions.

This last period of its history is out of all proportion the largest division of the work. It has, therefore, for the reader's accommodation, been subdivided; and-the preliminary measures of the Society towards engaging in its new exploitthe financial system-the stations occupied and instruments employed-and the administration and issue of the enterprise-will be found treated of each in a distinct section.

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Such is that issue, and such indeed the whole course of the Society's proceedings, as well as all the intermediate results, that, if the volume were to terminate where the above sketch leaves the reader, it is much to be feared that, carried away by indignation and disgust, he might not sufficiently discriminate between the great concern itself, and the Society's administration of it; and that the conversion of the Jews-the subject of the most splendid prophecies, and of the Church's most fervent supplications, in all ages, to the throne of grace-might be disparaged in his estimation, if he were not tempted altogether to explode it, as one of the visions of fanaticism, or as the cunningly devised fable of those who make a gain of godliness, and whose maxim is, by our tongues will we prevail."

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To guard the reader against this most injurious misconception, a concluding chapter has been added, in which is shewn, from evidence furnished by the Society itself, that it is alone responsible for its own total failure; and that the conversion of the Jews remains, what the Society found it, an object of the most intense interest, left in charge to the Christian Church, as one of its most imperative obligations, and to be promoted by its ministry, whenever the scripturally appointed means shall be pursued.

Such is the brief outline of the ensuing enquiry, the details of which the author earnestly commends to public attention.

Hackney, April 25, 1825.

CHAPTER I.

THE EMBRYO STATE OF THE LONDON SOCIETY FOR THE CONVERSION OF THE JEWS.

THE history of the LONDON SOCIETY, very significantly designated by its most distinguished apologist "a singular history," commences in a dream, dreamt by JOSEPH SAMUEL CHRISTIAN FREDERICK FREY', a converted Jew, imported into this country by the London Missionary Society from Mr. Jaenecke's Moravian Missionary Seminary at Berlin, for the purpose of being sent to the Cape of Good Hope, to assist Dr. Van-der-Kemp in the conversion of the Hottentots. On September 15, 1801, he landed at Gravesend, and about two o'clock the

a

• Way's Letter to the Bishop of St. David's, 8vo. 1818. p. 4. Frey, German for free, but pronounced Fry, was the surname given to this celebrated convert at his baptism; having reference to John viii. 32. 36. the text discoursed upon on that occasion; Christian Frederick were also then added to his two former Jewish designations. Frey's Narrative, p. 33.

following morning he had what he describes as "a most remarkable dream," which he recorded in his day-book as soon as he rose, from an anxiety, as he expresses it, "to imitate the

"The dream as it stands in my journal, introduced by an observation and a short prayer, is as follows:"

"Observation-The design of my day-book is to enable me, after many days, to survey with gratitude and praise all the ways in which the Lord has led me; especially to record from day to day, as much as possible, the imaginations of the thoughts of my heart, whether good or evil-I consider it, therefore, my duty to observe what passes in my soul when my body is asleep, as well as when awake; and though I would not believe every dream to be the immediate communication of God to the soul, yet it cannot be denied that there have been such dreams; and none can affirm that there shall be no such in our days. It is true, I know not whether the present dream shall come to pass; however, like Mary, I will ponder all these things in my heart, and preserve them in my journal.

"Prayer-Blessed Jesus! thou hast said, Whoso shall offend one of these little ones, which believe in me, it were better for him that a mill-stone were hanged about his neck, and that he were drowned in the depth of the sea.' (Matt. xviii. 6.) I beseech thee, O Lord! let not this dream give offence to any who may hereafter read it. If it be thy will let it be accomplished; but let me never be self-willed, or obstinate, but may I ever be able to discern the directions of thy wise and holy providence, and cheerfully acquiesce in thy gracious will whether it be prosperous or adverse-Now, Lord, unto thee I commit all my ways: do thou with me, a poor sinner, as it seems good in thy sight; for thy name's sake. Amen.

"Dream-I read in a paper, that the two brethren, Palm

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