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alarmed; they applied to the most ingenious artists in London for designs, and then, and not till then, the cottons recovered their former ascendancy. These facts are not unworthy of consideration, but it would indeed be unworthy to rest the merits of such an appeal upon such considerations. The glory of a nation in arts and arıns is its truest and highest interest; and it is by impressing upon the hearts of a people the great and heroic deeds of their fathers and their brethren, that national greatness may be prolonged, and a succession of great and heroic men be called forth for the service of the country.

There is a series of pictures at Chantilly representing the victories of the Great Condé. We have greater victories to celebrate, and better artists to celebrate them. And for our churches, there is not only the inexhaustible source of Scripture, but the rich stores of our own ecclesiastical annals also, which have, in every way, too long been neglected, abounding as they do with examples that well deserve to be treasured up in our hearts. It is no reason because the Roman Catholics have abused pictures and images to the introduction of a gross and palpable idolatry, that we, among whom 10 such abuse is possible, should debar ourselves from the advantage of speaking to the eyes of the people, and thereby imprinting upon the young imagination ideas which would never be effaced, and lessons which might sometimes be remembered in an hour of need, and thoughts which would be the prolific seed of virtuous actions. It is not painters alone that painting makes; it has made heroes and penitents, and saints and martyrs, by calling forth whatever emulation is just and salutary. In bestowing upon it that national encouragement to which it has so strong and irresistible a claim, we should be giving an impulse to benevolence and virtue and patriotism as well as to genius.

The British sovereigns have often shown a sense of the value of this art, and been its liberal patrons according to the circumstances of their age. Henry VIII. protected and encouraged Holbein. In Elizabeth's reign we were excluded from the countries in which painting flourished and great artists were to be found, by the fierce intolerance of papal policy; but that queen well understood how desirable it was that great and glorious actions should be preserved fresh in the memory of the people, and she hung the House of Lords with tapestry representing the defeat of the Armada. Charles I. loved poetry and painting ; and had his reigu been passed in tranquillity, England would have had no cause to envy the collections of foreign princes. After his time the decline of the art came on; and when the done of St. Paul's and the pictures for Greenwich were painted, the views of the government went beyond the genius which could then be found in the country to an

swer

swer them. The late king appreciated painting and music with a real feeling of what was excellent in both. Handel was his favourite musician, and it will be remembered (to his honour) that for thirty years he employed Mr. West when that adınirable artist had no commission from any

other

person. Of the disposition of his present Majesty to encourage whatever is connected with the dignity and honour of the country it would be superfluous to speak : the Royal Academy contains munificent proofs of his liberality to the arts. The sense of the legislature too has been distinctly pronounced by the purchase of the Elgin Marbles, an act of which the wisdom is becoming every day more and more evident. Many foreigners have already come into this island solely for the purpose of seeing these marbles. Casts from the whole collection have been already sent to Bavaria, to Wirtemberg, to Russia : others have been ordered for Florence. The school of sculpture will soon be in England. We have seen in our own exhibition the work of Canova beside that of an Englishman, and England might well be satisfied with the excellence to which her native artist had attained. That national encouragement is asked for painting which sculpture already receives : and when that encouragement is given, England will assert and win for herself as high a pre-eminence in art as she holds at this time in commerce, in science, in literature and in arms.

VOL. XXIII. N. XLVI.

PP

INDEX

IN D E X

TO THE

TWENTY-THIRD VOLUME OF THE QUARTERLY

REVIEW.

the best translation of Aristophanes, exó
A.

tant, 505.
ACBAR (Sultan), memorable inscription on Art (Works of), propriety of introducing
the seal of, 6.

them into churches considered, 586-
Addison, real state of Pope's quarrel with, 592.
419-421.

Athenians (ancient), manner's of, 245–dif-
Advice to Julia, a Letter in Rhyme, 505 ferent kinds of bread, made and used by

- its character, ib. 506-510-descrip them and by the other Greeks, 246—
tion of a dandy's conversation, 507-of 248—their pastry and confectionary,
London in Autumn, 507, 508-a trip to 249-account of their cooks, 249–254

Margate in the Steam-boat, 508, 509. -and sauces, 254-256-different sorts
Albanians, character of, 337—thoir dances, of fish eaten by them, 256, 257-2594
351.

instances of their love of fish, 259, 260
Alexandria, state of literature at, 137, 138. -account of their fishmongers, 261, 262
Ali, Pasha of Albania, character of, 128. --and of the perfumes used by them,
336, 337.

263, 264_especially of flowers, 264,
Almanach des Gourmands, 245.

265—their wines, 266, 267-water
America, state of churches in, 550, 5514 drinkers satirized, 268-general mode of

disregard of divine worship by the Ame. living among the citizens of Athens, 269
rican Convention, 551, note.

—their clubs and pic-nic parties, 270-
Ames (Fisher), ou the liberty of the press, of the repasts of the common Athenians,
578.

271–274-curious political salad, 275
Andaman Islanders, account of, 81.

-banquets of the higher classes, 276–
Anne (Queen), state of affairs at her acces 278.

sion, 9, 10-composition and character Athenians (modern), character of, 340, 341.
of her ministers, 10, 11-violence of Athos (Mount), account of the monastery
party, 19~her letter to the Duke of of, 345-347.
Marlborough, against his resigning his Autumn near the Rhine, 434—character
command in chief, 20—her reflection on of, 436. See Germany.
the battle of Blenhein, 30-cabal among Autumn in London, poetically described,
her ministers against the Duke of Marl. 507, 508.
borough, 43-ber duplicity to him, 50%

B.
her death, 69—for the principal military Banquets of the Athenians, account of, 276
events in her reign, see Marlborough ---278.
(Duke of).

Barber (Mr. Alderman), anecdote of, 423.
Arabs, instance of the treachery of, 279. Baths, effect of the inordinate use of, on
Aristophanes, extracts from the comedies the constitutions of the modern Greek
of, 254, 255. 260. 262. 268. 271–278.

women, 352.
comedies of, translated by Battles of Schellenberg, 24, 25—of Blen-
Mr. Mitchell, 474~principles of the heim, 28—of Ramilies, 40—of Oudenard,
Aristophanic Comedy, 475—incidents of 53—of Maplaquet, 59, 60.
his Thesmophoriozousæ, 476,477-origin Bavaria (Elector), defeated by the Duke of
of the Acharnians, 477--and of the Marlborough at Schellenberg, 24, 25-
Knights, 477, 478-plot of the Achar his negociations with the duke, 26—his
nians, 485_translation of a scene omitted

country given up to military execution,
by Mr. Mitchell, 486—189—principles 27—and completely subdued by the
of translation, developed and applied to battle of Blenheim, 30.
a translation of Aristophanes, 480_485. Bellamy (John), New Translation of the
489, 490-general character of Mr. Bible, Part II. 287-aduitional proofs
Mitchell's translation, 474-examination of his unfitness for the work, ib. 288.
of the execution of particular parts, with -refutation of his assertion, that Jerome
specimens, 491–504—this decidedly made his Latin translation from the

Greek

Greek and not from the Hebrew, 292, | Brewster (Rev. John), Sketch of the His-
293—and that all modern European tory of Churches, 549.
translations have been made from the Burgess (Sir James), Reasons in favour of
Septuagint and Vulgate, 294–298-his a New Translation of the Bible, 287–
slander of the English Universities dis his abuse of the Quarterly Review, 289
proved, 299, 300—and also his assertion -specimens of liis ignorance and un-
that there was not a single critical He fairness, 289-291-refutation of his
brew scholar among the translators of the assertion that Jerome executed his Latin
authorized ' version, 301—304speci version of the Old Testament froin the
mens of his blunders, 307-317-his Greek and not from the Hebrew, 293,
utter incompetency for the task he has 294—wilful blunder respecting the au-
undertaken, 324, 325.

thorised translators of the Bible, 503
Belly and the Members, fable of, versified, note, 305, 306, 307-examination of his
458, 459.

misrepresentations concerning the Quar-
Belzoni (M.), assassination of, attempted terly Review, 318–324-his plagia-

by two renegade Frenchmen at Thebes, rism, 321.

94-discovers the ruins of Bernice, 95.
Bible, authorized translation of, tracts in

C.
vindication of, 287—when any transla-Caloyers or Greek monks of Salympria,
tion may be said to be made from the account of, 343, 344-and of Mount
original, 291, 292—notice of English Athos, 345–347.
translations of it, antecedent to the pre-Canada, advantages of, for emigration, over
sent authorized version, 295—298 the United States of North America, 374,
notices of the translators, 301-303— 375, 376—advice to persons emigrating
and of the instructions given to then, 305 thither, 377-importance of gypsum as
306.

a manure there, 378, 379-observations
Bishop's Bible, notice of, 297, 298. on the deeded lạnds, granted by govern-
Blackader (Colonel) remark of, on the ment, 381-notice of the settlement of
English army, under the Duke of Mari-

Perth, 382—state of the church in Up-
borough, 22, 23his reflections on the per Canada, 383, 384-account of

pro-
battles of Schellenberg, 25—of Blenheim, posed improvements in its inland naviga-
27, and . note--of Ramilies, 40-of tion, 385, 386_objections to emigrating

Oudenard, 53–of Maplaquet, 60. to this country considered, 390-not
Blenheim (battle of), 28.

likely to be conquered by the United
Blow-pipe, structure of, 467—account of States of America, 390-ineans of ad.

its application to fusion, 468—471— vancing the prosperity of this colony,
analogy in its operations to the nature of 391-importance of diffusing informa.
volcanoes, 470, 471.

tion concerning it, ib. 392, 393-illus-
Bosset (Lieut. Col.), Proceedings at Parga, trated by an estimate of expenses, 394,

111-his mistakes corrected, 115-his 395—what class of persons best for emi-
misconduct as governor of Parga, 129, grating, 396–400.
130.

Chapels, private, cause of the increase of,
Bourbons, policy of, considered, since the

564.
return of Louis XVIII., 196.

Châtelet (Marchioness du), origin of her
Bowles (Rev. W. L.), on the invariable acquaintance with Voltaire, 156, 1574

Principles of Poetry, 400—strictures on her reception of Madame de Grafigny,
his hostility to Pope, 407, 408—on his 157--description of her apartment, 159
definition of poetical execution, 409– -her occupations, 160-prys into the
and on bis observations on the poetic letters of her visitors, 161-her barbarous
character of Pope, 409, 410-Mr. treatment of Madame de Grafigny, 163,
Bowles's Inyariable Principles of Poetry 164, 165.
examined, 410, 411_vindication of the Church, state of, in Canada, 383, 384.
poet's private character against bis as- Churches, want of iu North America, 550,
persions, 412, 413—particularly respect 551—want of them in London in the
ing Pope's quarrel with Lady Mary reign of William and Mary, 563-of
Wortley Montague, 414—418—and with Queen Anne, 553-deficiency of them
Addison, 419_421-his unjust charge at present, in England, 553, 554-evil
against Pope for censuring Rowe, 421, consequences of this want, 554. 559—
422.

influence of the church on the peasantry,
Bread, different sorts of, used by the Athe 558--motives that anciently promoted
nians and other Greeks, 246—248. the erection of churches, 559, 550—
PP2

liberality

note.

liberality of James I. in erecting churches mark on Sir Robert Walpole's opinion of
in Scotland and Ireland, 561-outline of history, ib.-materials of his work, ib. 2.
the Act of Parliament for building new See Marlborough.
Churches, 565, 566—Dr. Franklin's Cranner's (Archbishop) Translation of the
opinion on building churches, 566-spe Bible, notice of, 297.
culative impiety, circulated through the Cripps (Mr.), on the excellent state of the
press, a reason for the erection of them, Swedish roads, 101.
567 —St. Paul's, the first church erected Crowne's tragedy of the Destruction of
in Britain, 582-beauty of the English Jerusalem, notice of, 200 note--203 note
churches, 583--the retaining of pews in —specimens of it, 216–219, 220 notes.
them, defended, 534, 583-The propriety

D.
of decorating them with works of art Dances of the modern Greeks described,
considered, 586-592.

350, 351.
Churchill, the poet, anecdote of, 433. Dandy, conversation of a, poetically de-
Churchill (Lord). See Marlborough. cribed, 507.
Church-yards of the metropolis, observa- Dauneker, a German sculptor, notice of,
tions on, 559—simple expedient for pre-

443, 444.
venting the rubbery of graves in, 5:59 Darwin (Dr.), Letter of, 534—his death,

535.
Clare (John), Poems, descriptive of Rural Day (Mr. Thomas), eccentric anecdotes of,

Life, 166—biographical notice of him, 523, 524-liis marriage, 525.
166—171—specimens of his poems, ib. Deeded lands, in Canada, observations on,
172--comparison of him with Burns and 381.
Bloomfield, 173—concluding advice to Denon (M.), dismissed from the Museum,
him, 174.

to make way for Count Forbin, 83.
Clarke (Dr. E. D.), on the Gas Blow-pipe, Dinners of the Greeks, notice of, 257, 258.

466-origin and progress of his discove- D’Israeli (J.), Curiosities of Literature,
ries, in the art of fusion, 467, 468--ac vol. iii. 245.
count of his mode of using the blow. Docherd (Mr.) progress of, through the in-
pipe, 468—470-on the analogy in its terior of Africa, 241, 242.
operations 10 the nature of volcanoes, Douglas (Hon. F. S. N.), Essay on certain
470, 471-remarks thereon, 473.

points of resemblance between the an-
Clergy, of modern Greece, wretched state cient and modern Greeks, 325. See

of, 342—of England, duties of, before Greece.
the Reformation, 553—their influence Duigenan (Dr.), vindicated from the
after that event, 554—why they cannot charges of Mr. Edgeworth, 517.
have the same influence now, in large Dutch, noble reception of the Duke of
parishes, 564-real causes of their dini Marlborough by, 15—vacillation of the
nished in fluence, 580-increased facili Dutch government, 12, 13—their crooked
ties given to produce qualified ministers, policy impedes the plans and progress of
581.

the Duke of Marlborough, 17-and also
Clubs of the Athenians, notice of, 270. the misconduct of their generals, 18–
Colonies, in a more immoral state than their interpose additional difficulties in the
mother countries, 552.

Duke's way, 35, 36.
Comedy, early, of modern Europe, stric-Duval (Amciury), Exposé des Faits sur la

tures on, 474, 475--principles of the Cession de Parga, 111-falsehood of his
Aristophanic comedy, 475, 476.

statements, 127. 133 note.
Commerce of modern Greece, notice of, 335

E.
-causes of the stagnation of commerce Edgeworth (R. L. Esq.), Memoirs of, by
in Germany, 450.

hinıself and his daughter, 510-anec-
Confectionary of the Athenians, 249. dotes of his ancestors, 511-514-his
Cooks (Greek), account of, 249–253— lax notion of the degrees of kindred, be-

notice of the fraternity of, at Athens, tween whom marriage may be contracted,
253, 254.

512-sundry improbabilities in his nar-
Coray (M.), 'Ezanenin BiBroodúxen, 136. See rative pointed out, 513—birth of Mr.
Greek Language.

Edgeworth, 510-anecdote of his early
Course of the Niger. See Niger.

years, 514—his mock marriage, 515–
Coverdale's Translation of the Bible, notice falsehood detected in his account of it,
of, 296.

516—and in his statement relative to a
Coxe (Rev. Wm.), Memoirs of John Duke college-examination, 517, 518--his first
of Marlborough, 1-strictures on his re-

marriage, 518, 519-attempts at tele-

graphic

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