International Law, Museums and the Return of Cultural Objects
While the question of the return of cultural objects is by no means a new one, it has become the subject of increasingly intense debate in recent years. This important book explores the removal and the return of cultural objects from occupied communities during the last two centuries and analyses the concurrent evolution of international cultural heritage law. The book focuses on the significant influence exerted by British, U.S. and Australian governments and museums on international law and museum policy in response to restitution claims. It shows that these claims, far from heralding the long-feared dissolution of museums and their collections, provide museums with a vital, new role in the process of self-determination and cultural identity. Compelling and thought-provoking throughout, this book is essential reading for archaeologists, international lawyers and all those involved in cultural resource management.
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1970 UNESCO Convention Aboriginal Aboriginal and Torres AJIL Annex archaeological argued Armed Conﬂict Article artistic assimilation ATSIC Australian Museum beneﬁt British Museum civilisation colonial Committee conﬁscated cultural heritage cultural identity cultural objects Cultural Property d’Harnoncourt Daes decolonisation deﬁned deﬁnition Draft UN Declaration European exhibition export ﬁrst Gallery Guidelines Hague History Human Rights ICOM imperial India Museum Indian Art Indigenous Australians indigenous communities indigenous cultural inﬂuence institutions inter-war International Law League of Nations legislation London mandate MoMA NAGPRA national cultural national identity national museums Native American newly independent non-European O’Keefe Ofﬁce OIM Draft organisations Paciﬁc Paris Paris peace treaties policies political PPNO principles protection of cultural Prott provision reafﬁrmed recognised recommended reﬂected Repatriation Report restitution claims restitution of cultural return of cultural right to self-determination Rockefeller Rockefeller Family scientiﬁc self-determination settler signiﬁcant South Kensington Museum Specht speciﬁc territories tion Torres Strait Islander UNGA UNIDROIT United Nations V&A Archive Visscher